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Gondwan etymology :

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\data\drav\gndet
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *a-
Meaning : that (over there)
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *ō-nR (pl. *ō-ṛ)
Konda : vānr_u (obl. vani-)
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *a-
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *a/*ā
Notes : This deictic base had the following declineable forms in PGn: *aw-ant_[-u] (whence Gondi *ōn-R, Konda vānr_u with a metathese, etc.) 'that man', plural *aw-ar[-u] 'those men'; fem. *a-d-i (PK *ādi by analogy with masculine forms), plural *a-v-i. Also reconstructed for the PGn level is *a-c- 'that many, that much' (PG, PPM, PK); *a-tal 'that side' (Konda, PK, possibly Gondi); *a-mb-/*a-b- 'there' (Konda, PPM, PK). An enormous number of derivatives has been formed independently in different languages (which is characteristic of all deictic bases).
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *ac-
Meaning : to cut (hand; meat)
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *ac- (pl. action *ask-)
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *aḍ-
Meaning : a unit of measure
Konda : aḍa
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *aḍ-a
Notes : The form is rather local (in one Kuwi dialect and Konda) and with few external parallels (Telugu aḍḍa, which may have been the source for borrowing).
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *aḍ-
Meaning : to be able
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Konda : aṭ- (-t-)
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *aḍ-
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *āḍ-
Notes : The Konda form unexpectedly changed conjugation type (aṭ- can only go back to *aḍ-C-). Vowel length in PK is irregular; as a matter of fact, Kuwi_Su has short a-, so this variant is probably more archaic.
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *aḍ-
Meaning : to join
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *aḍ- (caus. *aṭ-)
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *aḍ- (*-ḍḍ-?)
Meaning : to conceal; obstacle
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *aḍ-ām
Konda : aḍi- (-t-)
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *aḍ-g-
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *aḍḍ- (?)
Notes : The Kui-Kuwi forms are probably borrowed from Telugu, because geminated -ḍḍ- is not usually reconstructed for PGn.
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *aḍa-
Meaning : to be hidden
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Konda : ḍāŋ- (-it-)
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *ḍā- (caus. *āṭ-)
Notes : A bisyllabic root. In Konda it is found only with derivative suffixes, but Kui has preserved the simple form.
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *aḍa-mb- ~ *aṭ-
Meaning : to be hit
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Konda : aṭ- (-t-)
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *aḍ-mb-
Notes : The root was probably not used by itself in PGn. The form in Konda goes back to an old causative (hence the devoicing: aṭ- < *aḍ-p-), and there are derivatives with the suffix -mb- (in PK) and with the suffixes -ŋ- and -s- (in Konda).
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *aḍar
Meaning : herd
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Konda : aḍar
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *aḍer
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *addam
Meaning : mirror
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *addam
Konda : adam
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *adem
Notes : Hardly a proper PGn root (all the forms could have easily been borrowed from Telugu).
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *aḍi
Meaning : below, low
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *aḍi / *aḍ-gi
Konda : aḍgi
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *ad-k-
Meaning : to tie, attach
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *ad-k-
Konda : atki- (-t-)
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *adm-
Meaning : to press
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *adm-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *aḍ-r-
Meaning : bad
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *aḍr-
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *aḍr- (*-rl-)
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *ad_-
Meaning : to be correct, to suit
Proto-Gondi : *aR- (*-r-)
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *aR-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *ad_e-l-
Meaning : to drag
Proto-Gondi : *aR-
Konda : r_el- (r_en-, r_eR-)
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *zel- (*ǯ-)
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *Rel-
Notes : Bisyllabic root; cf. *ed_-l-, which is monosyllabic.
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *aj-
Meaning : mother, woman
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *jāj-/*māj-/*mīj-
Konda : aya (pl. ayek)
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *aj-a/*jaj-a/*tjaj-a
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *aj-/*jaj-
Notes : The root was heavily used with posessive prefixes. The most frequent form is *yay- 'my mother'. In some dialects this form became generalized, with the following shift of meaning: 'my mother' > 'mother in general', 'mother' > 'woman'. A new form, based on the 1st person pl. pronoun (Gondi māy-, Kuwi māya) resulted from the loss of initial y- and the secondary merger of the simple and the prefixed forms.
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *ajr-
Meaning : to lay eggs
Proto-Gondi : *ēr-g- (*-R-)
Konda : ar- (-t-)
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *är-
Notes : A common PGn root with no external parallels. Vocalic correspondences are identical to the ones found in PGn *vajr̯- 'alone' q. v., resulting in the provisional reconstruction of an inlaut j-cluster.
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *ak-
Meaning : grandfather (maternal)
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *ak-o
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *ak-
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *ak-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *al-
Meaning : to weave, plait
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *al-
Konda : al- (aṭ-, aṇ-)
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *al-
Notes : Although the resonant here is most certainly a plain dental -l-, it becomes retroflex in Konda (cf. especially such derivative forms as aṛpa-). This is not quite clear; maybe it is a general feature of *-l- before the causative marker. Unfortunately, this is the only example of such a cluster (in a few other cases we have no BB forms with -ṛ-, which are diagnostic).
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Total of 1439 records 72 pages

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Forward: 1 20 50

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