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\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *jEgit / *jigit
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: young man, brave man
Russian meaning: юноша, храбрец
Old Turkic: jigit (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jigit (MK)
Turkish: jijit
Tatar: jeget
Middle Turkic: jigit (AH, Ettuhf.)
Uzbek: jigit
Uighur: jigit
Sary-Yughur: jigit, jigɨt, jɨgɨt
Azerbaidzhan: igit
Turkmen: jigit
Khakassian: čīt
Shor: čiŋet
Oyrat: d́īt
Tofalar: ńīt
Kirghiz: ǯigit
Kazakh: žigit
Noghai: jigit
Bashkir: jeget
Balkar: ǯigit, zigit
Gagauz: īt
Karaim: igit
Karakalpak: žigit
Salar: jihit, iχit
Kumyk: jigit, igit
Comments: EDT 911, VEWT 203, TMN 4, 185, ЭСТЯ 4, 198-199, Лексика 301. Turk. > WMong. jigede, Kalm. jēdǝ (KW 218).
Proto-Turkic: *[j]eglek
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: stork
Russian meaning: аист
Turkish: leglek
Azerbaidzhan: läjläk
Comments: VEWT 316 (hardly from Arab.)
Proto-Turkic: *jegn
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sleeve
Russian meaning: рукав
Karakhanid: jeŋ (MK, KB)
Turkish: jen
Tatar: ǯin
Middle Turkic: jeŋ (Ettuhf., Бор. Бад.)
Uzbek: jeŋ
Uighur: jäŋ
Sary-Yughur: jiŋ, ǯin
Azerbaidzhan: jeng (dial.)
Turkmen: jeŋ
Khakassian: nǝŋ
Shor: neŋ, nǟš
Oyrat: jäŋ, d́eŋ
Chuvash: śavnъ
Yakut: siex
Dolgan: hiek, hien
Tuva: čeŋ
Kirghiz: ǯeŋ
Kazakh: žeŋ
Noghai: jeŋ
Bashkir: jeŋ
Balkar: ǯeŋ, zeŋ
Gagauz: jen
Karaim: jeng, jeŋg, jiŋ
Karakalpak: žeŋ
Kumyk: jeŋ, jeŋg
Comments: VEWT 197, TMN 4, 203, EDT 940, ЭСТЯ 4, 186, Федотов 2, 84, Stachowski 103.
Proto-Turkic: *jẹgre-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 yellow (of a horse) 2 deer, antelope
Russian meaning: 1 рыжий (о масти лошади) 2 олень, джейран, антилопа
Old Turkic: jegren 1 (Orkh.)
Turkish: ǯeran, ǯeren (DS) 1, 2
Tatar: ǯiren 1, jɛrdɛ (Tar.) 1
Middle Turkic: ǯejren (Буд.) 1, ǯeren 2 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: ǯijrɔn 1
Uighur: ǯirǝn 1, dial. ǯeren, ǯǝrrǝn, ǯegren 2
Sary-Yughur: ǯiger, jiger, ǯiɣɨr, jiɣɨr 2
Turkmen: jegren, jergen 1, dial. ǯeren 1, 2
Khakassian: čigren, dial. čigǝr 1
Shor: čeren, čegren, čergen (R) 1
Oyrat: jeren, jēren, d́ēren 1, 2
Chuvash: śüren 1
Yakut: sier 1
Tuva: čēren 2
Kirghiz: ǯejren 1, 2, ǯērde 1
Kazakh: žijren 1
Noghai: jijren 1
Bashkir: jeren 1
Karakalpak: žijren 1
Comments: ЭСТЯ 4, 22-24, 36. Turk. > Mong. ǯeɣir-, ǯeɣerde (TMN 1, 289, 4, 184) > Sol. ǯegerẽ 'antelope', Man. ǯerde (see Doerfer MT 136) > MKor. čjǝrta (măr) (see Lee 1958, 119). Pers. ǯejran ( < Turk. or Mong.) is widely borrowed back into Turkic (Tur., Az. ǯejran etc.).
