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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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Proto-South Dravidian : *alamb-
Meaning : weeds
Kannada : alabu, alubu
Kannada meaning : name applied to different species of Alysicarpus and other leguminous plants
Kannada derivates : (UNR) alubu weeds
Notes : Cf. Tel. alamu 'weeds' < PDR *alámb-? A Kan.-Telugu isogloss, hardly of PDR origin.
Number in DED : 0244
Proto-South Dravidian : *ăḷamb-
Meaning : a k. of mushroom
Tamil : āmpi, (PPTI) ampi
Tamil meaning : common mushroom
Malayalam : aḷāmbu
Malayalam meaning : (Tiyya) a variety of mushroom
Kannada : aṇabe, aṇambe, aḷambe, āḷambe
Kannada meaning : mushroom
Tulu : lāmbu, nāmbu
Tulu meaning : mushroom, toadstool, fungus
Tulu derivates : (B-K.) alambu, aḷambu mushroom
Miscellaneous : KOR (T) armbi mushroom
Number in DED : 0300
Proto-South Dravidian : *alamb- ~ *alar_-
Meaning : to chatter
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : allappan_
Tamil meaning : a chatterer
Tamil derivates : alappu (alappi-) to chatter, prattle, talk nonsense; alampu (alampi-) to sound, tinkle; alampal a loud noise; alavalai babbler; alavalaimai babbling; alavai woman that chatters ceaselessly; alar idle talk, gossip; alar_u (alar_i-) to roar, bellow, bleat, weep aloud, sorrow; alar_al loud cry, great sound; alar_r_u (alar_r_i-) to talk unceasingly and irregularly
Malayalam : alappan
Malayalam meaning : chatterer, prattler
Malayalam derivates : alappu chattering, confused noise; alavan loquacious babbler; alar_uka to roar, bellow, cry (as elephant, tiger, woman in labour); alarcca roaring, etc.; aḷavan boaster, exaggerator
Kannada : alar_u
Kannada meaning : (PBh.) to cry aloud
Miscellaneous : IRU lāru to shout, roar, (woman) gossips
Notes : SDR presents evidence for two different stems, most probably descended from the same bisyllabic root *ala-. Not quite clear is the geminated -ll- in Tamil allappan_ (cf. its absence in Mal. alappan; possibly an irregularity of expressive character).
Number in DED : 0245
Proto-South Dravidian : *alaŋkōl-
Meaning : disorder
Tamil : alaŋkōlam
Tamil meaning : disorder, slovenliness
Malayalam : alaŋkōlam
Malayalam meaning : confusion, slovenliness
Kannada : allakallōla, allōlakallōla
Kannada meaning : great agitation (as of water), confusion (of the mind), tumult, disorder, disturbance
Tulu : allambra
Tulu meaning : agitation, alarm
Notes : An expressive stem, obviously connected with *alaŋ- q. v. Has an outside parallel in Telugu allakallōlamu.
Number in DED : 0241
Proto-South Dravidian : *alar-
Meaning : to blossom
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : alar (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to blossom, open up, spread (as rays of the sun, water), increase in size, manifest itself; n. full-blown flower
Tamil derivates : alartti process of blooming; alarttu (alartti-) to cause to blossom; alari flower
Malayalam : alar
Malayalam meaning : a blossom, opening flower
Malayalam derivates : alari a flower; alaruka to open (as flowers), be hot and dry; alarcca heat, lust
Kannada : alar, aral, araḷ, arlu
Kannada meaning : to spread, become distended, open, blossom
Kannada derivates : alar, aral, araḷ, alal a flower; alarike blossoming; alarisu, alarcu to cause to spread, blossom, etc.; aral-uṇi, alar-uṇi the large black humble bee, Bombinatrix glabra
Tulu : alaruni, araluni, araḷuni
Tulu meaning : to open, expand, bloom, blossom
Tulu derivates : aral-uṇi the black bee
Notes : Kannaḍa and Tulu present several variants with different kinds of assimilations and metatheses in the resonant department, which seems to be a rather common thing with stems ending in two resonants.
Number in DED : 0247
Proto-South Dravidian : *alar- (?)
Meaning : beauty
Tamil : alari
Tamil derivates : beauty
Kannada : alampu, lampu
Kannada meaning : beauty, ornament, pleasure, magnificence
Notes : Possibly a derivative of *alar- 'to blossom', at least when it comes to the Tamil form. Kan. alampu is suspicious not only because of a different suffix, but also because of a variant with initial l-; aphaeresis is not common for any Kan. dialect, so an outside source would have to be suspected (most probably Telugu, although the form is not attested there). Cf. also Tel. alarāru 'to shine, glitter'.
