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\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *ɨĺan- / *iĺen-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to believe, trust
Russian meaning: верить, доверять
Karakhanid: išen- (MK, KB)
Turkish: ɨšan- (dial.)
Tatar: ɨšan-
Middle Turkic: ɨšan- (Abush., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: išɔn-
Uighur: išan-, išän-
Sary-Yughur: isen-
Turkmen: ɨšan-
Khakassian: ĭzen-
Oyrat: ižen-
Chuvash: šan-, žen- (NW)
Yakut: isen- (Пек.)
Kirghiz: išen-
Kazakh: sen-
Noghai: sen-
Bashkir: ɨšan-
Balkar: išan-
Karaim: ɨšan-
Karakalpak: isen-
Comments: EDT 264, VEWT 174, ЭСТЯ 1, 673-674.
Proto-Turkic: *ɨĺɨ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to rub, scrape 2 jack-plane
Russian meaning: 1 тереть, царапать 2 рубанок
Tatar: ɨšɨ- 1, ɨšqɨ 2
Balkar: ɨši- 1
Comments: VEWT 167, ЭСТЯ 1, 667. Despite some mergers with *jɨĺ- (v. sub *ńiĺu), cf. Bashk. jɨšɨ-, jɨšqɨ, this appears to be a separate root.
Proto-Turkic: *ɨm
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sign
Russian meaning: знак
Karakhanid: im (~ɨm) (MK)
Turkish: im
Tatar: ɨm
Middle Turkic: ɨm (Pav. C.)
Turkmen: üm
Oyrat: um
Yakut: im
Dolgan: imnēk 'signed'
Tuva: im
Kirghiz: ɨm
Kazakh: ɨm
Noghai: ɨm
Bashkir: ɨm
Karakalpak: ɨm
Kumyk: jum
Comments: EDT 155, VEWT 171, ЭСТЯ 1, 278, 632-633, Stachowski 126.
Proto-Turkic: *ɨna-
Meaning: to trust, rely on
Russian meaning: доверять, полагаться на
Old Turkic: ɨna-n- (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ɨna-n- (MK)
Turkmen: ɨnan-
Chuvash: nen-
Comments: ЭСТЯ 1, 654-656, VEWT 165 (cf. also *ɨn-gaj 'direction'). Turk. *ɨna-k > WMong. inaɣ (see TMN 2, 219, Щербак 1997, 163).
Proto-Turkic: *ɨ-na-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: that
Russian meaning: тот
Turkmen: ɨna-ru
Halaj: ɨ́na
Tuva: ɨnda `there', ɨndɨɣ 'such'
Tofalar: ɨnda `there'
Proto-Turkic: *ɨn-tɨk (~ *e-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to breathe heavily
Russian meaning: тяжело дышать
Tatar: intek- 'to become tired, exhausted'
Chuvash: andъx-
Tuva: ɨndɨnnɨɣ 'panting, alarmed'
Kirghiz: ɨntɨq-
Kazakh: ɨntɨɣ-
Bashkir: intek-
Comments: Егоров 29, Федотов 1,49.
Proto-Turkic: *ɨŋɨr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dusk
Russian meaning: дымка, сумерки
Old Turkic: iŋir (~ ɨŋɨr) (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: iŋir (MK), imir (MK Oghuz)
Turkish: inirik, iŋrik (dial.), ümez 'fog'
Tatar: ĭŋgĭr
Uzbek: ümür, imir
Sary-Yughur: iŋer, jiŋɨr
Turkmen: ümür, iŋrik
Khakassian: īr
Shor: īr, ɨnar
Oyrat: iŋir, īr, ɨnɨr
Halaj: ä́ŋgür, ä́ŋgụ̈r
Chuvash: ǝnǝrǝk; ǝner 'yesterday'
Yakut: im 'morning and evening dawn'
Dolgan: im 'morning and evening dawn'
Tuva: imir
Kirghiz: iŋir, ɨŋɨrt, iŋirt
Kazakh: ĭŋĭr, ɨmɨrt, imirt
Bashkir: ĭŋĭr
Balkar: iŋir
Karaim: iŋir, ɨŋɣɨr
Karakalpak: iŋir, ɨmɨrt
Comments: EDT 162, 188, VEWT 172, ЭСТЯ 1, 354-356, Егоров 64-65, Лексика 34-35, 81, 83. Mudrak (Лексика 83) separates forms with -m-, comparing them with Evk. umulge 'shadow'.
