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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *kej
Meaning : field
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cey
Tamil meaning : field, esp. wet field
Tamil derivates : kaitai paddy field
Malayalam : ceyi
Malayalam meaning : rice-field
Kannada : key, key(y)i, kay
Kannada meaning : field
Kodagu : kette
Kodagu meaning : wet mud, mire
Number in DED : 1958
Proto-South Dravidian : *keṇ-
Meaning : to provoke, irritate
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malayalam : kiṇayuka
Malayalam meaning : to quarrel, become angry
Kannada : keṇaku
Kannada meaning : to irritate, provoke, by words or deeds
Tulu : keṇakuni, keṇkuni, kenakuni
Tulu meaning : to provoke, irritate, kindle
Number in DED : 1944
Proto-South Dravidian : *ken-i
Meaning : cheek; temples
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cen_n_i
Tamil meaning : head, summit, elephant's temple
Tamil derivates : cen_n_i, cen_n_ai cheek
Malayalam : cenni, kenni
Malayalam meaning : temples
Malayalam derivates : konni cheek; cennam jaw, cheek; ceppi cheek; ? ceḷḷa id.; ? cekiḷa, ceḷukka, cēḷa gills
Kannada : kenne
Kannada meaning : the upper cheek
Kannada derivates : kekke cheek; kendāre temples; (Tipt.) kɛppe temple; (Hav.) keppaṭe cheek
Tulu : kenni, kennè
Tulu meaning : cheek
Tulu derivates : keppè, kebbu cheek, temples; keppaḍè swelling of the cheeks; gebbu temples
Proto-Nilgiri : *keṇ-ĭ
Number in DED : 1989
Proto-South Dravidian : *ker- (?)
Meaning : udder
Tamil : ceruttal
Tamil meaning : udder
Malayalam : cerunnal, cerannal, curannal, corunnal
Malayalam meaning : udder
Kannada : keccal
Kannada meaning : udder
Tulu : keñjelụ, kerndelụ
Tulu meaning : udder
Proto-Nilgiri : *kecl
Miscellaneous : KOR (M, T) kencili udder
Number in DED : 1962
Proto-South Dravidian : *ke(r)m-
Meaning : to cough
Tamil : cerumu (cerumi-)
Tamil meaning : to hem, cough
Tamil derivates : cerumal clearing the throat; cer_umu (cer_umi-) to hem, grunt, sob agitatedly
Malayalam : cuma
Malayalam meaning : (?) cough
Malayalam derivates : cumekka to cough
Kannada : kemmu
Kannada meaning : to cough; n. coughing
Kodagu : kemm- (kemmi-)
Kodagu meaning : to cough
Tulu : kemma
Tulu meaning : a cough, cold
Tulu derivates : (B-K also) temmo, hemmo cough; temilụ, semilụ sneezing (cough)
Number in DED : 1964
Proto-South Dravidian : *kerŋ-
Meaning : feather
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tulu : kedi (?)
Tulu meaning : feather
Tulu derivates : kedụŋkè, kedaŋkè tip of a bird's wing; thin layer
Proto-Nilgiri : *kerŋ-
Number in DED : 1983
Proto-South Dravidian : *kerVp-
Meaning : sandal
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ceruppu
Tamil meaning : sandal, slipper, shoe
Malayalam : cerippu
Malayalam meaning : sandal, slipper, shoe
Kannada : kera, keravu, kerahu, kerpu
Kannada meaning : sandal, slipper, shoe
Proto-Nilgiri : *kerǝv
Number in DED : 1963
Proto-South Dravidian : *ker_-
Meaning : to close, shut
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cer_i (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to be thick (as foliage, hair), crowded, be in close union, be tight (as bangles), be controlled, keep within bounds
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to join together, tighten, shut, close, block up, secure, store up, pack closely; cer_i, cer_ivu denseness, abundance, union, self-restraint; cer_u (cer_uv-, cer_r_-) to control (as the senses), hinder, prevent, overcome; (-pp-, -tt-) to suppress, subdue, resist, prevent, prevent the passage (as of water), overcome; n. tank, field, garden plot; cer_uppu restriction; cer_uvu field; cir_ai (-pp-, -tt-) to restrain, imprison, dam up; n. guard, confinement, prison, captivity; dam, bank, tank, boundary; cir_aivan_ captive, slave; cer_r_ai thicket, crowd
Malayalam : cer_iyuka
Malayalam meaning : to be thronged
Malayalam derivates : cer_ukkuka to dam up, enclose, oppose, prevent; cir_a enclosure, dam, limit, tank, reservoir
Kannada : kir_ (kett-)
Kannada meaning : to confine, close, shut, block up, make a fence, cover
