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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Total of 1539 records 77 pages

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\data\cauc\aandet
Protoform: *ʔabiḳV ( ~ -o-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: spoon
Chamalal: abiḳ / abiḳʷ
Tindi: abiḳ́a
Comments: Cf. also Cham. Gig. abiḳ. Tind. or Cham. > Inkh. abiḳ id.
Protoform: *ʔaḳaṭV ?
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: horn
Akhvakh: aḳaṭi
Comments: An isolated Akhvakh word with obscure etymology.
Protoform: *ʔanča- ( ~ o)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: rare, few
Akhvakh: ãča-da-
Comments: Cf. also Akhv. Tseg. ẽče-da- id. Isolated in Akhv., with a possible Darg. parallel.
Protoform: *ʔančV
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 a flat round stone 2 stone
Avar: horčó 1
Tindi: anču 1
Karata: anča 2
Godoberi: anča 2
Comments: Av. paradigm B (harčí-l, harčá-l). Cf. also Kar. Tok. ʕanča 'stone'. An old verbal derivate may be PA *čan- ( ~ -o-) 'to plane, hew' ( = 'make smth. look as a flat stone') > Cham. šan- (Gig. čan-), Tind. čan- (also with reduplication Cham. šanšʷ-).
Protoform: *ʔančV (~q̇-,ƛ̣-,-o-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: mane
Chamalal: anč (Gig.)
Comments: Isolated in Cham. (thus many PA prototypes are possible), but having probable external parallels.
Protoform: *ʔanʎ:a ( ~ o)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: wound
Chamalal: ãʎ:a
Tindi: anʎ:a
Karata: anʎ:a
Botlikh: anʎ:a
Godoberi: anʎ:a
Protoform: *ʔanʎ:V
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: ram (ungelt)
Andian language: anʎ:i
Akhvakh: ãʎ:i
Chamalal: ãʎ:-kʷĩ
Tindi: anʎi
Bagvalal: ãʎ: (Tlond.)
Comments: There is some confusion in records as to the strength of *ʎ : Bokarev has -ʎ- in Cham. (U.-Gakv.), and Magomedbekova - in Akhvakh, whereas the MSU records have -ʎ:- in both cases. On the other hand, the Tind. form in the MSU recording is ãʎi - but Inkhokvari in a form, obviously borrowed from Tindi, has ãʎʎi. In general, it seems that evidence rather favours strong *ʎ:.
Protoform: *ʔanƛ:V- ( ~ -o-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: left
Tindi: anƛ:i-ƛ:a-s:a
Comments: Attested only in Tindi, but having probable external parallels.
Protoform: *ʔanƛV-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to hear
Andian language: anʎi- 1
Akhvakh: ãƛu-nu- 1
Chamalal: woʎa- 1
Tindi: anʎ- 1
Karata: anʎ- 1
Botlikh: ãh- 1
Bagvalal: ãh- 1
Godoberi: anʎ- 1
Comments: Cf. also Kar. Anch. ãh-, Akhv. Tseg., Tlan. ãʎ-, Bagv. Tlond. alhã-; Cham. Gig. ruʎ- (Cham. Gig. r-, Gakv. w- < *r- is an historical prefix). The Cham. form suggests that the original root was *-uƛ- (with class prefixation), and all other Andian languages reflect actually a compound *ʔan-uƛ-, where the first component is most probably a distorted PA *han- 'ear' (with a weakened initial laryngeal) q.v. Chamalal, however, had also possessed the stem *ʔanƛV- > anʎ-, as seen from the nominal derivate ãʎ, Gig. anʎi 'word, speech' ("smth. heard").
Protoform: *ʔanq:u
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 thigh 2 knee-bone
Andian language: aq:u 1 (Khaidakov)
Tindi: anq:u 2
Protoform: *ʔa(n)q:V
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: hearth, fireplace
Andian language: aq:i
Akhvakh: ãq:elo (Tseg.)
Chamalal: aq:u (Gig.)
Tindi: aq:u
Karata: aq:u
Godoberi: aq:u
Comments: The Akhv. form is a former locative ("in the fireplace", cf. God. aq:u-la id.).
