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\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *jaba
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 2 wild onion 3 onion-like edible plant
Russian meaning: 1 вид грибка 2 съедобное растение, похожее на лук
Old Turkic: java 2(?) (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: java (MK) 'al-ṭurt_ūt_' [Bib.-Kaz.: 'a reddish edible plant', Belot: 'a medicinal grass', Lane: 'cynomorium']; 'a plant the juice of which is used to colour noodles'.
Turkish: juwa 2
Tatar: juwa, Sib. juwa 2
Middle Turkic: jawa OKypch (Houts.) 2, 'leek'
Turkmen: juva 2
Khakassian: čama 'mountain garlic'
Tuva: čāt 'cudbear, lichen'
Tofalar: čāt 'horse-tail'
Kirghiz: ǯua 2
Kazakh: žuwa 2
Noghai: juwa 2
Bashkir: jɨwa 2
Karakalpak: žuwa 2
Comments: EDT 871-872, ЭСТЯ 4, 240. The OUygh. word is attested in a Buddhist text describing blossoming spring plants: özlerdeki özeklerdeki java čigidem "the java and the crocuses in valleys and ravines"; so, despite Clauson 414, this is certainly not a mushroom; probably some onion-like plant (гусиный лук?).
Proto-Turkic: *jaba
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: very
Russian meaning: очень
Khakassian: jaba
Tuva: čā, čab-čā
Proto-Turkic: *jabaĺ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: soft, mild; slow, quiet
Russian meaning: мягкий, нежный; тихий, медленный
Old Turkic: jabaš (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: javaš (MK)
Turkish: javaš
Tatar: juwaš, juaš
Middle Turkic: javaš (AH, Ettuhf.)
Uzbek: jɔwwɔš, juwɔš
Uighur: javaš, juvaš, jugaš (dial.)
Azerbaidzhan: javaš
Turkmen: juvaš
Khakassian: čabas
Shor: čabaš, čobaš
Oyrat: d́oboš
Tuva: čāš
Kirghiz: ǯōš
Kazakh: žuwas
Noghai: juwas
Bashkir: jɨwaš
Balkar: ǯuwaš
Gagauz: javaš
Kumyk: javaš, juvaš
Comments: See VEWT 175, ЭСТЯ 4, 51-52, TMN 4, 207-208. Cf. also (with different suffixation) Karakh. jav-ɨl- 'to become soft', java (jer) 'warm, cosy place'; Yak. samaa-n 'warm, favourable (of summer)'.
Proto-Turkic: *jab-čɨ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: in-between, matchmaker
Russian meaning: сват
Tatar: jawčɨ
Middle Turkic: javčɨ (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: ǯawčɨ (dial.), ǯɔwči
Oyrat: d́ūčɨ, jūčɨ
Kirghiz: ǯūču
Kazakh: žawšɨ
Noghai: jawšɨ
Bashkir: jawsɨ
Karakalpak: žawšɨ
Comments: VEWT 176, ЭСТЯ 4, 34. Turk. > WMong. ǯabu(l)či, Khalkha ʒūč id. (hardly vice versa, despite Róna-Tas KM II 125-126).
Proto-Turkic: *jabĺan
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wormwood
Russian meaning: полынь
Karakhanid: japčan, javčan (MK)
Middle Turkic: jawšan
Turkmen: jovšan
Tuva: čašpan
Comments: ЭСТЯ 4, 53-55, EDT 872.
Proto-Turkic: *jabrɨ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: young of birds and animals
Russian meaning: детеныш птиц и животных
Turkish: javru, javrɨ
Middle Turkic: javrɨ (Ettuhf.)
Chuvash: śъʷvъʷr, śurъ
Gagauz: javru
Comments: VEWT 176, ЭСТЯ 4, 53, Лексика 168-169, Федотов 2, 140-141, TMN 4, 220.
Proto-Turkic: *jačan-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: be ashamed, embarrassed
Russian meaning: стыдиться, смущаться
Karakhanid: jačan- (MK)
Turkish: (Osm.) jačan-
Middle Turkic: jačan- (CCum.)
Chuvash: śüźen- 'to be shocked'
Comments: EDT 882, VEWT 176, (incorrectly) Федотов 2, 151.
