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\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *jigi / *jɨgɨ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: thick, dense
Russian meaning: густой, плотный
Old Turkic: jigi (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jigi (MK)
Turkish: jɨɣɨ
Turkmen: jɨɣɨ
Oyrat: jik
Tuva: čɨ'q
Kazakh: žiji
Noghai: jɨjɨ
Karakalpak: žiji
Comments: EDT 911, VEWT 202, ЭСТЯ 4, 272.
Proto-Turkic: *(j)igne
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: needle
Russian meaning: игла
Old Turkic: jiŋne (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jigne (MK)
Turkish: ijne
Tatar: inä
Middle Turkic: igne (Бор. Бад., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: ignä
Uighur: ignä, jiŋnä, jignä
Sary-Yughur: jiŋne
Azerbaidzhan: ijnä
Turkmen: igne, iŋne
Khakassian: iŋe
Shor: ingä
Oyrat: ijne
Halaj: īnä ( < Az.)
Yakut: inne, ińe
Dolgan: iŋne, ińe, inne
Tuva: ine
Kirghiz: ijne
Kazakh: ĭjna
Noghai: ijne
Bashkir: ĭnä
Balkar: ijne
Gagauz: īnä
Karaim: ijne
Karakalpak: ijne
Kumyk: ine
Comments: EDT 110, VEWT 169, ЭСТЯ 1, 367-369, Лексика 106.
Proto-Turkic: *jigren- ( ~ -e-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to hate, abhor
Russian meaning: испытывать отвращение
Karakhanid: jigren- (MK)
Turkish: ijren-
Tatar: ǯirɛn-
Middle Turkic: jigren- (Ettuhf., AH)
Uzbek: jirgän-, ǯirgen-
Azerbaidzhan: ijrän-
Turkmen: jigren-
Yakut: sirgen-
Kirghiz: ǯerin-, ǯiren-, ǯijirken-
Kazakh: žijren-
Noghai: jijren-
Bashkir: jerän-
Gagauz: īren-
Karaim: iren-
Karakalpak: žijren-, žijirken-
Kumyk: ǯirgen-
Comments: EDT 914-915, ЭСТЯ 4, 200-201.
Proto-Turkic: *jilik
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: marrow
Russian meaning: костный мозг
Old Turkic: jilik (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jilik (MK)
Turkish: ilik
Tatar: jelek, ǯelek
Middle Turkic: jilik (AH, Ettuhf.)
Uzbek: ilik
Uighur: jilik
Azerbaidzhan: ilik
Turkmen: jilik
Oyrat: d́ilik
Yakut: silī
Tuva: čilig
Kirghiz: ǯilik
Noghai: jilik
Bashkir: jelek
Balkar: ǯilik
Karaim: ilik
Karakalpak: žilik
Salar: ileh (ССЯ)
Kumyk: jilik
Comments: EDT 927, 928, VEWT 203, TMN 2, 214, ЭСТЯ 4, 265, Лексика 263. Turkm. and Uzb. dialectal jülük 'marrow' may reflect a contamination with *jülük / *juluk 'juice' q. v. sub *dilu.
Proto-Turkic: *jin (/*jɨn)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: faecal masses (content of intestines)
Russian meaning: фекальные массы (содержимое кишок)
Old Turkic: jin (jiŋ) (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jin (MK)
Tatar: ǯen dial.
Sary-Yughur: jin, jiŋ
Khakassian: nǝn
Oyrat: jin, d́in
Tuva: čin
Kirghiz: ǯin
Kazakh: žɨn
Bashkir: jen
Karakalpak: žin
Comments: EDT 941, VEWT 203, ЭСТЯ 4, 27-28, Лексика 148-149.
Proto-Turkic: *(j)inčgek
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: milt, roe
Russian meaning: икра
Tatar: inči, jincɛ (Sib.)
Yakut: iskex
Dolgan: istek
Comments: VEWT 172, 203, Лексика 151, Stachowski 129.
Proto-Turkic: *jint-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to search, seek
Russian meaning: искать
Karakhanid: jind- (MK)
Khakassian: nindi-
Tuva: čindi-
Comments: EDT 946, VEWT 203.
Proto-Turkic: *jiŋč-ge
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: thin
Russian meaning: тонкий
Old Turkic: jinčge (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jinčke (MK)
Turkish: inǯe
Tatar: nečkɛ
Middle Turkic: ičke (Pav. C.), inčge (Бор. Бад.)
