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South Dravidian etymology :

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\data\drav\sdret
Proto-South Dravidian : *kinḍ-
Meaning : to stir, scratch; to dig in
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kiṇṭu (kiṇṭi-)
Tamil meaning : to poke, stir, scratch (as a fowl), dig up, burrow in (as rats, worms), dig, probe, examine, incite (as to a quarrel)
Tamil derivates : kiṇṭal setting one to do some mischief; keṇṭu (keṇṭi-) to dig, cut and eat
Malayalam : kiṇṭuka
Malayalam meaning : to stir a pap, dig
Malayalam derivates : kiṇṭal pumping a person
Tulu : ceṇḍāḍuni
Tulu meaning : to destroy, ruin
Proto-Nilgiri : *keṇḍ-
Number in DED : 1542
Proto-South Dravidian : *kind-/*kId-ar-
Meaning : to scatter, sprinkle
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : citar (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to scatter, strew, be scattered, strewn, spread over
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to shed, scatter; n. spilling, shedding, pollen, powder; citaral splashing, bespattering; citar_u (citar_i-) to disperse, scatter (tr., as grain); be shed, scattered (as a flock), be squandered; citai (-v-, -nt-) to be scattered, dispersed; (-pp-, -tt-) to scatter (tr.); cetiḷ dust; cintu (cinti-) to be strewn, spilled, trickle, be destroyed; scatter, strew, spill, sprinkle, destroy; cīntu (cīnti-) to cast, scatter
Malayalam : citar
Malayalam meaning : dust
Malayalam derivates : citar_uka to be scattered, spilt; citar_ikka to spill, scatter; cintuka, cinnuka to be spilt, scattered; cinnikka to scatter
Kannada : kedar_, kedar_u, cadar_u, cedar_u
Kannada meaning : to be scattered about, be dishevelled, disperse; scatter or throw or toss about
Kannada derivates : cadar_isu to scatter, disperse; kedar_ state of being scattered, etc.; kedar_i she whose hair is dishevelled; kedar_ike state of being dishevelled
Tulu : kedaruni
Tulu meaning : to break out, bust forth
Tulu derivates : cadaruni to be scattered, dispersed; cadarāvuni, cadaripuni to disperse, scatter (tr.); cadụrụ, cadarụ, cadara dispersion, scattering
Proto-Nilgiri : *kind-
Number in DED : 1546
Proto-South Dravidian : *kiṇṇ-
Meaning : a k. of metal cup
Tamil : kiṇṇam, kiṇṇi
Tamil meaning : small metal cup, clepsydra
Malayalam : kiṇṇam
Malayalam meaning : metal plate, gong
Tulu : kiṇṇalụ
Tulu meaning : brass cup
Proto-Nilgiri : *kiṇ-ǝm
Number in DED : 1543
Proto-South Dravidian : *KIṇẓaŋ-(?)
Meaning : sweet potato
Tamil : kiẓaŋku
Tamil meaning : esculent or bulbous root, as potato, yam, turnip, parsnip, palmyra root
Malayalam : kiẓaŋŋu
Malayalam meaning : bulb, yam Dioscorea aculeata
Kannada : geṇasu, geṇisu, geẓasu
Kannada meaning : a bulbous root, the name of several species of Yam dioscorea and of Batatas ipomoea, generally meant for the common sweet potato, Batatas edulis Chois
Kannada derivates : geṇaŋgu (Hav.) sweet potato
Tulu : kereŋgụ
Tulu meaning : sweet potato, the root Dioscorea aculeata
Tulu derivates : (B-K.) kireŋgụ, kereŋgụ, keḷeŋgụ id.; bulbous root in general
Miscellaneous : KOR (M) geṇagɨ, (O) gereŋgɨ, (T) gerngɨ sweet potato
Number in DED : 1578
Proto-South Dravidian : *kir-
Meaning : to itch; scab
Tamil : ciraŋku
Tamil meaning : eruption, pimple, itch
Malayalam : ciraŋŋu
Malayalam meaning : itch, scab
Kannada : keraku
Kannada meaning : scab
Tulu : kirmbuni, kirmbaruni
Tulu meaning : to itch; rub, scratch
Tulu derivates : kirmbāṭa, kirmbelụ itching, scratching; keraṇi, kerāṇi a kind of scab; warts; kiraṇi a kind of itch; krāṇi the eruptive kind of rickets; kēre-kārụ a scaly-skinned leg; kēre-mēyi a scaly skin
Number in DED : 1560
Proto-South Dravidian : *kir- (?)