Proto-Turkic: *jĀd-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to spread
Russian meaning: расстилать, распростирать
Old Turkic: jad- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jaδ- (MK)
Turkish: jaj-
Tatar: jaj-
Middle Turkic: jaj- (Pav. C., AH)
Uzbek: jɔj-
Uighur: jaj-
Azerbaidzhan: jaj-
Turkmen: jāj-
Oyrat: jaj-, d́aj-
Tuva: čat-
Kirghiz: ǯaj-
Kazakh: žaj-
Noghai: jaj-
Bashkir: jäj-
Gagauz: jaj-
Karaim: jaj-
Karakalpak: žaj-
Kumyk: jaj-
Comments: VEWT 177, ЭСТЯ 4, 76-77, 80, EDT 883-884.
Proto-Turkic: *jAdna- ( ~ -j-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to long for
Russian meaning: желать, стремиться
Turkmen: jajna- dial. 'to suffer, worry'
Shor: čajna-
Oyrat: jajna-, d́ajna- 'to pine'
Comments: VEWT 179, ЭСТЯ 4, 80. The stem seems to be distinct from the homonymous *jadna- ( ~ *jajna-) 'to be spread; be wide open (eyes)' which may be derived from *jĀd- 'spread' q. v. sub *ǯādV (see ЭСТЯ 4, 79); let us note, however, that many of the reflexes of the latter may actually reflect our *jadna- 'to long for, miss' (cf. especially Kirgh. ǯajna- 'to stare with envy and hope', Tur. jajna- 'to live in prosperity' etc.).
Proto-Turkic: *jag-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to rain 2 rain
Russian meaning: 1 идти (о дожде) 2 дождь
Old Turkic: jaɣ- 1 (Orkh.), jaɣmur 2 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jaɣ- 1 (MK, KB)
Turkish: jā- 1, jāmur 2
Tatar: jaw- 1, jaŋɣɨr, jawɨm 2
Middle Turkic: jaɣ- 1, jaɣmur / jamɣur 2 (Pav. C., AH, Ettuhf., MA), jaɣɨn 2 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: jɔɣ- 1, jɔmɣir, jɔɣin 2
Uighur: jaɣ- 1, jamɣu(r), jaŋmur, jeɣin 2
Sary-Yughur: jaɣ- 1, jaɣmir
Azerbaidzhan: jaɣ- 1, jaɣmur, jaɣɨš, jaɣɨn 2
Turkmen: jaɣ- 1, jaɣmɨr, jaɣɨš, jaɣɨn 2
Khakassian: čaɣ- 1, naŋmɨr 2
Shor: čaɣ-, čā- 1, naɣbɨr, namɨr 2
Oyrat: jā-, d́a- 1, d́aŋmɨr, d́āš 2
Halaj: jaɣ- 1
Chuvash: śu- 1, śomъr 2
Yakut: samɨ̄r 2
Dolgan: hamɨ̄r 2
Tuva: čaɣ- 1, ča's 2
Tofalar: čaɣ- 1
Kirghiz: ǯā-, ǯau- 1, ǯamɣɨr, ǯān 2
Kazakh: žaw- 1, žaŋbɨr, žawɨn 2
Noghai: jaw- 1, jamɣɨr
Bashkir: jaw- 1, jamɣɨr, jawun 2
Balkar: žawun, ǯanɣur
Gagauz: jā- 1, jāmur 2
Karaim: jaɣmur 2
Karakalpak: žaw- 1, žawɨn, žamɣɨr 2
Salar: jaɣ- 1, jaɣmur 2
Kumyk: jaw- 1, jaŋɣur, jaŋur, jawɨn / jawun 2
Comments: VEWT 177, EDT 896, 903-4, 908, ЭСТЯ 4, 57, Лексика 25, Федотов 2, 135, Stachowski 95.
Proto-Turkic: *jagɨ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: enemy, war
Russian meaning: враг, война
Old Turkic: jaɣɨ (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jaɣɨ (MK)
Turkish: jaɣɨ
Tatar: jaw
Middle Turkic: jaɣɨ (Houts.)
Uzbek: jɔw, (dial.) jaw, jāɣɨ
Uighur: jaw, jaɣɨ, jäɣɨ (dial.)
