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\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *jɨĺ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to rub, polish
Russian meaning: тереть, полировать
Tatar: jɨš- (Sib.)
Khakassian: čɨs-
Oyrat: jɨš-
Comments: VEWT 202, ЭСТЯ 1, 667.
Proto-Turkic: *jɨĺ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 mountain forest, thicket 2 spine
Russian meaning: 1 горный лес, чаща 2 хребет
Old Turkic: jɨš 1 (Orkh.)
Karakhanid: jɨš 'high ground' (MK)
Tatar: jɨš 1
Khakassian: čɨs 1
Oyrat: d́ɨš 1
Yakut: sis 1, 2
Dolgan: his 1, 2
Kirghiz: ǯɨš 1
Bashkir: jɨš 1
Karakalpak: žɨs 1
Comments: EDT 976, VEWT 202, ЭСТЯ 4, 44, Лексика 94-95, Stachowski 105.
Proto-Turkic: *jɨldɨŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: root
Russian meaning: корень
Old Turkic: jɨltɨz (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jɨldɨz (MK)
Middle Turkic: iltɨz (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: ildiz
Uighur: iltiz
Sary-Yughur: jɨldɨs
Khakassian: čilege (?)
Yakut: silis
Comments: VEWT 201, EDT 922, ЭСТЯ 1, 350, Лексика 109.
Proto-Turkic: *jɨlgun
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tamarisk
Russian meaning: тамариск
Karakhanid: jɨlɣun (MK)
Turkish: ɨlɣɨn
Middle Turkic: jɨlɣɨn (Houts.), julɣun (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: julɣun
Uighur: žulɣun
Sary-Yughur: julɣum, jolɣam
Azerbaidzhan: julɣun
Turkmen: jɨlɣun, jɨlɣɨn
Kirghiz: ǯɨlɣɨn, ǯɨlɣam
Kazakh: žɨŋɣɨl
Karakalpak: žɨŋɣɨl
Comments: VEWT 165, 200, EDT 926, ЭСТЯ 4, 277-278, Лексика 134. Kaz. > Russ. dial. džengil', see Аникин 183-184.
Proto-Turkic: *jɨlɨ-g
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: warm
Russian meaning: теплый
Old Turkic: jɨlɨɣ (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jɨlɨɣ, ɨlɨɣ (MK)
Turkish: ɨlɨk
Tatar: ǯɨlɨ
Middle Turkic: ɨlɨq, jɨlɨq (Abush., Бор. Бад.)
Uzbek: iliq
Uighur: ilman
Sary-Yughur: ilɨɣ
Azerbaidzhan: ilɨG 'warmish'
Turkmen: jɨlɨ
Khakassian: čɨlɨɣ
Shor: čɨlɨ- (v.)
Oyrat: d́ɨlu
Yakut: sɨlās
Dolgan: hɨlās
Tuva: čɨlɨɣ
Tofalar: čɨlɨɣ
Kirghiz: ǯɨluu
Kazakh: žɨlɨ
Noghai: jɨlɨ
Bashkir: jɨlɨ
Balkar: žɨlɨ
Gagauz: ɨlɨ
Karaim: jɨlɨ
Karakalpak: žɨllɨ
Salar: jili
Kumyk: jɨlɨ
Comments: Derived from *jɨlɨ- 'to be warm'. See VEWT 200, EDT 919, 925, ЭСТЯ 4, 275-276, Лексика 21, Stachowski 118.
Proto-Turkic: *jɨlɨm
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: net
Russian meaning: сеть
Tatar: ǯɨlɨm
Middle Turkic: ilim (CCum.)
Uzbek: jɨlɨm (dial.)
Turkmen: jɨlɨm
Chuvash: śilǝm
Yakut: ilim
Dolgan: ilim
Kirghiz: ǯɨlɨm
Kazakh: žɨlɨm
Noghai: jɨlɨm
Bashkir: jɨlɨm
Karakalpak: žɨlɨm
Kumyk: jɨlɨm
Comments: VEWT 200, ЭСТЯ 4, 282-283, Stachowski 125. Turk. > Hung. gyalom, see Gombocz 1912.
Proto-Turkic: *j[ɨ]l-ɨnčga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tasteless food
Russian meaning: пресная пища
Karakhanid: jɨlɨnčɣa (MK)
Comments: EDT 931.
Proto-Turkic: *jɨlkɨ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: age; aged (grown-up) animal
Russian meaning: возраст; взрослое животное
Old Turkic: jɨlqɨ (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jɨlqɨ (MK)
Tatar: jɨlqɨ
Middle Turkic: jɨlqɨ (AH, Ettuhf.), ɨlqɨ (Бор. Бад., Abush.)
