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Peripheral Khoisan etymology :

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\data\bush\bshet
Number : 1
Proto-Bushman : *wV
Meaning : all
Khoisan etymology : Khoisan etymology
Proto-Ju : *we(-še)
Bushman > Ju : Bushman > Ju
Proto-Taa : *húʔu
Bushman > Taa : Bushman > Taa
Proto-!Wi : *hu-
Bushman > !Wi : Bushman > !Wi
Notes : The relation between NK and SK is a little dubious due to the phonetic exclusiveness of the root (initial *w-!), but not excluded.
Number : 2
Proto-Bushman : *kV
Meaning : all
Khoisan etymology : Khoisan etymology
Proto-Taa : *[ko] kà-
Bushman > Taa : Bushman > Taa
Proto-!Wi : *kV-
Bushman > !Wi : Bushman > !Wi
Notes : A common South Khoisan pronominal morpheme with no obvious NK connections.
Number : 3
Proto-Bushman : *xV
Meaning : interrogative particle
Proto-!Wi : *xa
Bushman > !Wi : Bushman > !Wi
ǂHoan : *xe
Bushman > ǂHoan : Bushman > ǂHoan
Number : 4
Proto-Bushman : *ǀǀ1hɛ[i]
Meaning : many
Khoisan etymology : Khoisan etymology
Proto-Ju : *ǂʰi
Bushman > Ju : Bushman > Ju
Proto-Taa : *ǀǀá-
Bushman > Taa : Bushman > Taa
Proto-!Wi : *ǀǀa
Bushman > !Wi : Bushman > !Wi
ǂHoan : *ǂhi
Bushman > ǂHoan : Bushman > ǂHoan
Number : 5
Proto-Bushman : *to̰
Meaning : ashes
Khoisan etymology : Khoisan etymology
Proto-Ju : *toˤ
Bushman > Ju : Bushman > Ju
Notes : A good NK root with external parallels.
Number : 6
Proto-Bushman : *ɡǂoa
Meaning : ashes
Khoisan etymology : Khoisan etymology
Proto-Ju : *ɡǀǀoa
Bushman > Ju : Bushman > Ju
Proto-Taa : *ɡǂòa
Bushman > Taa : Bushman > Taa
ǂHoan : *ɡǂoʔa (?)
Bushman > ǂHoan : Bushman > ǂHoan
Notes : Inclusion of the ǂHoan parallel is dubious because of semantics and an unclear glottal stop. Note that at least some forms may have been borrowed from Central Khoisan (Zhuǀ'hoan ɡǂoah "soap" is most certainly one of these).
Number : 7
Proto-Bushman : *!qui
Meaning : to be burnt, ashes
Proto-Taa : *!ʔui
Bushman > Taa : Bushman > Taa
Proto-!Wi : *!qui
Bushman > !Wi : Bushman > !Wi
Notes : A SK isogloss.
Number : 8
Proto-Bushman : *ǀǀqʔɔ-
Meaning : dirt; ashes
Proto-Taa : *ǀǀqʔâńa
Bushman > Taa : Bushman > Taa
Proto-!Wi : *!hana (?)
Bushman > !Wi : Bushman > !Wi
ǂHoan : *ǀǀqʔoʔbu (?)
Bushman > ǂHoan : Bushman > ǂHoan
Notes : The ǂHoan form is perfectly comparable with the Taa form if we assume *-ńa and *-bu to be suffixes. The comparison with ǀAuni !hana is not very firm since there are no other occasions of the lateral click transcribed as the alveolar one in that language, but it is the best etymology so far in any case.
Number : 9
Proto-Bushman : *ɳǀǀGṵʔurV
Meaning : bark (of tree); to peel
Proto-Ju : *ɳǀǀoˤʔorV
Bushman > Ju : Bushman > Ju
Proto-Taa : *ɡǀǀqṵ̀rV
Bushman > Taa : Bushman > Taa
Number : 10
Proto-Bushman : *ɳǀo (?)
Meaning : skin
Proto-Ju : *ɳǀo
Bushman > Ju : Bushman > Ju
Notes : An isolated NK form.
