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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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Proto-South Dravidian : *kēr-
Meaning : rat snake
Tamil : cērai, cārai
Tamil meaning : rat snake, Ptyas mucosus
Malayalam : cēra
Malayalam meaning : rat snake, Amphisbaena or Coryphodon
Kannada : kēre
Kannada meaning : rat snake, whip-snake, Ptyas mucosus
Kodagu : kēre pāmbɨ
Kodagu meaning : sp. non-poisonous snake
Kodagu derivates : kariŋ gēre pāmbɨ rat snake (kari 'black')
Tulu : kērè
Tulu meaning : a kind of harmless snake
Proto-Nilgiri : *kērä
Number in DED : 2011
Proto-South Dravidian : *kēr-
Meaning : to lean on
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : kendu
Kannada meaning : to lean on
Tulu : kerpuni
Tulu meaning : to prop, support
Tulu derivates : kerpuḍuni to cause to lean against, place against; kerpu, kerbu a kind of ladder; kerpa a slope; sloping
Proto-Nilgiri : *kēr- (past *kēd-)
Number in DED : 2012
Proto-South Dravidian : *kēr-i
Meaning : street; town
Tamil : cēri
Tamil meaning : town, village, hamlet; street, quarters of the Pariahs
Malayalam : cēri
Malayalam meaning : assemblage, village street
Kannada : kēri
Kannada meaning : street
Kodagu : kēri
Kodagu meaning : hamlet
Tulu : kēri
Tulu meaning : street, lane
Proto-Nilgiri : *kērĭ
Number in DED : 2007
Proto-South Dravidian : *kēr_-
Meaning : to winnow
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cēṭṭai
Tamil meaning : winnowing fan or basket (< Te.)
Malayalam : cēr_uka
Malayalam meaning : to winnow, fan, and clean pounded rice
Kannada : kēr_u, (Hal.) gēru
Kannada meaning : to winnow
Kannada derivates : (Hav.) kerśi winnowing basket
Proto-Nilgiri : *kēr_-
Miscellaneous : KOR (M) gersi winnowing basket
Number in DED : 2019
Proto-South Dravidian : *kēs-mb-
Meaning : taro, yam
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cēmpu, cēmpai
Tamil meaning : Indian kales, Colocasia antiquorum; a garden plant, Colocasia indica
Malayalam : cēmpu, cēmpa
Malayalam meaning : Caladium esculentum
Kannada : kēsave, kē̆su, kesa, kesavu
Kannada meaning : taro, Colocasia antiquorum, Arum colocasia L.
Tulu : cēvu, tēvu
Tulu meaning : a kind of yam, Arum colocasia; Caladium esculentum
Number in DED : 2004
Proto-South Dravidian : *kicVl-/*kitVl-
Meaning : orange
Tamil : kiccili
Tamil meaning : Sylhet orange, Citrus aurantium; Seville orange, C. vulgaris
Malayalam : kiccili
Malayalam meaning : orange
Kannada : kicili, kittaḷe, kittiḷe
Kannada meaning : an orange
Kannada derivates : (Gowda) cittuḷi orange
Tulu : kittali, kittili, kitlè, citturli
Tulu meaning : an orange
Tulu derivates : citlipuḷi a kind of orange; (B-K.) citturli, cittupuḷi an orange
Number in DED : 1512
Proto-South Dravidian : *kič-
Meaning : onom. chirping
Tamil : kiccukicc-en_al
Tamil meaning : onom. expr. signifying chirping (as lizards)
Tamil derivates : kīccu chirp of birds, shrill crying sound; kīcc-iṭu to chirp (as birds, lizards), chatter (as monkeys), squeak, scream (as an infant); kīccukkīcc-en_al onom. expr. signifying screaming, squeaking, chirping, twittering sound; kīccān_ infant
Malayalam : kiccukiccu
Malayalam meaning : chirp
Malayalam derivates : kīccu sobbing; kīccuka to sob; kiñcuka, keñcuka to squeak
Kannada : kica-guṭṭu, kici-guṭṭu, kicakica annu, kicikici annu
Kannada meaning : to chirp (as birds), chatter (as monkeys)
Kannada derivates : kicu = kica; kicak-annu to chatter (as babies do); kīcu kīcu chirping of birds, squeaking of rats; giji biji the chirping and chattering of birds
Tulu : kicikici
Tulu meaning : chirping, prattling
Tulu derivates : kīcukīcu, kīcukīṭụ squeaking of rats, etc.; kīcuni to squeak; gijigiji a chirping noise
Number in DED : 1515
Proto-South Dravidian : *kid-
Meaning : tickling; armpit
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tulu : kidụkilụ, kid(ụ)kelụ, kidkụlụ
Tulu meaning : armpit; tickling
Tulu derivates : kiḍukilụ āpini to be tickled; k. māḍuni to tickle
Number in DED : 1551
Proto-South Dravidian : *kIḍ-a-
Meaning : to lie down