Uzbek: ingička
Uighur: inčikä
Sary-Yughur: šige
Azerbaidzhan: inǯä
Turkmen: īnče ( < jinče)
Khakassian: niske
Chuvash: śinźe
Yakut: sińniges
Dolgan: hinńiges
Tuva: čiŋge
Tofalar: ńiŋge
Kirghiz: ičke
Noghai: jiŋiške
Balkar: inčge
Gagauz: inǯä
Karaim: inǯä
Karakalpak: žiŋiške
Salar: läšgi
Comments: VEWT 203, EDT 944-5, ЭСТЯ 1, 364-365, Stachowski 104.
Proto-Turkic: *(j)ip-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: violet-coloured, purple
Russian meaning: фиолетовый, бордовый
Old Turkic: jipin, jipgin
Karakhanid: jipkil (MK)
Chuvash: jǝʷpkǝʷn 'deep-coloured'
Tuva: ökpeŋ
Karaim: ipkin
Comments: EDT 877, 874, Федотов 1, 197.
Proto-Turkic: *jiŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: Artemisia abrotonon
Russian meaning: вид полыни
Old Turkic: jiz ( ~ -e-) (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jiz ( ~ -e-) (MK)
Comments: EDT 982, VEWT 204.
Proto-Turkic: *jit-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be lost
Russian meaning: теряться, пропадать
Old Turkic: jit- (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jit- (MK)
Turkish: jit-
Middle Turkic: jit- (Pav. C., AH, Ettuhf.)
Uzbek: jit-
Uighur: jit-, jüt-
Azerbaidzhan: it-
Turkmen: jit-
Khakassian: čǝt-
Chuvash: śǝt-
Yakut: süt-
Dolgan: hüt-
Tuva: čit-
Kirghiz: ǯit-
Kazakh: žit-
Karaim: jɨt-
Karakalpak: žit-
Comments: EDT 885, VEWT 204, ЭСТЯ 4, 204-205, Stachowski 116.
Proto-Turkic: *jiti
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sharp
Russian meaning: острый
Old Turkic: jiti (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jitig (MK, KB)
Turkish: iti- (v.)
Tatar: ǯete
Middle Turkic: iti (AH, Ettuhf.), itik (Pav. C.), iti- v. (Pav. C.)
Uighur: ištik
Azerbaidzhan: iti
Turkmen: jiti
Khakassian: čǝtǝg
Shor: čidig
Halaj: jitti
Chuvash: śivǯǝ (?)
Yakut: sɨtɨ̄
Dolgan: hɨtɨ̄
Tuva: čidig, čidi- (v.)
Kazakh: žiti
Balkar: žütü
Karaim: jiti, iti
Kumyk: itti
Comments: EDT 889, ЭСТЯ 4, 205-206, Stachowski 121. Cf. also Tur. jat 'weapon', jataɣan 'a k. of sword' (VEWT 192, TMN 4, 52).
Proto-Turkic: *jīk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: seam
Russian meaning: шов
Tatar: ǯek, dial. jek
Khakassian: čǝk
Oyrat: jik, d́ik
Yakut: sīk
Kirghiz: ǯik
Kazakh: žik
Bashkir: jek (dial.)
Balkar: ǯik
Karakalpak: žik
Kumyk: jik
Comments: VEWT 195, 202, ЭСТЯ 4, 197-198, 257-258. The root should be distinguished from *jib q. v. sub *zi̯upi.
Proto-Turkic: *jīr- / *jɨ̄r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to split lengthwise 2 to break, tear
Russian meaning: 1 расщеплять вдоль 2 ломать, разрывать
Karakhanid: je/ir- 1 (MK)
Turkish: jir- 2 (dial.)
Tatar: jɨr- 2
Middle Turkic: (MKypch.) jir- 1 (AH)
Uzbek: jir- 1
Uighur: jir-, ǯir- 1
Turkmen: jir- 1, 2
Khakassian: čǝr- 1
Yakut: sīr- 2
Tuva: čir- 1
Kirghiz: ǯɨr- 2
Kazakh: žɨr- 2
Noghai: jɨr- 2
Bashkir: jɨr- 2
Gagauz: jir- 2
Karakalpak: žɨr- 2
Kumyk: jɨr- 'to dig through'
Comments: VEWT 198, EDT 955, ЭСТЯ 4, 203-204.
Proto-Turkic: *jɨd
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: smell
Russian meaning: запах
Old Turkic: jɨd (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jɨδ (MK)
Turkish: ij
Azerbaidzhan: ij
Khakassian: jɨs
Yakut: sɨt
Dolgan: hɨt
Tuva: čɨt
Karaim: ij
Comments: EDT 883, ЭСТЯ 1, 380-382 (confused with *ɨjs), Stachowski 120.
