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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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Proto-South Dravidian : *kal-
Meaning : to stir, mix up
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kalaŋku (kalaŋki-)
Tamil meaning : to be stirred up, agitated, ruffled (as water), be confused, abashed
Tamil derivates : kalakku (kalakki-) to confuse, nonplus; kalakkam, kalakku being agitated (as surface of water), discomposure, distress, perplexity; kalaŋkal turbidity, muddiness, muddy water, perturbation; kalāvu (kalāvi-) to be perturbed, confused, be displeased, angry; kalāy (-pp-, -tt-) to get angry, quarrel; kalāpam disturbance, uproar, raid; kalām war, battle, rivalry, rage; kali perturbation, discomposure, uneasiness, war, dissension, strife; kaluẓ (-v-, -nt-) to become turbid (as water), be disturbed in mind, weep; n. weeping, muddiness; kaluẓcci, kaluẓvu sorrow, weeping; kaluẓi disturbed water, puddle, flood, tears, confusion; kaliẓ (-v-, -nt-) to weep, be troubled in mind; n. muddy water
Malayalam : kalaŋŋuka
Malayalam meaning : to be mixed, agitated, turbid (as water), embarrassed
Malayalam derivates : kalaŋŋal turbidity; kalakkuka to mix (tr.), confound; kalakkam turbidness, confusion, quarrel; kalakku muddy water; kalacuka to be disturbed; kalaśal, kalāpam confusion, quarrel; kalakku muddy water; kalacuka to be disturbed; kalaśal, kalāpam confusion, quarrel; kalampuka to get confused, quarrel, anoint the body with perfumes; kalampal, kalampu uproar, quarrel
Kannada : kalaku, kalaŋku
Kannada meaning : to agitate, shake, perturb, make turbid, stir up, disturb
Kannada derivates : kalakisu to perturb, stir; kalaku turbidness; kalaḍu to be shaken or perturbed, become turbid, muddy, unclean; kalumbu to perturbate, make turbid; n. turbidness, contamination, defilement; kaluhe turbidness, impurity
Kodagu : kalaŋg- (kalaŋgi-)
Kodagu meaning : to be stirred up
Kodagu derivates : kalak- (kalaki-) to stir up, churn; (Shanmugam) kalak stirring up
Tulu : kalaŋkụ, kaḷaŋkụ
Tulu meaning : turbidness, muddiness
Tulu derivates : kalaŋkuni, kaḷaŋkuni to be turbid; kaḷaŋkāvuni to render turbid; kalambuni to quarrel, fight; galjuni to confuse, disturb
Proto-Nilgiri : *kalǝ-
Number in DED : 1303
Proto-South Dravidian : *kal-
Meaning : vessel, pot; ship
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kalam
Tamil meaning : vessel, plate, utensil, earthenware, ship
Tamil derivates : kalavar navigators
Malayalam : kalam
Malayalam meaning : pot, vessel, ship
Kannada : kala
Kannada meaning : pot, vessel
Kodagu : kala
Kodagu meaning : big pot
Tulu : kara
Tulu meaning : an earthen vessel
Proto-Nilgiri : *kal-
Number in DED : 1305
Proto-South Dravidian : *kàl-
Meaning : mark, scar
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malayalam : kala
Malayalam meaning : mark as of small-pox, scar, mole
Kannada : kale, kali
Kannada meaning : scar of an old wound, mark of small-pox, stain of mud, oil, etc.
