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Nilgiri etymology :

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\data\drav\ktet
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaṭ-
Meaning : to tie
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kaṭ- (kac-) "to tie, build, manage (house), be equal"
Toda : koṭ- (koṭy-) "to tie, build, kill by witchcraft, obstruct, hug, manage (a house)"
Additional forms : Also Kota kaṭ knot, caste custom, case of which decision has been given; kaṭaṛm (obl. kaṭaṛt-) wall of brick or stone; kaṭaṇ caste custom, individual's habit; kaṭmānm caste custom, order given; Toda koṭ knot, bundle, amulet; koṭas_ noose (in song unit: mɨṛ xoṭas_ [to tie] a noose on the neck); koṭy a tie, in: tǖl goṭy and pōl goṭy (for which see 2698))
Number in DED : 1147
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaṭ-
Meaning : to pay
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kaṭ- (kac-) "to pay, pay off"
Toda : koṭ- (koṭy-) "to pay (revenue tax, fine, offering to temple)"
Number in DED : 1149
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaṭä
Meaning : Strobilanthes flower
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kaṭ
Toda : kaṭ
Number in DED : 1154
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaṭ-ǝḷ
Meaning : cot
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kaṭḷ
Number in DED : 1145
Proto-Nilgiri : *katĭ
Meaning : knife
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : katy "billhook knife"
Toda : kaṇ koty "dagger-shaped knife burned with corpse (cf. 1166)"
Additional forms : Also Kota katīr- (katrc-; < katy-tayr-, katy-tarc-) to cut; kaṇkeyt, kaṇkīt sickle (see 1166)
Number in DED : 1204
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaṭ-ĭ-
Meaning : clever person
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : koṭyxōr_n
Number in DED : 1144
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaṭōḷ
Meaning : wall of temple compound
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kaṭōḷ
Number in DED : 1146
Proto-Nilgiri : *kav-
Meaning : to cover
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kavc- (kavc-) "to cover with a garment"
Toda : kofc- (kofč-) "to cover; to be in great numbers, (crowd) comes in great numbers"
Additional forms : Also Toda kofy- (kofs-) to surround in great numbers or on all sides (e. g. people, fire)
Number in DED : 1221
Proto-Nilgiri : *kav-
Meaning : to break off
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kavc- (kavc-) "to unfasten, knock off (something fixed in place)"
Toda : ? köfy- (köfs-) "to have piece broken off"
Additional forms : Also Toda köfy- (köfc-) to break piece off
Notes : Since the vowel in Toda is absolutely irregular, the form may not belong here.
Number in DED : 1333
Proto-Nilgiri : *kav-
Meaning : to be turned upside down
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : kof- (kofɵ-)
Additional forms : Also Toda kof- (koft-) to turn upside down (tr.)
Number in DED : 1335
Proto-Nilgiri : *Kav-
Meaning : suddenly
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kavakn
Additional forms : Also Kota gabakn, gubakn noise of jumping into water, of fire blazing up
Number in DED : 1320
Proto-Nilgiri : *kavä
Meaning : branch; fork
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kav "forked stick, fork of branch"
Toda : kafy "forked stick, double peak of a hill, hair of a god or of priest of tī dairy"
Additional forms : Also Kota kavc gōl forked stick used as potholder; kavṛ forked branch
Notes : Unclear -y in Toda (normally just *kaf would be expected). The form is either dialectal or has undergone Kannada influence.
Number in DED : 1325
Proto-Nilgiri : *kavd-
Meaning : saddle, cloth put on pack-animal's back under load
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kavdy
Number in DED : 1324
Proto-Nilgiri : *kavĭḷ
Meaning : bulb of Ceropegia pusilla
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kavḷ
Toda : kafɨɫ̣
Notes : Toda *kefɨḷ would be expected; the word may be a borrowing (but from what source?).
Number in DED : 1343
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaǯ
Meaning : barley
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kaj
Toda : koj
Number in DED : 1106
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaǯ
Meaning : rice-porridge
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kaj nīr "water poured off rice"
Toda : koj
Number in DED : 1107
Proto-Nilgiri : *kā-
Meaning : to watch, guard
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kāv- (kāt-)
Toda : kōf- (kōt-) "to wait, watch, (woman) marries (man)"
Additional forms : Also Kota kāvl act of watching, gaol; kāpāṛ- (kāpāṛy-), kāpāt- (kāpāty-) to help, save; Toda kōfɨl act of watching
Number in DED : 1416
Proto-Nilgiri : *kāḍ
Meaning : field; jungle
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kāṛ (obl. kāṭ-) "jungle without trees, uncultivated ground, unfenced field"
Toda : kōṛ (obl. kōṭ-) "cultivated field"
Additional forms : Also Kota kāṛōn man not of one's own family (= kaṇḍōn); Toda kōḍ uninhabited place; kōḍ sōty wild animal
Number in DED : 1438
Proto-Nilgiri : *kādǝl
Meaning : muscle
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kādl "flat band of muscle on either side of backbone"
Toda : ? kōṣf- (kōṣt-) "to be envious"
Notes : It is not excluded that both forms belong together if (a) Toda kōṣf- < *kāṛ-ǝp- (= Tam. kāṛ) and (b) Kota kādl < *kāṛ-dal (= Mal. kātal). Cf. PN *kar-tal for a similar suffix. The semantics of the Toda form, however, is somewhat dubious.
Number in DED : 1491
Proto-Nilgiri : *kāj-
Meaning : to be hot
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kāy- (kāc-) "to become hot, warm oneself, bask in sun"
Toda : kōy- (kōs-) "to be hot, (sun, moon) shines, boil, bask in sun"
Additional forms : Also Kota kāc- (kāc-) to make hot, boil, dry before fire; kāŋg heat of fire or sun; ? kākōl a spit (kōl stick); Toda kōc- (kōč-) to heat (tr.), boil; kōs föṭy(k) lamp lit in funeral hut (cf. 5475); nīxoy- (nīxos-) to be thirsty (i. e. nīr water + kōy-)
Number in DED : 1458
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Total of 1665 records 84 pages

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Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50

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