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\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *job-lač (*jabu-lač)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fine goat's hair
Russian meaning: тонкая козья шерсть
Karakhanid: jovlač (MK)
Comments: EDT 870.
Proto-Turkic: *jod-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to destroy
Russian meaning: уничтожать, разрушать
Old Turkic: jod- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: joδ- (MK)
Tatar: ǯuj-
Middle Turkic: joj- (Houts.), juj- (AH)
Turkmen: joj-
Shor: čos-
Yakut: sot- 'to wipe out'
Dolgan: hot- 'to wipe out'
Tuva: čot-
Kirghiz: ǯoj-
Kazakh: žoj-
Noghai: joj-
Bashkir: juj-
Karaim: ǯoj-
Karakalpak: žoj-
Kumyk: joj-
Comments: EDT 885, VEWT 204, ЭСТЯ 4, 210, Stachowski 109.
Proto-Turkic: *jogan
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: thick
Russian meaning: толстый
Old Turkic: joɣan (Orkh.), joɣun (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: joɣun (MK)
Turkish: joɣun
Tatar: juvan
Middle Turkic: joɣan (MA)
Uzbek: jọɣɔn
Uighur: joɣan 'big'
Sary-Yughur: joɣɨn, joɣun
Azerbaidzhan: joɣun
Turkmen: joɣɨ̄n
Khakassian: čōn
Shor: čōn
Oyrat: jōn, d́ōn
Halaj: joɣun
Yakut: suon
Tuva: čōn
Tofalar: ńōn
Kirghiz: ǯōn
Noghai: juvan
Bashkir: jɨwan
Karakalpak: žuwan
Comments: VEWT 205, EDT 904, ЭСТЯ 4, 208-209.
Proto-Turkic: *jogdu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hair in camel's beard
Russian meaning: волосы под подбородком у верблюда, льва и т.д.
Karakhanid: joɣdu, joɣru(j) (MK), ǯoɣdu (Oghuz., Kypch. MK)
Khakassian: čoɣdɨr
Shor: joɣdra 'tassel' (Верб.)
Tuva: čoɣdur
Kirghiz: ǯoɣdor
Comments: EDT 899, ДТС 270, Clark 1977, 165. Turk. > WMong. ǯoɣdur id.
Proto-Turkic: *jo(g)ta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 thigh, shank 2 body, stature
Russian meaning: 1 голень 2 туловище, стан
Old Turkic: jota (OUygh.) 1
Uzbek: žɔta (dial.) 2
Uighur: jota 1
Sary-Yughur: jota, javta, jovta 1
Khakassian: čoda 1
Shor: čoda 1
Oyrat: jodo, d́odo 1
Yakut: soto 1
Tuva: čoda 1
Kirghiz: ǯota 1
Kazakh: žota 1
Karakalpak: žota 2
Comments: VEWT 207, ЭСТЯ 4, 29-30, Лексика 282-283.
Proto-Turkic: *jogurgan
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: blanket
Russian meaning: одеяло
Old Turkic: joɣurqan (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: joɣurqan (MK)
Turkish: jorɣan
Tatar: jurɣan
Middle Turkic: jorɣan (Ettuhf.), jurɣan (Houts.), jawurqan (MA)
Uighur: jo(r)tqan
Azerbaidzhan: jorɣan
Turkmen: jorɣan
Khakassian: čorɣan
Oyrat: d́ūrqan
Halaj: jorɣān
Yakut: suorɣan
Dolgan: huorgan, suorgan
Tuva: čōrɣan
Kirghiz: ǯūrqan
Noghai: jurqan, juwɨrqan
Bashkir: jurɣan
Balkar: ǯuwurɣan, ǯūrɣan, žuwurɣan, zuwurɣan
Gagauz: jorɣan
Karaim: jorɣan
Salar: jorɣan
Kumyk: jowurɣan
Comments: EDT 907, VEWT 205, ЭСТЯ 4, 225-226, Stachowski 112.
Proto-Turkic: *jog-urt
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: curdled, coagulated milk
Russian meaning: кислое, свернувшееся молоко
Old Turkic: joɣrot, jurɣut, juɣrut (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: juɣrut, joɣurt (MK)
Turkish: joɣurt, jourt
Middle Turkic: jaɣurt (Houts., AH)
Uzbek: ǯurɣɔt (dial.)
Sary-Yughur: joɣurt, juɣurt
Azerbaidzhan: joɣurt
Turkmen: joɣurt
Yakut: suorat
Kirghiz: ǯūrat
Noghai: juwɨrt
Balkar: ǯuwurt, žuwurt, zuwurt
Gagauz: jūrt
Kumyk: juwurt
Comments: EDT 905, ЭСТЯ 4, 207-208. For semantic reasons derivation from *jogur- 'to knead' (TMN 4, 173) seems hardly plausible.
Proto-Turkic: *jok-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 up, above 2 hill, elevation
Russian meaning: 1 вверх, наверх 2 возвышенность, подъем
Old Turkic: joqaru 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: joqaru 1, joq 2 (MK)
Turkish: jukarɨ 1, jokuš 2
Tatar: juɣarɨ 1
Middle Turkic: joqaru (AH), juqar (Pav. C.) 1, joquš (AH, Ettuhf.)
