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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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Proto-South Dravidian : *Kaẓ-um-
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaẓumu (kaẓumi-)
Tamil meaning : to be full, complete, abundant, copious, overflow; n. denseness as a tuft of hair
Number in DED : 1368
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaẓ-V- (?)
Meaning : molucca bean
Tamil : kaẓaŋku, kaẓal, kaẓar_ci, kaẓar_-kāy, kecca-kkāy (< Te.)
Tamil meaning : molucca bean (Caesalpinia bonducella), bonduc nut
Malayalam : kaẓacci, kaẓañci, kaẓar_r_i
Malayalam meaning : Guilandina bonducella
Kannada : gajuga, gajjuga, gajiga, gajjiga, gajige, gajaga, (Gowda) kǝḷiñjikāyE
Kannada meaning : molucca bean, Guilandina bonducella Lin.
Tulu : gajigè, (B-K.) kaḍeñji, kaḷeñji
Tulu meaning : molucca bean, Guilandina bonducella
Number in DED : 1347
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaǯǯ-
Meaning : itch
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : kajji, gajji
Kannada meaning : scab, itch
Kannada derivates : (Hav.) kajju itch
Kodagu : kajji
Kodagu meaning : itch
Tulu : gajji
Tulu meaning : itch, scab
Notes : Assimilation in Kannada and Tulu.
Number in DED : 1104
Proto-South Dravidian : *kā-
Meaning : to preserve; to watch over
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kā (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to preserve, shelter, watch, guard, ward off, rescue, wait for; n. preservation, protection
Tamil derivates : kākkai preserving; kāppu, kāval watching, caution, preservation, defence, guard, protection, that which serves as a protection, amulet, fence, fortification, prison; kāvalan_ protector, guardian, king; kāppāṭu (kāppāṭi-) to conceal, screen; kāpp-ār_r_u (kāppār_r_i-) to guard, protect, save; cēval watching; cēval-āḷ watchman in cornfield
Malayalam : kākkuka
Malayalam meaning : to keep, defend, watch, wait, expect
Malayalam derivates : kāppu keeping, enclosure, garden, amulet; kāppikka to cause to watch, protect, etc.; kāppāttuka to protect, save, take care of, watch, guard; kāval custody, guard, prison; kāvalan protector; kāvu enclosure, garden, holy enclosure
Kannada : kā (kād-), kāy (kād-/kāyd-), kāyi (kāyid-)
Kannada meaning : to guard, protect, keep, save, tend, watch, keep in check
Kannada derivates : kāyu (kād-) id., to wait; kāyisu to make guard, watch; kāpu, kāhu guarding, protecting, preserving, that which preserves; kāpāḍu to guard, take care of; kāyi, kāhi person who tends, watches, guards; kāyike guarding, etc.; kāval, kāvala, kāvali, kāvalu guarding, protecting, watching, a guard, custody, place where anything is guarded
Kodagu : kā- (kāp-, kāt-)
Kodagu meaning : to wait
Kodagu derivates : kāpāḍ- (kāpāḍi-) to protect
Tulu : kāpuni
Tulu meaning : to watch, guard, keep, wait
Tulu derivates : kātoṇuni to wait, expect; kāpu, kāppu protecting, watching, tending, hatching, a scarecrow; kāpele watchman; kāvalụ guard, custody, watch, protection; kāpāḍuni to protect, preserve; kāpāṭa act of watching, guard
Proto-Nilgiri : *kā-
Number in DED : 1416
Proto-South Dravidian : *kāc-
Meaning : catechu
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kācu, kācu-kkaṭṭi, kāyccu-kkaṭṭi
Tamil meaning : a compound of catechu formed with the juice of young coconuts, areca-nuts, and other spices
Malayalam : kāccu, kāttu, kār_r_u
Malayalam meaning : dried areca juice, catechu
Kannada : kācu
Kannada meaning : catechu or cutch, the inspissated juice of the Acacia catechu
Tulu : kācu, kāci
Tulu meaning : catechu, Acacia catechu; the sediment of boiled areca-nut
Number in DED : 1432
Proto-South Dravidian : *kāḍ-
Meaning : lampblack
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : kāḍige
Kannada meaning : lampblack, collyrium prepared from it
Tulu : kāḍigè
Tulu meaning : collyrium of lampblack and oil
Number in DED : 1437
Proto-South Dravidian : *kāḍ-
Meaning : jungle
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kāṭu (obl. kāṭṭu-)
Tamil meaning : forest, jungle, desert
Tamil derivates : vayar_-kāṭu paddyfield; kāṭar hill tribes, dwellers in the forest; kāṭṭān_ rustic, stranger; kāṭṭ-ā bison; kaṭam forest; hard, difficult path in a barren tract; kaṭar_u forest, jungle; hard or difficult path
Malayalam : kāṭu (obl. kāṭṭu-)
Malayalam meaning : wilderness, wood, jungle, waste ground for burning corpses
Malayalam derivates : kāṭan jungle dweller; kāṭṭi bison
Kannada : kāḍu
Kannada meaning : forest, jungle
Kannada derivates : kāḍa jungle-fellow; kāṭa forest, huntsman; ? gār_u a wild, wildness
Kodagu : kāḍɨ
Kodagu meaning : jungle
Kodagu derivates : kāṭi bison
Tulu : kāḍụ
Tulu meaning : jungle, forest; wild
Tulu derivates : kāḍa wild, untamed; kāṭụ wild, rude; kāṭi bison; kāṭe wild, untamed beast
Proto-Nilgiri : *kāḍ-ǝ
Miscellaneous : IRU kāḍu forest patch cleared for cultivation, field or garden in the forest; PALKU (Z) kāḍu id.
