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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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Proto-South Dravidian : *kā[n]-
Meaning : forest
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil :
Tamil meaning : forest, pleasure-grove, garden
Tamil derivates : kāl forest; kān_ jungle; kān_am woodland, grove, forest tract, flower-garden; kān_akam jungle; kān_al grove or forest on seashore, forest on slope of a hill; kāvaṇam garden, tope, grove; (Koll.) kāvam forest
Malayalam : kānam, kānakam
Malayalam meaning : jungle
Malayalam derivates : kānal very dry jungle
Kannada :
Kannada meaning : forest
Kannada derivates : (Hav.S.) kānu forest
Tulu : kāna
Tulu meaning : forest, jungle, wood
Number in DED : 1418
Proto-South Dravidian : *kāṇ-
Meaning : to see
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kāṇ (kāṇp-, kaṇṭ-)
Tamil meaning : to see, consider, investigate, appear, become visible; n. sight, beauty
Tamil derivates : kāṇkai knowledge; kāṇpu seeing, sight; kāṭci sight, vision of a deity, view, appearance; kāṇikkai voluntary offering, gift to a temple, church, guru or other great person; kāṭṭu (kāṭṭi-) to show; n. showing; kaṇṇu (kaṇṇi-) to purpose, think, consider; kaṇ-kāṭci gratifying spectacle, exhibition, object of curiosity
Malayalam : kāṇuka
Malayalam meaning : to see, observe, consider, seem
Malayalam derivates : kāṇi visitor, spectator; kāṇikka to show, point out; n. offering, present; kāṭṭuka to show, exhibit; kāẓca, kāẓma eyesight, offering, show, spectacle
Kannada : kāṇ (kaṇḍ-)
Kannada meaning : to see, appear; n. seeing, appearing
Kannada derivates : kāṇike, kāṇke sight, vision, present, gift; kāṇuvike seeing, appearing; kāṇisu to show, show oneself, appear; kaṇi sight, spectacle, ominous sight, divination
Kodagu : kāṇ- (kāmb-, kaṇḍ-)
Kodagu meaning : to see; seem, look (so-and-so)
Kodagu derivates : kāṭ- (kāṭi-) to show
Tulu : kāṇụsāvuni, kāṇisāvuni
Tulu meaning : to show, represent, mention
Tulu derivates : kāṇikè, kāṇigè present to a superior
Proto-Nilgiri : *kāṇ-
Notes : Kannada kaṇi and Tamil forms with short -a- may be due to the short vowel in *kaṇ 'eye'.
Number in DED : 1443
Proto-South Dravidian : *kāṇ-
Meaning : a k. of fraction
Tamil : kāṇam
Tamil meaning : an ancient weight; gold, wealth
Tamil derivates : kāṇi the fraction 1/80; a land measure; landed property, possession, hereditary right; a weight (1/40 of a mañcāṭi)
Malayalam : kāṇam
Malayalam meaning : possession, goods, mortgage; the weight of three kaṛañcu
Malayalam derivates : kāṇi a fraction of time or space, (1/80, 1/64, 1/32); 1/20 of an estate
Kannada : kāṇi
Kannada meaning : property, possession, hereditary right; 1/64 of any coin; a cawney of land
Tulu : kāṇi
Tulu meaning : the fraction 1/64
Proto-Nilgiri : *kāṇ-ĭ
Number in DED : 1444
Proto-South Dravidian : *kānǯVr-
Meaning : strychnine tree
Tamil : kāñcirai, kāñciram
Tamil meaning : strychnine tree
Malayalam : kāññiram
Malayalam meaning : Strychnos nux vomica
Kannada : kājavāra, kājivāra, kāñjira, kāsara, kāsarka, kāsarike, kāsāraka, kāsra
Kannada meaning : Strychnos nux vomica
Tulu : kāyerụ
