Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Total of 2017 records 101 page

Pages: 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50
\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *Erneg
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: edge (of a dish)
Russian meaning: край, кромка (посуды)
Turkish: ernek (dial.)
Tatar: irnäw
Middle Turkic: ernek (Pav. C.)
Turkmen: erŋek
Kirghiz: erdȫ
Kazakh: ernew
Bashkir: irne- 'to border'
Karakalpak: ernek
Comments: ЭСТЯ 1, 301. The root is attested late and may be theoretically derived from *Erin 'lip' (v. sub *i̯ằré); however, the latter can also mean 'edge (of a dish)' in some languages and one can suspect that PT actually merged *Erin 'lip' and *Erin 'edge', while the form *Erneg was derived only from the latter.
Proto-Turkic: *erŋek
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: finger, thumb
Russian meaning: палец, большой палец
Old Turkic: erŋek (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: erŋek, dial. ernek (MK)
Middle Turkic: ernek (Pav. C.)
Khakassian: irgek
Oyrat: ergek
Yakut: erbex
Dolgan: erbek 'peg'
Tuva: ergek
Comments: EDT 234, ЭСТЯ 1, 299, Лексика 253-255, Stachowski 47.
Proto-Turkic: *erük
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 plum 2 apricot
Russian meaning: 1 слива 2 абрикос
Old Turkic: erük 1, 2 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: erük 1, 2 (MK)
Turkish: erik 1
Tatar: ü̆rĭk 2
Middle Turkic: erük (AH) 'peach', örük (Abush.) 1
Uzbek: ọrịk 2
Uighur: ürük 2
Azerbaidzhan: ärik 2
Turkmen: erik 2
Kirghiz: örük 2
Kazakh: orĭk 2
Bashkir: ü̆rü̆k 2
Balkar: erik 1
Gagauz: ierik 1
Karaim: erik 1
Karakalpak: erik 2
Salar: örüx 1
Kumyk: erik 1
Comments: EDT 222, ЭСТЯ 1, 291-292.
Proto-Turkic: *es
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 memory, mind 2 to pity, regret
Russian meaning: 1 память, рассудок 2 жалеть, сожалеть
Old Turkic: es 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: es 1 (KB), esirge- 2 (MK)
Tatar: is 1
Middle Turkic: es 1 (AH, KW)
Uzbek: es 1
Uighur: äs 1
Azerbaidzhan: äksi (< äs-ki) 'clever'
Turkmen: es 1
Oyrat: es 1
Chuvash: as 1
Kazakh: es 1
Noghai: es 1
Bashkir: iɵ 1
Balkar: es 1
Karaim: es 1
Karakalpak: es 1
Kumyk: es 1
Comments: EDT 252, VEWT 49, 50, ЭСТЯ 1, 310, Егоров 33, Федотов 1, 61. Turk. > WMong. esi, Kalm. 'allowing, etiquette'.
Proto-Turkic: *es-(kü)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: old, ancient
Russian meaning: старый
Old Turkic: eski (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: eski (MK, KB)
Turkish: eski, dial. esgi
Tatar: iske
Middle Turkic: eski (Sangl., Pav. C., AH, IM)
Uzbek: eski
Uighur: eski, öski
Azerbaidzhan: äski, äsilli 'grown up'
Turkmen: esgi
Oyrat: eski
Chuvash: as-lъ 'great', az-(-atte, -anne) 'grandfather, grandmother'
Yakut: ösük 'ancient times'
Kirghiz: eski
Kazakh: eski
Noghai: eski
Bashkir: iɵke
Balkar: eski
Gagauz: i̯eski
Karaim: eski
Karakalpak: eski
Kumyk: esgi, eski
Comments: VEWT 50, ЭСТЯ 1, 306-308, Лексика 86, EDT 246, Федотов 1, 63-64. Cf. also Turk. *asɨ- 'old, last year's' (VEWT 29).
Proto-Turkic: *ẹsür-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to become drunk
Russian meaning: пьянеть, напиваться
Old Turkic: esür- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: esür- (MK)
Turkish: esri-
Tatar: isĭr-
Middle Turkic: esri- (AH)
Uzbek: äsĭr- (dial.)
Turkmen: esre-
Khakassian: izĭr-
Shor: ezir-
Oyrat: ezir-
Chuvash: üzǝr-
Yakut: itir-
Dolgan: itiriktē- 'to rejoice, have a feast'
Tuva: ezir-
Tofalar: e`siri-
Kirghiz: esir-
Kazakh: esĭr-
Noghai: esir-
Bashkir: iɵĭr-
Balkar: esir-
Karaim: esir-
Karakalpak: esir-
Kumyk: esir-
Comments: EDT 251, VEWT 50, ЭСТЯ 1, 309-310, Stachowski 130.
Proto-Turkic: *et
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: meat
Russian meaning: мясо
Old Turkic: et (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: et (MK)
Turkish: et
Tatar: it
Middle Turkic: et (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: et
Uighur: ät
Sary-Yughur: jeht
Azerbaidzhan: ät
Turkmen: et
Khakassian: it
Shor: et
Oyrat: et
Halaj: ät ( < Az.?)