Proto-Turkic: *jɨdruk / *judruk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fist
Russian meaning: кулак
Old Turkic: jɨdruq (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: juδruq (MK)
Tatar: jodrɨq
Sary-Yughur: uzruq
Turkmen: judruq (dial.)
Khakassian: nuzurux
Shor: nuzruq
Oyrat: d́udruq
Yakut: suturuq
Tuva: čuduruq
Kirghiz: ǯuduruq
Kazakh: žudɨrɨq
Bashkir: joδroq
Karaim: juduruq, judurux
Karakalpak: žudɨrɨq
Comments: EDT 892, Дыбо 182-183, ЭСТЯ 4, 248-249, Лексика 253. Turk. > Kalm. ǯudr-xǝ 'mit der Faust die Haut abziehen, die Haut und das Fleisch zwängen und so abhäuten' (KW 115). Many modern languages reflect (such as Turkm. jumruq etc.) reflect secondary forms *jumruk or *jumduruk - an obvious result of contamination with *jum- 'round'.
Proto-Turkic: *jɨg-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to collect
Russian meaning: собирать
Old Turkic: jɨɣ- (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jɨɣ- (MK)
Turkish: jɨɣ-
Tatar: ǯɨj-
Middle Turkic: jɨɣ- (Pav. C., MA, AH)
Uzbek: jiɣ-
Uighur: jiɣ-
Sary-Yughur: jɨɣ-, jiɣ-, jiq-
Azerbaidzhan: jɨɣ-
Turkmen: jɨɣ-
Khakassian: čɨɣ-
Shor: čɨɣ-
Oyrat: jū-, d́u-
Tuva: čɨɣ-
Kirghiz: ǯɨj-
Kazakh: žɨj-
Noghai: jɨj-
Bashkir: jɨj-
Balkar: žɨj-
Gagauz: jɨv-
Karaim: ǯɨj-
Karakalpak: žɨj-
Salar: jiɣ-
Kumyk: ǯɨj-
Comments: EDT 897, VEWT 200, ЭСТЯ 4, 271-272, 272-273, TMN 4, 183.
Proto-Turkic: *jɨg-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to prevent, obstruct, restrain
Russian meaning: препятствовать, сдерживать
Karakhanid: jɨɣ- (KB, AT, Tefs)
Middle Turkic: jɨɣ- (Abush.)
Uighur: jiɣ-
Comments: VEWT 200, EDT 897.
Proto-Turkic: *jɨk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to crush, grind; overthrow
Russian meaning: разрушать, размалывать; свалить
Old Turkic: jɨq- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jɨq- (MK)
Turkish: jɨk-
Tatar: jɨq-
Middle Turkic: jɨq- (MA, Ettuhf.)
Uzbek: jiq-
Uighur: jiq-
Azerbaidzhan: jɨx-
Turkmen: jɨq-
Khakassian: juq-
Oyrat: jɨq-, d́ɨq-
Halaj: juq-
Chuvash: śъx- (dial.)
Kirghiz: ǯɨq-
Kazakh: žɨq-
Noghai: jɨq-
Bashkir: jɨq-
Gagauz: jɨq-
Karaim: jɨq-, jɨx-
Karakalpak: žɨq-
Kumyk: jɨq-, jix-
Comments: VEWT 200, EDT 897, ЭСТЯ 4, 273-274.
Proto-Turkic: *jɨl
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: year
Russian meaning: год
Old Turkic: jɨl (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jɨl (MK)
Turkish: jɨl
Tatar: jɨl
Middle Turkic: jɨl (MA), il (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: jil
Uighur: jil
Sary-Yughur: jil
Azerbaidzhan: il
Turkmen: jɨl
Khakassian: čil
Shor: čɨl
Oyrat: d́ɨl
Yakut: sɨl
Dolgan: hɨl
Tuva: čɨl
Tofalar: čɨl
Kirghiz: ǯɨl
Kazakh: žɨl
Noghai: jɨl
Bashkir: jɨl
Balkar: žɨl
Gagauz: jɨl
Karaim: jɨl
Karakalpak: žɨl
Salar: jel
Kumyk: jɨl
Comments: VEWT 200, EDT 917, ЭСТЯ 4, 275, Лексика 70-71, Stachowski 118.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-sjg,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-hak,turcet-tuv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-kaz,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-azb,turcet-hak,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-sjg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,
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