Meaning : cold
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Notes : Attested only in Muduva Tamil cirāvu.
Proto-South Dravidian : *kIr-a-
Meaning : to shout, cry
Tamil : cirar_r_u (cirar_r_i-)
Tamil meaning : to shout, call loudly
Kannada : keraḷ
Kannada meaning : to cry, utter loudly, shout
Tulu : kērle
Tulu meaning : sound, noise
Tulu derivates : kerepè a prattler
Number in DED : 1960
Proto-South Dravidian : *kIr-ai-
Meaning : to shave, scrape
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cirai (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to shave, cut with a sickle
Tamil derivates : ciraiyan_ barber; cirāy (-pp-, -tt-) to get scratched (as in the skin); curaṇṭu (curaṇṭi-), cur_aṇṭu (cur_aṇṭi-) to scratch, scrape with fingernail or instrument, erase; curaṇṭi, cur_aṇṭi scraper, scrapings
Malayalam : cira
Malayalam meaning : shaving; a grater, scraper for coco-nuts (also cirava)
Malayalam derivates : cirekka to shave, scrape; cireppu shaving, scraping; cirayan a shaved person; cirampan the god of barbers; cirakuka, curakuka to grate; ciraṇṭuka, curaṇṭuka to scratch, scrape; cikkuka, cikayuka to scratch (as fowls)
Kannada : kere
Kannada meaning : to shave, scrape, scratch
Kannada derivates : kerakalu scrapings of burnt rice from a potƛ (Gowda) kĒrɨ to scratch; kiri to shave; keraṇṭu to dig with the nails, scratch; gere a scratch as with the fingernails
Tulu : kerepuni
Tulu meaning : to scrape, polish
Tulu derivates : kereñcuni, keraṇṭuni to scratch the ground (as a fowl); kirejuni to cut as straw, grass-stumps, etc.; to scrape or clear, as the ground; (B-K.) kiresụ, keresụ to scrape
Proto-Nilgiri : *ker-äp-
Number in DED : 1564
Proto-South Dravidian : *kir_-
Meaning : small
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cir_u (cīr_ before vowel), cir_r_u
Tamil meaning : small
Tamil derivates : cir_u (-pp-, -tt-), cir_uku (cir_uki-) to be small, short, stunted in growth, shrink, diminish, be impoverished, sink low; cir_ukku (cir_ukki-) to reduce in size or quantity, lessen; cir_uka sparingly, a little; cir_ukkan_ boy; cir_ukki girl, wench, maidservant; cir_umai smallness, insignificance, youth, diminution, poverty, scarcity, baseness; cir_uval little child, childhood; cir_uvan_ boy, son, low person; cir_uvi daughter; cir_uvōr little boys, children; cir_āmpu (cir_āmpi-) to shrink, look small, grow lean; cir_ār children; cir_icu that which is small, young boy or girl; cir_itu that which is small; cir_iya small, young, base; cir_iyan_ insignificant person, boy; cir_r_āḷ boy, servant, boy or girl cooly
Malayalam : cir_r_u, cer_r_u
Malayalam meaning : small
Malayalam derivates : cir_r_āḷ boy labourer; cer_u small, little, young, mean; cer_ukuka to shrink; cer_ukkan lad, servant, bridegroom; cer_ukki girl; cer_uppam, cer_uma childhood; cer_uman child, slave, Pulayan; cer_umi girl, slave girl, Pulachi
Kannada : kir_i, kir_a, kir_u, kir_idu, kirdu, kittu
Kannada meaning : that which is small, little, short, young, insignificant, inferior; (quoted by Shanmugam from Vaḍḍārādhane) kir_iyam young man; fem. kir_iyaḷ; epic. pl. kir_iyar
Kodagu : kɨrkë, ceryë
Kodagu meaning : small
Tulu : kiri, kiru
Tulu meaning : small, little, young, low, mean
Tulu derivates : kirdụ inferior; kirtara an inferior sort; kiriye a junior, younger member; kigga little, small; tidụ, tidi small; tidipañca dwarfish, short; tiddya junior, younger; tiddyāye a young man
Proto-Nilgiri : *kir_
Miscellaneous : KOR (O) kidane father's younger brother; (T) kidderɨ children
Number in DED : 1594
Proto-South Dravidian : *kir_-
Meaning : crazy, arrogant, insolent
Tamil : kir_ukku
Tamil meaning : craziness, lunacy; passion, conceit, arrogance
Tamil derivates : kir_ukkan_ conceited, arrogant fellow; crazy fellow, lunatic; (Koll.) kirucal obstinacy
