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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *kacak-
Meaning : (onom.) sound of something falling
Kannada : kacak, kacik, kacuŋk
Kannada meaning : sound produced when a stone falls into mud
Kannada derivates : kacakkane with the sound produced when a stone falls into mud, or the feet tread wet or sticky clay; smartly, suddenly (also kaccane); kacapici sound of mixing miscellaneous boiled things with the hand; confusion
Tulu : kacakaca
Tulu meaning : sound produced as when kneading any glutinous substance
Tulu derivates : kacapici, kacikuci reducing anything to a jelly; confusion; kacakka sound produced by a stone falling into mud; kasakka forcibly, hardly, deeply
Proto-Nilgiri : *koc- (?)
Number in DED : 1086
Proto-South Dravidian : *Kacit-
Meaning : accuracy
Tamil : kaccitam
Tamil meaning : accuracy, correctness, neatness
Number in DED : 1095
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaḍ-
Meaning : bison, elk
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaṭamā, kaṭamān_
Tamil meaning : bison
Tamil derivates : kaṭamai, kaṭampai elk
Malayalam : kaṭamān
Malayalam meaning : elk, fallow deer
Kannada : kaḍave, kaḍava, kaḍaba, kaḍabe, kaḍavu, kaḍaha
Kannada meaning : elk; Indian stag, Rusa aristotelis
Kannada derivates : kaḍiti, gaṇaje a kind of deer or elk; (Gowda) kaḍE stag
Kodagu : kaḍamë
Kodagu meaning : sambur
Tulu : kaḍama
Tulu meaning : stag, elk
Number in DED : 1114
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaḍ-
Meaning : calf; male of cattle
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaṭavu, kaṭā, kaṭāy
Tamil meaning : male of sheep or goat, he-buffalo
Tamil derivates : kiṭā buffalo, bull, ram; kiṭāy male of sheep; kaṭāri, kiṭāri heifer, young cow that has not calved; (PPTI) kaṭamai female of the goat
Malayalam : kaṭā, kiṭā, kiṭāvu
Malayalam meaning : male of cattle, young and vigorous; child, young person
Malayalam derivates : kaṭacci heifer, young cow, calf; kiṭāri a cow-calf, heifer; female buffalo
Kannada : kaḍasu
Kannada meaning : young cow or buffalo that has not yet calved
Kodagu : kaḍɨci
Kodagu meaning : young cow or buffalo that has not yet calved
Tulu : gaḍasụ
Tulu meaning : young cow or buffalo that has not yet calved
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḍ-
Number in DED : 1123
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaḍ-
Meaning : intense, acute; to ache; to hasten
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaṭu (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to throb and pain (as from sting, venomous bite, prick, toothache), ache (as from rheumatism, colic, dysentery, the leg from walking, head from carrying load, arm from writing), be too highly seasoned, pungent, be angry, indignant, wroth, move swiftly; n. bitterness, pungency, poison, astringency; severe, cruel, harsh, extreme
Tamil derivates : kaṭukkam speed; kaṭukken_al being hasty, passionate, peppery; kaṭukaṭu (-pp-, -tt-) to throb (as from the sting of a scorpion), be too highly seasoned, show signs of anger (as by sour looks, harsh words); kaṭukaṭuppu throbbing pain, excessive seasoning, sign of hot temper; kaṭukam pungency; kaṭuku (kaṭuki-) to move fast, blow hard as wind, increase; kaṭutt-ēr_u wasp, hornet; kaṭuppu throbbing pain, aching, wrath, speed; kaṭumai severity, harshness, ferocity, anger, heat, speed; kaṭi speed, swiftness, sharpness, keenness, pungency; kaṭicu asperity; kaṭai (-v-, -nt-) to increase, as the passion of love