Proto-Turkic: *ɨŋɨra-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to neigh 2 to bellow, purr
Russian meaning: 1 ржать 2 реветь, визжать, мурлыкать
Karakhanid: ɨŋra- (MK)
Turkmen: ɨŋra-
Chuvash: ǝnǝr- 2
Yakut: ɨŋɨran- 1
Bashkir: ɨŋɨran- 1
Comments: ЭСТЯ 1, 658, Егоров 65, Мудрак 73.
Proto-Turkic: *ɨr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 prediction, luck 2 omen 3 premonition
Russian meaning: 1 предсказание, счастье 2 знамение 3 предчувствие
Old Turkic: ɨrk 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ɨrk 1 (MK)
Turkish: ɨrk 1
Sary-Yughur: ɨrq 1
Khakassian: ɨrɨx 1, ɨrɨs 1
Shor: ɨrɨs 1
Oyrat: ɨrɨs 1
Chuvash: ǝrex 'soul; expedience'
Yakut: ɨrā 3
Kirghiz: ɨrk 'welfare', ɨrɨs 1
Kazakh: ɨrɨq 1
Noghai: ɨrk 3, ɨrɨs 1
Bashkir: ɨrɨχ 1 (dial.)
Balkar: ɨrɨs 1
Karaim: ɨrɨz 'dignity'
Karakalpak: ɨrɨs 1
Kumyk: ɨrɨs 1
Comments: VEWT 166, 167, EDT 213, ОСНЯ 3, 119-120, ЭСТЯ 1, 665.
Proto-Turkic: *ɨr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: song
Russian meaning: песня
Old Turkic: ɨr (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ɨr (MK)
Turkish: ɨr (dial.)
Tatar: ɨr (dial.)
Middle Turkic: ɨr (Pav. C., AH)
Turkmen: ɨr (dial.)
Khakassian: ɨr
Oyrat: ɨr
Yakut: ɨrɨa
Dolgan: ɨrɨa
Tuva: ɨr
Tofalar: ɨr
Kirghiz: ɨr
Comments: EDT 192, VEWT 166, 201, Лексика 610, Stachowski 261. The root should be kept distinct from *jɨr, although actively contaminating.
Proto-Turkic: *ɨr- / *ir-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: omen
Russian meaning: знамение; суеверие
Old Turkic: irü (OUygh.)
Turkish: ɨrɨm (dial.)
Tatar: ɨrɨm
Middle Turkic: ɨrɨm (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: irim
Uighur: irim
Turkmen: ɨrɨm
Khakassian: rɨm (R)
Shor: rɨm (R)
Oyrat: ɨrɨm
Tuva: ɨrɨm 'плохое самочувствие'
Kirghiz: ɨrɨm
Kazakh: ɨrɨm
Noghai: ɨrɨm
Bashkir: ɨrɨm
Karakalpak: ɨrɨm
Comments: EDT 197, VEWT 166, ОСНЯ 3, 120, ЭСТЯ 1, 666. Back row in modern languages may be due to contamination with *ɨr-, q. v. sub *p`ĭru.
Proto-Turkic: *ɨra
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: character, disposition
Russian meaning: характер, расположение
Turkish: ɨra
Tatar: ɨraj (dial.)
Oyrat: ɨra
Kirghiz: ɨraj
Karakalpak: ɨraj
Comments: ЭСТЯ 1, 659-660.
Proto-Turkic: *ɨra-k
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: far, distant
Russian meaning: далекий
Old Turkic: ɨraq (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jɨraq (MK, KB)
Turkish: ɨrak adv.