Sary-Yughur: jaɣɨ
Azerbaidzhan: jaɣɨ
Turkmen: jaɣɨ
Khakassian: čā
Shor: čā
Oyrat: jū, d́u
Halaj: jaɣɨ
Chuvash: śu 'heathen'
Yakut: sɨa-kār 'rogue, villain'
Tuva: čā
Tofalar: čā
Kirghiz: ǯō
Kazakh: žaw
Noghai: jaw
Bashkir: jaw
Balkar: ǯaw, žaw, zaw
Karakalpak: žaw
Kumyk: jaw
Comments: VEWT 178, ЭСТЯ 4, 55-56, Лексика 561, Федотов 2, 129 (?).
Proto-Turkic: *jAgɨr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 chap, saddle-gall on back of an animal 2 wound, chafe on human body
Russian meaning: 1 ссадина на спине животного 2 рана, ссадина на человеческом теле
Karakhanid: jaɣɨr 1 (MK)
Turkish: jaɣɨr 1
Middle Turkic: jaɣɨr 1 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: jaɣir 2
Uighur: jeɣi(r) 1
Azerbaidzhan: jaɣɨr 1
Turkmen: jaɣɨr 1
Oyrat: d́ūr 1
Kirghiz: ǯōr 1
Kazakh: žawɨr 1
Noghai: jawɨr 1
Karakalpak: žawɨr 1
Comments: ЭСТЯ 4, 65, TMN 4, 183. External evidence suggests that this root should be kept distinct from *jagɨr, *jagrɨn 'back, shoulderblade' (v. sub *dagV).
Proto-Turkic: *jạgɨŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: brown
Russian meaning: бурый
Old Turkic: jaɣɨz (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jaɣɨz (MK)
Turkish: jaɣɨz, jaɨz
Middle Turkic: jaɣɨz (AH), jowuz (Ettuhf.)
Turkmen: jaɣɨz
Chuvash: śɨr(ъ)
Gagauz: jāz
Kumyk: jawuz
Comments: ЭСТЯ 4, 64-65, EDT 909. Despite Poppe 61, Владимирцов 267 and Clauson (EDT 909) Mong. dajir 'brown' - with which they would like to compare the Turkic form - does not exist.
Proto-Turkic: *jagɨr, *jagrɨn
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: back, shoulderblade
Russian meaning: спина, лопатка
Turkish: jaɣrɨ, dial. jaɣɨr, jaɣrɨ
Tatar: jawɨrɨn, jawɨrnɨ, ǯawɨr (dial.)
Middle Turkic: jaɣrɨn (Pav. C., AH, Ettuhf.)
Uzbek: jaɣrin
Turkmen: jaɣɨrnɨ; jaɣɨrɨn, jaɣrɨn (dial.)
Noghai: jawɨrɨn
Bashkir: jawɨrɨn (dial.)
Salar: jaɣrǝ (Kakuk)
Kumyk: jawrun
Comments: VEWT 178, ЭСТЯ 4, 65-67, Дыбо 139-141, Лексика 242.
Proto-Turkic: *jaglɨk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: kerchief
Russian meaning: платок
Turkish: jaɣlɨk
Tatar: jawlɨq
Uighur: jaɣliq
Azerbaidzhan: jajlɨG
Turkmen: jaɣlɨq, dial. jālɨq
Chuvash: śulъk
Kirghiz: ǯōluq
Kazakh: žawlɨq
Noghai: jawlɨq
Bashkir: jawlɨq
Gagauz: jālɨq
Karaim: jaɣlɨq
Karakalpak: žawlɨq
Kumyk: jawluq
Comments: ЭСТЯ 4, 61 (with Turkm. jāGlɨq), Мудрак 27, Ашм. XII, 224, Федотов 2, 132-133. Derivation from *jag 'fat' (TMN 4, 179) seems quite improbable.
Proto-Turkic: *jạgu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to draw near 2 near
Russian meaning: 1 приближаться 2 близкий
Old Turkic: jaɣu- (OUygh.) 1, jaɣuq (Orkh.) 2
Karakhanid: jaɣu- (MK, KB) 1, jaɣuq (MK) 2
Turkish: javuk 2
Tatar: jawuq, juwɨq (dial.)
