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Nilgiri etymology :

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Total of 1665 records 84 pages

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\data\drav\ktet
Proto-Nilgiri : *ir-
Meaning : two
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : eyd_
Toda : ēḍ (obl. ēḍṇ-/ēṇ-; ēɫ̣̣- when preceded by plural personal or reflexive pronoun)
Additional forms : Also Kota ir vād twenty; irrvād by twenties; ir pāṇy two pāny measures; i vat od_ twenty-one, etc.; i nūr 200; īr āṛ two years; īr ōk two oḷk measures; eṛ calg two calg measures; Toda ɨ foɵ twenty; ɨ nūr_ 200; i kwāw two kwāx measures; īr ōṛ two years; īr ak two ačok measures; īṭy double, even (of numbers); ɨm double; ɨmu twins (pl. ɨmuām twins on more than one occasion); ɨ̄štyū twice
Notes : The cluster -yd_- in Kota is unique and most probably reflects a very untrivial development from *-r(ǝ)nḍ-, cf. the external evidence.
Number in DED : 474
Proto-Nilgiri : *ir-
Meaning : to exist; to sit
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : ig- (ir- in one form; it-) "to exist, be in a place"
Toda : ɨr- (ɨɵ-) "to sit, remain, live; perfective-continuative auxiliary"
Additional forms : Also Kota irp collection of property; irpgārn rich man; ? igc- (igc-) to ignite (tic fire); Toda ɨṣt- (ɨṣty-) to seat, keep in a place; ɨṣk lifetime; īṣk dwelling, act of dwelling
Notes : Kota ig- < *ir-ǝ-K-, although the development is irregular. Toda ɨṣt- < *ir-ǝ-t- (= Tam. iruttu).
Number in DED : 480
Proto-Nilgiri : *ir- (*-r_-)
Meaning : tight, difficult
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : irg- (irgy-) "to become tight, be compressed, be tightly wedged in"
Toda : ikoṭ "difficulty, narrowness of path"
Additional forms : Also Kota irk- (irky-) to tighten (clothes), pinch, press tightly in crowd; ikaṭ obstruction, esp. on narrow path so that one cannot pass
Notes : Kota ikaṭ, Toda ikoṭ < PN *i-kaṭ < *ir-kaṭ. More probable, however, is that both forms are borrowed from Tamil ikkaṭṭu, because the loss of -r- in Toda is irregular (PN *-rk- > Toda -šk-, PN *-rǝk- > Toda -ṣk-).
Number in DED : 524
Proto-Nilgiri : *irb
Meaning : iron
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : ib
Toda : ɨb "needle"
Notes : See PN *karb for further explanations.
Number in DED : 486
Proto-Nilgiri : *iṛǝ-
Meaning : to drag
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : iḷv- (iḷt-) "to drag on ground (intr.); drag (tr.), suck"
Toda : ɨxy- (ɨxc-) "(calf) sucks"
Additional forms : Also Kota ? iv- (ivt-) to pull out or off; Toda īṣf- (īṣt-) to drag, pull
Notes : Toda ɨxy- is somewhat dubious; it is not excluded that ɨxy- = Tulu igguni draw, pull" (< *iṛ-g-?), but the phoneme sequence is too rare for the comparison to be certain.
Number in DED : 504
Proto-Nilgiri : *ir-ǝg
Meaning : kindling (dry plants with leaves still on)
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : irg
Number in DED : 826
Proto-Nilgiri : *iṛ-ǝg- (*īg-)
Meaning : to descend
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : īx- (īxy-)
Additional forms : Also Toda īk- (īky-) to put down (burden)
Number in DED : 502
Proto-Nilgiri : *irǝl
Meaning : night
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : irl
Toda : īɫ̣
Additional forms : Also Kota iḷmārm night, the whole night; Toda iṣɵās_ night-time; erl Irula; fem. erč (Sak. erɫ̣, erɫ̣č); ? ermoḷn sand (obl. ermoḷt-)
Number in DED : 2552
Proto-Nilgiri : *ir-ĭ-
Meaning : to kill in a battle
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : irymury gey- (gec-)
Number in DED : 478
Proto-Nilgiri : *irk-
Meaning : to hiccough
Toda : ɨṣkuṛ fat_-
Notes : !!
Number in DED : 772
Proto-Nilgiri : *irm
Meaning : female buffalo
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : im
Toda : ɨr