Malayalam : kir_ukka
Malayalam meaning : to be insolent
Malayalam derivates : kir_utu, kir_uvu insolence; (Shanmugam) kir_ukkan lunatic; ker_uvu pride; ker_ukka to be proud, opposed, defy
Kannada : keccu
Kannada meaning : pride
Proto-Nilgiri : *kir_-
Number in DED : 1596
Proto-South Dravidian : *kir_-
Meaning : angry
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cir_ukku (cir_ukki-)
Tamil meaning : to be angry with
Tamil derivates : cer_u (-v-, -nt-) to hate, dislike, detest, be angry with; (-pp-, -tt-) to be angry at, detest; n. anger; cer_unar, cer_uvar, cer_r_ār, cer_r_ōr foes; cer_umpu, cer_al hatred; cer_r_am hatred, aversion, irrepressible anger, love-quarrel; cirar_r_u (cirar_r_i-) to be angry with
Kannada : kīr_u
Kannada meaning : to rage, burn with rage or great desire
Kannada derivates : keraḷ to become angry, begin to rage; keraḷcu to enrage (or with DEDR 1961)
Proto-Nilgiri : *kir_-
Number in DED : 1597
Proto-South Dravidian : *kir_umb-
Meaning : ear-wax
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kur_umpi
Tamil meaning : ear-wax; excretion of the body, as urine and faeces
Kannada : kur_ugaṇi, kūkaṇi, kūgaṇi, kūgaṭe, koggu, gugge
Kannada meaning : ear-wax
Tulu : kirmbilụ, kirmbillụ
Tulu meaning : ear-wax
Number in DED : 1855
Proto-South Dravidian : *kIsar_-
Meaning : mud, mire
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cēr_u (in cpds. cēr_r_u-)
Tamil meaning : mud, mire, slush, liquid of thick consistency
Tamil derivates : (?) ceyyal mire, slush; cēval mud, mire
Malayalam : cēr_u (in cpds. cēr_r_u-)
Malayalam meaning : mire, wet soil (for transplanting rice)
Kannada : kesar_
Kannada meaning : wet soil, mud, mire
Kannada derivates : kesar_ige drain of a bathroom
Tulu : kesarụ
Tulu meaning : mud, mire, dirt
Tulu derivates : kēdụ mud, soft clay
Proto-Nilgiri : *kēr_
Number in DED : 2020
Proto-South Dravidian : *Kiṭ-
Meaning : near; to touch
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kiṭṭu (kiṭṭi-)
Tamil meaning : to draw near (in time or place), be on friendly terms with, be attained, accomplished, be clenched (as the teeth in lockjaw); approach, attack, meet, tie, bind
Tamil derivates : kiṭṭa near, close by; kiṭṭam nearness, vicinity; kiṭṭi clamps (used in torture, etc.); kiṭṭin_ar relations, friends, associates; kiṭai (-pp-, -tt-) to be obtained, found, come into one's possession, join, come together; approach, encounter, oppose; n. comparison, likeness, equality
Malayalam : kiṭa
Malayalam meaning : approach, match, equality
Malayalam derivates : kiṭayuka to knock against, quarrel, be found or obtained; kiṭaccal meeting, quarrelling; kiṭekka to be obtained, engage in; kiṭṭuka to come to hand, be obtained, reach; kiṭṭam vicinity, nearness; kiṭṭi torture by pressing the hands between two sticks
Kannada : kiṭṭu
Kannada meaning : to touch, reach, come to hand, be obtained
Kannada derivates : giṭṭu, gīṭu to be obtained, etc., be pressed closely one to the other; giṭṭisu, gīṭisu to cause oneself to be reached; kiṭṭi torture in which hands, ears or noses are pressed between two sticks; kiḍu touching, approach; gaḍe touching, fitting, meeting; match, comparison, equality; geḍe touching; match; friendship, intimacy
Kodagu : kɨṭṭ- (kɨṭṭi-)
Kodagu meaning : to be got, come into possession of
Tulu : kiṭṭa
Tulu meaning : proximity; near
Tulu derivates : giṭṭa proximate, near
Proto-Nilgiri : *kiṭ-
Miscellaneous : KOR (M) kiṭṭɨ to touch
Number in DED : 1538
Proto-South Dravidian : *kiẓ-i-
Meaning : to tear
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kiẓi (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to be torn, rent in shreds, be scratched, give way, split, be defeated, perish