Tulu meaning : Nux vomica
Miscellaneous : KOR (O) kāvēri a kind of tree (= Tu. kāyerụ)
Number in DED : 1434
Proto-South Dravidian : *kāŋ-
Meaning : dark-blue cloth
Tamil : kāŋku-ppuṭavai
Tamil meaning : a kind of coloured cloth
Malayalam : kāŋki
Malayalam meaning : blue or dark cloth (as of fisherwomen and Iṛawattis)
Kannada : kāgu
Kannada meaning : a dark-black or dark-blue colour, a dark-black cloth
Tulu : kāŋgụ
Tulu meaning : a dark-blue cloth worn by lower classes or used for bedding
Proto-Nilgiri : *kāŋ
Number in DED : 1428
Proto-South Dravidian : *kār-
Meaning : black, dark
Tamil : kār
Tamil meaning : blackness, darkness, cloud, rainy season
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to darken, grow black; kāri blackness, crow, black bull
Malayalam : kār
Malayalam meaning : darkness, black, cloud
Kannada : kār
Kannada meaning : blackness, rainy season
Kannada derivates : kāri rainy season; kāra-hullu any grass that grows in the rainy season
Tulu : kārụ, kāri
Tulu meaning : black, dark
Tulu derivates : kārkāla cloudy or rainy weather; kār mugalụ dark cloud
Proto-Nilgiri : *kār
Number in DED : 1278
Proto-South Dravidian : *kār-
Meaning : pungent, hot
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kār (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to be pungent, acrid, hot to the taste, be very saltish or brackish
Tamil derivates : kāram pungency; caustic; alkali; kārppu pungency, saltness; kari (-pp-, -tt-) to be saltish to the taste, smart (as the eyes from oil or soap or chilli), feel an irritating sensation in the throat due to acidity of the stomach; nag, worry; karippu pungency, worrying, nagging; karil pungency; karakara (-pp-, -tt-) to feel irritation (as from sand or grit in the eye), feel irritation in the throat, be hoarse; karakarappu irritation in the throat, hoarseness; karakar-en_al being irritated in the throat
Malayalam : kāram
Malayalam meaning : caustic; different salts; pungency (as of pepper)
Malayalam derivates : karukarukka to be harsh, sharp, rough, irritating (e. g. of grating sensation in the eyes)
Kannada : kāra
Kannada meaning : pungency; alkali; caustic
Kannada derivates : (UNR) karlu salt land
Kodagu : kāra
Kodagu meaning : hot (as taste of curry)
Tulu : kāra
Tulu meaning : tasting or smelling hot; hot, pungent
Tulu derivates : kāruppu a strong or black sort of salt
Proto-Nilgiri : *kār-
Number in DED : 1466
Proto-South Dravidian : *kār-
Meaning : to gnaw, bite
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malayalam : kāruka
Malayalam meaning : to gnaw, bite by degrees
Malayalam derivates : kāri woodpecker; karaḷuka to gnaw, pick, nibble, bore
Kannada : kār
Kannada meaning : to bite, eat
Tulu : karapu
Tulu meaning : (B-K.) to gnaw with the teeth, as rats or squirrels do with a fruit
Number in DED : 1474
Proto-South Dravidian : *kār-ai
Meaning : a k. of shrub
Tamil : kārai
Tamil meaning : low shrub with sharp spines, Canthium parviflorum, emetic-nut
Malayalam : kāra
Malayalam meaning : a thorny shrub; Canthium parviflorum, C. amarum, Calophyllum flavescens, Mimusops dissecta, Vangueria spinosa, Griffithia fragrans, Randia uliginosa