Kodagu : kale
Kodagu meaning : scar, white spot on nail
Tulu : kalè
Tulu meaning : scar, mark, blemish, stain
Number in DED : 1313
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaḷ-
Meaning : to rob, steal
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaḷ (kaṭp-, kaṭṭ-)
Tamil meaning : to rob, steal, deceive; n. stealing, theft, robbery
Tamil derivates : kaḷavu robbery, theft, deceit, hypocrisy, stolen property; kaḷavāṇi, kaḷavāḷi, kaḷvan_ thief; fem. kaḷvi; kaḷvam act of thieving; kaḷḷattan_am cunning, craftiness, hypocrisy; kaḷḷam guile, deception, secrecy, lie, stealing, robbery, fraud; kaḷḷal stealing; kaḷḷan_ thief, robber, deceitful person; kaḷḷi female thief, woman who shirks work; kaṭṭal theft, robbery; kaṭṭōr thieves, robbers; kaṭpōn_ thief; kaṇan_ id., rogue
Malayalam : kaḷkkuka, kakkuka
Malayalam meaning : to steal
Malayalam derivates : kaḷavu theft, lie, cheat; kaḷavan thief; kaḷḷam theft, untruth, false, forged; kaḷḷattaram deceit, artifice; kaḷḷan thief, liar, rogue; fem. kaḷḷi, kaḷḷatti
Kannada : kaḷ (kaḷd-)
Kannada meaning : to steal; n. stealing, falsehood, deceit
Kannada derivates : kaḷavu, kaḷahu, kaḷa theft; kaḷḷa, kaḷa thief, rogue; kaḷḷati, kaḷḷe female thief
Kodagu : kaḷ- (kapp-, kaṭṭ-)
Kodagu meaning : to steal
Kodagu derivates : kaḷḷë thief, false, counterfeit; kaḷḷi female thief; kaḷḷatana state of being a thief
Tulu : kaṇḍuni
Tulu meaning : to steal
Tulu derivates : kaṇḍu thief, rogue; kaṇḍụ, kaṇḍụdi stolen; kaṇḍelụ thievish, stealing; kaṇḍelụtana thievishness; kaṇḍele male thief; fem. kaṇḍelu; kaṇḍoṇuni to steal, rob; kaḷavu theft, robbery; kaḷu false, untrue, fraud, cheating, lie; kaḷve thief, robber; kaḷḷa deceitful, dishonest; dishonesty, stealing; kaḷḷaṇṭi, kaḷḷaṇṭigè dishonesty, falsehood
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḷ-
Number in DED : 1372
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaḷ-
Meaning : to weed
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaḷ (kaṭp-, kaṭṭ-)
Tamil meaning : to weed, pluck
Tamil derivates : kaṭpu weeding; kaṭṭal weeding, plucking off, pulling out; kaḷai (-v-, -nt-) to weed, pull up, pluck out, remove, extirpate, exterminate; n. weeds; kaḷaiñan_ one who weeds; kaḷaivu weeding, stripping off, extirpation
Malayalam : kaḷa
Malayalam meaning : weed, tares
Malayalam derivates : kaḷayuka to get rid of, abolish
Kannada : kaḷe
Kannada meaning : to pull off, remove, destroy; n. weed
Kannada derivates : kaḷacu to remove, pull off, pull out, let drop; (UNR) kaḷubu weeds and grass standing in corn
Kodagu : kaḷe
Kodagu meaning : weeds
Kodagu derivates : ? (Shanmugam) kaḷe to dig; kaḷep digging
Tulu : kalepini, kalepuni
Tulu meaning : to strip off, remove
Tulu derivates : kalevuni to be stripped
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḷ-
Miscellaneous : KOR (M) kaḷe, (T) kale to remove
Number in DED : 1373
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaḷ
Meaning : toddy; intoxicated
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaḷ
Tamil meaning : toddy, honey
Tamil derivates : kaḷi (-pp-, -tt-) to be intoxicated, be in rut, exult, rejoice, be proud; n. intoxication, delight, mirth, toddy, honey, drunkard, pride, must of elephant; kaḷippu intoxication, delight, pride; kaḷiyan_ drunkard; kaḷir_u male elephant
Malayalam : kaḷ, kaḷḷu
Malayalam meaning : toddy
Malayalam derivates : kaḷi play, game, jest; kaḷikka to play, sport; kaḷippu infatuation, pride; joy, exultation, hilarity; play, entertainment; kaḷimpam playfulness, as of children; kaḷir_u male elephant
Kannada : kaḷ, kaḷḷu, kallu
Kannada meaning : toddy
Kodagu : kaḷḷɨ
Kodagu meaning : alcoholic liquor
Kodagu derivates : kaḷi play; (kaḷip-, kaḷic-) to play
Tulu : kali, (B-K. also) kari, kaḷi
Tulu meaning : toddy, liquor
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḷ
Number in DED : 1374