Kannada derivates : ker_e tank; gir_aku state of being strait (as a gate), of being firmly fixed (as a door), of being close, pressing (as a crowd); ser_e to contract, confine, harass; n. confinement, bondage, prison
Kodagu : kere
Kodagu meaning : tank
Tulu : kerè, kirè, kedu
Tulu meaning : an artificial tank
Tulu derivates : kidè cowpen, stall; śerè imprisonment, prison, obligation, liability; gediyuni to be rammed, stuffed; gedụŋguni, gedipuni to stuff, push in, ram
Proto-Nilgiri : *ker_-
Number in DED : 1980
Proto-South Dravidian : *ker_-
Meaning : to kill, destroy
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cer_u (cer_uv-, cer_r_-; -pp-, -tt-), cer_i (-pp-, -tt-), cer_r_u (cer_r_i-)
Tamil meaning : to kill, destroy
Tamil derivates : cer_uppu, cer_al, cer_r_al killing; ceru (-pp-, -tt-) to destroy, ruin
Tulu : kerpini
Tulu meaning : to kill, murder, slay
Tulu derivates : kerpināye murderer
Number in DED : 1981
Proto-South Dravidian : *ket-
Meaning : to chip, cut with adze
Tamil : cettu (cetti-)
Tamil meaning : to cut with adze, chisel, pare off; n. cutting, chiselling
Tamil derivates : cetukku (cetukki-) to cut off a surface, pare, shave off, plane, hew with an adze, chisel; n. paring, chiselling; kettu (ketti-) to split asunder by driving in and turning the hatchet, chop, mince, cut off, make an incision; strike the stick in the game of tipcat
Malayalam : cettuka
Malayalam meaning : to chip, cut off, pare, plane, clear ground, dig slightly
Malayalam derivates : cettal chipping, planing, etc.; cettu cutting, parings, rind or peel
Kannada : kettu
Kannada meaning : to pare the surface, make thin, chip, scrape or chip off (as grass), dig slightly, engrave, carve
Kannada derivates : kettike act of chipping, etc.; kettisu to cause to carve or engrave, cause to chip, etc.; kette a chip, paring; kedaku to stir, scratch (as fowls), dig up or loosen earth
Kodagu : kett- (ketti-)
Kodagu meaning : to cut (tree, or with large knife or axe)
Kodagu derivates : kettɨ a cut, blow
Tulu : kettuni
Tulu meaning : to carve, chisel, engrave, dig slightly
Tulu derivates : kettè a piece, slice, chip; kettigè carving, engraving
Proto-Nilgiri : *ket-
Miscellaneous : KOR (O) kederpu to dig
Number in DED : 1953
Proto-South Dravidian : *ket-
Meaning : to quiver, tremble, flutter
Tamil : kettu-kkett-en_al, ketaŋ-ketam-en_al
Tamil meaning : palpitation of the heart through fright
Kannada : kettu
Kannada meaning : to quiver, shiver, tremble
Kodagu : kett- (ketti-)
Kodagu meaning : to gore with horns (said of buffaloes and bison, which sway the horns from side to side)
Tulu : kittuni
Tulu meaning : to flutter, be in agitation
Number in DED : 1954
Proto-South Dravidian : *ket_-
Meaning : to set (as jewels)
Tamil : cer_r_u (cer_r_i-)
Tamil meaning : to set (as a jewel)
Tamil derivates : ceyal setting work in jewelry
Kannada : kettu, keccu
Kannada meaning : to enclose, set (as precious stones)
Kannada derivates : kettane, ketne, kettike, kettige act of setting, state of being set
Tulu : kettuni
Tulu meaning : to set (as jewels)
Tulu derivates : kettigè setting (as jewels)
Number in DED : 1985
Proto-South Dravidian : *kevar-
Meaning : wall
Tamil : cuvar, cevar, (Koll.) cevr
Tamil meaning : (coll.; R. P. Sethu Pillai, Tamil - Literary And Colloquial, p. 10) wall
Malayalam : cuvar, cumar
Malayalam meaning : wall
Kannada : kēr
Kannada meaning : wall
Kodagu : kevaN
Kodagu meaning : wall
Proto-Nilgiri : *kēv
Miscellaneous : KOR (T) kibarɨ wall
Number in DED : 1975
Proto-South Dravidian : *kev-i
Meaning : ear
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cevi
Tamil meaning : ear
Tamil derivates : ceviṭu cheek; ceviḷ tragus; cevuḷ gills; ceviyan_ hare
Malayalam : cevi
Malayalam meaning : ear, the outer ear
Malayalam derivates : cevikka to hear; ceviṭu, cekiṭu ear, chiefly the inner part; cevi-ppī, ceppi earwax; ceviyan hare; ceppi ear; koviṭu, (Tiyya) ceviṭu cheek
Kannada : kivi, kimi, (Hav.) kemi
Kannada meaning : ear
Kodagu : keviN
Kodagu meaning : ear
Tulu : kebi
Tulu meaning : ear
Proto-Nilgiri : *kevĭ
Miscellaneous : ALKU kevi ear; KOR (M) kemi ear
Number in DED : 1977
Proto-South Dravidian : *kev-iḍ-
Meaning : deafness
Tamil : ceviṭu
Tamil meaning : deafness, deaf person or animal