Uzbek: juqɔri 1
Uighur: juqari 1
Azerbaidzhan: juxarɨ, dial. uxarɨ 1, joxuš 2
Turkmen: joqarɨ 1
Khakassian: čoɣar 1
Halaj: juqqar 1
Yakut: soɣoru, soɣurū 'South; centre'
Dolgan: sogurū 'South'
Kirghiz: ǯoɣor(u) 1
Kazakh: žoɣarɨ 1
Bashkir: juɣarɨ 1
Balkar: oɣarɨ 1
Gagauz: juqar(ɨ) 1
Karaim: joɣarɨ 1, joquš, joqɨš 2
Karakalpak: žoqarɨ 1
Comments: EDT 896, 906, ЭСТЯ 4, 213-214, 215, Stachowski 211.
Proto-Turkic: *jol-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to tear out, pick out, pluck
Russian meaning: срывать, вырывать, выщипывать
Old Turkic: jol- ~ jul- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jol- ~ jul- (MK)
Turkish: jol-, julɨ-
Middle Turkic: jul- (R.), julɨ- (Houts.)
Uzbek: jul-
Uighur: jul-, žul-
Sary-Yughur: jul-
Azerbaidzhan: jol-
Turkmen: jol-
Khakassian: čul-
Shor: čul-
Oyrat: jul-, d́ul-
Halaj: jilu-
Chuvash: śъʷl-
Yakut: suluj-
Tuva: čul-
Kirghiz: ǯul-
Kazakh: žul-
Bashkir: jolo-
Balkar: žul-
Gagauz: jol-
Karaim: jul-, julu-
Karakalpak: žul-
Comments: EDT 918, ЭСТЯ 4, 216; often confused with *jül- 'shave' (v. sub *zŭli). Turk. forms like *julk- (VEWT 210) may be borrowed from Mong.
Proto-Turkic: *joĺa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: red clay
Russian meaning: красная глина
Turkish: joša (SDD)
Middle Turkic: juša (MA)
Oyrat: jožo
Yakut: soho
Kirghiz: ǯošo
Comments: VEWT 128, ЭСТЯ 4, 31. Turk. > MMong. (MA) ǯuša, WMong. ǯosa 'red clay, red earth' (rather than vice versa, despite VEWT 128 - although forms with -s- like Kaz., KKalp. žosa are reborrowed from Mong.).
Proto-Turkic: *jolbars
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: panther, leopard, tiger
Russian meaning: пантера, леопард, тигр
Old Turkic: jolbars (OUygh.: Suv.)
Tatar: julbarɨs
Middle Turkic: jolbars (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: jọlbars
Uighur: jolbars
Turkmen: jolbars
Kirghiz: ǯolbars
Kazakh: žolbarɨs
Noghai: jolbarɨs
Bashkir: julbarɨɵ
Karakalpak: žolbarɨs
Comments: ЭСТЯ 4, 219, Лексика 157. The Turkic form is analysed as 'road panther' which is most probably a folk etymology (under the influence of the borrowed bars 'panther'): even if one takes jol with a secondary late attested meaning 'line, stripe', shortness of -o- in Turkm. contradicts the etymology (*jōl 'road' has a long vowel).
Proto-Turkic: *jom-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 big number, quantity, all 2 to come together, assemble
Russian meaning: 1 большое число, количество, все 2 собирать(ся)
Old Turkic: jomɣɨ (OUygh.) 1
Karakhanid: jomɣɨ (MK) 1, jomɨt- (MK) 2
Turkish: jumuš- 2 (dial.)
Middle Turkic: jomut- 2 (Houts.)
Sary-Yughur: jumɨt-, jumut- 2
Karaim: jom-, jomul-, jumul- 2
Comments: EDT 935, ЭСТЯ 4, 219-220.
Proto-Turkic: *jom (?/*joŋ)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 turf 2 weed
Russian meaning: 1 торф 2 сорняк
Oyrat: joŋ 1
Chuvash: śom 2
Comments: VEWT 206, Федотов 2, 135. Cf. also *jom-suk, *jom-sul 'weed, moss' (ЭСТЯ 4, 231, with a variety of dialectal reflexes: Tur. josun, jomsuk, Chag. josun, Kum. jansaw etc.). Turk. > Hung. gyom 'weed', see MNyTESz 1, 1132.
Proto-Turkic: *jom, *jom(ŋ)ak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 tale, legend 2 luck, omen 3 word 4 riddle
Russian meaning: 1 рассказ, притча 2 счастье, доброе предзнаменование 3 слово 4 загадка
Turkish: jom 2 (dial.)
Tatar: ǯomaq 4
Middle Turkic: jumaq 1 (Ettuhf.), jom 2 (AH)
Uzbek: ǯumbɔq 4
Sary-Yughur: lomaq 1
Turkmen: jomaq 'joke'
Khakassian: nɨmax 1, čōx 3
Shor: nɨbaq 1
Yakut: nomoq 1 (possibly < Mong.)