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to tear, rend, split, cut, rip up, lacerate, uproot, scratch; n. piece of cloth torn off, gold or other valuables tied up in a piece of cloth as a prize; kiẓiyal, kiẓical rent in cloth, tattered garment; kiẓivu rent, tear; kīẓ (-v-, -nt-) to rend, tear, split, destroy, dig, be uprooted
Malayalam : kiẓi
Malayalam meaning : piece of cloth containing a prize or present
Malayalam derivates : kiẓikka to lacerate, rend
Kannada : kīẓ (kiẓt-)
Kannada meaning : to draw or pull out, pluck up or out, uproot, pull off, rob
Kannada derivates : kittu to pluck out or up
Tulu : giri, giḷi
Tulu meaning : (B-K.) to loosen
Tulu derivates : ? kilekuni, kelekuni (Männer) to draw out, pull
Proto-Nilgiri : *kiṛ-ĭp-
Number in DED : 1581
Proto-South Dravidian : *kī-
Meaning : pus
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil :
Tamil meaning : pus; mucous matter, as of the nose
Tamil derivates : cīkkai phlegm; cītam slime or mucus voided in dysentery; cīttai rottenness; cīttai-kkaṇ blear eyes; cīẓ pus
Malayalam :
Malayalam meaning : putrid matter, secretion of eyelids
Malayalam derivates : cīka (cīnnu) to rot, be spoiled; tr. cīkka; cīkku rotten; cīccal, cīyal rottenness, caries
Kannada :
Kannada meaning : to become pus, become putrid
Kannada derivates : kīvu, kīva, kīmu pus, matter of a sore; kiṇi any impurity of the teeth
Kodagu : kīy- (kīyuv-, kīñj-)
Kodagu meaning : to become rotten
Kodagu derivates : cela pus
Tulu : kīvu
Tulu meaning : pus
Proto-Nilgiri : *ki-
Number in DED : 1606
Proto-South Dravidian : *kīḷ-
Meaning : to rend, tear
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kīḷ (kīḷv-, kīṇṭ-)
Tamil meaning : to rend (tr.), tear, split; burst (intr., as bund of an overfull tank); n. part, portion, section
Malayalam : cīḷ
Malayalam meaning : splinter, piece of wood, wedge
Kannada : gīḷu
Kannada meaning : to rend (tr.)
Kannada derivates : sīḷ, sīḷu to split (intr.), divide, be rent; split (tr.), etc.; n. splitting, a split, fragment, part
Tulu : cīlụ
Tulu meaning : a split, splinter
Tulu derivates : sīḷụ a crack, crash, split
Proto-Nilgiri : *cīḷ
Notes : PN probably borrowed from Ma.
Number in DED : 1622
Proto-South Dravidian : *kīp-
Meaning : comb
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cīppu
Tamil meaning : a comb, a small cluster or bunch of plantain fruits
Tamil derivates : cīvu (cīvi-) to comb or brush the hair
Malayalam : cīka
Malayalam meaning : to comb
Malayalam derivates : cīntuka to comb the hair with the fingers; cīppi a comb, a cluster or comb of a plantain bunch; cīrppu a comb
Kannada : sīpe
Kannada meaning : (Jenu Kuruba, LSB) comb
Kannada derivates : (Coorg) sippe comb of banana; sīpe comb
Kodagu : cīp- (cīpi-)
Kodagu meaning : to comb
Kodagu derivates : cīpɨ a comb
Tulu : kīpu
Tulu meaning : a bunch [of plantains]
Tulu derivates : (B-K.) sīpu a comb or cluster of plantains; cimpu id.
Proto-Nilgiri : *kī-c-
Number in DED : 1610
Proto-South Dravidian : *kīr-ai
Meaning : greens, herbs
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kīrai
Tamil meaning : greens, pot-herbs, vegetables
Tamil derivates : kīrai-ttaṇṭu spinach, Amarantus gangeticus
Malayalam : cīra
Malayalam meaning : greens, eatable leaves, esp. Chenopodium album and various Amarantus species
Malayalam derivates : kīra greens; (Tiyya) kīra, cīra spinach
Kannada : kīre, kire
Kannada meaning : various species of greens
Proto-Nilgiri : *kīr-
Number in DED : 1617
Proto-South Dravidian : *kīr-i
Meaning : mongoose
Tamil : kīri, kīri-ppiḷḷai
Tamil meaning : mongoose, Herpestes mungo
Malayalam : kīri
Malayalam meaning : mongoose, Herpestes mungo
Kannada : kīri
Kannada meaning : mongoose, Herpestes mungo
Kodagu : kīri
Kodagu meaning : mongoose, Herpestes mungo
Number in DED : 1613
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