Kannada : kāre
Kannada meaning : the spinous shrub Webera tetranda Willd. [= Canthium parviflorum Lam.]; Terminalia chebula
Kannada derivates : gāre the tree Terminalia catappa
Kodagu : kāre mara
Kodagu meaning : Randia dumetorum and uliginosa
Proto-Nilgiri : *kār-ä
Number in DED : 1475
Proto-South Dravidian : *kār_-
Meaning : to vomit
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kāl (kāLv-, kān_r_-)
Tamil meaning : to vomit, disgorge
Tamil derivates : kān_r_al vomiting, coughing, and ejecting phlegm; kār_u (kār_i-) to hawk, bring up phlegm
Malayalam : kāluka
Malayalam meaning : to vomit
Malayalam derivates : kālca vomiting; kār_uka to retch, spit; kāruka, kārkkika to hawk, spit out, force up phlegm, vomit; kānruka to vomit
Kannada : kār_
Kannada meaning : to vomit, emit
Kannada derivates : kār_isu to make vomit or disgorge; kār_u, kār_ike, kār_uha vomiting
Kodagu : kār- (kāri-)
Kodagu meaning : to vomit
Tulu : kāruni
Tulu meaning : to vomit
Tulu derivates : kārāvuni to cause to vomit; karavè, karāya phlegm
Proto-Nilgiri : *kānr_-
Number in DED : 1477
Proto-South Dravidian : *kār_-ai
Meaning : a k. of collar
Tamil : kār_ai
Tamil meaning : gold or silver collar, necklet for women and children
Malayalam : kār_a
Malayalam meaning : collar of gold or silver worn by Māpḷichis and fisherwomen; a kind of silver or gold neck-ring worn by boys of higher castes in Palghat
Tulu : kārè
Tulu meaning : a kind of necklace or collar
Proto-Nilgiri : *kār_-ä
Number in DED : 1506
Proto-South Dravidian : *kās-
Meaning : coin, money
Tamil : kācu
Tamil meaning : gold, gold coin, money, a small copper coin
Malayalam : kāśu
Malayalam meaning : gold, money, the smallest copper coin
Kannada : kāsu
Kannada meaning : the smallest copper coin, a cash, coin or money in general
Tulu : kāsụ
Tulu meaning : an old copper coin worth half a pie, a cash
Proto-Nilgiri : *kās
Number in DED : 1431
Proto-South Dravidian : *kā[v]-
Meaning : pole, carrying yoke
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil :
Tamil meaning : pole with ropes hung on each end, used to carry loads on the shoulder; lever or beam for a well-sweep, lever of a steelyard
Tamil derivates : kāvaṭi pole used for carrying burdens; kāvu (kāvi-) to carry on the shoulder (as a palnquin, a pole with weight at each end), bear anything heavy on the arms or on the head; kāvuvōr palanquin-bearers
Malayalam : kāvu, kāvaṭi
Malayalam meaning : split bamboo with ropes suspended from each end for carrying burdens
Malayalam derivates : kāvuka, kāvikka to carry on a pole
Kannada : kāgaḍi, kāvaḍi
Kannada meaning : bamboo lath or pole provided with slings at each end for the conveyance of pitchers, etc.
Tulu : kāvaḍi
Tulu meaning : split bamboo with ropes suspended from each end for carrying burdens across the shoulders
Number in DED : 1417
Proto-South Dravidian : *kāv-i
Meaning : red ochre
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kāvi
Tamil meaning : red ochre
Malayalam : kāvi
Malayalam meaning : red ochre
Kannada : kāvi
Kannada meaning : red ochre; cloth dyed with red ochre
Tulu : kāvi
Tulu meaning : red ochre
Tulu derivates : kāvè red
Proto-Nilgiri : *kāv-ĭ
