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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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Proto-South Dravidian : *karu-
Meaning : foetus
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : karu
Tamil meaning : foetus, embryo, egg, germ, young of animal
Tamil derivates : karuppai womb; karuvam foetus, embryo
Malayalam : karu
Malayalam meaning : embryo, yolk
Malayalam derivates : karuntala generation
Kannada : kandu
Kannada meaning : foetus of beasts
Proto-Nilgiri : *karv
Number in DED : 1279
Proto-South Dravidian : *kar-umb-
Meaning : sugar-cane
Tamil : karumpu (in cpds. karuppu-)
Tamil meaning : sugar-cane
Tamil derivates : karupp-aṭṭi jaggery made from palmyra juice, jaggery
Malayalam : karimpu
Malayalam meaning : sugar-cane
Malayalam derivates : karipp-aṭṭi coarse palmyra-sugar
Kannada : karvu, karbu, kabbu
Kannada meaning : sugar-cane
Kodagu : kaybɨ
Kodagu meaning : sugar-cane
Tulu : karmbu
Tulu meaning : sugar-cane
Proto-Nilgiri : *karb
Number in DED : 1288
Proto-South Dravidian : *kar-und-
Meaning : to conceive, intend, recollect
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : karutu (karuti-)
Tamil meaning : to intend, recollect, suppose, consider, regard, desire, ponder
Tamil derivates : karuttu design, purpose, opinion, attention, desire, judgement, mind, will
Malayalam : karutuka
Malayalam meaning : to conceive, think, meditate, aim at, attend to, prepare
Malayalam derivates : karutal care, regard; karuttu id., courage; karuttan resolute
Kannada : karu
Kannada meaning : to point, aim at
Proto-Nilgiri : *kar-ǝnd-
Number in DED : 1283
Proto-South Dravidian : *karVḷ
Meaning : entrails, intestines
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malayalam : karaḷ, karuḷ
Malayalam meaning : lungs and heart, liver, bowels; heart, mind
Malayalam derivates : kariḷ heart
Kannada : karuḷ, karaḷu, karḷu, kaḷḷu
Kannada meaning : an entrail, the bowels; love
Kodagu : karɨ
Kodagu meaning : intestines
Tulu : karaḷụ, karlụ
Tulu meaning : the bowels, the liver
Proto-Nilgiri : *karǝl
Number in DED : 1274
Proto-South Dravidian : *Kar_-
Meaning : sticks, fuel
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kar_al
Tamil meaning : firewood, fuel
Number in DED : 1389
Proto-South Dravidian : *kar_-
Meaning : black
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kar_u (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to grow black, darken, become dirty, impure; to mature
Tamil derivates : kar_ukar_u (-pp-, -tt-) to become very black; kar_uppan_ black man, a demon; kar_uppi black woman; kar_uppu blackness, darkness, spot, taint, moral defect; kar_uval black person or animal; kar_ai spot, stain, rust, blemish, fault, blackness, darkness; kak_r_-en_al expr. signifying blackness; kār_u (kār_i-) to be blackened
Malayalam : kar_a
Malayalam meaning : blackness, spot, stain, rust
Malayalam derivates : kar_u black; kar_ukka to grow black; kar_uppu blackness; kār_u darkness, black, cloud
Kannada : kar_aŋgu
Kannada meaning : to turn black
Kannada derivates : kar_e, kar_i blackness, the colour black, stain, blot; kar_r_age, kar_r_ane blackly, blackness; karpu, kappu blackness, collyrium, ink
Kodagu : kara- (karap-, karat-)
Kodagu meaning : to become black
Kodagu derivates : karapɨ blackness; karatë black; kare stain
Tulu : kappu
Tulu meaning : blackness, darkness; black, dark
Tulu derivates : kade catamenial discharge; (B-K.) kaje stain on the teeth
Proto-Nilgiri : *kar_-
Number in DED : 1395
Proto-South Dravidian : *kar_-
Meaning : anger, enmity
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kar_u (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to resent, get angry with; n. rancour, vengeful enmity
Tamil derivates : kar_ukar_u (-pp-, -tt-) to rage; kar_uttōr enemies; kar_uppu anger, displeasure; kar_umu (kar_umi-) to show signs of anger, be enraged; kar_uvam anger; kar_uval sign of anger; kar_uvu (kar_uvi-) to exhibit signs of displeasure; to rankle, entertain malice, implacable hatred; n. anger, wrath; enmity, hostility, hatred
Malayalam : kar_ukka
Malayalam meaning : to rage
Malayalam derivates : kar_ukar_ukka id., be beside oneself; kar_ukar_ē fiercely, intensely; kar_avu rage
Kannada : kar_upu, kar_uhu
Kannada meaning : envy
Kannada derivates : kar_ubu, kar_umbu to envy; n. envy; kar_uba an envious man; fem. kar_ubi; kar_ubatana the state of being an envious person, envy
Proto-Nilgiri : *kar_
Number in DED : 1396
Proto-South Dravidian : *kar_-a-
Meaning : to milk