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kiṭa (-pp-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to lie, lie down (as in sleep, in inactivity), dwell, sleep, rest, be bedridden
Tamil derivates : kiṭakkai recumbent posture, bed; kiṭattal recumbent posture; kiṭattu (kiṭatti-) to place in a recumbent posture, lay to rest, stretch oneself on the ground; kiṭappu (kiṭappi-) to cause to lie down; n. resting, sleeping; kiṭai lying down
Malayalam : kiṭa
Malayalam meaning : layer, bank, mound, what lies or remains
Malayalam derivates : kiṭakka to lie, rest, dwell, be left; n. bed; kiṭattuka to lay down, put to sleep; kiṭappu lying, situation, remainder
Kannada : keḍe
Kannada meaning : to fall down, drop, sink; let fall, drop thoughtlessly (as words); n. act of thoughtlessly dropping words
Kannada derivates : keḍapu, keḍavu, keḍahu, keḍivu to make fall down, fell, throw to the ground, pull down (as a house); kaḍe to fall down, sink
Kodagu : kaḍake
Kodagu meaning : bed, including bedding
Tulu : keḍaguni
Tulu meaning : to fall or slip down
Number in DED : 1524
Proto-South Dravidian : *kIdal-
Meaning : white ant
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cital, citalai
Tamil meaning : termite, white ant, flying white ant
Tamil derivates : cel white ant
Malayalam : cital, citaḷ, cetaḷ
Malayalam meaning : termite
Kannada : gedal, gejjalu, geddali, geddalu
Kannada meaning : termite
Kodagu : kede
Kodagu meaning : white ant
Miscellaneous : KURU (LSB) kadlɨ termite
Notes : ?Toda keʒal is said to be < Ka.
Number in DED : 1548
Proto-South Dravidian : *kiḍaŋ-
Meaning : trench, ditch
Tamil : kiṭaŋku
Tamil meaning : ditch, trench, moat, pond, tank
Tamil derivates : kiṭaŋkar moat, ocean; kiṭaŋkil moat
Malayalam : kiṭaŋŋu
Malayalam meaning : trench, ditch
Kannada : kaḍagu
Kannada meaning : small channel issuing from a larger one and leading water e. g. to a plantain tree
Kannada derivates : kaḍaŋgu channel, ditch, trench
Kodagu : kaḍaŋgɨ
Kodagu meaning : deep ditch without water
Number in DED : 1526
Proto-South Dravidian : *kiḍ-i
Meaning : spark
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : kiḍi, (Hav.) keḍi
Kannada meaning : a spark
Kodagu : këḍi, ceḍi
Kodagu meaning : a spark
Tulu : kiḍi, (B-K.) keḍi
Tulu meaning : a spark
Proto-Nilgiri : *kiḍ-ĭ
Number in DED : 1528
Proto-South Dravidian : *kil-
Meaning : small
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cil
Tamil meaning : some, few, small, slight
Tamil derivates : cilar some, a few persons; cila some, a few; cilku (cilki-) to become few, dwindle; cillai humbleness, meanness; cir_pam fewness, shortness (as of duration); cin_mai smallness, fewness
Malayalam : cila
Malayalam meaning : some, several
Kannada : kela
Kannada meaning : some, several, a few
Kannada derivates : kelabar some persons; kelavu some or a few things; a few
Tulu : kela, kelavu
Tulu meaning : some, few, several
Proto-Nilgiri : *kil-
Miscellaneous : KOR (O) killi small
Number in DED : 1571
Proto-South Dravidian : *kiL-
Meaning : rust, verdigris
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cilumpu, ceḷimpu
Tamil meaning : verdigris
Tamil derivates : kaḷimpu id., rust, blemish
Malayalam : kiḷarkka
Malayalam meaning : to be corroded
Malayalam derivates : kiḷarppu, kiḷāvu, kaḷimpu verdigris; kiḷāccal corrosion
Kannada : kilubu
Kannada meaning : to get corroded, be covered with verdigris
Kannada derivates : kilubu, kilabu, kilibu, kilumbu, kiluvu verdigris, rust
Tulu : kilimbu, kilubu, kilbu, kilụbu, kilụmbu, kilumu, kilembi, kilembu
Tulu meaning : rust, verdigris, corrosion
Tulu derivates : kaṇeŋgụ, kaleŋgụ (B-K.) rust, verdigris
Proto-Nilgiri : *kil-
Miscellaneous : KOR (O) kelbu green rust on copper
Number in DED : 1586
Proto-South Dravidian : *kiḷ-
Meaning : to pinch
Tamil : kiḷḷu (kiḷḷi-)
Tamil meaning : to pinch with the thumb and fingers, nip, pluck; n. pinching, nipping
Malayalam : kiḷḷuka
Malayalam meaning : to nip, pinch, pluck
Malayalam derivates : kiḷḷal pinching, a pinch
Kannada : (?) giṇḍu
Kannada meaning : to pinch with the nails
Tulu : (?) kiṇkuni, kinkuni (n, not ŋ, before k)