Protoform: *ʔa(n)q̇i ( ~ -o-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: soup, broth
Avar: háʕu
Chadakolob: ʕáʕu
Akhvakh: q̇ā
Chamalal: ā
Tindi: ā
Godoberi: aji
Comments: Av. paradigm C (gen. haʕ-dál, cf. also Chad. gen. ʕu-dúl). Cf. also Cham. Gig. aj id. The Akhv. form is a metathesis: q̇ā < q̇aʔV < ʔaq̇V.
Protoform: *ʔanzi
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: snow
Avar: ʕázu
Chadakolob: ʕážu
Andian language: anži
Akhvakh: ãži
Chamalal: anz
Tindi: anzi
Karata: anze
Botlikh: anzi
Bagvalal: anz
Godoberi: anzi
Comments: Av. paradigm C (ʕazú-l, ʕáza-bi; Chad. gen. ʕužú-l). Cf. also Cham. Gig. anzi, Kar. Tok. ʕanzi.
Protoform: *ʔanži
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: mark, sign, target; mark (on sheep's ear)
Avar: ʕuž
Chadakolob: ʕuž
Andian language: anži
Akhvakh: ãži
Chamalal: ãz
Tindi: anži
Godoberi: anži
Comments: Av. Chad. paradigm C (ʕuží-l, ʕúž-dal). Cf. also Akhv. Tseg., Tlan. ʕanži, Cham. Gig. anzi.
Protoform: *ʔanži, *ʔanži-TV
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: axe
Avar: ʕašṭí
Chadakolob: ʕiždí
Andian language: anžidi
Akhvakh: ãžite
Karata: anžito
Bagvalal: anžit (Tlond.)
Comments: Av. paradigm B (ʕošṭó-l, ʕašṭá-l, Chad.ʕoždó-l, ʕaždá-l). The word contains a dental suffix (because of a specific cluster development it is hard to reconstruct it precisely); the only suffixless form is recorded by Khaidakov in an And. dialect (anǯi). Cf. also Akhv. Tseg., Tlan. ʕanžir, Kar. Tok. ʕanžit.
Protoform: *ʔa=aχʷ-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to swell
Andian language: a=aχ-
Akhvakh: abaχ-
Chamalal: ābaχ-
Tindi: abaχʷ-
Karata: ʕabih- (Tok.)
Comments: Changing class infixes are attested only in Andian (cf. aor. abaχo / araχo), and it is not quite clear whether it is an archaism or an innovation. In any case, the structure of this verbal stem is quite exceptional. There also exists a reflex of stem II *χʷV- in Tind. χʷē- 'to swell; to rise (of dough)'.
Protoform: *ʔa(r)ču- (~-o-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 variegated 2 yellow; green
Avar: čára-b 1
Chamalal: ašu-b 2
Tindi: aču-b 2
Karata: ʕačo-b 2
Botlikh: aču 2
Bagvalal: ʕaču-b 2
Godoberi: aču 2
Comments: Cf. also Kar. Anch. arčo-b 'green,yellow'.
Protoform: *ʔas:V (~-o-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 breath 2 prestige, dignity
Avar: as: 2
Akhvakh: as:i 1
Comments: In Av. a secondary meaning development (*spirit > moral, dignity); note that this root has moral/religious connotations also in other languages.
Protoform: *ʔaso(r)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 snow-drift 2 hoar-frost
Avar: ʕansí 1
Andian language: asor 2 (Gud.)
Akhvakh: aša 2
Chamalal: asa 2
Tindi: asa 2
Karata: asa 2
Botlikh: asa 2
Bagvalal: ʕasa 2
Godoberi: asa 2
Comments: Cf. also Av. Keg. (Mikailov 1959) ʕaso 'snow', Akhv. Tseg., Tlan. ašar, Ratl. ašari, Kar. Tok. ʕasari 'hoar-frost'.
Protoform: *ʔaš:i ( ~ -o-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: leather rope
Avar: ʕarš:
Chadakolob: ʕa(r)s
Tindi: aš:i
Karata: aš:e (Anch.)
Comments: Av. paradigm A (erg. ʕárš:i-c:a, pl. ʕárš:a-l; but Chad. C - ʕarsí-l, ʕársa-l). Medial -r- in Avar is secondary (in Chadakolob it may be omitted).
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Total of 1539 records 77 pages

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