Proto-Turkic: *jek
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 demon, evil spirit 2 bad, evil 3 to hate, despise 4 to scold
Russian meaning: 1 демон, злой дух 2 плохой, отвратительный 3 ненавидеть, презирать 4 бранить
Old Turkic: jek 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jek 1 (MK)
Tatar: ǯik 2, ǯiker- 4
Middle Turkic: jek 1 (AH), 2 (Pav. C.), jigir- 3 (R.)
Uzbek: ǯekir- 4
Uighur: jäklä- 3, ǯekir- 4
Turkmen: jekir- 3, jek (dial.) 2
Shor: ček 1
Oyrat: jek, d́ek 1, 2, jikir- 3
Kirghiz: ǯek 2, ǯekte- 3, ǯekir- 4
Kazakh: žek 2, žekir- 4
Noghai: jekir- 3
Bashkir: jek 2, jeker- 3
Karaim: jek 1, 2
Karakalpak: žek 2, žekir- 4
Kumyk: jekir- 3
Comments: EDT 910, VEWT 194, ЭСТЯ 4, 170-171, 173-174. Loan from Prakr. yakkha (through some unattested Sogdian intermediary) cannot be excluded, but also cannot be ascertained. Turk. > MMong. (MA) ǯikir- 'hate, abhor'.
Proto-Turkic: *jEk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to harness
Russian meaning: запрягать
Tatar: ǯik-
Oyrat: jek-, d́ek-
Kirghiz: ǯek-
Kazakh: žek-
Noghai: jek-
Bashkir: jek-
Balkar: žek-
Karaim: jek-, jik-
Karakalpak: žek-
Kumyk: jek-
Comments: VEWT 195, ЭСТЯ 4, 172.
Proto-Turkic: *jEken
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of grass, reed
Russian meaning: вид травы, тростника
Old Turkic: jigen (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jigen (MK)
Tatar: jegɛn (dial.), ǯikɛn
Middle Turkic: jekän (R.), jigän (AH)
Uzbek: jäkän
Uighur: jekän
Turkmen: jeken
Oyrat: jeken, jekken, d́ēken
Kirghiz: ǯeken
Kazakh: žeken
Noghai: jeken
Bashkir: jekän
Balkar: zegen
Karakalpak: žiken
Comments: EDT 913, VEWT 195, ЭСТЯ 4, 172-173. Turk. > Mong. ǯeken, ǯege-sün (KW 472, Щербак 1997, 123); Hung. gyékény (MNyTESz 1, 1125).
Proto-Turkic: *jẹl
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wind
Russian meaning: ветер
Old Turkic: jel (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jẹl (MK, KB)
Turkish: jel
Tatar: ǯil
Middle Turkic: jẹl (MA)
Uzbek: jel
Uighur: jäl
Sary-Yughur: jel
Azerbaidzhan: jel
Turkmen: jel
Khakassian: čil
Shor: čel
Oyrat: jel, d́el
Halaj: jel
Chuvash: śil
Yakut: sillie 'storm, whirlwind'
Kirghiz: ǯel
Kazakh: žel
Bashkir: jel
Balkar: žel
Karaim: jel
Karakalpak: žel
Salar: jel
Kumyk: jel
Comments: VEWT 195, EDT 916-917, ЭСТЯ 4, 174-175, Лексика 40. Bulg.> Hung. szél 'wind', see Gombocz 1912, MNyTESz 3, 705-706.
Proto-Turkic: *jEl(b)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of short coat
Russian meaning: вид короткой куртки
Turkish: jelek
Tatar: ǯilɛn, ǯilbɛgɛj
Middle Turkic: jeläk (Pav. C., Бор. Бад.)
Uzbek: ǯeläk
Azerbaidzhan: jeläk, jelän (dial.)