Kirghiz: ǯomoq 1
Kazakh: žumbaq 4
Noghai: jumaq 4
Bashkir: jomaq 4
Balkar: ǯomaq, zomaq 4
Karaim: jomaq 1
Karakalpak: žŭmbaq 4
Kumyk: jomaq 1
Comments: ЭСТЯ 4, 220-221, VEWT 206,119 (one root in two different places). Despite late attestation the root is no doubt archaic (it must have originally pertained to a shamanistic ritual).
Proto-Turkic: *jon-ɨrčka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: clover
Russian meaning: клевер
Old Turkic: jorunčɣa (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jorɨnčɣa (MK)
Turkish: jonǯa
Tatar: jonča
Middle Turkic: jonǯa (AH), jönča (Houts.), joŋɨčqa, jorunčqa (R.)
Uzbek: ǯumrušqa
Azerbaidzhan: jonǯa
Turkmen: jorunǯa
Halaj: jovunǯä
Kirghiz: ǯoŋɣučqa
Kazakh: žoŋɨ(rɨ)šqa
Bashkir: jonsa
Gagauz: jonǯa
Karakalpak: joŋɨšqa
Kumyk: jonɣurčqa
Comments: VEWT 207, TMN 4, 228-229, EDT 971, ЭСТЯ 4, 227-228, Лексика 126-127.
Proto-Turkic: *joŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 accusation 2 to accuse
Russian meaning: 1 обвинение 2 обвинять
Old Turkic: joŋa- (OUygh.) 2, joŋšur- (Orkh.) 'to embroil'
Karakhanid: joŋa- (MK) 2
Turkmen: joŋ 'indisposition'
Khakassian: čoŋ
Oyrat: joŋ 1
Yakut: soŋ 'enforcement'
Comments: EDT 944, VEWT 206, ЭСТЯ 4, 223.
Proto-Turkic: *jor-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to explain, interpret (a dream)
Russian meaning: толковать (сон)
Karakhanid: jor- (MK, KB)
Turkish: jor-, jora-
Tatar: jura-
Middle Turkic: jor- (AH, Pav. C.)
Uighur: ǯoru-
Turkmen: jor-
Kirghiz: ǯoro-, ǯoru-
Kazakh: žor-
Noghai: jorɨ-
Bashkir: jura-
Karaim: jor-, jora-
Karakalpak: žorɨ-
Comments: EDT 955, VEWT 208, ЭСТЯ 4, 223-224. Turk. > Mong. jor- (Щербак 1997, 125). The root should be distinguished from *jȫr- 'to untie, release' (Yak. süör-, OT jör-) - the latter is different both phonetically and semantically, although it can, through contamination, also attain the meaning 'to interpret' (thus in MK and OUygh.).
Proto-Turkic: *jor-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to tire, tired
Russian meaning: уставать, усталый
Turkish: jor-, jorul-, jorɣun
Middle Turkic: jorul- (Ettuhf., AH), jorɣun (Pav. C.)
Azerbaidzhan: jor-, jorul-, jorɣun
Turkmen: jor-, jorɣun
Gagauz: jorul-, jorɣun
Karaim: jorul-, jorɣun
Kumyk: jorul-
Comments: VEWT 207, ЭСТЯ 4, 223.
Proto-Turkic: *jorɨ- / *jüri-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to walk
Russian meaning: ходить
Old Turkic: jorɨ- (Orkh., OUygh.), jüri- (Orkh.)
Karakhanid: jor(ɨ)- (MK, KB), jüri- ~ jöri- (KB)
Turkish: jürü-
Tatar: jörü-, jör-
Middle Turkic: jüri- ~ jöri- (MA), jürü- (AH, Ettuhf.)
Uzbek: jur-
Uighur: žür- (jür-), jörü-
Sary-Yughur: jor-, ǯor-, jör-, jür-
Azerbaidzhan: jeri-, jürü-
Turkmen: jör(e)-
Khakassian: čör-
Shor: čör-
Oyrat: d́or-
Chuvash: śüre-
Yakut: sɨrɨt-
Dolgan: hɨrɨt-
Tuva: čor(u)-
Tofalar: čoru-
Kirghiz: ǯür(ü)-
Kazakh: žür-
Noghai: jür(ü)-
Bashkir: jörö-
Balkar: žür(ü)-
Gagauz: jörü-
Karaim: juru-, jürü-
Karakalpak: žür-
Salar: jür-
Kumyk: juru-, jürü-
Comments: VEWT 207, 213, EDT 957-8, ЭСТЯ 4, 229-231, TMN 4, 217-218, Stachowski 120. Clauson regards both forms together, but notes that jorɨ- is attested earlier than jür(i)-.
Proto-Turkic: *jorukan
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 badger 2 suslik
Russian meaning: 1 барсук 2 суслик
Khakassian: čoraxa (R)
Oyrat: joroqon (R)
Comments: VEWT 207. Turk. > WMong. ǯoruɣan, ǯoruqan, Kalm. zorɣǝn, zorxǝn (KW 476).
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