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Nilgiri etymology :

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Total of 1665 records 84 pages

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\data\drav\ktet
Proto-Nilgiri : *īṇ
Meaning : cicada
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : īṇ
Number in DED : 547
Proto-Nilgiri : *īṇ-
Meaning : snot (or with DEDR 1606)
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : īṇm (obl. īṇt-)
Number in DED : 551
Proto-Nilgiri : *īp-
Meaning : fly
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : īp
Toda : īpy
Number in DED : 533
Proto-Nilgiri : *īr
Meaning : gums
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : īr
Number in DED : 554
Proto-Nilgiri : *īr-
Meaning : dampness
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : nīr "water, semen"
Toda : īrm (obl. īrt-)
Number in DED : 3690
Proto-Nilgiri : *īruv
Meaning : liver
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : īruv
Toda : ǖruf
Number in DED : 546
Proto-Nilgiri : *jaṇĭl
Meaning : squirrel
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : ēṇḍḷ
Toda : aṇil
Notes : Long -ē- in Kota is most probably compensatory, and -ḍ- - a secondary epenthesis (in PSDR the word certainly had nothing more than a *-ṇ- in the inlaut position). In Toda the vowel -i- was preserved due to a peculiar consonant surrounding. The correspondence "Kota e (ē) : Toda a" is practically the same as in the root for 'tortoise' q.v., and reflects PN *ja- < PSDR *C-ja-.
Number in DED : 2315
Proto-Nilgiri : *jāmä (*ēmä)
Meaning : tortoise
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : ēm(b)
Toda : āmy (Sak.; < Tamil?)
Notes : The choice of reconstruction depends on whether the Toda form is authentic or not. The final -y would certainly indicate a borrowing (the final is never retained in any form in Toda), but considering that the form was only recorded by S. Sakthivel (not M. B. Emeneau), there is a possibility of it representing a dialectism. In this case, the correspondence "Kota ē : Toda ā" could only go back to a proposed PN *jā- (< PSDR *tjā-, since PSDR *jā- regularly > PN *ā-). That said, even if the Toda form is a borrowing, Kota ēm(b) ultimately still has to go back to something like *tjām-, since otherwise Kota ām(b) should be expected.
Number in DED : 5155
Proto-Nilgiri : *kabaḷ-
Meaning : communal work in one man's garden
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kabaḷm
Number in DED : 1238
Proto-Nilgiri : *kac-
Meaning : to bite
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : koc- (koč-)
Number in DED : 1097
Proto-Nilgiri : *kac-ǝl
Meaning : Bengal gram
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kacl
Number in DED : 1120
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḍ-
Meaning : buffalo calf
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kaṛc nāg "buffalo calf between two and three years"
Toda : ? kaṛ "pen for calves from 6 months to 1-2 years"
Additional forms : Also Kota kaṛc kurl cow calf between two and three years; ? kēv calf of buffalo or cow, under one year (? * < kṛēv); ? kēn im, kēnōṛ im buffalo with its calf; kēn āv, kēnōṛ āv cow with its calf
Number in DED : 1123
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḍ-
Meaning : first-born (k. mox first-born son, k. xūx first-born daughter)
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : kaṛɵas_
Additional forms : Also Toda kaṛɵas_ fīr_ first pregnancy
Number in DED : 1136
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḍä-
Meaning : to cross
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kaṛv- (kaṛd-) "to cross (river), come out or leave (house), (years) pass; (sun, moon) rises"
Toda : kaḍ- (kaḍɵ-) "to leave, pass, cross"
Additional forms : Also Kota kaṛt- (kayt-/kaṛty-) to make to cross, send off; mē-kī- (< *kay-; mē-kaṛt-) to get up; mēkaṛc- (mēkaṛc-) to make to get up; kaṛv cattle-path through bushes, ford; kaṛ, kaṛc extreme end (kaṛ aḷ side of belly, kaṛ pāt the end, at last, kaṛ may NE. monsoon [i. e. last rain], kaṛcāc last woman in series, kaṛc ib very excellent iron, kaṛc aky worthless rice); Toda kaṛt- (kaṛty-) to send, take across; kaḍ a stride; kaḍ fōy corner of mouth; kaḍ xōl mox last-born son; kaḍf path, entrance to wood; kaḍč end (of thing, event)
Number in DED : 1109
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḍä-
Meaning : to churn
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kaṛv- (kaṛd-)
Toda : kaṛ- (kaṛɵ-)
Additional forms : Also Kota kaṛc uḷy lathe
Number in DED : 1141
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḍǝg
Meaning : mustard seed
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kaṛg
Toda : koṛx
Number in DED : 1137
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḍ-ǝḷ
Meaning : kite
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : koṛɫ̣
Number in DED : 1362
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḍ-ǝṇ
Meaning : loan, debt
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : koṛṇ
Number in DED : 1113
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḍ-ǝṇ
Meaning : short, broad person (male or female)
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kaḍṇ
Additional forms : Also Kota kaḍ pī constipated stool
Number in DED : 1151
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaḍǝnd-
Meaning : wasp
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : koḍds_
Number in DED : 1117
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Total of 1665 records 84 pages

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