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Nilgiri etymology :

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Total of 1665 records 84 pages

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\data\drav\ktet
Proto-Nilgiri : *ār-
Meaning : to jump
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : ār- (āry-) "to do broad jump, jump"
Toda : kup-ōry "a standing broad jump (kup a jump)"
Number in DED : 373
Proto-Nilgiri : *ārj-
Meaning : carefulness
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : āryek
Additional forms : Also Kota āryekārn head cattle-boy
Number in DED : 377
Proto-Nilgiri : *ā̆r-kal
Meaning : hailstone
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : argal (? ārgal)
Number in DED : 378
Proto-Nilgiri : *ār_-
Meaning : to cool
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : ār- (āry-) "to become cool (liquid or solid), (dew) dries, (wound) heals"
Toda : ōr_- (ōr_y-) "(hot water) cools, become dry by heating (e. g. cloth, head, body)"
Additional forms : Also Kota ārc- (ārc-) to make (liquid) cool, make to dry in heat; āt- (āty-) to expose to fire to remove pollution (e.g. wet clothes or meat which might damage child in house, jewelry removed from corpse); arv- (art-) (water) is wanted; nīr arp thirst; arp āṛ- (āṛy-), arp ēgūṛ- (ēgūc-) to take a rest; Toda ōt_- (ōt_y-) to dry in heat (tr.); āɫ- (āt_-) (stream) goes dry, (pool, puddle) dries up; ar_t- (first stem does not occur) to be thirsty; ar_p a rest; ar_p oḍg- (oḍgy-) to take a rest; ar_n (obl. ar_n-) dry dung; ? ar_- (ar_ɵ-) to be fatigued; ōr- (ōry-) (dispute) is settled; ōrc- (ōrč-) to settle (dispute) (?< Badaga); ōr_c- (ōr_č-) to reopen settled dispute because the settlement was unjust (i. e. alleviate, etc.)
Notes : Also reconstructed is deriv. *ār_-ǝv- 'thirst; fatigue'. Toda āɫ- hardly belongs here at all, while the r-forms are most certainly borrowings from an SDR dialect where *r_ > r.
Number in DED : 404
Proto-Nilgiri : *ār_
Meaning : six
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : ār
Toda : ōr_
Additional forms : Also Kota ar vat sixty; ār nūr 600; ar vāṇy six pāṇy measures; Toda pār_ sixteen; ar_oɵ sixty; ōr_ nūr_ 600; ar_ xwāw six kwāx measures
Number in DED : 2485
Proto-Nilgiri : *ār_
Meaning : path, way
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : ōyṇ-ār (obl. ōyṇ-āṭ-) "path"
Toda : ōr_ (obl. ōt_-) "way, entrance into thicket"
Additional forms : Also Kota āḷ-ār (obl. āḷ-āṭ-) way, distance; ār āṛ- (āc-) to settle upon a course of action; Toda ōɫ̣ ār_ (obl. ōɫ̣ āt_-) path; tɨr_ ār_ (obl. āt_-) open space between front of enclosing wall and entrance of house; pōs_ ār_ (obl. āt_-) entrance, doorway; -ār_ by way of, through; around, all over; up to (a time), until
Notes : The retroflex consonant in the Kota oblique stem is due to assimilation.
Number in DED : 405
Proto-Nilgiri : *ār_-
Meaning : not to be [able]
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : ār- (only in negative, following S2 -uḷ) "not to be willing to do so-and-so (Su. 1971, p. 342); (only in negative, following S1 -l) cannot do so-and-so"
Toda : ōxar_e- "you will not be (said to be Badaga; -ar_- belongs here)"
Number in DED : 407
Proto-Nilgiri : *āv
Meaning : cow
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : āv
Toda : -of "suffix in some names of female buffaloes (MBE 1979, p. 226)"
Number in DED : 334
Proto-Nilgiri : *āv-
Meaning : desire to eat
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : ōfɨl
Number in DED : 394
Proto-Nilgiri : *āv-
Meaning : to give (name to child)
Kota : āv- (āt-)
Number in DED : 5149
Proto-Nilgiri : *āvaḷ-
Meaning : to yawn
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : āvaj "a yawn"
Toda : ōpüɫ̣y- (ōpüɫ̣c-)
Notes : In Kota *āvaḷǐ > *āvalǐ (weaking of retroflex articulation in a long word?) > *āvaj. Toda ōpüɫ̣y- = Koḍ. āvali-c-; inlaut -ü- < *-a- under the influence of both labialized ō and front ǐ, but -p- is rather mysterious (by all means -f- should be expected in this position).
Number in DED : 392
Proto-Nilgiri : *āvǝr-
Meaning : Cassia auriculata
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : āvrm (obl. āvrt-)
Number in DED : 391
Proto-Nilgiri : *āvĭ
Meaning : soul; breath
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : āyv "soul, steam, vapour"
Toda : ofy "breath"
Additional forms : Also Toda ōfoj, ōfy vapour, morning mist, visible breath
Notes : Toda ōfy is primary here; ofy maybe due to contamination with ofy- 'to calm down'?
Number in DED : 393
Proto-Nilgiri : *baḍ-
Meaning : onom. of defecating with diarrhoea, or of a falling tree
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : baṛr baṛrn
Number in DED : 5230
Proto-Nilgiri : *bag-
Meaning : blazing with sudden flame
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : bagn, bagbagn
Number in DED : 3802
Proto-Nilgiri : *bagāl
Meaning : conspicuous (of a view from a high place), wide-open (of a door)
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : bagāl
Number in DED : 3940
Proto-Nilgiri : *bāḷ-
Meaning : fatigue (? < Badaga)
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : bāḷ
Additional forms : Also Kota bāḷ- (bāḷy-) to become exhausted from hunger
Number in DED : 5293
Proto-Nilgiri : *-bǝr-
Meaning : quail
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : moṇāmbrl
Number in DED : 4374
Proto-Nilgiri : *bod-
Meaning : (to pour out water) so that it all falls out at once; shaking in terror so that one cannot stand still
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : bodbodn
Number in DED : 4511
Proto-Nilgiri : *bōk-
Meaning : pot with piece broken from mouth
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : bōkvāy arāṭ
Number in DED : 4576
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Total of 1665 records 84 pages

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