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Proto-Turkic: *imiti ( ~ *ɨmɨt)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of hawthorn
Russian meaning: вид боярышника
Old Turkic: imiti (Rach.) (can also be read as ɨmɨt)
Comments: ДТС 209. Attested only in Old Uyghur, but having possible parallels in Tung. and Jpn. Turk. > Mong. imidi (the word has been pointed out by Stefan Georg, who found it out in Позднеев: Учебник тибетской медицины (1908 г.), 339); cf. also WMong. imdij, Khalkha imdij 'боярышник полуперистый' (БАМРС). The Turkic word is, of course, not from Mongolian (which certainly has a borrowed shape with -d- in front of -i).
Proto-Turkic: *in-gek (/*ɨn-gak), *in-ken
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 cow 2 female camel
Russian meaning: 1 корова 2 верблюдица
Old Turkic: ingek (Orkh., OUygh.) 1, ingen 2 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ingek 1, ingen 2 (MK)
Turkish: inek 1
Tatar: ĭnäk 1 (dial.)
Middle Turkic: inek 1 (AH), inen 2 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: inäk, inäj 1 (dial.)
Uighur: inäk 1, (dial.) ingan, iŋgan 2
Sary-Yughur: inek, enek 1
Azerbaidzhan: inäk 1
Turkmen: inek 1 (ЭСТЯ), inen 2
Khakassian: ĭnek 1
Shor: inek, näk 1
Oyrat: inek, ijnek 1
Chuvash: ǝne 1
Yakut: ɨnax 1
Tuva: inek 1, eŋgin 2
Kirghiz: inek 1, iŋgen 2
Kazakh: inek 1, ĭŋgen 2
Balkar: inek, ijnek 1
Gagauz: inek 1
Karaim: inek 1
Karakalpak: iŋgen 2
Kumyk: inek 1
Comments: EDT 184, VEWT 172, ЭСТЯ 1, 358-361, Егоров 64, Лексика 436, 447-448). Turk. > Mong. iŋgen 'female camel'; Hung. ünő 'heifer' (Gombocz 1912).
Proto-Turkic: *ini
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: younger brother
Russian meaning: младший брат
Old Turkic: ini (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ini (MK)
Turkish: ini
Tatar: ĭnĭ
Middle Turkic: ini (Бор. Бад., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: ini
Uighur: ini
Sary-Yughur: ini, ɨnɨ
Azerbaidzhan: ini (dial.)
Turkmen: ini
Oyrat: ini, īn
Yakut: ini, inī
Dolgan: ini-bī
Kirghiz: ini
Kazakh: ĭnĭ
Noghai: ini
Bashkir: ĭnĭ
Karakalpak: ini
Kumyk: ini
Comments: EDT 170, VEWT 172, TMN 2, 226, ЭСТЯ 1, 362-363, Лексика 292, Stachowski 126.
Proto-Turkic: *(i)öm
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: trousers
Russian meaning: брюки, штаны
Old Turkic: üm (OUygh.) (=öm)
Karakhanid: öm (MK)
Turkish: im (Osm.)
Middle Turkic: ɨm (Kypch. Houts.)
Sary-Yughur: ɨm, jɨm, jüm
Halaj: ẹ̄̂m
Chuvash: jǝʷm
Comments: EDT 155, VEWT 520-521, Егоров 78, Федотов 1, 195, Мудрак 119, Лексика 478.
Proto-Turkic: *iri-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to rot 2 pus 3 to turn sour, coagulate
Russian meaning: 1 гнить 2 гной 3 прокисать, створаживаться
Old Turkic: jirü- 1 (OUygh.), iriŋ 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: iri- 1, iriŋ 2 (MK)
Turkish: irin 2
Tatar: ĭrĭ- 3, ĭrĭn 2
Middle Turkic: iriŋ 2
Uzbek: iri- 1, jiriŋ 2
Uighur: ǯiriŋ 2
Azerbaidzhan: irin 2
Turkmen: iriŋ 2
Khakassian: ĭrĭ- 1, 3, ĭrĭn 2
Oyrat: iri- 3, iriŋ 2
Yakut: ireŋe 2
Dolgan: ireŋe 2
Tuva: iri- 1, iriŋ 2
Kirghiz: iri- 1, 3, iriŋ 2
Kazakh: ĭrĭ- 1, 3, ĭrĭn 2
Noghai: irin 2
Bashkir: ĭrĭ- 3, ĭrĭn 2
Balkar: irin 2
Gagauz: jirin 2
Karaim: irin 2
Karakalpak: iri- 1, 3, iriŋ 2
Comments: EDT 198, 233, ЭСТЯ 1, 372-374, Stachowski 128.