Number in DED : 1490
Proto-South Dravidian : *kāẓ-
Meaning : hard, obstinate
Tamil : kāẓ (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to become hard, mature, be firm or strong in mind, implacable; n. hardness, solidity or close grain (as of timber), core, strength of mind
Tamil derivates : kāẓppu close grain (as of the heart of timber), essence; kāẓi great strength, toughness, hardness; kaẓuntu heart or core of a tree
Malayalam : kātal
Malayalam meaning : core, heart of tree, essence, pith, substance
Malayalam derivates : kāmpu pith, inner substance; kaẓampu pulp of fruit, pith, essence
Kannada : kāẓime, kāḷime
Kannada meaning : obstinacy, haughtiness
Proto-Nilgiri : *kādǝl
Number in DED : 1491
Proto-South Dravidian : *kāẓ-
Meaning : black
Tamil : kāẓ
Tamil meaning : blackness, blemish, defect
Tamil derivates : kāẓakam blackness
Kannada : kāẓ, kāḍu
Kannada meaning : blackness, black
Kannada derivates : kaẓgu, kargu black (or with DEDR 1278); (K2) kaẓ black, dark, etc.; (PBh.) kaẓpu blackness, black spot
Tulu : kāri, kāḷi
Tulu meaning : (B-K.) blackish
Tulu derivates : kāḷè a dark-skinned buffalo
Proto-Nilgiri : *kāṛ
Number in DED : 1494
Proto-South Dravidian : *ke-
Meaning : red
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ce-, cem-, cevv-, ceyya, cētakam, cēttu
Tamil meaning : red
Tamil derivates : cekkam, cekkar, cekkal, cekil, cemmai, cey, cevvu, cevval, cevēr-en_al, , cēkkai, cēku, cēkai, cēntu, cēppu, cēy, civv-en_al, civappu, civēr-en_al redness; ceccai id., Ixora coccinea (with scarlet blossoms); ceppal red colour (as of dawn); ceyyavan_, ceyyan_, ceyyān_, ceyyōn_, cēyan_, cēyān_, civappan_ person of red or brown complexion; ceval, cevalai, civalai ruddy person or animal; cival Indian partridge; (-pp-, -nt-) to redden, get angry; cēkil tawny-coloured bull; cēt-ā tawny-coloured cow; cēyttu, cēytu that which is red; civa (-pp-, -nt-) to redden, blush, become angry; cekka-cciva (-v-, -nt-), cekkañ-ceku to be deep red; cekka-ccivēr-en_al, cekka-ccevēr-en_al deep redness; cen-nāy brown-coloured dog, Canis dukhunensis; kempu ruby (< Ka.)
Malayalam : ce-, cem-, cēya
Malayalam meaning : red
Malayalam derivates : cemma, cevva, cona, covva redness; cekkal dawn; cekki-ppū, cetti-ppū, cecci-ppū Ixora coccinea; ceŋŋuka, cempikka, conekka, cuvakka to be red; (Tiyya) cemappu redness; cemakkuva to redden; cuvappu, cōppu red; red colour; ruby; cecca a kind of ruby; cen-nāyi wolf or rather Canis primaevus; kempu ruby (< Ka.)
Kannada : ke-, keṃ-
Kannada meaning : red
Kannada derivates : keŋka, keŋgal, keccane, keccu, keñcage, keñcane, kendu, kebbe, kempu, kēsu, kisu redness; kekkarisu, keŋgalisu to become red; keñca a red man; fem. keñci; kembāra, kembāre redness of evening; kēpala, kevala, kisgāra Ixora coccinea; (a few cpds. with ce and ca- are to be taken as < Ta. or Te.)
Kodagu : kem-
Kodagu meaning : red (in a few cpds.: ken-deŋge brown coconut; (in song) coconut; ken-nāy wild dog; keñ-jeri red squirrel; kem-buttɨ red anthill (in song); keñ-jōpɨ a dull red)
Kodagu derivates : cō- (cōp-, cōnd-) to become red; cōndë red; cōpɨ red, redness; ? cōmë bullock (in song) (all the preceding < Ma.)