Number in DED : 0248
Proto-South Dravidian : *alasanḍai
Meaning : a k. of pulse
Malayalam : alaśaṇṭa
Malayalam meaning : Dolichos catjang
Malayalam derivates : alasāndram a kind of pulse
Kannada : alasandi, alasande, halasandi, halasande
Kannada meaning : a generally cultivated pulse, Vigna catjang [= Dolichos catjang Lin.]
Kannada derivates : alasandige a kind of pulse, D. biflorus
Tulu : alasaṇḍè (BRR, brahmin. dial.), lattanè, lattaṇḍè (non-brahmin dial.)
Tulu meaning : a kind of pulse, (Männer) Dolichos catjang
Tulu derivates : (B-K.) alataṇḍè = alasaṇḍè
Notes : A common SDR stem with irregularities typical for plant names. Possibly a compound, borrowed from some unknown extraneous source (cf. also the corresp. words in Indo-Aryan: Pkt. ālisaṃdaga-, ālisaṃdaya-, Mar. aḷasudā). The dialectal alternation -s-/-t- is common for Tulu. Less clear is the nature of the final cluster (retroflex articulation is reconstructed due to joint Malayalam-Tulu evidence, but dental -nd- in Kan. is unclear) and the auslaut vocalism of the stem (again, Malayalam and Tulu jointly speak in favour of *-ai). Mal. alasāndram looks like an even later reborrowing (from an Indo-Aryan source, maybe?). Cf. also Tel. alacandalu, etc.
Number in DED : 0242
Proto-South Dravidian : *ala-ṭ-
Meaning : to tease, importune
Tamil : alaṭṭu (alaṭṭi-)
Tamil meaning : to tease, annoy, pester, bluster, be boisterous; n. trouble, annoyance, importunity; raving, delirium
Tamil derivates : alaṭṭi bully, blusterer
Malayalam : alaṭṭuka
Malayalam meaning : to importune
Notes : A Tamil-Mayalam isogloss that is most probably related either to *alai- or *ala- q. v.
Number in DED : 0243
Proto-South Dravidian : *al-av-
Meaning : to spill
Tamil : alavu (alavi-)
Tamil meaning : to spill
Number in DED : 0305
Proto-South Dravidian : *ale
Meaning : interjection
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : ale
Kannada meaning : interj. used in calling to woman
Number in DED : 0251
Proto-South Dravidian : *alg-
Meaning : side; vulva
Tamil : alkul
Tamil meaning : side, waist, pudendum muliebre
Malayalam : alkīṭam
Malayalam meaning : vulva
Proto-Nilgiri : *alg-
Notes : Unclear. In PN the root is only used within the compound *alg-elumb- lit. 'side-bone', whereas the Tamil and Malayalam forms do not match in the suffix (or is that a second root in a compound?) department. Burrow & Emeneau quote Skt. alga- 'groin', which has no IE etymology, but does not look like a Dravidian borrowing, either. It is possible that the root has penetrated both Dravidian and IA from some unknown source, and in Dravidian was most frequently used with euphemistic purposes.
Number in DED : 0253
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḷ-i-
Meaning : to be attached to, to love
Tamil : aḷi (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to be attached
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to protect, nourish, be gracious, show favour, create desire; n. love, grace, desire; aḷittu, aḷitu that which deserves pity; aḷintār loving persons; aḷiyan_ one who has great love, gracious benefactor; one who deserves protection
Malayalam : aḷi
Malayalam meaning : love, affection
Malayalam derivates : aḷikkuka to grant, bestow, protect; aḷiyan one who is kind and affectionate
Kannada : aḷipu, aḷupu
Kannada meaning : to be addicted to, long for; n. hankering after, desire, love
Kodagu : aḷaviga
Kodagu meaning : friend
Proto-Nilgiri : *aḷ-ĭ
Number in DED : 0301
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḷ-i-
Meaning : mellow; overripe
Tamil : aḷi (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to become mellow, be over-boiled
Tamil derivates : aḷaivu becoming soft as rice by over-cooking
Malayalam : aḷiyuka
Malayalam meaning : to be overripe, decay
Malayalam derivates : aḷiccal mellowness, decay
Tulu : aluŋguni
Tulu meaning : to be soft (as a ripe fruit)
Number in DED : 0302
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḷi-
Meaning : son-in-law, brother-in-law
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malayalam : aḷiyan
Malayalam meaning : brother-in-law, wife's brother or sister's husband
Kannada : aḷiya
Kannada meaning : son-in-law
Kannada derivates : aḷiyatana state of being a son-in-law
Tulu : aḷiya
Tulu meaning : son-in-law, nephew
Proto-Nilgiri : *aL-ĭ
Number in DED : 2410
Proto-South Dravidian : *ali- (~ *je-)
Meaning : to melt, dissolve
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malayalam : aliyuka
Malayalam meaning : to melt, dissolve (as salt, heart)
Malayalam derivates : alikka, aliyikka to melt (tr.); aliccal, alivu melting, compassion; ali-ppuṇṇu foul ulcer
Kodagu : ali- (aliv-, aliñj-)
Kodagu meaning : to dissolve (intr.)