Proto-Turkic: *irk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to gather
Russian meaning: собирать(ся)
Karakhanid: irk- (MK)
Turkish: irk-
Middle Turkic: irk- (Pav. C.)
Turkmen: irik- (dial.)
Kirghiz: irk-il-
Kazakh: irk-
Comments: EDT 221, ЭСТЯ 1, 378-379.
Proto-Turkic: *iske-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to pinch, pluck out 2 pincers 3 chisel
Russian meaning: 1 выщипывать 2 щипчики, клещи 3 резец, долото
Karakhanid: iske- (MK) 1
Azerbaidzhan: iskänä 3
Turkmen: iskew 2, isgänä 3
Yakut: iskex 2
Comments: EDT 246, VEWT 174 (Tadzh. iskana probably < Turk.), ЭСТЯ 1, 382-383.
Proto-Turkic: *it-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to push, hit
Russian meaning: толкать, ударять
Karakhanid: it- (MK)
Turkish: it-
Tatar: ĭt-
Middle Turkic: it- (Abush., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: itar-
Uighur: itär-
Sary-Yughur: it-
Turkmen: it-
Khakassian: ĭt-
Shor: it-
Oyrat: it-, ijt-
Yakut: üt-
Dolgan: it-, üt-
Tuva: it-
Kazakh: ĭjter-
Bashkir: ĭt-
Gagauz: jitir-
Karaim: it-
Karakalpak: ijter-
Comments: EDT 38, VEWT 174, ЭСТЯ 1, 386-387, Stachowski 129, 254.
Proto-Turkic: *itelgü
Meaning: a bird of prey
Russian meaning: хищная птица
Turkish: ötlägü
Uzbek: itälgü
Turkmen: itelgi
Comments: VEWT 175. Turk. > Kalm. itḷɣǝ (KW 211). [rather < Mong.]
Proto-Turkic: *īg
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: illness, decease
Russian meaning: болезнь
Old Turkic: ig (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ig (MK, KB, Tefs.)
Turkish: iɣǯil
Middle Turkic: ig (Sangl., Houts.)
Turkmen: īgli 'rickety'
Chuvash: jъx 'leprosy, scrofula'
Comments: EDT 98-99, Егоров 76-77, Федотов 1, 189, Мудрак 73, Мудрак Дисс. 157, VEWT 169.
Proto-Turkic: *ījn
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hollow, pit, lair
Russian meaning: берлога, яма
Old Turkic: in (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: in, jin (MK)
Turkmen: hīn
Halaj: hị̄n
Chuvash: jǝnǝ
Yakut: īn
Dolgan: īn
Kirghiz: ijin
Comments: EDT 166, VEWT 172, Егоров 79, Stachowski 131.
Proto-Turkic: *īl-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to hang on (smth.) 2 hook
Russian meaning: 1 вешать (на что-л.) 2 крючок
Old Turkic: il- (OUygh.) 1, ilin- (refl.) (OUygh.) 1
Karakhanid: il- (MK) 1, ɨlɨn- (refl.) (MK) 1
Turkish: dial. il- 1, ilmek 2
Tatar: el- 1
Middle Turkic: ɨl- (Abush., Sangl.), ɨlɨn- (refl.) (Pav. C.) 1
Uzbek: il- 1, ilmɔq 2
Uighur: il- 1, ilmaq 2, 'loop'
Azerbaidzhan: ilmäk 2
Turkmen: īl- 1
Khakassian: ǝl-
Oyrat: il- 1, ilmek 2
Chuvash: jъlъ, jъlmak 'loop'
Yakut: īl- 1
Tuva: il- 1
Tofalar: il- 1
Kirghiz: il- 1, ilmek 2
Kazakh: il- 1
Noghai: il- 1
Bashkir: el- 1
Balkar: ilin- (refl.) 1
Karakalpak: il- 1, ilmek 2
Kumyk: il- 1
Comments: VEWT 170, ЭСТЯ 1, 343-346, Егоров 73-74.