Turkmen: jelek (dial.), jelbegej
Kirghiz: ǯelek, ǯelbegej, dial. ǯelegej
Kazakh: želek, želeŋ, želbegej, želegej
Noghai: jeleŋ
Bashkir: jelän, jelbägäj
Karaim: jelek
Karakalpak: želek, želeŋ, želbegej
Kumyk: jelbegej
Comments: VEWT 196, ЭСТЯ 4, 177, 178.
Proto-Turkic: *jelbe
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of small bird
Russian meaning: вид маленькой птички
Turkish: jelve
Middle Turkic: jälvä (AH)
Khakassian: jelbegej 'a k. of bird' (Верб.)
Oyrat: d́eleči 'titmouse'
Comments: VEWT 196, TMN 4, 192.
Proto-Turkic: *jẹlbi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sorcery, witchcraft
Russian meaning: волшебство, колдовство
Old Turkic: jelbi (Orkh.), jelvi (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jelvi (MK)
Khakassian: čǝlbǝgen 'monster'
Shor: čilbi
Oyrat: jilbi, d́ilbi 'sorcery', jälbägän 'monster'
Yakut: ilbi 'demoniac, possessed' (borrowed from a j-language?)
Tuva: čilbi
Comments: EDT 919-920, ЭСТЯ 4, 202-203, VEWT 196 ( > Mong. ǯilbi).
Proto-Turkic: *jẹli-m
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: glue
Russian meaning: клей
Old Turkic: jelim (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jelim (MK)
Turkish: jilim
Tatar: ǯilem
Middle Turkic: jelim (Ettuhf.), jilim (AH)
Uzbek: jelim
Uighur: jelim
Sary-Yughur: jilɨm
Turkmen: jelim
Shor: čelim
Oyrat: jelim, d́elim
Chuvash: śilǝm
Yakut: silim
Dolgan: hilim
Kirghiz: ǯelim
Kazakh: želim
Noghai: jelim
Bashkir: jelem
Balkar: jelim, ǯelim, želim
Karakalpak: želim
Comments: EDT 928-929, VEWT 196, ЭСТЯ 4, 179-180, TMN 4, 189, Stachowski 103.
Proto-Turkic: *jẹlin
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: udder
Russian meaning: вымя
Karakhanid: jelin (MK)
Turkish: jelin
Tatar: ǯilen
Middle Turkic: jelin (R., Буд.), jilin (AH)
Uighur: jelin, jilim, žilim
Azerbaidzhan: jelin
Turkmen: jelin
Oyrat: jelin, d́eli
Chuvash: śilǝ
Yakut: silin
Kirghiz: ǯelin
Kazakh: želin
Noghai: jelin
Bashkir: jelen
Balkar: jelin, ǯelin, želin
Gagauz: jelin
Karakalpak: želin
Kumyk: jelin
Comments: EDT 930, ЭСТЯ 4, 180-181, Лексика 148.
Proto-Turkic: *jElme-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: blade or upper part of sabre
Russian meaning: лезвие или конец сабли
Turkish: jelme, jälman, jalman, jalɨm
Middle Turkic: jalman (Бор. Бад.)
Kazakh: žalman (dial.)
Comments: VEWT 196, ЭСТЯ 4, 103-104, Лексика 412 (but relating here jalma 'quilted coat' is dubious).
Proto-Turkic: *jelö
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tether, rope for calves
Russian meaning: веревка для привязывания жеребят, телят
Karakhanid: jelü (MK) ( ~ jalu)
Turkish: ǯele (DS)
Tatar: jele (dial.)
Middle Turkic: ǯele (Pav. C.) 'string, bow-string'
Uzbek: ǯelǝ
Uighur: ǯili (dial.)
Azerbaidzhan: ǯälä
Oyrat: jele, d́ele
Yakut: sele
Tuva: čele
Kirghiz: ǯele
Kazakh: želi
Bashkir: jele (dial.)
