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Nilgiri etymology :

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Total of 1665 records 84 pages

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\data\drav\ktet
Proto-Nilgiri : *ar[ä]-
Meaning : to sharpen
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : arv- (art-) "to grind (chillies)"
Toda : arɵ- (arɵy-)
Notes : In Toda *ar- would be expected; the suffixal -ɵ- is unclear.
Number in DED : 228
Proto-Nilgiri : *arǝ-
Meaning : to reduce, subdue
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : arg- (argy-) "to be reduced (water by evaporation), (swelling) goes down, become reformed in character, be depressed (because of poverty)"
Toda : arx- (arxy-) "to be subdued"
Additional forms : Also Kota ark- (arky-) to use up extravagantly; Toda ark- (arky-) to subdue; arkm state of being subdued
Number in DED : 221
Proto-Nilgiri : *-aṛǝk
Meaning : a k. of measure
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : ak "the oḷk measure (in numeration)"
Toda : ak "the ačok measure for ghee or liquid (in numeration)"
Additional forms : Also Kota ōr ak one oḷk; īr ōk two oḷk; Toda wɨ̄r ak one ačok, īr ak two ačok, oy ak five ačok, māk three ačok; as milk measure = 1/4 kōṇy or 1/8 pɨṇ
Notes : Inlaut *-ṛ- reconstructed on the basis of *-a- in Toda.
Number in DED : 397
Proto-Nilgiri : *ar-ǝk-
Meaning : (father) refuses to repay daughter's bride-price
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : ark- (arky-)
Number in DED : 223
Proto-Nilgiri : *aṛǝl-
Meaning : flame, heat
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : aṛc- (aṛc-) "(flame) shoots up; to make (flame) shoot up"
Toda : as_ "heat of sun or fire"
Additional forms : Also Kota arl fever
Notes : Kota aṛc- cannot go back to simple *aṛ- (in that case *aḷc- would be expected).
Number in DED : 276
Proto-Nilgiri : *ar[ǝ]l-
Meaning : jackstraws, pebbles used for counters
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : arl
Number in DED : 209
Proto-Nilgiri : *arǝḷ
Meaning : voice of god spoken through diviner
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : arḷ
Number in DED : 227
Proto-Nilgiri : *arǝ-m
Meaning : file
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : arm (obl. art-)
Number in DED : 228
Proto-Nilgiri : *arǝs
Meaning : king
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : arc "official of Mohammedan government of Mysore"
Toda : ars "king; European man"
Additional forms : Also Kota arman palace; Toda arman palace
Notes : Sanskrit rājan-.
Number in DED : 201
Proto-Nilgiri : *arǝsǝn
Meaning : saffron
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : arcn "saffron (i.e. turmeric)"
Toda : arsn "saffron, yellow"
Number in DED : 220
Proto-Nilgiri : *ar-ǝt-
Meaning : to pursue (men, game, etc.)
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : art- (arty-)
Number in DED : 2362
Proto-Nilgiri : *aṛĭ-
Meaning : to spend
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : aḷc- (aḷc-) "to be erased; erase"
Toda : oḍy- (oḍs-) "(money) is spent"
Additional forms : Also Kota aḷyv destruction; Toda oḍy- (oḍc-) (stones of ruinous building) slip down; to spend, expend (property at funeral), overcome (in contest)
Notes : Present stem is *aṛ-ĭ- (with suffixal -ĭ-) > Kota -ḷc-, Toda -ḍy-. Past stem for the transitive forms is *aṛ-ĭ-t-, for the intransitive forms *aṛ-ĭ-d- (in Kota *aṛĭt-, *aṛĭd- > *aṛt́- > *aḷc-; in Toda *aṛĭt- > *oḍt́- > *oḍc-, but *aṛĭd- > *aṛyɵ- > *oḍɵ́- > *oḍs-).
Number in DED : 277
Proto-Nilgiri : *arĭ-
Meaning : to burn (of mouth)
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : ayr- (arc-) "(mouth) burns"
Toda : ary- (arc-) "(woman) desires sexual intercourse"
Additional forms : Also Kota ? arl fever
Number in DED : 214
Proto-Nilgiri : *arǐ, *ar-ǝk-
Meaning : to divide in small pieces
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : ayr "small heap of grain stalks made of one handful in reaping"
Toda : ark- (arky-) "to chip, cut square (end of plank or post)"
Number in DED : 212
Proto-Nilgiri : *ark-
Meaning : passion
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : akm "affection"
Toda : arkyn "passionate woman"
Number in DED : 281
Proto-Nilgiri : *arkĭ
Meaning : rice; grain
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : aky "grain of any grain food when husked"
Toda : ašky "rice"
Additional forms : Also Toda nes_išky rice
Number in DED : 215
Proto-Nilgiri : *ar_[ä]
Meaning : flat rock
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : ar
Toda : ar_
Number in DED : 321
Proto-Nilgiri : *ar_b
Meaning : good time
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : arb "extreme happiness (at getting a good meal, finding money, escaping death, etc.)"
Toda : arb "good life (with nothing to do but eat)"
Number in DED : 232
Proto-Nilgiri : *ar_ǝ-
Meaning : to cut
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : arv- (art-) "to cut (meat) into small pieces for broth"
Toda : ar_f- (ar_t-) "to cut, reap"
Additional forms : Also Kota armbaṛ- (armbaṭ-) to starve; ? arvaŋgāṛ place where no one has lived; arvaṭy n. pr. Badaga village (the Badaga name is Araṭṭi; probably < arv-paṭy 'Badaga village in distant, lonely place')
Number in DED : 315
Proto-Nilgiri : *ar_ĭ-
Meaning : to know
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : ayr- (arc-)
Toda : ar_y- (ar_s-)
Additional forms : Also Kota arv sense, wisdom; arkym information given, royal proclamation; Toda ar_ynbet_-, arybet_- (-bet_y-) to be insane, mad
Number in DED : 314
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Total of 1665 records 84 pages

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