Additional forms : Also Toda ɨ female buffalo (followed by buffalo name in vocative; in songs)
Number in DED : 816
Proto-Nilgiri : *ir_-
Meaning : to hit with weapon
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : ir_- (ir_ɵ-)
Additional forms : Also Toda īr_k depression made by cutting; ɨr_ depression in anything
Number in DED : 859
Proto-Nilgiri : *ir_-
Meaning : to drink (intoxicants)
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : ɨr_- (ɨr_ɵ-)
Number in DED : 709
Proto-Nilgiri : *ir_b
Meaning : ant
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : irb
Toda : ɨrb
Notes : Final *-r_b is reconstructed (a) based on external data and (b) since *-rb regularly > Kota, Toda -b (see *irb, *karb).
Number in DED : 864
Proto-Nilgiri : *ir_ǝ-
Meaning : to descend; to swallow
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : erg- (ergy-) "to go down, (food) is swallowed"
Toda : ir_k- (ir_ky-) "to swallow"
Additional forms : Also Kota erk- (erky-) to put down (load), reduce (a fine), (priest) unties (front hair knot); erg down; Toda er_k down, the east; mud_y ir_k- (ir_ky-) to shave (beard and hair) in payment of vow (lit. to make the hair descend, < Tamil)
Number in DED : 516
Proto-Nilgiri : *īd-
Meaning : to pull, drag
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : īɵ- (īɵy-)
Additional forms : Also Toda īṣf- (īṣt-) id. (or with 504)
Number in DED : 542
Proto-Nilgiri : *īgǝl
Meaning : earthworm
Toda : īgl
Number in DED : 2906
Proto-Nilgiri : *īj-
Meaning : to subside
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : īy- (īc-) "(flood) subsides"
Toda : ? eʒ "in song-unit: eʒe xen thick mass of buttermilk (= moʒe xen, moʒ buttermilk, ken, cf. 1987; cf. esp. Tamil iñcu to be curdled, as milk)"
Number in DED : 430
Proto-Nilgiri : *īj-
Meaning : to drive (cattle)
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : īy- (īc-), īc- (īc-)
Number in DED : 469
Proto-Nilgiri : *īn-
Meaning : to bear young
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : īn- (īnd_-) "(animal) bears young"
Toda : īn- (īd_-) "to bear (calf)"
Additional forms : Also Kota īt_ may (woman or buffalo) which having borne once or twice is barren (may) thereafter; Toda īt_- (īt_y-) (goddess) brings forth child, (god) makes to bear (calf); īt_ ōy- to be about to calve; īt_ ēp ɨr buffalo within a month of calving; īt_ slime passed in dysentery or by buffalo during calving
Notes : The verbal stem īt_- in Toda is most probably secondary (a backformation from the nominal derivate *īt_).
Number in DED : 555
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-notes,ktet-dednum,ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-notes,ktet-dednum,ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-notes,ktet-dednum,ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-notes,ktet-dednum,ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-notes,ktet-dednum,ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-dednum,ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-dednum,ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-dednum,ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-dednum,ktet-meaning,ktet-toda,ktet-notes,ktet-dednum,ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-dednum,ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-dednum,ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-toda,ktet-dednum,ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-notes,ktet-dednum,ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-dednum,ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-dednum,ktet-meaning,ktet-toda,ktet-dednum,ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-dednum,ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-dednum,ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-notes,ktet-dednum,
Total of 1665 records 84 pages

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