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaḷ-am
Meaning : threshing floor
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaḷam, kaḷan_
Tamil meaning : place, open space, threshing floor, battlefield
Tamil derivates : kaḷamar husbandmen, śūdras, slaves; warriors; kaḷari arena, area for dramatic, gladiatorial, or gymnastic exhibitions, assembly, place of work or of business
Malayalam : kaḷam
Malayalam meaning : threshing floor, level place for spreading grains for drying, battlefield
Malayalam derivates : kaḷari id., fencing school; kaḷḷi square space, garden bed
Kannada : kaḷa, kaṇa
Kannada meaning : threshing floor, battlefield
Kodagu : kaḷa
Kodagu meaning : threshing floor
Tulu : kala
Tulu meaning : a square, bed of flowers, etc., place where pariahs assemble
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḷ-ǝm
Number in DED : 1376
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaḷanǯ-
Meaning : granary
Tamil : kaḷañciyam
Tamil meaning : granary, storeroom
Malayalam : kaḷañciyam
Malayalam meaning : granary, barn, godown, storeroom, repository
Kannada : kaḷañji, kalañji, gaḷage, gaḷige
Kannada meaning : corn-bin, large basket in which corn is stored
Kannada derivates : kaṇaja id., granary
Tulu : kaṇaja
Tulu meaning : granary, barn
Number in DED : 1375
Proto-South Dravidian : *kalǝ-
Meaning : to mix
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kala (-pp-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to mix (intr., tr.), unite in friendship, form friendly or matrimonial alliance with, copulate
Tamil derivates : kalakku joint; kalacu (kalaci-) to mingle (intr.); kalappu cordiality, fraternity, friendship, copulation; kalampakam mixture, combination; kalavu (kalavi-) to mix (intr., tr.); n. joint of the body; kalaval mixing, combining; kalavan_ mixture of various things, medley; kalavi union, combination, sexual union; kalavin_ār friends, relations; kalavai mixture, compound; kalāvu (kalāvi-) to mix, join together, unite
Malayalam : kalaruka
Malayalam meaning : to be mixed, united; mix (tr.), mingle (esp. what is dry)
Malayalam derivates : kalarcca mixture; kalarppu act of mixing, mixture, adulteration; kalaval mixing, intermingling; kalappu the whole, sum
Kannada : kali, kale
Kannada meaning : to join (intr.), be mixed, come together, meet
Kannada derivates : kala state of being joined or mixed, of being promiscuous or various; kalaka, kalka mixture; kalapu a joined or mixed state, a miscellaneous mass; kalasu to mix, mingle; n. mixed or mingled state; kalpisu to join, mix
Kodagu : kala- (kalap-, kaland-)
Kodagu meaning : to knead
Kodagu derivates : (Shanmugam) kalap kneading
Tulu : kalaḍuni
Tulu meaning : to be mixed, kneaded
Tulu derivates : kalaḍāvuni to mix, knead; kalapuni to mingle, knead; kalappu mixed, kneaded; kalaberakè admixture, compound; kalamụ grafting; kalka decoction, infusion of any drug
Proto-Nilgiri : *kal-ǝv-
Number in DED : 1299
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaḷ-i
Meaning : spurge, milk-hedge
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaḷḷi
Tamil meaning : spurge, Euphorbia; milk-hedge, E. tirucalli; prickly pear, Opuntia dillenii
Malayalam : kaḷḷi
Malayalam meaning : milk-hedge plant
Kannada : kaḷḷi
Kannada meaning : milk-hedge, Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Kodagu : kaḷḷi
Kodagu meaning : sp. tree
Tulu : kaḷḷi
Tulu meaning : milk-hedge; prickly pear, Opuntia dillenii
Number in DED : 1383
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaḷ-V-
Meaning : Carissa spinarum
Tamil : kaḷā
Tamil meaning : Carissa spinarum (also kaḷavu); large Bengal currant, Carissa carandas; Vaccinium nilgherrense; Vaccinium leschenaultii; Nepal barberry, Berberis nepalensis
Malayalam : kaḷāvu
Malayalam meaning : Carissa carandas
Kannada : kaḷave, kaḷivi
Kannada meaning : spinous shrub bearing edible black berries, Carissa carandas L.