Karakalpak: želle
Comments: EDT 919, ЭСТЯ 4, 21-22. Turk. > WMong. ǯele (rather than vice versa, despite VEWT 125).
Proto-Turkic: *jelpi- / *jalpɨ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to flap, winnow 2 to shake, sway 3 fan
Russian meaning: 1 махать, веять 2 трясти, качать 3 веер, опахало
Karakhanid: jelpit- 1 (caus.) (MK)
Turkish: jelpaze 3
Tatar: ǯilpe- 1
Middle Turkic: jelpi- (Sangl.)
Uzbek: jelpi- 1
Uighur: jälpü- 1
Azerbaidzhan: jelpik 3
Turkmen: jelpe- 1
Khakassian: čelbe-, čalbra- 2
Oyrat: jelbi-, d́elbi- 1, jalbra- 2
Yakut: salbɨrā- 2
Tuva: čelbi-, čelwi- 1
Kirghiz: ǯelpi-, ǯelbire- 1
Kazakh: želpi- 1
Noghai: jelpi- 1
Bashkir: jelpe- 1
Karaim: jelpi- 1
Karakalpak: želpi- 1
Kumyk: jelpi- 1
Comments: EDT 920, VEWT 182, 196, ЭСТЯ 4, 182. Derivation from *jel 'wind' is highly improbable (at the most we can speak of a secondary contamination of roots).
Proto-Turkic: *jem-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 moreover, and 2 addition
Russian meaning: 1 более того, к тому же 2 добавление
Old Turkic: jeme 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jeme 1 (MK)
Yakut: semse 2
Comments: EDT 934.
Proto-Turkic: *jem-kek
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 sinciput 2 fontanelle
Russian meaning: 1 темя 2 родничок
Karakhanid: ümgük 2 (MK)
Turkish: imik 1
Tatar: jümök (Bar.) 1
Middle Turkic: (MKypch.) jimük (AH) 1
Azerbaidzhan: ämgäk 2
Khakassian: ēmek (dial.) 1
Shor: näbäk (R) 1
Oyrat: emgek (R - Tel.), jömök (R - Oyr.) 2, (Баск. Туба) nömek 1
Chuvash: śamga 'forehead'
Tuva: čövek 1
Kirghiz: emgek 2
Kazakh: eŋbek 2
Gagauz: imik 'brain'
Karakalpak: eŋbek 2
Comments: VEWT 42, 208, 171, 521, ЭСТЯ 1, 352, Егоров 202, Лексика 201-202. Chuv. > Bashk. suŋqa 'hump of the occipital bone'.
Proto-Turkic: *jem-ür-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to crush, destroy 2 to curse, reproach
Russian meaning: 1 ломать, разрушать 2 порицать, упрекать
Old Turkic: jemir- (OUygh.) 1, 2
Karakhanid: jemür- (MK) 1
Tatar: ǯimer- 1
Middle Turkic: jimir-, jümür- (R., Буд.) 1
Uighur: jimir- 1
Azerbaidzhan: jümür- 1
Turkmen: jemir- 1
Shor: nebir- 1
Oyrat: jemir-, d́emir- 1
Chuvash: śǝʷmǝʷr- 2, 1
Tuva: čemir- 1
Kirghiz: ǯemir- 2, 1
Noghai: jemir- 1
Bashkir: jemer- 1
Karaim: jemir- 1
Karakalpak: žemir- 1
Kumyk: jemir- 1
Comments: EDT 937, VEWT 197, ЭСТЯ 4, 183-184, Егоров 210. The meaning 'crush, destroy, widespread in modern languages, must be a secondary development from the original more abstract 'harm' (whence also 'curse, reproach').
Proto-Turkic: *jEŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: frazil
Russian meaning: шуга, наледь
Khakassian: neŋ
Oyrat: ńeŋ (dial.)
Tuva: čeŋ
Comments: VEWT 197 (if not < unattested South.-Sam.?)
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-azb,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-alt,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-trm,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-kaz,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-jak,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-azb,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-reference,
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