Tulu meaning : to pinch
Proto-Nilgiri : *kiḷ-ĭ-
Number in DED : 1589
Proto-South Dravidian : *kIl-a
Meaning : 1 side 2 belly
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : kela
Kannada meaning : side, vicinity, the right or left side
Kannada derivates : keladan a man who is on one side, or on both sides
Kodagu : kela
Kodagu meaning : belly
Tulu : kila
Tulu meaning : belly
Tulu derivates : kellụ brink, edge, vicinity
Number in DED : 1969
Proto-South Dravidian : *kIl-ai-
Meaning : to sound
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cilai (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to sound, resound, roar, twang; rage, be angry; n. sound, roar, bellow, twang
Tamil derivates : cil sound, noise; cill-en_al onom. expr. of shrill sound; cilampu (cilampi-) to sound, make a tinkling noise, echo; n. sound, noise, resonance; tinkling anklets; cilampal sound of a lute; a chatterer; cilucilu (-pp-, -tt-) to sound (as in frying), talk without restraint, make a hissing noise; cilumpu (cilumpi-) to sound; (Tinn.) celaŋke a tiny bell
Malayalam : cila, cilappu, cileppu
Malayalam meaning : ringing sound
Malayalam derivates : cilekka to rattle, tinkle, chatter, chirp, bark; cilampu foot-trinket filled with pebbles for tinkling, worn by dancers; cilampuka to tinkle, be out of tune; kāl-cilaŋku anklet
Kannada : kele
Kannada meaning : to cry or shout with energy or for joy, vociferate (abusively)
Kannada derivates : keleta abusive vociferation; cili an imit. sound; sele sound, noise, echo
Tulu : kilevuni, kilēvuni
Tulu meaning : to whistle, resound
Tulu derivates : kelepuni, kilepuni to crow
Proto-Nilgiri : *kil-
Miscellaneous : KOR (O) kelappu to cry
Number in DED : 1574
Proto-South Dravidian : *kIḷ-ai-
Meaning : to dig
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kiḷai (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to dig up, stir, scratch up (as fowls), root up (as pigs), burrow into (as roots), excavate
Tamil derivates : (-v-, -nt-) to pry out (as a thorn from the flesh with a needle); kiḷaippu digging, scratching, burrowing; kiḷar_u (kiḷar_i-) to poke, ransack, dig up, disturb, stir (as with a ladle), probe, disclose; kiḷḷu (kiḷḷi-) to dig out, scoop
Malayalam : kiḷa
Malayalam meaning : digging, dug place, mudwall
Malayalam derivates : kiḷekka to dig up, work with spade, raise mud or earth; kiḷappikka to cause to dig; ciḷḷuka to scratch (as fowls)
Kodagu : kaḷa- (kaḷap-, kaḷat-)
Kodagu meaning : to dig
Tulu : kilekuni
Tulu meaning : to stir, move, irritate, provoke
Proto-Nilgiri : *kiḷ-ĭ-
Number in DED : 1588
Proto-South Dravidian : *kil-/*kel-
Meaning : small piece, splinter
Tamil : cil
Tamil meaning : small piece (as of broken glass), potsherd, flat round stone
Tamil derivates : cillu broken piece (as of stone), a round piece used by children in play; cilli small broken pieces of stone, etc., shivers
Malayalam : cil, cillu
Malayalam meaning : a small round piece (as draughts), small-shot, a flat stone for engraving
Kannada : kelle
Kannada meaning : a splinter, shiver
Kannada derivates : kellayisu to splinter (intr.)
Tulu : kellu
Tulu meaning : a splinter
Tulu derivates : cillụ a small round piece, a piece for playing at draughts (< Ma.)
Number in DED : 1577
Proto-South Dravidian : *kin-
Meaning : to be angry, enraged
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cin_a (-pp-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to be enraged, be very angry, become red with inflammation (as tumour)
Tamil derivates : cin_appu anger, fury, inflamed condition; cin_am anger, fury, war; cin_avu (cin_avi-) to be angry, indignant, fight; cin_aval battle; cin_avar, cin_avunar enemies
Malayalam : cinam
Malayalam meaning : wrath
Malayalam derivates : cinikka to be touchy; cinippu anger; cinippikka to irritate; cinaŋŋuka to be touchy (? or with DEDR 2521)
Kannada : kinisu
Kannada meaning : to be or become angry; n. anger, wrath
Notes : Toda sinm is borrowed.
Number in DED : 1600
Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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