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḷ-ä
Number in DED : 1377
Proto-South Dravidian : *kal_-
Meaning : to learn
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kal (kar_p-, kar_r_-)
Tamil meaning : to learn, study, practise (as arts), acquire skill in the use of arms
Tamil derivates : kalai arts and sciences, learning, erudition; kallāmai state of being unlearned, illiteracy, ignorance; kallān_ unlearned, illiterate person; kalli precocity, precocious child; kalvi studying, learning, erudition, science, practice, scientific work; kar_kai learning; kar_pan_, kar_r_avan_ learned person, scholar; kar_pan_ai learning, study, teaching, instruction; kar_pōn_ scholar, pupil; kar_pi (-pp-, -tt-) to teach, instruct; kar_pu learning, study, knowledge, chastity; kar_r_ar learned men
Malayalam : kalkka (kar_r_-)
Malayalam meaning : to learn
Malayalam derivates : kala art, science; kar_r_avar the learned
Kannada : kal (kalt-), kali (kalit-)
Kannada meaning : to learn
Kannada derivates : kalisu, kalusu to teach; kal learning; kali a learned man; kalike learning, skill; kalita, kalpi learning, erudition; kaliyuvike act of learning, learning; kale an art
Tulu : kalpuni
Tulu meaning : to learn, study
Tulu derivates : kalpāvuni to teach, instigate; (B-K.) kalpādi a learned man, sophist; hypocrite
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaɫ-
Number in DED : 1297
Proto-South Dravidian : *kamb-i
Meaning : wire
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kampi
Tamil meaning : wire of gold, silver, iron or other metal; bit of a horse's bridle; narrow stripe along the border of a cloth
Malayalam : kampi
Malayalam meaning : wire of lute; bar of iron; stripe in the border of a cloth
Kannada : kambi
Kannada meaning : wire; iron band, bar of iron, bar, bridge of nose; stripe or stripes running parallel with the border of a cloth
Tulu : kambi
Tulu meaning : a wire; flat bar of iron; borders of a cloth
Number in DED : 1241
Proto-South Dravidian : *kam-/*gam-
Meaning : smell, fragrance
Tamil : kamm-en_al
Tamil meaning : emitting of fragrance
Tamil derivates : kamakama (-pp-, -tt-) to be very fragrant; kamakamav-en_al fragrant smell; kamaẓ (-v-, -nt-) to emit fragrance
Kannada : kamma, kampu
Kannada meaning : bad smell, fragrance
Kannada derivates : kammu to be fragrant (of the breath); n. fragrance; kampisu to be odoriferous; kammage, kammane fragrantly; fragrance; kammitu that which is fragrant, fragrance; gama a term expressive of diffusedness and strength of a fragrance; gamana odour, fragrance; gampu fragrance; gabbu, garbu bad smell
Kodagu : gamana
Kodagu meaning : smell
Tulu : kammena, kamyana
Tulu meaning : smell, fragrance
Tulu derivates : gammụ good or bad smell; gamagama fragrance, odour; gamasụ id.; stink, stench; gamasuni to smell, scent, stink; gamāyisuni to be fragrant, odoriferous
Proto-Nilgiri : *gam-
Notes : Possibly two roots; the voiced forms may be influenced by Indo-Aryan.
Number in DED : 1247
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaṇ
Meaning : eye
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaṇ
Tamil meaning : eye, aperture, orifice, star of a peacock's tail
Malayalam : kaṇ, kaṇṇu
Malayalam meaning : eye, nipple, star in peacock's tail, bud
Kannada : kaṇ
Kannada meaning : eye, small hole, orifice
Kodagu : kaṇṇɨ
Kodagu meaning : eye, small hole, orifice
Tulu : kaṇṇụ
Tulu meaning : eye, nipple, star in peacock's feather, rent, tear
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaṇ
Number in DED : 1159
Proto-South Dravidian : *Kaṇ
Meaning : joint
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaṇ
Tamil meaning : joint in bamboo or cane
Tamil derivates : kaṇu joint of bamboo, cane, etc., knuckle, joint of the spine, vertebra; kaṇu-kkai wrist; kaṇu-kkāl ankle
Malayalam : kaṇ, kaṇu, kaṇṇu, kaṇpu
Malayalam meaning : joint in knot or cane
Malayalam derivates : kaṇavu node of bamboo, cane, etc.; kaṇakkai, kaṇaŋkai, wrist; kaṇakkāl, kaṇaŋkāl ankle; kaṇippu articulation of limbs
Kannada : kaṇ
Kannada meaning : joint in reeds, sticks, etc.