Tamil : kar_a (-pp-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to milk, yield milk (as a cow), extort
Tamil derivates : kar_appu milking; kar_avai milking (as a cow), extort; kar_avu, kar_ai tribute
Malayalam : kar_akka
Malayalam meaning : milk to flow out, milk, give milk
Malayalam derivates : kar_ava, kar_avu, kar_r_u milking; kar_a sap issuing from trees, gum
Kannada : kar_e, kar_i
Kannada meaning : to milk, cause to flow, emit, rain, shed tears, give milk
Kannada derivates : kar_asu to cause milk to flow, cause to milk, cause to rain; kar_āvu milking
Kodagu : kara- (karap-, karand-)
Kodagu meaning : to milk
Kodagu derivates : karapa milch cow; (Shanmugam) karap milking
Proto-Nilgiri : *kar_-
Number in DED : 1385
Proto-South Dravidian : *kar_-i-
Meaning : to chew
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kar_i (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to chew, eat by biting or nibbling; n. chewing, eating by biting
Tamil derivates : kar_umpu (kar_umpi-) to eat bit by bit; kar_uvu (kar_uvi-) to nibble as a rat; kar_uẓ bridle, bit
Malayalam : kar_umpuka
Malayalam meaning : to eat as cows with the lower teeth
Malayalam derivates : kar_ampuka to nibble, gnaw
Tulu : kajepuni
Tulu meaning : to chew, husk with the teeth or beak
Number in DED : 1390
Proto-South Dravidian : *kar_-i
Meaning : vegetables, curry
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kar_i
Tamil meaning : vegetables (raw or boiled), meat (raw or boiled), pepper
Tamil derivates : kari (-pp-, -tt-) to season (as curries with ghee or oil and spices)
Malayalam : kar_i
Malayalam meaning : hot condiments, meats, vegetables
Kannada : kar_i
Kannada meaning : vegetables of any kind (raw or boiled), curry
Kodagu : kari
Kodagu meaning : curry
Tulu : kajipu
Tulu meaning : curry
Number in DED : 1391
Proto-South Dravidian : *kas-
Meaning : moist; to flow
Tamil : kacan_ai
Tamil meaning : dampness, moisture
Tamil derivates : kaci (-v-, -nt-) to ooze out (as moisture from a wall), perspire, weep; kacivu ooze, dampness, perspiration, weeping; kacikacippu being damp, dark, moist to the touch
Kannada : kasi
Kannada meaning : to ooze, trickle, flow; n. drizzling, fine rain
Number in DED : 1091
Proto-South Dravidian : *kas-
Meaning : bitter
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaya (-pp-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to be bitter; abhor, loathe, detest
Tamil derivates : kai (-pp-, -tt-) to be bitter, astringent, unpleasant; dislike, be angry with, hate; kayappu, kacappu, kaccal bitterness; kaippu bitterness, dislike, aversion; kayar, kacar astringency, astringent manner; kaca (-pp-, -nt-) to taste bitter, be embittered, disgusted; kacaṭṭai astringency, as of an unripe fruit
Malayalam : kaikka, kaśakka
Malayalam meaning : to be bitter, be disliked
Malayalam derivates : kaippu bitterness, grudge, disrelish, disagreeable, sourish; kappu id., bile; kaśakaśa imit. sound of sour astringent tastes
Kannada : kay, kaṃyi, kayi, kayyi, kaypu, kaype
Kannada meaning : bitterness
Kannada derivates : kasar to scratch the throat, be astringent; kasa, kasaku, kasaru, kasi, kasu, kasuru astringency, unripeness; (Hav.) kayku to be bitter; kaykaṭe, kayke bitter
Kodagu : kay- (kayp-, kayc-)
Kodagu meaning : to be bitter
Kodagu derivates : kaype gall-bladder
Tulu : kaipè, kayipe, kaipelụ
Tulu meaning : bitterness; bitter, envious
Tulu derivates : kasa brackish; kaskāyi half-ripe
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaj1- (past *kaj1-t-)
Miscellaneous : KOR (M) kãy, (T) kayye bitter
Number in DED : 1249
Proto-South Dravidian : *Kas-aŋk-
Meaning : to be squeezed
Tamil : kacaŋku (kacaŋki-)
Tamil meaning : to be squeezed, crumpled; be displeased, hurt in mind
Tamil derivates : kacakku (kacakki-) to rub, bruise between the fingers or hands, squeeze, crumple; harass, annoy; n. squeezing, bruising; kayaŋku (kayaŋki-) to be squeezed by the hand, bruised, mashed; kayakku (kayakki-) to squeeze in the hand, bruise, mash
Malayalam : kasaŋŋuka
Malayalam meaning : to be squeezed, be broken
Malayalam derivates : kaśakka to crumble, squeeze in hand; kayakkuka to squeeze
Number in DED : 1087
Proto-South Dravidian : *kat-
Meaning : to burn
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malayalam : kattuka
Malayalam meaning : to kindle, burn
Malayalam derivates : kattal burning, heat, appetite; kattikka to set on fire, burn
Kannada : kattu
Kannada meaning : to begin to burn with flame; cause to burn with intensity, inflame, kindle
Kannada derivates : kattisu to inflame, kindle
Kodagu : katt- (katti-)
Kodagu meaning : to burn with a blaze (intr.)