Number in DED : 1438
Proto-South Dravidian : *kād-
Meaning : to fight, kill
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kātu (kāti-)
Tamil meaning : to kill, murder, cut, divide; n. murder
Tamil derivates : kātal killing, fighting, cutting, breaking
Kannada : kādu
Kannada meaning : to war, fight, contend with
Kannada derivates : kāduha fighting
Tulu : kāduni
Tulu meaning : to quarrel, fight, wrestle
Tulu derivates : kādāḍuni to fight; kādāṭa a fight, war, battle
Number in DED : 1447
Proto-South Dravidian : *kād-
Meaning : ear
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kātu
Tamil meaning : ear, hole through which thread, hook, pin or shaft is passed (as eye of a needle), ear of a jar serving as a handle
Malayalam : kātu
Malayalam meaning : ear (more as a member than as organ of hearing), handle of vessel, eye of needle
Miscellaneous : IRU kādu ear; PALKU kādu ear
Number in DED : 1448
Proto-South Dravidian : *kādal-
Meaning : love
Tamil : kātal
Tamil meaning : love, affection, lust, desire
Tamil derivates : kātalan_, kātalān_, kātalōn_ lover, husband, intimate friend; kātali (-pp-, -tt-) to love, long for; n. beloved woman, wife, daughter; kātan_mai affection, desire
Malayalam : kātal
Malayalam meaning : attachment, fondness, affection
Malayalam derivates : kātalan, kātalōn lover, husband
Kannada : kādal, kādalme
Kannada meaning : affection, love
Kannada derivates : kādala male friend, paramour; kādale beloved female
Tulu : gadarụ
Tulu meaning : an object of love
Number in DED : 1445
Proto-South Dravidian : *kāj-
Meaning : hot, dry
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kāy (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to grow hot, burn, be warm (as body), wither, parch, be dried up, begin to heal (sore, wound, boil), shine, be indignant, angry, be prejudiced, hate; burn (tr.), consume, kill
Tamil derivates : kāyccal heating, drying, fever, hatred; kāyccu (kāycci-) to boil, cook, heat by fire, dry or warm as in the sun or near the fire, reprove; n. heating (as metal or a stone), boiling (as a liquid); kāyttu (kāytti-) to ignite, cause to burn, boil, cook, heat by fire; kāyppu dislike, aversion; kāymai envy, jealousy; kāŋkai heat, feverishness; kāŋku, kāŋkai earthen pot-boiler; (SATD) kāŋgalu sultriness; kāntu (kānti-) to burn, smart (as a sore), be scorched, charred, shine, be hot with indignation, burn with envy, be angry with, heat; kāṭṭu (kāṭṭi-) to heat, as a vessel of ghee
Malayalam : kāyuka
Malayalam meaning : to be hot, heated, feverish, shine, grow dry, warm oneself
Malayalam derivates : kāyal, kāypu what is warm, heat, dryness; kāykka, kāccuka to warm, boil, distil; kāccal heat, a still; kāccil heat, bodily heat; kāntuka to be hot; kāntal heat
Kannada : kāy (kāyd-, kād-)
Kannada meaning : to grow hot, grow red-hot, burn with passion, be angry
Kannada derivates : kāyisu, kāsu to make hot, etc.; kāypu, kāvu, kāhu heat, wrath, anger; kāvara, kāvura mental heat, passion, anger, wrath; kāku, kāŋke state of being overheated, irritated, tired from the effects of the sun, trouble, etc.; heat of any kind
Kodagu : kāy- (kāyuv-, kāñj-)
Kodagu meaning : to be hot, boil, bask in sun
Kodagu derivates : kāc- (kāci-) to boil (tr.), melt (ghee); kāca heat; kāyela illness
Tulu : kāyuni
Tulu meaning : to be hot, burn, be feverish, be angry
Tulu derivates : kāyipuni to make hot, warm (as water), fry, boil; kāyāvuni to have anything warmed, burned, boiled; kāvu heat, warmth; kāyilè sickness
Proto-Nilgiri : *kāj-
Number in DED : 1458
Proto-South Dravidian : *kāj-
Meaning : fruit; to bear fruit
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kāy (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to bear fruit; n. unripe fruit, unripe boil
Tamil derivates : kāyppu produce of a tree, crop of fruit or grain
Malayalam : kāyuka
Malayalam meaning : to be ripe