Kannada derivates : gaṇalu knuckle of the fingers, joint or knot of any cane; gaṇike knot or joint
Tulu : kāra kaṇṇụ
Tulu meaning : ankle
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaṇ
Number in DED : 1160
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaṇ-
Meaning : arrow; stick
Tamil : kaṇai
Tamil meaning : arrow, wooden handle (of a hoe, a pickaxe, or other tool), curved pole of a palnquin, shin
Tamil derivates : kaṇai-kkāl shin, main stem of a flower; kaṇai-kkai forearm; kaṇaiyam club, post; kaṇicci battle-axe, pickaxe, goad
Malayalam : kaṇa
Malayalam meaning : small stick, shaft, hilt, handle, arrow, small bamboo branch, bamboo
Malayalam derivates : kaṇayam spear, club; kaṇicci battle-axe, hatchet; kaṇaŋkāl, kaṇakkāl shinbone, calf of leg; kaṇaŋkai forearm
Kannada : kaṇe, kaṇa, gaṇa
Kannada meaning : stick, arrow
Kannada derivates : kaṇakāl, gaṇakāl shinbone
Tulu : kaṇe
Tulu meaning : a slender bamboo branch, quill of a porcupine
Tulu derivates : kaṇelụ small branch of a tree, thick end of grass or straw; gaṇè pole, staff, arrow
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaṇä
Number in DED : 1166
Proto-South Dravidian : *kan-
Meaning : angry; to burn
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kan_al (kan_alv-, kan_an_r_-)
Tamil meaning : to be hot, boil, be angry; burn (tr.); n. fire
Tamil derivates : kan_ar_r_u (kan_ar_r_i-) to cause to burn, render warm, shine brightly; kan_ali sun, fire; kan_alōn_ sun; kan_ar_ci heat, glow, anger; kan_ar_al, kan_alvu anger; kan_i (-v-, -nt-) to be redhot, glow, get angry; kān_al heat, sun's ray, light, mirage
Malayalam : kanal
Malayalam meaning : live coals, fire
Malayalam derivates : kanaluka to burn, be hot; kanekka to burn as charcoal; kaniyuka to glow; kānal heat, glare, mirage
Kannada : kanal (kanald-)
Kannada meaning : to be angry; (PBh.) to glow like live coals; n. wrath, anger
Kannada derivates : kanalke wrath, anger; kani glow; (Hav.) kansu to blacken (pot)
Tulu : kani-mūri
Tulu meaning : the smell of smoke
Tulu derivates : kanepuni, kanipuni to be afflicted, hardened; kaṇipuni to be hardened by burning as an earthen vessel; kanevuni the skin to be discoloured by a blow
Proto-Nilgiri : *kan
Number in DED : 1406
Proto-South Dravidian : *kan-
Meaning : dream
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kan_ā, kan_avu
Tamil meaning : dream, sleep
Tamil derivates : kan_avu (kan_avi-) to dream
Malayalam : kināvu, kanavu, kanāvu
Malayalam meaning : dream
Malayalam derivates : kanavuka, kanāvikkuka to dream
Kannada : kana, kanasu, kanasa
Kannada meaning : dream
Kannada derivates : (K2) kanavarisu to dream
Kodagu : kenaci
Kodagu meaning : dream
Tulu : kana
Tulu meaning : dream
Proto-Nilgiri : *kan-
Number in DED : 1407
Proto-South Dravidian : *kan-
Meaning : hole
Tamil : kan_n_am
Tamil meaning : hole made by burglars in a house-wall, theft, burglary
Malayalam : kannam
Malayalam meaning : perforation of a wall by thieves
Kannada : kanna
Kannada meaning : hole made by burglars in a housewall, chink
Tulu : kanna
Tulu meaning : hole
Number in DED : 1412
Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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