Middle Turkic: javu- (Pav. C.) 1, javuq (Abush.) 2
Uzbek: jɔvuq 2
Azerbaidzhan: javɨ- 1 (dial.), jowuG 2
Turkmen: jovu- 1 (dial.), jowuq 2
Oyrat: jū-, d́u- 1, jūq, d́ūq 2
Chuvash: śɨvъx 2
Yakut: čugas 2
Dolgan: hugas, čugas 2, hugahā- 1
Tuva: čōq 2
Kirghiz: ǯū- 1, ǯūq 2
Kazakh: žuw- 1, žuwɨq 2
Noghai: juwɨ- 1
Balkar: žuwuq, zuwuq
Karakalpak: žuw- 1, žuwɨq 2
Kumyk: juwuq 2
Comments: ЭСТЯ 4, 62-63, EDT 898, 901, Stachowski 75, 110.
Proto-Turkic: *jaj- **AD
Meaning: 1 to sing 2 to make noise 3 noise
Russian meaning: 1 веселиться 2 шум
Uzbek: jɔjla- 'наслаждаться, веселиться'
Sary-Yughur: jajna- 'веселиться, резвиться'
Comments: Федотов 2 129 **AD. Лучше выкинуть. Наслаждаться - обычная производность от проводить лето (на яйлау - там прохладно и мух мало, часто развивает эту сем-ку), шум - см. 600.
Proto-Turkic: *jAja
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 buttocks 2 thigh 3 waist
Russian meaning: 1 ягодицы 2 ляжка 3 поясница
Karakhanid: jaja (MK) 1
Uzbek: ǯaja 1
Khakassian: čaja 3
Tuva: čajā 2
Kirghiz: ǯaja 1
Kazakh: žaja 1
Comments: EDT 980, VEWT 179, ЭСТЯ 4, 12, Лексика 281.
Proto-Turkic: *jạjŋak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 cheek 2 jaw
Russian meaning: 1 щека 2 челюсть
Karakhanid: jaŋaq (MK) 2
Turkish: janak 1
Tatar: jaŋaq 1
Middle Turkic: jaŋaq (Abush., Sangl.) 1, 2
Uzbek: jɔnɔq 2, (Kypch. dial.) ǯaɣ 1, 2
Uighur: jaŋaq 2
Sary-Yughur: jaŋaq, jɨŋaq 1
Azerbaidzhan: janaG 1
Turkmen: jaŋaq 1
Khakassian: nāx 1
Shor: nāq 1
Oyrat: d́āk 1, 2
Yakut: sɨŋāx 1, 2
Dolgan: hɨŋāk 1, 2
Tuva: čāk 1, 2
Kirghiz: ǯāq 2
Kazakh: žaq 1, 2
Bashkir: jaŋaq 1, 2
Balkar: ǯɨjaq 1, 2
Gagauz: janaq 1
Karaim: janax, jajax, jaɣaq 1, 2
Karakalpak: žaq 1, 2
Salar: jaŋax (ССЯ) 2
Kumyk: jajaq 1, 2
Comments: EDT 948, VEWT 187, ЭСТЯ 4, 123, Лексика 219-220, Stachowski 119.
Proto-Turkic: *jak-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to burn (tr.) 2 light, ray 3 to produce fire
Russian meaning: 1 жечь 2 свет, луч 3 высекать огонь
Karakhanid: jaq- 1 (MK)
Turkish: jak- 1
Tatar: jaɣ- 1, jaqtɨ 2
Middle Turkic: jaq- 1 (Abush.)
Uzbek: jɔq- 1, jɔɣdu 2
Uighur: jaq- 1
Azerbaidzhan: jax- 1
Turkmen: jaq- 1, jaɣtɨ 2
Halaj: ja:q- 1
Chuvash: śot- 1, śo-dъ 2
Yakut: saq- 1
Tofalar: ča'q- 3
Kirghiz: ǯaq- 1
Kazakh: žaq- 1
Noghai: jaq- 1
Bashkir: jaq- 1, jaqtɨ 2
Gagauz: jaq- 1
Karaim: jaq- 1
Karakalpak: žaq- 1, žaqtɨ 2
Kumyk: jaq- 1
Comments: VEWT 180, TMN 4, 201-202, EDT 897, ЭСТЯ 4, 62, 81-82, Федотов 2, 146, Лексика 362. This stem should be distinguished from *jan- 'to burn (intr.)'.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-hak,turcet-tuv,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-alt,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-tuv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-chv,turcet-gagx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trm,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-gagx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-trm,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-uzb,turcet-sjg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-uzb,turcet-hak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,
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