Malayalam derivates : kāykka to bear fruit, ripen; kāypikka to bring to maturity; kāy unripe or ripening fruit, chiefly plantain; kāypu bearing fruit; kayakka to thrive, bring fruit
Kannada : kāy (kāyt-, kāt-)
Kannada meaning : fruit to grow or develop
Kannada derivates : kāy, kāya, kāyi, kāyu fruit in a yet unripe, but pretty full-grown state, nut, pod
Kodagu : kāy
Kodagu meaning : unripe fruit (guava, if unspecified), kidneys
Tulu : kāyuni
Tulu meaning : to get ripe
Tulu derivates : kāyi unripe fruit, coconut, seed; kāyelụ state of being green or unripe
Proto-Nilgiri : *kāj-
Number in DED : 1459
Proto-South Dravidian : *kāk-
Meaning : bad
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tulu : kāku, kākụ
Tulu meaning : bad, corrupt
Number in DED : 1424
Proto-South Dravidian : *kāk-
Meaning : crow
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kākkai, kākkāy
Tamil meaning : crow, Corvus splendens
Tamil derivates : kākkāv-en_al the cawing of a crow
Malayalam : kākka, kākkacci, kākan
Malayalam meaning : crow
Kannada : kāke, kāki, kāge, kāgi
Kannada meaning : crow
Kannada derivates : , kā kā, kāvu kāvu the cawing of crows
Kodagu : kāke
Kodagu meaning : crow
Kodagu derivates : kā- (kāv-, kānd-) to caw
Tulu : kakke, kāka
Tulu meaning : crow
Proto-Nilgiri : *kākä
Number in DED : 1425
Proto-South Dravidian : *kāl
Meaning : leg, foot
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kāl
Tamil meaning : leg, foot, base (of tree), quarter, family, relationship
Tamil derivates : kālāḷ foot-soldier; kāli herd of cows, cow
Malayalam : kāl
Malayalam meaning : leg, foot, stem, pillar, quarter
Malayalam derivates : kālāḷ foot-soldier; kāli cow, cattle; she-buffalo
Kannada : kāl
Kannada meaning : foot, leg down to the knee, quarter
Kannada derivates : kālu-naḍe walking on foot; a cow; kālāḷ foot-soldier
Kodagu : kālɨ
Kodagu meaning : leg, foot, quarter
Tulu : kārụ
Tulu meaning : leg, foot
Tulu derivates : kālụ quarter
Proto-Nilgiri : *kāl
Number in DED : 1479
Proto-South Dravidian : *kāl-
Meaning : channel, canal
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kāl, kāl-vāy, vāy-kkāl
Tamil meaning : irrigation channel
Malayalam : kāl-vā(y)
Malayalam meaning : river mouth; irrigation channel
Malayalam derivates : vāy-kkāl small or narrow canal; (Tiyya) kāva gutter
Kannada : kāl, kālive, kāluve, kālve, kāvale
Kannada meaning : water-course, channel, brook
Tulu : kālivè
Tulu meaning : channel for irrigation, canal
Proto-Nilgiri : *kāvāj
Number in DED : 1480
Proto-South Dravidian : *kāḷ-
Meaning : to burn
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malayalam : kāḷuka
Malayalam meaning : to burn, flame
Malayalam derivates : kāḷal high flame, love-fever
Number in DED : 1500
Proto-South Dravidian : *kāl- (*-l_-)
Meaning : to flow
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kāl (kālv-, kān_r_-)
Tamil meaning : to flow (as saliva from mouth, blood from a vein, tears from eyes), leap forth as a waterfall
Tamil derivates : kali (-pp-, -tt-) to trickle, flow gently
Malayalam : kāluka
Malayalam meaning : to trickle, ooze, drain, leak
Malayalam derivates : kālca oozing out; kalikka to ooze through
Proto-Nilgiri : *kānǯ (?)
Number in DED : 1478
Proto-South Dravidian : *kālt_- (?)
Meaning : wind
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kāl
Tamil meaning : air, wind
Tamil derivates : kār_r_u air, wind, breath
Malayalam : kālu
Malayalam meaning : wind
Malayalam derivates : kār_r_u air, wind, breath, life
Kodagu : kātɨ
Kodagu meaning : wind
Proto-Nilgiri : *kāt_
Number in DED : 1481
Proto-South Dravidian : *kāmb-
Meaning : stalk, handle
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kāmpu
Tamil meaning : flower-stalk, flowering branch, handle, shaft, haft
Malayalam : kāmpu
Malayalam meaning : stem, stalk, stick of umbrella
Kannada : kāmu, kāvu
Kannada meaning : stalk, culm, stem, handle
Proto-Nilgiri : *kāv
Number in DED : 1454
Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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