Chuvash: üt
Yakut: et
Dolgan: et
Tuva: e't
Tofalar: e't
Kirghiz: et
Kazakh: et
Noghai: et
Bashkir: it
Balkar: et
Gagauz: jet'
Karaim: et
Karakalpak: et
Salar: äht
Kumyk: et
Comments: VEWT 52, EDT 33, ЭСТЯ 1, 311-312, Лексика 455, Stachowski 48.
Proto-Turkic: *Etek
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: lap, edge of cloth
Russian meaning: подол, край одежды
Karakhanid: etek (MK)
Turkish: etek
Tatar: itäk
Middle Turkic: etek (Бор. Бад., Abush., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: etäk
Uighur: etäk
Azerbaidzhan: ätäk
Turkmen: etek
Khakassian: idek
Shor: edek
Oyrat: edek
Halaj: hätäk
Tuva: e'dek
Kirghiz: etek
Kazakh: etek
Noghai: etek
Bashkir: itäk
Balkar: etek
Gagauz: ietek
Karaim: etek
Karakalpak: etek
Kumyk: etek
Comments: EDT 50, VEWT 52, ЭСТЯ 1, 313.
Proto-Turkic: *et-mek
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bread
Russian meaning: хлеб
Old Turkic: ötmek (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: etmek (MK), epmek (MK - Oghuz, Qypch.)
Turkish: etmek, ekmek
Tatar: ikmäk
Middle Turkic: etmek, ötmek (Pav. C.)
Azerbaidzhan: äppäk
Turkmen: (dial.) ekmek, epmek
Khakassian: ipek
Shor: itpäk
Oyrat: ötpök
Noghai: ötpek
Bashkir: ikmäk
Balkar: ötmek
Gagauz: iekmek
Karaim: ekmek, etmek, ötmek
Kumyk: ekmek
Comments: EDT 12, 60, VEWT 376, ЭСТЯ 1, 254-256. The oldest form is clearly *et-mek with various subsequent assimilations.
Proto-Turkic: *ēb-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to hurry 2 quick
Russian meaning: 1 спешить 2 быстрый
Old Turkic: evük (OUygh.) 2
Karakhanid: ev- (KB) 1, evek 2 (MK, KB)
Turkish: ev- 1
Middle Turkic: ev- (MA, IM, Qutb., Houts.)
Turkmen: ǟv- 1
Khakassian: ibek 2
Shor: ibek 2
Chuvash: avaš- 1; avъk 'moment; quick'
Comments: EDT 4, 8-9, VEWT 34, Егоров 19 (Федотов 1, 25-26 - differently).
Proto-Turkic: *ēč- (~ī-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to submit
Russian meaning: подчинять
Old Turkic: ičik- (Orkh., OUygh.), ečik- (Yen.)
Karakhanid: ečik- (MK)
Uighur: ečin- 'to repent, regret'
Turkmen: eǯīz 'weak, fenceless'
Khakassian: is- 'to obey'
Comments: EDT 25.
Proto-Turkic: *ẹ̄diĺ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: vessel
Russian meaning: сосуд
Old Turkic: ediš (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ed/δiš (MK), ijiš (IM)
Middle Turkic: ediš (Abush., Sangl.), iδiš (Qutb)
Turkmen: īdiš (dial.)
Khakassian: dial. edis
Halaj: hidị̄š
Yakut: ihit
Tuva: idiš
Tofalar: idiš
Kirghiz: idiš
Kazakh: ɨdɨs
Karakalpak: ɨdɨs
Comments: VEWT 36, EDT 72, ЭСТЯ 1, 328-329. Turk. > Mong. idiš (see Щербак 1997, 119). Yak. ihit < isit < itis; most of the other modern forms are probably backloans < Mong.
Proto-Turkic: *ẹ̄g-id-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to grow, bring up 2 high, raised up 3 huge
Russian meaning: 1 растить, воспитывать 2 высокий, поднятый 3 огромный
Old Turkic: igid-, egid- 1, ediz (< *ēdgiŕ) 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: igiδ- 1, eδiz 2 (MK)
Turkmen: ǟgirt 3
Yakut: īt- 1
Dolgan: īt- 1
Comments: EDT 73, 103, VEWT 36, 169, ЭСТЯ 1, 224-225, Stachowski 131.
Proto-Turkic: *ẹ̄ke-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to file 2 file (n.)
Russian meaning: 1 пилить, обтачивать 2 напильник
Karakhanid: ike- ( ~ ege-) 1 (MK)
Turkish: eje 2
Tatar: igä- 1, igäw 2
Middle Turkic: ekäk 2 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: egɔw 2
Uighur: ekäk, igäk 2
Azerbaidzhan: äjä 2
Turkmen: īge 2
Khakassian: ige- 1
Oyrat: ege- 1, egü 2
Chuvash: jǝgev 'whetstone'
Yakut: igī 2
Dolgan: igī 2
Tuva: eɣe-, öɣe- 1, eɣē 2
Kirghiz: ege-, ögö- 1, egȫ, ögȫ 2
Kazakh: ege- 1, egew 2
Noghai: ege- 1, egew 2
Bashkir: igä- 1, igäw 2
Balkar: egew 2
Gagauz: ija 2
Karaim: ege, egew 2
Karakalpak: ege- 1, egew 2
Kumyk: egew 2
Comments: EDT 101, VEWT 38, ЭСТЯ 1, 326-328, TMN 2, 93, Егоров 77, Лексика 399, Stachowski 123.