Number : 11
Proto-Bushman : *gu
Meaning : bark
Khoisan etymology : Khoisan etymology
Proto-Taa : *gú
Bushman > Taa : Bushman > Taa
Proto-!Wi : *go (*ɡ!-)
Bushman > !Wi : Bushman > !Wi
Notes : The ǀǀNg form is dubious, but cases of "superfluous" click transcription in Bleek's dictionary are quite frequent.
Number : 12
Proto-Bushman : *ǀǀkxɔ̃
Meaning : bark; grass (?)
Khoisan etymology : Khoisan etymology
Proto-Taa : *ǀǀkxã̂
Bushman > Taa : Bushman > Taa
Proto-!Wi : *ǀǀkxũ
Bushman > !Wi : Bushman > !Wi
Notes : The comparison is possible, but it is not excluded that both !Wi forms are actually borrowed from Khoekhoe.
Number : 13
Proto-Bushman : 1oh ~ *ɡǀ1oh
Meaning : belly, stomach
Khoisan etymology : Khoisan etymology
Proto-Ju : *ɡ!u
Bushman > Ju : Bushman > Ju
Proto-Taa : *ǀōh
Bushman > Taa : Bushman > Taa
Proto-!Wi : *ǀo
Bushman > !Wi : Bushman > !Wi
ǂHoan : *!o
Bushman > ǂHoan : Bushman > ǂHoan
Number : 14
Proto-Bushman : *!hu-
Meaning : lower part of belly
Proto-Taa : *!hūma
Bushman > Taa : Bushman > Taa
Proto-!Wi : *!au-tu
Bushman > !Wi : Bushman > !Wi
Notes : A SK isogloss.
Number : 15
Proto-Bushman : 1Ga̰[-bV]
Meaning : part of stomach
Proto-Taa : *ɡǂqā̰
Bushman > Taa : Bushman > Taa
ǂHoan : *ǀa̰be
Bushman > ǂHoan : Bushman > ǂHoan
Notes : The exact nature of the ǂHoan efflux is unclear, since the word is only attested in Traill 1973 (could actually be -G-).
Number : 16
Proto-Bushman : *ɳ!̯ahʔ-
Meaning : big; to grow
Khoisan etymology : Khoisan etymology
Proto-Ju : *ɳ!̯aʔa
Bushman > Ju : Bushman > Ju
Proto-Taa : *ʔ!nāhʔni
Bushman > Taa : Bushman > Taa
Proto-!Wi : *ɳ!ai
Bushman > !Wi : Bushman > !Wi
Notes : Used with various extensions in SK (*ɳ!̯ahʔ-ni, *ɳ!̯ahʔ-i).
Number : 17
Proto-Bushman : *!hu (?)
Meaning : big
Proto-!Wi : *!hu
Bushman > !Wi : Bushman > !Wi
Notes : Not encountered outside !Wi.
Number : 18
Proto-Bushman : *ɡǂa-
Meaning : big, tall
Proto-Ju : ɡǂãʔĩ
Bushman > Ju : Bushman > Ju
Proto-Taa : *ɡǂàm
Bushman > Taa : Bushman > Taa
Proto-!Wi : *ɡ!o (?)
Bushman > !Wi : Bushman > !Wi
ǂHoan : *ɡǂao (?)
Bushman > ǂHoan : Bushman > ǂHoan
Number : 19
Proto-Bushman : *ǀʔa (?)
Meaning : big, long, tall
Proto-!Wi : *ǀʔa
Bushman > !Wi : Bushman > !Wi
Notes : An isolated !Wi root.
Number : 20
Proto-Bushman : *!xa-
Meaning : big; chief
Proto-Ju : √!ae (?)
Bushman > Ju : Bushman > Ju
Proto-Taa : *!xa
Bushman > Taa : Bushman > Taa
Proto-!Wi : *!x[o]a
Bushman > !Wi : Bushman > !Wi
ǂHoan : *!xae
Bushman > ǂHoan : Bushman > ǂHoan
Notes : Irregular -0- in PNK; cf, however, *ǀxom "tattoo" with the same correspondence.
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Total of 970 records 49 pages

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