Malayalam : kaṭu
Malayalam meaning : pungent, extreme, excessive, fierce, impetuous
Malayalam derivates : kaṭukuka to hasten; kaṭukam pungent; kaṭukka to grow hard, sharp, worse (as pain); kaṭuppam, kaṭuma pungency, harshness, bravery, strength of toddy, vinegar, etc.; kaṭuppu, kaṭukaṭuppu austerity; kaṭi extreme, sharp; kaṭayuka to pain; (Tiyya) kaṭaccilu pain
Kannada : kaḍu, kaṭṭa, kaṭṭu, kaḍi, kaḍadu, kaḍidu
Kannada meaning : intensity, vehemence, impetuosity, swiftness, abundance, greatness; greatly, swiftly
Kannada derivates : kaḍupu, kaḍipu, kaḍuhu, kaḍume force, vehemence, severity
Kodagu : kaḍɨpa
Kodagu meaning : quickness
Tulu : kaḍu
Tulu meaning : pungency, severity, excess; pungent, extreme, severe
Tulu derivates : kaḍdụ severity, rigour, harshness; kaḍpu excessive, beyond limit; kaḍuve hero, courageous man, clever man; kaḍụme pride, vanity, ostentation
Number in DED : 1135
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaḍ-
Meaning : first pregnancy, firstborn
Tamil : kaṭuñcūḷ
Tamil meaning : first pregnancy
Tamil derivates : kaṭumpuppāl first milk drawn from a cow after calving, beestings boiled into a paste
Malayalam : kaṭiññūl
Malayalam meaning : first-born of man or beast
Malayalam derivates : kaṭumpiḷḷa first-born, the strongest child
Tulu : kaḍīrụ
Tulu meaning : first-born
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḍ-
Number in DED : 1136
Proto-South Dravidian : *Kaḍ-
Meaning : male (cat, monkey)
Tamil : kaṭuvan_
Tamil meaning : male monkey, tom-cat
Tamil derivates : kaṭuvan_-pan_r_i boar
Malayalam : kaṭuvan
Malayalam meaning : male of cats, pigs, etc.
Malayalam derivates : kāṭan wild hog, tom-cat, male tiger
Kannada : gaḍava
Kannada meaning : a stout male monkey
Kannada derivates : (Hav.) kaṇṭã male cat
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḍ-vǝn
Number in DED : 1140
Proto-South Dravidian : *kad-
Meaning : to shake; to hurry up
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kataẓ (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to be hasty, run swiftly
Tamil derivates : kataẓvu haste, speed; katalu (katali-) to move, shake; kati (-pp-, -tt-) to hasten, move rapidly
Malayalam : kataykkuka
Malayalam meaning : to hasten
Malayalam derivates : kadartu (d, not t) shaking
Kannada : kadaḍu, kadar, kadalu, kalaḍu
Kannada meaning : to be shaken, agitated, put into confusion
Kannada derivates : kadaḍu, kadaru, kadalu (or with DEDR 1189) commotion, tumult, trouble
Tulu : gadduni
Tulu meaning : to shake, quiver, be agitated
Tulu derivates : gaddāvuni to shake, move, rock (tr.); ? kadeluni, kadaluni to become loose, slack; shatter; kadelụ loose; (D. N. S. Bhat, LSB) kade to shake
Proto-Nilgiri : *gadb-
Number in DED : 1188
Proto-South Dravidian : *kad-
Meaning : to seize, grasp
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : katuvu (katuvi-)
Tamil meaning : to seize, grasp, take more than a proper share of
Kannada : kadubu
Kannada meaning : to seize or hold firmly
Kannada derivates : kadi to steal; kadaka a thievish, deceitful man; fem. kadiki
Tulu : kadipu, kadupu, kadpu
Tulu meaning : stealing, theft
Number in DED : 1200
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaḍ-a-
Meaning : to cross
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaṭa (-pp-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to pass through, traverse, cross, exceed, excel, win, overcome, transgress; go, proceed, pass (as time, water, clouds, etc.)