Tatar: jɨraq
Middle Turkic: jɨraq (Pav. C., MA), ɨraq (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: jirɔq, irɔq
Uighur: jiraq
Sary-Yughur: jiraq, jürɨq
Azerbaidzhan: iraG adv.
Turkmen: ɨrāq (арх.)
Khakassian: ɨrax
Oyrat: ɨraq, raq
Halaj: hɨrāq
Yakut: ɨrāx
Dolgan: ɨrāk
Tuva: ɨraq
Tofalar: ɨraq
Kirghiz: ɨraaq
Kazakh: žɨraq
Bashkir: jɨraq
Gagauz: jɨraq
Karaim: jɨraq
Karakalpak: ɨraq, žɨraq
Salar: jɨrax
Kumyk: jɨraq
Comments: PT*ɨra-k- is derived from *ɨra- 'to be far'. See EDT 198, 214, ЭСТЯ 4, 286-287, Stachowski 261.
Proto-Turkic: *ɨrgaj
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 name of a plant (irga) 2 honeysuckle, woodbind 3 juniper
Russian meaning: 1 ирга 2 жимолость 3 можжевельник
Uighur: irɣaj 1
Oyrat: jɨjra 3
Tuva: ɨrɣaj 1
Kazakh: ɨrɣaj 3
Comments: VEWT 166.
Proto-Turkic: *ɨsɨg / *isig
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 hot 2 warm
Russian meaning: 1 горячий 2 теплый
Old Turkic: isig 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: isig 1 (MK, KB)
Turkish: sɨǯak 1
Tatar: esse 1
Middle Turkic: isti 2 (Pav. C.), ɨsɨɣ (Бор. Бад., Abush.)
Uighur: issiq 1
Azerbaidzhan: isti 2
Turkmen: ɨssɨ 1
Khakassian: ǝzǝg 1
Oyrat: izü 1
Halaj: hissị̄, hisk 1
Chuvash: ъʷžъʷ 2
Yakut: itī, ičiges ( < *isi-geč) 2
Dolgan: itī, ičiges 2
Tuva: iziɣ 1
Tofalar: i'siɣ 1
Kirghiz: ɨsɨq 1, ɨsɨ 'heat, hot wind'
Kazakh: ɨssɨ 1
Noghai: issi 1
Karaim: issi 1, 2 (HK), sɨǯaq 2 (K), ɨsɨ-t- (K) 'to warm'
Karakalpak: ɨssɨ 1
Salar: hɨssɨ 2
Comments: Derived from *ɨsɨ- / *isi- 'to be hot'. See VEWT 173-4, TMN 2,182, EDT 246, ЭСТЯ 1, 668-671, Лексика 19-20, Stachowski 123, 130.
Proto-Turkic: *ɨsɨr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to bite
Russian meaning: кусать
Karakhanid: ɨsɨr- (MK)
Turkish: ɨsɨr-
Middle Turkic: ɨsɨr-, ɨsur- 'to bite, to eat' (Abush., Sangl.)
Khakassian: ɨzɨr-
Yakut: ɨtɨr-, ɨstā-
Dolgan: ɨtɨr-, ɨstā-
Tuva: ɨzɨr-
Tofalar: ɨ'sɨr-
Kirghiz: ɨsɨr-
Karaim: ɨsɨr-
Kumyk: ɨsɨr-
Comments: VEWT 167, EDT 251, ЭСТЯ 1, 671-672, Stachowski 262, 263.
Proto-Turkic: *ɨt / *it
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dog
Russian meaning: собака
Old Turkic: ɨt (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ɨt (MK, KB)
Turkish: it (arch.)