Proto-Nilgiri : *kat-
Miscellaneous : KOR (M) kanti to kindle
Number in DED : 1207
Proto-South Dravidian : *kati
Meaning : knife
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : katti
Tamil meaning : knife, cutting instrument, razor, sword, sickle
Malayalam : katti
Malayalam meaning : knife
Kannada : katti
Kannada meaning : knife, razor, sword
Kodagu : katti
Kodagu meaning : knife
Tulu : katti, katte
Tulu meaning : knife
Proto-Nilgiri : *katĭ
Number in DED : 1204
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaṭ-
Meaning : to tie; to shut
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaṭṭu (kaṭṭi-)
Tamil meaning : to tie, fasten, build, wear, put on, bind by spells, marry, shut up, store, hug, compare with, be equal; n. tie, band, fastening, regulations, custom, building, marriage, bundle, packet, dam, causeway
Tamil derivates : kaṭṭaṭam building, binding of a book, setting of a jewel; kaṭṭaṇam building; kaṭṭaḷai code, rule, regulations, etc.; kaṭṭai dam
Malayalam : keṭṭuka
Malayalam meaning : to tie, build, clasp, yoke, dress, marry, make into a bundle, stop, restrain, build, become entangled, clot
Malayalam derivates : keṭṭikka to cause to tie, make to wear, give in marriage; keṭṭu tie, bundle, band, connexion (as of marriage), restraint, dam, bank, building; keṭṭakam house; kaṭṭu tie, bundle
Kannada : kaṭṭu
Kannada meaning : to bind, tie, yoke, build, shut up, stop by magic, bewitch, amass (wealth), obstruct, shut, dam, be bound, stopped; n. binding, tying, checking, restraint, band, tie, bundle, something built, regulation, rule, bewitching
Kannada derivates : kaṭṭuvike tying, etc.; kaṭṭuka man who ties; kaṭṭaḍa, kaṭṭaṇa, kaṭṇa a building; kaṭṭal state of being bound, tied, surrounded; kaṭṭe structure of earth or stones to sit upon, embankment, dam, causeway
Kodagu : këṭṭ- (këṭṭi-)
Kodagu meaning : to tie, build
Kodagu derivates : këṭṭɨ knot, bundle; kaṭṭe bund of tank, platform built under tree on village green; (Shanmugam) kaṭṭaḍa a building
Tulu : kaṭṭuni
Tulu meaning : to tie, bind, build, amass (wealth)
Tulu derivates : kaṭṭāvuni to cause to bind or tie, have a house built; kaṭṭụ band, tie, bundle, regulation, bond; kaṭṭaṇa, kaṭṭalme building; kaṭṭa a dam; kaṭṭaḷe custom, rule; kaṭṭāṇi necklace
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaṭ-
Number in DED : 1147
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaṭ-
Meaning : hard, coagulated
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaṭṭu (kaṭṭi-)
Tamil meaning : to harden, consolidate, congeal, coagulate, be congested (as the throat), swell (as a boil, tumour); n. boil, abscess, tumour; firmness, strength
Tamil derivates : kaṭṭu-kkāval strict guard; kaṭṭi clod, lump, concretion, anything hardened, coagulated, boil, abscess, tumour, enlarged spleen, foetus; keṭṭi firmness, hardness, strength; (-pp-, -tt-) to harden, strengthen, make firm; keṇṭai, keṇṭai-kkaṭṭi enlargement of the spleen
Malayalam : kaṭṭa
Malayalam meaning : lump, mass, clod
Malayalam derivates : kaṭṭi what is condensed, solid, ingot; kaṇṭi lump, concretion; keṇṭa a hypochondriacal disease
Kannada : kaṭṭu
Kannada meaning : to gather (as a boil, secretion, or lump)
Kannada derivates : kaḍugu to become hard or solid
Kodagu : kaṭṭi mōrɨ
Kodagu meaning : curd
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaṭ-
Number in DED : 1148
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaṭ-
Meaning : to pay
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaṭṭu (kaṭṭi-)
Tamil meaning : to remit, pay up
Tamil derivates : kaṭṭaṇam fees, dues
Tulu : kaṭṭuni
Tulu meaning : to pay government dues
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaṭ-
Number in DED : 1149
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaṭ-
Meaning : essence, decoction
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : kaṭṭu
Kannada meaning : the water in which any kind of pulse has been boiled, decoction of any kind of pulse
Tulu : kaṭṭụ
Tulu meaning : essence
Tulu derivates : bēḷeta kaṭṭụ decoction of pulses
Number in DED : 1150
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaṭil
Meaning : cot, bed
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaṭṭil
Tamil meaning : cot, bedstead, couch, sofa; throne
Malayalam : kaṭṭil
Malayalam meaning : bedstead, cot
Kodagu : kaṭṭɨ
Kodagu meaning : cot
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaṭ-ǝḷ
Number in DED : 1145
Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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