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Dravidian etymology :

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\data\drav\dravet
Proto-Dravidian : *aḍV́-
Meaning : to strike
Proto-South Dravidian: *aḍu- ~ *aḍi- ~ *aḍar-
Proto-Telugu : *aḍu- ~ *ḍa-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *aṭ-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *aḍa-mb- ~ *aṭ-
Notes : Several different stems that may or may not go back to a single PDR root. The voiceless variant in PKG and Konda shows that the root could be monosyllabic as well (unless this is a regular development from a stem like *CVC-ú-). // Present in 4/6 branches.
Proto-Dravidian : *aḍV́-
Meaning : to be near; to happen
Proto-South Dravidian: *aḍu- ~ *aḍai-
Proto-Telugu : *aḍ-a-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *aḍ-
Proto-North Dravidian : *aṭ-g-
Notes : SDR languages show significant evidence for two bases: *aḍú- ("be near to, approach") and *aḍái- ("reach, arrive, obtain"). Kannada and Tamil also have a monosyllabic stem *aṭ- "to put, place", but this is possibly the result of contamination with *anṭ- "to join, stick, paste". Cf. also *aḍ-[úŋ]- "to be piled up, arranged" which may be a historical derivative of the same root. PNDR *aṭ-g- < *aḍV́-k-. // Present in 4/6 branches.
Proto-Dravidian : *aḍV́-
Meaning : bad
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *aḍ-r-, *aḍ-av-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *aḍ-r-
Notes : The root is only found in Central Dravidian languages, but cannot be successfully derived from any prototype or traced back as a borrowing. // Present in 2/6 branches.
Proto-Dravidian : *agá-
Meaning : 1 to appear 2 inside
Proto-South Dravidian: *aga-
Proto-Telugu : *ak-, *ag-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *av-paḍ-
Notes : PKG *av-paḍ- < *aga-paḍ- (cf. Tamil aka-ppaṭu etc.). The root does not appear to have been preserved in its pure form outside South Dravidian. Inclusion of Telugu akku "breast" looks dubious since that form points to a monosyllabic *ak- rather than bisyllabic *agá-. // Present in 3/6 branches.
Proto-Dravidian : *agá-
Meaning : to press, hold firmly
Proto-South Dravidian: *aga-
Proto-Telugu : *ag-
Notes : A Kannada-Telugu isogloss. // Present in 2/6 branches.
Proto-Dravidian : *agáḍ-
Meaning : viciousness; fault
Proto-South Dravidian: *agaḍ-u
Proto-Telugu : *agaḍ-
Notes : // Present in 2/6 branches.
Proto-Dravidian : *agái
Meaning : to be broken, torn
Proto-South Dravidian: *agai-
Proto-Telugu : *agal-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *ag-
Notes : The original base has been further expanded with a resonant suffix in Telugu. // Present in 3/6 branches.
Proto-Dravidian : *agál-
Meaning : 1 wide, broad 2 to leave, depart
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *agal-
Proto-Telugu : *agal-
Proto-North Dravidian : *agar-
Notes : South Dravidian and Telugu languages mostly agree in displaying a bisyllabic version of the stem. It is unclear how this ties in with Malto agare, where -ar- is a typical Malto suffix. Perhaps the Malto form < *agl-are? // Present in 3/6 branches.
Proto-Dravidian : *agál-
Meaning : pot (earthen)
Proto-South Dravidian: *agal
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *agl-
Notes : Possibly derived from *agá- "inside" (= "container, etc."). // Present in 2/6 branches.
Proto-Dravidian : *agápai
Meaning : ladle
Proto-South Dravidian: *agapai
Proto-Telugu : *agapa
Notes : Possibly a recent derivative from *agá- "inside". // Present in 2/6 branches.
Proto-Dravidian : *agásaj-
Meaning : common flax
Proto-South Dravidian: *agasai
Proto-Telugu : *agis(i)ja
Notes : ? Cf. *agasti "pea-tree" (the semantic connection is unclear, but phonetically the attested forms are practically identical). // Present in 2/6 branches.
Proto-Dravidian : *agásti
Meaning : a k. of tree (pea-tree)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *agasti
Proto-Telugu : *agis-
Notes : A rather strange trisyllabic root with a peculiar inlaut cluster (possibly of some obscure non-Dravidian origin, although Nostratic parallels are also available). // Present in 2/6 branches.
Proto-Dravidian : *agáẓ-
Meaning : to dig
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *agaẓ-
Proto-Telugu : *agaḍ-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *agṛ-
Proto-North Dravidian : *arq-
Notes : A clearly bisyllabic verbal stem. The NDR forms present some trouble, but it is possible that *-rq- is here a regular development < *-ṛg- < *-gǝṛ-. // Present in 4/6 branches.
Proto-Dravidian : *ággai
Meaning : sprout, shoot
Proto-South Dravidian: *agai- / *aggai
Proto-North Dravidian : *aGb-ā
Notes : The geminated *-gg- ("original voiced") consonant is reconstructed on the basis of Tulu agge. All the other SDR forms reflect a variant *agái, possibly reflecting the original verbal form (i. e. PDR *ággai "shoot, sprout" vs. *agái "to flourish, sprout"). It is unclear how the Kurukh form ties into it and whether the -u- in it is relevant; if so, it is not excluded that the original form contained a cluster (*ágbai?). // Present in 2/6 branches.
Proto-Dravidian : *agí-
Meaning : to fear, tremble
Proto-South Dravidian: *agi-
Proto-Telugu : *agV-r-
Notes : The original bisyllabic base is preserved in Kannada agi; all the other forms go back to a more complex form (agur- < *agi-r-?).
Proto-Dravidian : *agíl
Meaning : eagle-wood
Proto-South Dravidian: *agil
Notes : A SDR isogloss with potential PDR status. // Present in 1/6 branches.
Proto-Dravidian : *aj-
Meaning : mother
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *āj
Proto-Telugu : *t-āj-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *aj
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *aj-
Proto-North Dravidian : *aj-a
Notes : The word was used with pronominal prefixes in PDR: *tāy 'his, her mother', etc. (some of these forms are innovative). The vowel was presumably long only in prefixed forms, and later was analogized in such languages as Tamil (āy 'mother').
Proto-Dravidian : *ája-
Meaning : an elder relative (father's brother; grandfather; father)
Proto-South Dravidian: *ajja-
Proto-Telugu : *ajja
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *aja-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *V̄j-
Notes : A widespread Dravidian root, although the basic meaning 'father' should probably be deemed secondary due to PDR already possessing two more likely candidates: *ápa- (coll.) and *-and_- (hon.). Gondwan vocalism is obscured by possible traces of former pronominal prefixes. // Present in 4/6 branches.
Proto-Dravidian : *ája- ~ *ajír-
Meaning : to doubt, suspect
Proto-South Dravidian: *ajja- ~ *ajir-
Notes : Present in 1/6 branches.
Proto-Dravidian : *ak-
Meaning : an elder relative
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *akā, *akai
Proto-Telugu : *akka
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *aka
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *ak-
Notes : The root forms several PDR stems; the most common is *ákā~*ákai "elder sister", but a PGn stem in *-o is also available, denoting a male rather than female relative. // Present in 4/6 branches.
dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-ndr,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-koga,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-ndr,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-ndr,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-notes,
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