Tatar: et
Middle Turkic: ɨt (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: it
Uighur: it
Sary-Yughur: ɨšt
Azerbaidzhan: it
Turkmen: it
Halaj: it
Chuvash: jɨdъ
Yakut: ɨt
Dolgan: ɨt
Tuva: ɨ't
Tofalar: ɨ't
Kirghiz: it
Kazakh: i_t
Noghai: ijt
Bashkir: et
Balkar: it
Karakalpak: ijt
Salar: išt
Comments: VEWT 174, TMN 2, 173-4, EDT 34, ЭСТЯ 1, 385, Егоров 83, Лексика 188, Stachowski 262.
Proto-Turkic: *ɨ̄d-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to send
Russian meaning: посылать
Old Turkic: ɨd- (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ɨδ- (MK)
Middle Turkic: ij- (AH)
Turkmen: ɨj-
Khakassian: ɨs-
Shor: ɨs-
Oyrat: ij-, ɨs-
Chuvash: jar-
Yakut: ɨ̄t-
Dolgan: ɨ̄t-
Tuva: ɨt-
Tofalar: ɨt-
Kirghiz: ij-
Balkar: ij-
Karaim: ij-
Comments: EDT 37-38, VEWT 164, ЭСТЯ 1, 332-333, Егоров 354, Stachowski 263.
Proto-Turkic: *ɨ̄ĺ(č)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 smoke 2 soot, dirty smoke 3 scent, odour 4 fumes
Russian meaning: 1 дым 2 копоть, сажа 3 запах, аромат 4 испарения
Karakhanid: ɨš 2 (MK), 'mist' (KB)
Sary-Yughur: ɨs 1
Khakassian: ɨs 2
Oyrat: ɨš 1, 2
Yakut: ɨ̄s 4
Tuva: ɨš 1
Tofalar: ɨš 1
Noghai: ɨs 2
Karakalpak: ɨs 2
Comments: The root originally meant 'soot, smoke' and should be strictly kept distinct from PT *jɨd- 'smell' and *ɨjs 'smell, odour, fumes', although they have a natural tendency to merge. See VEWT 167, 170, EDT 254, 883, ЭСТЯ 1, 379-382, Лексика 370-371.
Proto-Turkic: *jAb-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bad, coarse, wicked 2 to become bad, weak 3 heavy, difficult, severe 4 tasteless, insipid
Russian meaning: 1 плохой, грубый 2 ухудшаться, слабеть 3 тяжелый, трудный, суровый 4 пресный, безвкусный
Old Turkic: jabɨz 1 (Orkh.), javɨz 1 (OUygh.), javɣan 1 (OUygh.), jablaq (Orkh.) 3, javlaq (OUygh.) 3
Karakhanid: javrɨ- 2, javra- 'to become rough, coarse', javɨz 1, javɣan 1, javlaq 3 (MK)
Turkish: javuz 1, javan 4
Tatar: jawɨz 1
Middle Turkic: javlaq (R) 'very' , javuz (Ettuhf., AH) 1
Uzbek: jɔwuz 1, jōɣan 4 (dial.)
Uighur: javuz 1
Sary-Yughur: jus 1
Azerbaidzhan: javan 4
Turkmen: jovuz 1, 3, juwan 4 (dial.)
Khakassian: čaɣban 4
Yakut: suos 3
Kirghiz: ǯūɣan 4
Kazakh: žawɨz 1
Bashkir: jawɨδ- 1
Gagauz: javan 4
Karakalpak: žawɨz 1
Comments: VEWT 176, EDT 879, 881-882, ЭСТЯ 4, 47-48, 51. Turk. > WMong. ǯabqai, ǯabaɣan (KW 468), whence again some Turkic forms (Kirgh. ǯabɨq etc., see ЭСТЯ 4, 9-10). One could perhaps also note Kaz. žawra-, Uzb. ǯɔwra- 'to suffer from cold, shiver' (ЭСТЯ 4, 20) which may be = Karakh. javra-, javrɨ- and thus should not be compared to Mong. daɣara- (despite KW 82).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-blkx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trm,turcet-khal,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-sjg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-sjg,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-alt,turcet-krg,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-uig,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-kaz,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-hak,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-krmx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-sjg,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-nogx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,
Total of 2017 records 101 page

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