Tamil derivates : kaṭattu (kaṭatti-) to cause to go, drive, transport, pass (as time); n. boat; kaṭappu passing over, wicket or narrow passage in a wall or hedge; kaṭavān_ channel cut through ridge of paddy-field to let surplus water run off; kaṭavu (kaṭavi-) to cause to go, drive, ride, dispatch, discharge (as a missile); n. way, path, direction; kaṭavai leap, jump, passing over, way; fault, defect; kaṭavuḷ god (who transcends speech and mind); kaṭāvu (kaṭāvi-) to discharge (as missiles), ride, drive, drive in (as a nail, peg, wedge), urge; kaṭācu (kaṭāci-), kiṭācu (kiṭāci-) to drive (as a nail), throw; kaṭai end, limit, boundary; lowness, lowest, worst; entrance, gate; kaṭaici end, extremity, the last; kaṭaiñan_ man of low caste, man of mean character; kaṭaimai meanest condition; kaṭaiyar men of the lowest caste or status
Malayalam : kaṭakka
Malayalam meaning : to pass over, enter, pass out, transgress, surpass
Malayalam derivates : kaṭattuka to make to pass, insert, introduce; kaṭattu transporting, conveying; kaṭappu passage, transgression; kaṭa what is ultimate; way; kaṭaśi end, termination; kaṭampa, kaṭāyi stile, gate bar; kaṭavu beach, landing place, wharf; track of wild beasts; kaṭāvuka, kiṭāvuka to drive (as a carriage), drive in (as a nail)
Kannada : kaḍe
Kannada meaning : to pass over, transgress, pass, elapse, get through; n. end, termination, limit, position of being last, low or inferior, worse than, side, direction, last, at last
Kannada derivates : kaṭa end, corner, etc.; kaḍa a ferry, ford; kaḍakal wicket or narrow passage in walls or hedges; kaḍame, kaḍime deficiency, inferiority, remainder; kaḍavaḷ god; kaḍāyisu to drive in (as a nail)
Kodagu : kaḍa- (kaḍap-, kaḍand-)
Kodagu meaning : to cross
Kodagu derivates : kaḍat- (kaḍati-) to take across; kaḍe end (of row, event, etc.); kaḍekɨ at last; kaḍe kuññi the youngest child
Tulu : kaḍapuni
Tulu meaning : to cross, ford, pass, elapse, surpass
Tulu derivates : kaḍapāvuni to cause to pass, help one to ford a river; kaḍapuḍuni to dispatch, forward, send away; kaḍapa distance; kaḍapu a ferry; kaḍapelụ that which can be crossed over; kaḍame deficiency, defect, remnant; less, deficient, remaining; kaḍe verge, margin, end, extremity, place; last, final, low, mean
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḍä-
Miscellaneous : KOR (O) kaḍappuru, (M) kaḍɨ to send
Number in DED : 1109
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaḍ-ai-
Meaning : to churn
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaṭai (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to churn, turn in lathe, mash to pulp (as vegetables with the bowl of a ladle)
Tamil derivates : kaṭaical polishing, enamelling, turned work in wood; kaṭaiccal turning on a lathe, that which is turned on a lathe; kaṭaiccal uḷi turner's chisel; kaṭaiyal turning in a lathe, agitating, churning
Malayalam : kaṭayuka
Malayalam meaning : to churn, turn on lathe, polish
Malayalam derivates : kaṭa churning; kaṭaccal turning; kaṭaccil turning and polishing (wood, etc.), churning
Kannada : kaḍe, kaḍi
Kannada meaning : to churn, stir, rub together (as two pieces of wood to excite fire), turn in a lathe
Kannada derivates : kaḍe, kaḍa, kaḍaha, kaḍeta churning; kaḍayisu to cause to churn
Kodagu : kaḍe- (kaḍev-, kaḍand-)
Kodagu meaning : to grind with mortar and pestle
Kodagu derivates : (Shanmugam) kaḍev grinding; kaḍace kallɨ mortar and pestle
Tulu : kaḍeyuni, kaḍevuni
Tulu meaning : to stir up, turn
Tulu derivates : kaḍeñcuni to knead; kaḍanda grinding; kaḍavu, kaḍcilụ, karcilụ a turning lathe; (B-K.) kaḍañjige kneading
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḍä-
Number in DED : 1141
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaḍal
Meaning : sea
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaṭal
Tamil meaning : sea
Tamil derivates : kaṭalar fishermen
Malayalam : kaṭal
Malayalam meaning : sea
Kannada : kaḍal
Kannada meaning : sea
Kodagu : kaḍa
Kodagu meaning : sea
Tulu : kaḍalụ
Tulu meaning : sea
Number in DED : 1118
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaḍal-
Meaning : Bengal gram
Tamil : kaṭalai
Tamil meaning : Bengal gram, Cicer arietinum
Malayalam : kaṭala
Malayalam meaning : Bengal gram, Cicer arietinum
Kannada : kaḍale, kaḍle
Kannada meaning : Bengal gram, Cicer arietinum
Kodagu : kaḍale
Kodagu meaning : Bengal gram, Cicer arietinum
Tulu : kaḍalè
Tulu meaning : Bengal gram, Cicer arietinum
Proto-Nilgiri : *kac-ǝl (?)