Proto-Turkic: *īĺč
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: work, deed
Russian meaning: работа, дело
Old Turkic: (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ɨš (MK)
Turkish:
Tatar: ĭš
Middle Turkic: (Pav. C.)
Uzbek:
Uighur:
Sary-Yughur: is, ɨs
Azerbaidzhan:
Turkmen: īš
Oyrat:
Halaj: ị̄š
Chuvash: ǝś
Yakut: īs
Tuva:
Kirghiz:
Kazakh: ĭs
Noghai: is
Bashkir: ĭš
Balkar:
Gagauz:
Karaim:
Karakalpak: is
Kumyk:
Comments: EDT 254, VEWT 174, ЭСТЯ 1, 395-396, Егоров 66.
Proto-Turkic: *īr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shame, be ashamed, frighten away
Russian meaning: стыд, стыдиться, отпугивать
Karakhanid: ir-, iril- (MK)
Turkmen: īr-
Khakassian: irǝk- 'to languish, be bored'
Chuvash: jǝrǝn-
Yakut: īr- 'to rave, become crazy'
Comments: EDT 192, VEWT 173, (incorrect in) Егоров 80.
Proto-Turkic: *īŕ / *ɨ̄ŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 trace 2 furrow
Russian meaning: 1 след 2 борозда, межа
Old Turkic: iz 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: iz 1 (MK)
Turkish: iz 1
Tatar: ĭz 1, ɨzan 2
Middle Turkic: iz 1 (Бор. Бад., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: iz 1
Uighur: iz 1
Sary-Yughur: is 1
Azerbaidzhan: iz 1
Turkmen: ɨ̄z 1
Khakassian: ĭs 1
Oyrat: is 1
Chuvash: jǝr 1, jъran 2
Tuva: is 1
Kirghiz: iz 1
Kazakh: ĭz 1
Noghai: ɨz 1, ɨzan 2
Bashkir: ĭδ 1, ɨδan 2
Balkar: ɨz 1
Gagauz: jiz 1
Karaim: iz, ɨz 1
Karakalpak: iz 1
Kumyk: hɨzan 2
Comments: EDT 277, ЭСТЯ 1, 383-385, 646, 647, VEWT 175, Егоров 79, 75. There exists a verbal derivative *īŕ-te- 'to follow one's tracks', attested as iste- as early as in OUygh. (see EDT 243) and in many modern languages (see ЭСТЯ 1, 383); but simultaneously there is a variant *īr-te- (with *-ŕ- > -r- according to Helimski's rule), attested already in MK (see EDT 208) and in Yak., Dolg. irdē-, see Stachowski 128.
Proto-Turkic: *ɨč-, *ɨč-gɨn-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to lose, disappear
Russian meaning: терять(ся), пропадать
Old Turkic: ɨčɣɨn- (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ɨčɣɨn- (MK), ɨč- (KB)
Tatar: ɨčqɨn-
Middle Turkic: ɨčqɨn- (Abush., Pav. C.)
Khakassian: ɨsxɨn-
Shor: ɨšqɨn-
Oyrat: ɨčqɨn-, ɨqčɨn-
Yakut: ɨhɨgɨn-
Tuva: ɨšqɨn-
Kirghiz: ɨčqɨn-
Noghai: ɨšqɨn-
Bashkir: ɨsqɨn-
Balkar: ɨčxɨn-
Kumyk: išɣɨn-
Comments: VEWT 164, ЭСТЯ 1, 672-673, ДТС 216.