Uzbek: jilqi
Uighur: ǯi(l)qa, žilqi
Azerbaidzhan: ilxɨ, ɨlxɨ (dial.)
Turkmen: jɨlqɨ
Khakassian: čɨlɣɨ
Shor: čɨlɣɨ
Oyrat: d́ɨlqɨ
Yakut: sɨlɣɨ
Tuva: čɨlɣɨ
Kirghiz: ǯɨlqɨ
Kazakh: žɨlqɨ
Noghai: jɨlqɨ
Bashkir: jɨlqɨ
Balkar: ǯɨlqɨ, zɨlqɨ
Karaim: jɨlqɨ
Karakalpak: žɨlqɨ
Kumyk: jɨlqɨ, jilqɨ
Comments: EDT 925-926, ЭСТЯ 4, 281-282, Лексика 444.
Proto-Turkic: *jɨmga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wild mountain she-goat
Russian meaning: дикая горная коза
Old Turkic: ɨmɣa (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ɨmɣa, jɨmɣa (KB), ɨmɣa (IM)
Turkish: Old Osm. ime, ɨma 'goat', dial. 'deer with straight horns'
Middle Turkic: ɨmɣa (Sangl.)
Turkmen: umGa
Oyrat: d́umɣa
Tuva: čuŋma
Comments: VEWT 165, EDT 158, Лексика 154-155. Yak. ɨmaga (because of medial -g-) is most probably < Evk.
Proto-Turkic: *jɨm-ĺča-k
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: soft, mild
Russian meaning: мягкий
Old Turkic: jɨmšaq (Orkh.), jumšaq (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jumšaq (MK)
Turkish: jumšak
Tatar: jomšaq
Middle Turkic: jumšaq (AH, Ettuhf., Бор. Бад.)
Uzbek: jumšɔq
Uighur: jumšaq
Sary-Yughur: jumsaq
Azerbaidzhan: jumšaG
Turkmen: jumšaq
Khakassian: čɨmǯax, nɨmzax
Shor: čɨmža-
Oyrat: jɨmžaq, d́ɨmžaq
Chuvash: śemźe
Yakut: sɨmna-ɣas
Dolgan: hɨmna-gas
Tuva: čɨmčaq
Tofalar: čɨmǯa- 'to become soft'
Kirghiz: ǯumšaq
Kazakh: žumsaq
Bashkir: jomšaq
Balkar: ǯumšaq, žumušaq
Gagauz: jɨmɨšaq
Karaim: jɨmšaq, jɨmšax
Kumyk: jɨmɨšaq
Comments: EDT 938, VEWT 201, ЭСТЯ 4, 252-253, Stachowski 118. The deriving stem *jɨm-ĺča- 'to be soft' is also present in most of the above languages.
Proto-Turkic: *jɨmurt
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bird-cherry
Russian meaning: черемуха
Karakhanid: jumušɣa 'medlar' (MK)
Turkish: jumurt (dial.)
Uzbek: šumurt
Azerbaidzhan: ǯumurt 'крушина'
Khakassian: nɨmɨrt
Shor: nɨbɨrt
Oyrat: jɨmɨrt, d́ɨmɨrɨt
Chuvash: śǝʷmǝʷrt
Comments: EDT 881, VEWT 211, ЭСТЯ 4, 283, Егоров 211, Лексика 136. Not quite clear is the relation of OT jemšen 'a k. of wild fruit, berry' (EDT 939).
Proto-Turkic: *jɨŋak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: side, direction
Russian meaning: сторона, направление
Old Turkic: jɨŋaq (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jɨŋaq (MK)
Comments: VEWT 201, EDT 949. As suggested by Clauson, merged with jaŋak in later Turkic.
Proto-Turkic: *jɨp / *jip
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: thread
Russian meaning: нитка
Old Turkic: jɨp (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jɨp (MK)
Turkish: ip
Tatar: ǯep
Middle Turkic: jip (AH, Ettuhf.), ip (Pav. C., AH)
Uighur: jip
Sary-Yughur: jip, jep
Azerbaidzhan: ip
Turkmen: jüp
Khakassian: čǝp
Shor: čip
Oyrat: jip, d́ip
Halaj: jip
Chuvash: śip
Yakut: sip 'hook on a fishing rod', sippe 'thread'
Kirghiz: ǯip
Kazakh: žip
Bashkir: jep
Balkar: ǯib, zip
Gagauz: jip
Karaim: jip
Karakalpak: žip
Salar: jip
Kumyk: jip
Comments: EDT 870, VEWT 204, ЭСТЯ 4, 268-269. Cf. also the derivative *jipek id. (ЭСТЯ 4, 269-270).