Kodagu derivates : (alip-, alic-) to dissolve (tr.)
Tulu : aliyuni
Tulu meaning : to dissolve, decay
Tulu derivates : eliyuni, ēluni to melt (intr.; as any soft substance, butter, lead, etc.); elipuni, elpuni, ēlāvuni id. (tr.) (?)
Notes : The Tulu alternation a-/e- is quite interesting as it could point to PSDR *jeli-. The correspondence "Mal. a- : Koḍ. a- : Tulu e-" is fairly normal in the case of PSDR *jā-, although in all such cases Tulu only shows ē- and never ā-. On the other hand, this would be the only known case of an initial *je- in a bisyllabic verbal root, which makes specific dialectal variations possible.
Number in DED : 0250
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḷig-
Meaning : a k. of vessel
Kannada : aḷige, aḷage
Kannada meaning : a capacious earthen vessel to hold water or grain
Number in DED : 0303
Proto-South Dravidian : *al-k-
Meaning : to shrink
Tamil : alku (alki-)
Tamil meaning : to shrink, diminish, lessen
Tamil derivates : alkal deficiency, poverty; ak_ku (ak_ki-) to be reduced, shrink, be dejected, become closed (as a flower); (?) nalkūr (-v-, -nt-) to be poor, indigent, destitute; n. poverty
Kannada : akkuḍisu
Kannada meaning : to become small, wane
Notes : A local and rather suspicious Tamil-Kan. isogloss. It is possible that the Tamil stem al-k- is merely a derivative of the negative verbal stem *al- (and ak_ku, with aytam, is just a dialectal development). Kan. akkuḍisu may be < *al-kuḍisu, but the derivation is unclear (the word would have to be a compound of some sorts). As for the inclusion in the same DEDR entry of Tam. nalkūr 'poor, indigent', it is but one more unfortunate consequence of overestimating the role of Dravidian 'variations' (this time, the so-called "n-/0- variation"); the word certainly has nothing to do with alku, and this is made even more obvious by the inclusion of the same word in a completely different entry (PSDR *nal-) - where it truly belongs.
Number in DED : 0252
Proto-South Dravidian : *all-
Meaning : to knit, weave
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : allu (alli-)
Tamil meaning : to knit, build, weave; to interlace closely (intr.)
Kannada : allu
Kannada meaning : to join, connect, knit nets, etc., plait, braid, wattle together
Number in DED : 0260
Proto-South Dravidian : *alli
Meaning : water-lily
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : alli
Tamil meaning : waterlily, Nymphaea lotus, inner flower petals as opposed to pulli filament of stamen
Malayalam : alli
Malayalam meaning : pericarp of lotus with the surrounding filaments, anthers, stamen, lotus
Tulu : alli, allige
Tulu meaning : waterlily, flower of N. speciosum
Number in DED : 0256
Proto-South Dravidian : *alli ~ *allai
Meaning : iron-wood tree
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : alli
Tamil meaning : iron-wood tree, Memecylon edule
Kannada : alamar, (Lush.) alle
Kannada meaning : a sp. of Memecylon
Kodagu : uḍɨt-ale
Kodagu meaning : Memecylon edule
Tulu : alimarụ, alimārụ
Tulu meaning : Memecylon
Notes : The word displays an unclear variation in the auslaut; it is also frequently used in the compound *allai-mar-, where the second component is obviously *mara- 'tree'.
Number in DED : 0257
Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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