Tulu : kem-, keñca, keñci
Tulu meaning : red
Tulu derivates : kempu redness; ruby; kēpuḷa, kēpula, kēpaḷè Ixora coccinea; genda reddish; gende a reddish-coloured ox; fem. gendi; canna red; canna-nāyi wolf
Proto-Nilgiri : *ke-
Number in DED : 1931
Proto-South Dravidian : *Keḍ-
Meaning : shrub, bush
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ceṭi
Tamil meaning : shrub, bush
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to grow bushy, shoot out (as sprays, foliage)
Malayalam : ceṭi
Malayalam meaning : shrub, small tree
Kannada : giḍa, giḍu, ceṭṭu
Kannada meaning : plant as of chili, brinjal, pulse, shrub, small tree, tree in general
Kannada derivates : siḍumbu, siḍumbe a (thorny) tree, bush, thicket
Kodagu : giḍa
Kodagu meaning : plant
Tulu : giḍa
Tulu meaning : shrub
Proto-Nilgiri : *giḍǝv
Number in DED : 1941
Proto-South Dravidian : *keḍ-
Meaning : to die, perish
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : keṭu (keṭuv-, keṭṭ-)
Tamil meaning : to perish, be destroyed, decay, rot, become damaged, spoiled, fall on evil days, degenerate, be reduced, run away defeated
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to destroy, squander, extinguish, damage, spoil, corrupt, defeat, lose; n. peril, poverty; keṭṭa bad, spoiled, ruined; keṭṭavan_ a bad, immoral person; fem. keṭṭavaḷ; keṭal ūẓ evil fate; keṭutal ruin, damage, danger, degeneracy; keṭuti ruin, loss, damage, thing lost, danger, affliction, evil; keṭumpu ruin, evil; kēṭu ruin, loss, damage, adversity, death, evil; kēṭan_ ruined, miserable man, he who ruins; fem. kēṭi
Malayalam : keṭu
Malayalam meaning : ruin
Malayalam derivates : keṭuka to be extinguished, be ruined, spoilt, damaged; keṭuti ruin, danger, weakness, misery; keṭumpu depravity, rottenness; keṭumpikka to be spoiled by drying up; keṭṭa lost, bad; keṭukka to quench, do away with, damage, ruin; kēṭu destruction, loss, damage, hurt; kēṭan a rogue
Kannada : keḍu, kiḍu (keṭṭ-)
Kannada meaning : to be destroyed, be ruined, be spoiled, become bad, become vicious, be extinguished, cease (as sorrow, etc.)
Kannada derivates : keḍisu, kiḍisu to destroy, ruin, spoil, extinguish; keṭṭa ruined, spoiled, foul, bad; keṭṭe evil, misfortune, ruin; keṭṭatana a bad, wicked, lewd disposition or conduct; keḍaka, keḍika, keḍuka, kiḍuka man who destroys, one who is ruined, a bad, wicked, mean man; fem. keḍaki, keḍike, keḍuki; keḍakatana, keḍakutana, keḍukutana a corrupt, bad, lewd nature or conduct; keḍaku, keḍuku corruption, ruin, evil; keḍuvike being destroyed, etc.; keḍuha ruin, disappearance; kiḍa man who is ruined, etc.; kiḍi, kiḍuka one who ruins or destroys; kēḍu ruin, destruction, evil, loss; kēḍi, kēḍiga, kēḍuga one who ruins or destroys; kēḍitana, kēḍigatana state of being a destroyer or being destroyed; kīḍiki a vile, unchaste woman; kīṭakatana, kīṭale mischief-making
Kodagu : këḍ- (këṭṭ-)
Kodagu meaning : to be spoiled, ruined, extinguished
Kodagu derivates : këḍɨt- (këḍɨti-) to spoil, ruin, extinguish; kē̈ḍɨ ruin, rottenness
Tulu : keḍaguni
Tulu meaning : to ruin, spoil
Tulu derivates : keḍuku, keḍa, keḍakụ damage, loss; keḍake oppressor; keṭṭa bad, vile; kēḍụ, kēḍu mischief, evil, danger, disaster, loss, perdition; kēḍage, kēḍiŋge mischief-maker
Proto-Nilgiri : *keḍ-
Number in DED : 1942
Proto-South Dravidian : *kej-
Meaning : to do
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cey (-v-, -t-)
Tamil meaning : to do, make, create, cause; n. deed, act, action
Tamil derivates : ceykai deed, act, action, work, conduct, that which is manufactured; ceyti deed, act, action, occupation, conduct; ceyyal conduct, work; ceyyuḷ, ceyar_kai action; ceyvatu that which ought to be done; ceyal act, action, work, conduct
Malayalam : ceyka
Malayalam meaning : to do, act
Malayalam derivates : ceyal action; ceyti doings, news; ceyyikka to cause to do
Kannada : key, kai, gey
Kannada meaning : to perform, do, make, work; be serviceable, fit
Kannada derivates : keyta, geyta doing, an act; keyme, geyme, gēme doing, work, achievement
Kodagu : key- (keyyuv-, kejj-)
Kodagu meaning : to work
Tulu : gaipini, geyipini
Tulu meaning : to do, fulfil
Proto-Nilgiri : *kej-
Number in DED : 1957
Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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