Proto-Turkic: *ēke- (~ ī-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be insolent, quarrel
Russian meaning: быть дерзким, ссориться
Karakhanid: ike-, ikeš- (MK)
Turkish: igeš-
Tatar: egeš-
Turkmen: īgen- 'to scold, growl at'
Yakut: eɣe 'faultfinding', eɣelē- 'to find faults'
Tuva: egen- 'to feel uncomfortable'
Kirghiz: egeš-
Kazakh: eges-
Noghai: eges-
Comments: EDT 101, 118-119.
Proto-Turkic: *ēĺ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to dig 2 to tear, rip open 3 to row 4 to swim 5 to throw away
Russian meaning: 1 копать 2 рвать 3 грести 4 плавать 5 выкидывать
Turkish: eš- 1
Tatar: iš- 2
Middle Turkic: eš- 1 (Abush.)
Azerbaidzhan: eš- 2
Turkmen: ijš-gek `oar'
Khakassian: is- 3
Halaj: häšü-
Chuvash: alt- 1
Yakut: es-, is- 5
Tuva: ešti- 4, eš- 3
Tofalar: eš-, e'hit- 3
Kirghiz: eš- 1
Comments: VEWT 51, EDT 255-6, ЭСТЯ 1, 315-316, Мудрак Дисс. 95. Chuv. iš- 'to row; to swim; to demolish, tear' is evidently borrowed from Tat. (as opposed to the genuine al-t- ). Khal. h- is unclear here (external evidence clearly points to *0-).
Proto-Turkic: *ēl
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 peace 2 people, country
Russian meaning: 1 мир 2 народ, страна
Old Turkic: el 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: el 1, 2 (MK)
Turkish: il, el 2
Tatar: il 2
Middle Turkic: il (AH), el (Abush., Pav. C.) 2
Uzbek: el 2
Uighur: il, äl 2
Azerbaidzhan: el 2
Turkmen: īl 2
Khakassian: il 2
Oyrat: el 2
Chuvash: jal 2
Yakut: il 2
Kirghiz: el 2
Kazakh: el 2
Noghai: el 2
Bashkir: il 2
Balkar: el 2
Gagauz: iel 2
Karaim: el 2
Karakalpak: el 2
Kumyk: el 2
Comments: EDT 121-122, VEWT 39, TMN 2, 194, ЭСТЯ 1, 339-343, Егоров 352, Лексика 316. The meaning "peace" attested in MK is probably the most archaic (cf. the external parallels; typologically cf. also Slavic *mirъ 'peace' > 'world'), suggesting a development *'peace' > 'peaceful people, realm, country'.
Proto-Turkic: *ēĺ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to spin, twist
Russian meaning: вить, сучить, плести
Tatar: iš-
Middle Turkic: eš- (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: eš-
Uighur: äš-
Azerbaidzhan: eš-
Turkmen: īš-
Tuva: eš-
Kirghiz: eš-
Kazakh: es-
Bashkir: iš-
Balkar: eš-
Karaim: eš-
Karakalpak: es-
Kumyk: eš-
Comments: ЭСТЯ 1, 396.
Proto-Turkic: *ẹ̄ĺ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: friend, companion, mate
Russian meaning: друг, товарищ
Old Turkic: (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: (MK)
Turkish:
Middle Turkic: eš (Sangl.)
Chuvash: jɨš 'family'
Tuva:
Tofalar:
Comments: EDT 253-254, ЭСТЯ 1, 313-314, Егоров 83, Лексика 314.
Proto-Turkic: *ēĺü-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to cover 2 (door) curtain > door
Russian meaning: 1 покрывать 2 (дверной) занавес > дверь
Karakhanid: ešü- 1, ešik / ešük 2 (MK)
Turkish: ešik 2
Tatar: išĭk 2
Middle Turkic: išik 2 (AH, IM), išük (IM), ešik 2 (Abush., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: ešik 2
Azerbaidzhan: ešik 2
Turkmen: īšik 2
Khakassian: īzĭk, ĭzĭk 2
Shor: ežik 2
Oyrat: ežik 2
Halaj: ẹ̄̂šük 2
Chuvash: algъ, alъk 2
Tuva: ežik 2
Kirghiz: ešik 2
Noghai: esik 2
Bashkir: išĭk 2
Balkar: ešik 2
Gagauz: ješik 2
Karaim: ešik 2
Karakalpak: esik 2
Kumyk: ešik 2
Comments: EDT 256, 260, TMN 2, 183-184, Егоров 24, ЭСТЯ 1, 396-398, Лексика 511-512, 517.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-khal,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trm,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-trm,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,
Total of 2017 records 101 page

Pages: 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50

Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
1591948697
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov