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Dargwa etymology :

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Total of 924 records 47 pages

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\data\cauc\darget
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔabʔa
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: hen
Akusha: abʔa (Ur.)
Comments: Cf. also Sirg. abʔa id.
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔaba
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: father
Akusha: aba (Ur.)
Chiragh: father
Comments: Cf. also Kub., Kharb. aba, Kait. uba.
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔabx:- / *ʔibx:-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to open
Akusha: abx-
Chiragh: abx:- / ibx:-
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔabχʷ- / *ʔibχʷ-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to comb
Akusha: abχ-es
Chiragh: abχ- / ibχ-
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔač-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: rare
Akusha: ač-si
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔaɣ-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to walk, to go
Chiragh: ag- / arg-
Comments: Parallels in other Darg. dialects are not clear, but there are possible external correspondences.
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔaʁ- / *ʔiʁ-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to send; to drive
Chiragh: aʁ- / iʁ-
Comments: Cf. also Ur. aʔ- / iʔ-, Kub. aʁ- / iʁ- 'to send, lead'.
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔaHʷ-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to swallow
Akusha: aIʕʷ-/ iʕʷ- (Ur.)
Comments: Attested only in Ur., thus there are several possibilities of reconstructing the final consonant in PD (*ʁ(I)ʷ, *ʕʷ, *hIʷ).
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔaIrčuma[k:]
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: whip
Akusha: ʕaIrčumag
Chiragh: č̣umaq̇I
Comments: Cf. also Mek. aIrč̣umaq, Gapsh. ʕarčumaɣ, Kub. aIrčmaIk, Kharb. alčumag, Tsud. aIrčimah. Correspondences are somewhat distorted because of the word's complicated phonemic structure and expressive meaning. Loss of the initial syllable in Chirag may be secondary, or may be explained by Lezghian influence (see below).
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔalʁIʷVn-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to fasten, button up
Akusha: ilʕ-es
Comments: Cf. also Ur. alʕʷVn- / ulʕ- id.
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔalχana
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: saw
Chiragh: alχane
Comments: Cf. also Kub. alχana 'file'.
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔamzu-(r)/*marzu-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: clean, pure
Akusha: umu-si
Chiragh: marz-ze
Comments: Cf. also Ur. amʔu-r, Kait. umzu-ci, Kharb. umu-se, Tsud. unzu-se.
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔanḳi
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: wheat
Akusha: anḳi
Chiragh: ač̣e
Comments: Cf. also Ur. anḳi, Kub. ač̣e, Tsud. anč̣i.
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔanq
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 garden 2 fruit(s)
Akusha: anq 1
Chiragh: aq 2
Comments: Cf. also Ur. anq 'garden'.
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔant:a
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: forehead
Akusha: anda
Comments: Cf. also Ur. anda, Kub. nat:a, Tsud. ant:a.
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔaq-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: high
Akusha: aq-si
Comments: Cf. also Ur. aq, Kharb., Tsud. aq-se 'high, tall'. Cf. also the root aq- in the compound (Ak.) aq-biʔes 'to rise', and as a verbal root: Ak. aq-es, Ur. aIq- / iq- 'to cross, pass over' (cf. the semantic development in Av.-And.).
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔarc
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: silver
Akusha: arc
Chiragh: arc
Comments: Cf. also Ur., Tsud. arc, Kub. ās id.
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔarg
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: spindle and its parts
Chiragh: arɣ
Comments: The correspondence of Chir. arɣ to Ak. ar 'handle' et al. (see PD *ʔarɣ) is due to a secondary merger of two historically different roots (see *ʕülƛ̣_wɨ̆).
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔarɣ
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: handle
Akusha: ar
Comments: Cf. also Ur. arʔ, Meg. arʔ 'handle'.
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔarʁʷ- / *ʔirʁʷ-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 to hear 2 to understand
Akusha: arʁ- / irʁ- 1,2
Chiragh: č-arʁʷ- 2
Comments: Cf. also Ur. arʁ-/irʁ- 'to hear'.
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Total of 924 records 47 pages

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Forward: 1 20

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