Proto-Turkic: *ɨduk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sacred
Russian meaning: священный
Old Turkic: ɨduq (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ɨδuq (MK)
Khakassian: ɨzɨx
Oyrat: ɨjɨq, ijik
Chuvash: jǝrǝx
Yakut: ɨtɨq
Tuva: ɨdɨq
Kirghiz: ɨjɨq
Balkar: ɨjɨq
Comments: EDT 46, ЭСТЯ 1, 649-650, Егоров 80, Федотов 199, TMN 230-231 (most sources give a dubious inner Turkic derivation < *ɨd- 'to send', based on the old gloss in MK - most probably a folk etymology).
Proto-Turkic: *ɨjŋa-la-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to cry, weep
Russian meaning: плакать, рыдать
Karakhanid: aŋɨla- 'to cry, howl (of a donkey)' (МК) (?)
Turkish: inle-, dial. iŋile-
Tatar: eŋgelde-
Middle Turkic: OKypch. iŋle- (Ettuhf.)
Uzbek: ingala-
Azerbaidzhan: inlä-
Turkmen: iŋle-
Khakassian: ɨlɣa-
Shor: ɨlɣa-
Oyrat: ɨjla-
Halaj: ị̄län-
Yakut: ɨj̃ɨla-
Tuva: ɨjɨla-, ɨɨla-
Kirghiz: ɨjla-
Kazakh: ɨnqɨl-da-
Bashkir: ɨjla-
Gagauz: inne-
Karaim: inle-
Karakalpak: ɨŋɨl-da-
Comments: VEWT 172, EDT 186, ЭСТЯ 1, 366-367.
Proto-Turkic: *ɨjs
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 smoke 2 soot, dirty smoke 3 scent, odour 4 fumes
Russian meaning: 1 дым 2 копоть, сажа 3 запах, аромат 4 испарения
Turkish: is 2
Tatar: is 3
Uighur: is 1
Azerbaidzhan: his 2
Turkmen: ɨ̄s 3
Chuvash: jъs 3
Yakut: ɨ̄s 1, 2
Dolgan: ɨ̄s 1, 2
Kirghiz: is 4
Noghai: ijis 3
Karakalpak: ijis 3
Comments: ЭСТЯ 1, 379, Егоров 76, Stachowski 263. The original meaning must have been 'smell, odour', see notes to *ɨ̄ĺ(č) (cf. the opposition ɨs 'soot' - ijis 'smell' in Nogai etc.).
Proto-Turkic: *ɨ, *ɨ-(ń)gač
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tree
Russian meaning: 1 дерево 2 лес
Old Turkic: ɨɣač (Orkh., OUygh.) 1
Karakhanid: jɨɣač (MK) 1
Turkish: aɣač 1
Tatar: aɣač 1
Middle Turkic: aɣaǯ (Pav. C.) 1
Uzbek: jɔɣɔč 1
Uighur: jaɣač 1
Sary-Yughur: jiɣaš 1
Azerbaidzhan: aɣač 1
Turkmen: aGač 1
Khakassian: aɣas 1, 2
Shor: aɣaš 1, 2
Oyrat: aɣaš 1, 2
Halaj: haɣač 1
Chuvash: jɨvъś 1
Yakut: mas 1
Dolgan: mas 1
Tuva: ɨ̃jaš 1, 2
Tofalar: ńɛš 1
Kirghiz: ǯɨɣač 1
Kazakh: aɣaš 1, 2
Noghai: aɣas 1, 2
Bashkir: aɣas 1
Balkar: aɣač 1, 2
Gagauz: āč 1
Karaim: aɣač, -c 1
Karakalpak: aɣaš 1
Salar: aɣač, -š 1 (ССЯ)
Kumyk: aɣač 1, 2
Comments: VEWT 7, ЭСТЯ 1, 71-73, TMN 2, 73f, EDT 79-80, Егоров 83, Лексика 104, Stachowski 176. The form contains perhaps PT 'bush, tree' as the first component (for OT ɨ see EDT 1), cf. the OT combination ɨ ɨɣač; but the second element is yet unclear.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-sjg,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-jak,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-uzb,turcet-trm,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trm,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-blkx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,
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