Number in DED : 1120
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaḍ-am
Meaning : debt, loan
Tamil : kaṭam
Tamil meaning : debt, religious obligations, duty
Tamil derivates : kaṭan_ obligation, debt, loan of money, tax; kaṭamai duty, obligation, tax, tribute
Malayalam : kaṭam, kaṭan, kaṭappu, kaṭama
Malayalam meaning : debt, obligation
Malayalam derivates : kaṭappukkāran debtor
Kannada : kaḍa
Kannada meaning : debt, loan (of money, clothes, books, etc. and eatables)
Tulu : kaḍa
Tulu meaning : loan, debt
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḍ-ǝṇ
Number in DED : 1113
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaḍamb-
Meaning : common cadamba
Tamil : kaṭampu, kaṭampam
Tamil meaning : common cadamba, Anthocephalus cadamba
Malayalam : kaṭampu
Malayalam meaning : Nauclea cadamba; Eugenia racemosa
Kannada : kaḍamba, kaḍava, kaḍaval, kaḍavu, kaḍaha, kaḍavoḍa
Kannada meaning : Nauclea cadamba Roxb.
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḍ-mb
Number in DED : 1116
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaḍ-and-/-amp-
Meaning : hornet
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaṭampai
Tamil meaning : a kind of hornet
Malayalam : kaṭannal, kaṭunnal, kaṭanta, kaṭantal
Malayalam meaning : wasp, hornet
Kannada : kaḍandur_u, kaḍandur_ute, kaḍaja, kaṇaja
Kannada meaning : wasp, hornet
Kodagu : kaḍandi
Kodagu meaning : wasp
Tulu : kaṇajada puri
Tulu meaning : hornet
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḍǝnd-
Number in DED : 1117
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaḍ-i-
Meaning : to bite
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaṭi (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to bite, bite off, bite and eat, gnaw, nibble, champ, hurt; n. biting, scar of a bite
Tamil derivates : kaṭippu scar of a bite
Malayalam : kaṭikka
Malayalam meaning : to bite, chew, smart, pain, cheat
Malayalam derivates : kaṭiyuka to be pained, broken; kaṭi a bite, biting; a cheat
Kannada : kaḍi
Kannada meaning : to bite, sting, itch, pain (as the stomach), gnash, chew
Kannada derivates : kaḍita, kaḍata biting, bite as of insects, itching, gripe; kāṭu a bite, cut
Kodagu : kaḍi- (kaḍip-, kaḍic-)
Kodagu meaning : to bite
Kodagu derivates : kaḍi a bite
Tulu : kaḍepini, kaḍeyuni, kaḍevuni
Tulu meaning : to bite, champ, gnaw, grind
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḍĭ-
Number in DED : 1124
Proto-South Dravidian : *kaḍ-i-
Meaning : to cut
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaṭi (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to cut away
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to cut into pieces; kaṭikai piece cut off
Malayalam : kaṭiyuka
Malayalam meaning : to clear bamboos from thorns
Kannada : kaḍi
Kannada meaning : to cut, chop, fell, cut off, dig (as well, ditch)
Kannada derivates : kaḍi, kaḍita, kaḍa, kaḍata, kaḍuku cutting, a cut, portion cut off, chip, bit; kaḍiyuvike cutting; kaḍisu, kaḍiyisu to cause to cut; (PBh.) kaḍitale sword
Tulu : kaḍiyuni
Tulu meaning : to be cut in two
Tulu derivates : kaḍi small fragment, bit; kaḍpuni, kaḍụpuni to cut, fell; kaḍdāṭa cutting, fighting; kaḍụta, gaḍi a cut, incision; (B-K.) kaḍtale a long-edged sword
Number in DED : 1125
Proto-South Dravidian : *kadir-
Meaning : ear of grain
Tamil : katir
Tamil meaning : ear of grain, spear of grass
Malayalam : katir
Malayalam meaning : ear, spike of corn
Malayalam derivates : katirkka to shoot into ears; katirppu a sprout, shoot
Kannada : kadir
Kannada meaning : spike of corn, ear
Kodagu : kadɨ
Kodagu meaning : ear (of paddy, wheat, etc.)
Tulu : kadirụ
Tulu meaning : ear of corn
Tulu derivates : kadpu ear of ripened corn
Number in DED : 1194
Proto-South Dravidian : *kadir-
Meaning : spinner's spindle
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : katir
Tamil meaning : spinner's spindle
Malayalam : katir
Malayalam meaning : spinner's spindle
Kannada : kadir, kadaru, kaduru
Kannada meaning : spinner's spindle
Tulu : kadụrụ, kadirụ, kadrụ
Tulu meaning : spinner's spindle
Number in DED : 1195
sdret-meaning,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-kodder,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-misc,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-kodder,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-kodder,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-dednum,
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