Tamil derivates : ceviṭan_, ceviṭi deaf man, woman
Malayalam : ceviṭu
Malayalam meaning : deafness
Malayalam derivates : ceviṭan, ceviṭi deaf man, woman
Kannada : kivuḍu, kivaḍu, keppu
Kannada meaning : deafness, a deaf person
Kannada derivates : kivuẓ a deaf person; kivuḍa, kivaḍa, keppa deaf man; kivuḍi, kivaḍi, keppi deaf woman
Kodagu : kivḍ
Kodagu meaning : (Shanmugam) deafness
Kodagu derivates : kivḍë deaf man; kivḍi deaf woman
Tulu : keppu, keppatana
Tulu meaning : deafness
Tulu derivates : keppe, keppi deaf man, woman; kebure deaf man
Proto-Nilgiri : *kevǐḍ
Number in DED : 1977
Proto-South Dravidian : *kē-
Meaning : to lie
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cē (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to dwell, lie, remain, sleep
Tamil derivates : cēppu (cēppi-) to abide, remain; cēkkai cot, bed, roost, dwelling place, nest
Malayalam : cēkuka, cēkkuka
Malayalam meaning : to roost
Malayalam derivates : cēkal, cēyal, cēkka, cēkku a roost
Kannada : kē (kēd-)
Kannada meaning : to lie down, repose, copulate with
Kannada derivates : kēvu, (K2) kendu copulation
Tulu : kedoṇuni
Tulu meaning : to lie down, rest
Tulu derivates : (B-K) ketoṇu, katoṇu to lie down; kerapāvu to cause to lie down; kēlụ abode of a Pariah
Number in DED : 1990
Proto-South Dravidian : *kēḷ-
Meaning : to hear
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kēḷ (kēṭp-, kēṭṭ-)
Tamil meaning : to hear, listen, learn, ask, inquire, question, investigate, require, request, be informed of, obey; be heard (as a call), reach (as a sound)
Tamil derivates : kēḷā to no purpose, vainly; kēḷvi, kēṭpu hearing, question, learning, sound, word, rumour, ear
Malayalam : kēḷkka
Malayalam meaning : to hear, perceive, listen to, obey, ask
Malayalam derivates : kēḷpikka to cause to hear; kēḷvi, kēḷi hearing, obeying, report
Kannada : kēḷ (kēḷd-), kēḷu (kēḷi-)
Kannada meaning : to hear, listen to, heed, ask, beg, demand
Kannada derivates : kēḷisu to cause to hear, cause to ask, cause oneself to be heard, cause to be heard, sound or play on, be heard, hear, sound; kēḷike, kēḷuvike, kēḷvike, kēḷuha hearing, hearsay, asking
Kodagu : kē̈ḷ- (kē̈p-, kē̈ṭ-)
Kodagu meaning : to hear, ask
Kodagu derivates : kē̈ṭa- (kē̈ṭaṇḍ-) to take from another (i. e. ask for and take); kē̈ḷi fame, renown (in songs)
Tulu : kēṇuni
Tulu meaning : to hear, be attentive to, obey, ask, inquire, request
Proto-Nilgiri : *kēḷ-
Number in DED : 2017
Proto-South Dravidian : *kēḷ-
Meaning : friend(ship)
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kēḷ
Tamil meaning : kindred, friendship, friend
Tamil derivates : kēḷvan_, kēḷan_ friend; kēḷir friends, relations; kēṇmai friendship, intimacy, kindness, relationship; kiḷai (-pp-, -tt-) to ramify, multiply (as families); n. kindred, relations, group, herd, flock, family
Kannada : keḷe
Kannada meaning : to draw or attract towards oneself
Kannada derivates : keḷe, geḷe, geṇe, geṇi union, companionship, friendship, companion, friend; keḷeya, geḷeya, geḷiya, geṇiya, geṇeya male friend; fem. keḷadi, geḷati, geḷate, geṇati; keḷetana, geḷetana, geṇitana, geṇetana friendship; kēḷa companion
Tulu : geṇe
Tulu meaning : coupling
Tulu derivates : geṇegāre an associate
Proto-Nilgiri : *keḷä
Notes : Unclear voicened variants in Kan. and Tulu.
Number in DED : 2018
Proto-South Dravidian : *kēn-ai
Meaning : yam
Tamil : cēn_ai
Tamil meaning : Amorphophallus campanulatus
Malayalam : cēna
Malayalam meaning : yam, Arum campanulatum
Kannada : kēne
Kannada meaning : (DCV) Tahiti arrowroot, (Hav.) an itchy root
Tulu : kēnè
Tulu meaning : a kind of yam, Arum campanulatum
Number in DED : 2022
Proto-South Dravidian : *Kēr-
Meaning : marking-nut tree
Tamil : cēr
Tamil meaning : marking-nut tree, Semecarpus anacardium
Tamil derivates : cēŋ-koṭṭai, id., marking-nut; cē-pālam marking-nut
Malayalam : cēr
Malayalam meaning : marking-nut tree, Semecarpus orientalis
Kannada : kēr, gēr
Kannada meaning : Semecarpus anacardium Linn.
Tulu : gērụ-kāyi, gēre-kāyi, jērụ-kāyi
Tulu meaning : marking-nut
Tulu derivates : tēreda-mara marking-nut tree, Semecarpus anacardium
Number in DED : 2005
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