Proto-Turkic: *jɨpar
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: smell, perfume, musk
Russian meaning: запах, аромат, мускус
Old Turkic: jɨpar (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jɨpar (MK)
Turkish: jɨpar (dial.)
Tatar: jifar, ǯufar
Middle Turkic: jɨpar (Houts.), ipar (AH), jɨbar (Pav. C.)
Yakut: sɨbar
Kirghiz: ǯɨpar
Kazakh: župar
Bashkir: jofar
Karakalpak: župar
Salar: ju'ar, juχar
Comments: EDT 878-879, VEWT 201, ЭСТЯ 4, 284.
Proto-Turkic: *jɨr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: song
Russian meaning: песня
Karakhanid: jɨr (MK)
Turkish: jɨr
Tatar: ǯɨr
Middle Turkic: jɨr (R.)
Uzbek: ǯir
Sary-Yughur: jɨr, jer
Azerbaidzhan: jɨr (dial.)
Turkmen: jɨr (dial.)
Kirghiz: ǯɨr
Kazakh: žɨr
Noghai: jɨr
Bashkir: jɨr
Balkar: zɨr, ǯɨr, žɨr
Karaim: jɨr, ir
Karakalpak: žɨr
Salar: jür
Kumyk: jɨr
Comments: EDT 192, VEWT 201, ЭСТЯ 4, 285, TMN 4, 233. The root should be distinguished from *ɨr (v. sub *íru), although actively contaminating.
Proto-Turkic: *jɨr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: left, North
Russian meaning: левый, Север
Old Turkic: jɨr-ɣaru (Orkh.), ir-, jir- (OUygh.)
Comments: VEWT 201, EDT 954, 959, 973.
Proto-Turkic: *jɨ̄g-(la-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to weep, cry
Russian meaning: плакать
Old Turkic: ɨɣ-la- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ɨɣla-, jɨɣla- (MK), jɨɣla- (KB)
Tatar: jɨla-
Middle Turkic: jɨɣla- (Sangl.)
Uighur: aɣla-
Sary-Yughur: jiɣla-
Turkmen: āɣ-la-
Khakassian: ɨ̄
Shor: ɨlɣa-
Oyrat: ɨjla-
Kazakh: žɨla-
Balkar: zɨla-
Karakalpak: žɨla-
Kumyk: jila-
Comments: VEWT 8, ЭСТЯ 1, 79-81.
Proto-Turkic: *jɨ̄l-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to creep 2 snake
Russian meaning: 1 ползать 2 змея
Old Turkic: jɨlan 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jɨlan (MK) 2
Turkish: jɨlan 2
Tatar: jɨl- 1, jɨlan 2
Middle Turkic: jɨl- 1 (Vam.), jɨlan 2 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: ǯil- 1, ilɔn 2
Uighur: ilan 2
Sary-Yughur: jilan 2
Azerbaidzhan: ilan 2
Turkmen: jɨlān 2
Khakassian: čɨl- 1, čɨlan 2
Shor: čɨlan 2
Oyrat: d́ɨl- 1
Chuvash: śǝʷlen 2
Yakut: sɨ̄l- 1
Tuva: čɨl- 1, čɨlan 2, dial. čulan
Tofalar: čɨl- 1, čulan 2
Kirghiz: ǯɨl- 1, ǯɨlan 2
Kazakh: žɨlan 2
Noghai: jɨlan 2
Bashkir: jɨlan 2
Balkar: žɨlan 2
Gagauz: jɨlan 2
Karaim: jɨlan 2
Karakalpak: žɨlan 2
Salar: jilɨn 2
Kumyk: jɨlan 2
Comments: VEWT 200, EDT 930-1, ЭСТЯ 4, 40-41, 277, Лексика 180. Turk. > MMong. (MA) jilan (see Щербак 1997, 164). Mong. ǯilu-, ǯulu- 'roll away, move away' may be related or borrowed < Turk.
Proto-Turkic: *jɨ̄n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: skin, body
Russian meaning: кожа, тело
Old Turkic: jɨn (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jɨn (MK)
Yakut: sīn
Comments: VEWT 203, EDT 941, Лексика 266-267.
Proto-Turkic: *job-
Meaning: 1 to overwhelm with kindness 2 collective work
Russian meaning: 1 проявить доброту 2 по́мочь
Karakhanid: jov-, jovsa- 1, jövtür- (caus.) (MK)
Turkish: jōrum 'воспитание'
Turkmen: jovar 2
Oyrat: ? d'ȫžo 'имущество'
Yakut: soboloŋ 'payment for work'
Comments: EDT 871, 873, 880
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-krg,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-hak,turcet-jak,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-kaz,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-jak,turcet-reference,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-reference,
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