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\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *dǖtük
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pipe
Russian meaning: трубка, флейта
Karakhanid: tütek 'a spout of an ewer' (MK), düdük 'reed pipe, flute' (IM)
Turkish: düdük
Middle Turkic: (OKypch.) düdük (AH)
Uzbek: tutak
Azerbaidzhan: düdük
Turkmen: tüjdük
Kirghiz: tütük
Kazakh: tütik
Noghai: düdik
Gagauz: düdük
Karakalpak: tüte
Salar: tütülüx (ССЯ)
Kumyk: düdük
Comments: VEWT 507, EDT 455.
Proto-Turkic: *eb
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: house
Russian meaning: дом
Old Turkic: eb (Orkh.), ev (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ev (MK), öv (KB)
Turkish: ev
Tatar: öj
Middle Turkic: öj (Pav. C., Бор. Бад.)
Uzbek: uj
Uighur: öj
Sary-Yughur:
Azerbaidzhan: ev
Turkmen: öj
Khakassian: ib
Shor: em, (Kond.) üj
Oyrat: üj
Halaj: hä̇v
Chuvash: av-la-n- 'to marry'
Tuva: ög
Tofalar: öɣ
Kirghiz: üj
Kazakh: üj
Noghai: üj
Bashkir: üj
Balkar: üj
Gagauz: jev
Karaim: üj
Karakalpak: üj
Kumyk: üj
Comments: VEWT 34, EDT 3-4, ЭСТЯ 1, 287-288, 513-514, Егоров 21, Лексика 500. The word for 'woman' in some languages goes back to PT *eb-či ("housewife"), see EDT 6; borrowed in Mong. as ebsi 'female of a big bear', see Clark 1980, 43).
Proto-Turkic: *ebin
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: grain, seed
Russian meaning: зерно, семя
Old Turkic: evin (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: evin (MK, KB)
Turkish: Osm. evin, Anat. efin
Middle Turkic: evin (Qutb)
Oyrat: ebin
Chuvash: avъn śap- 'to flail', avъn karti 'cornfloor' > Mari (Low) avǝn, Mari (High) ɛn.
Comments: VEWT 34, EDT 12, Мудрак Дисс. 82.
Proto-Turkic: *ebir-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to turn
Russian meaning: поворачивать
Old Turkic: ebir- (Orkh.), evir- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: evür- (MK)
Turkish: evir-
Middle Turkic: evir-, iber- (Abush., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: öwür- (dial.)
Turkmen: öwür-
Khakassian: ibĭr-
Shor: ebir-
Oyrat: ebir-
Chuvash: avъr-
Kazakh: üjĭr-
Bashkir: äwir-
Comments: EDT 14, VEWT 34, ЭСТЯ 1, 498-500, Егоров 20.
Proto-Turkic: *ebi-s-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to winnow, blow
Russian meaning: веять
Karakhanid: evüs- (MK)
Turkish: evis-
Azerbaidzhan: äs-
Turkmen: övüs-, ös-
Halaj: häp(i)s-, häs-
Chuvash: avъs-
Comments: EDT 15, VEWT 49, ЭСТЯ 1, 553-554. The form es-, attested already in MK (see EDT 240, ЭСТЯ ibid.) is possibly a contraction of *ebs-.
Proto-Turkic: *ebren
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: snake
Russian meaning: змея
Turkish: (Osm.) evren 'dragon', cf. mod. 'heaven vault' ( < `snake-rainbow' ?)
Middle Turkic: MKypch. ewren 'adder' (Houts.)
Chuvash: vǝʷre śǝlen 'dragon' (lit. 'hot snake'), vereni (Bulg.)
Gagauz: ievrem 'fiery snake'
Comments: EDT 14.
Proto-Turkic: *Ebür(d)ek
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: duck
Russian meaning: утка
Old Turkic: ödirek (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: (MK) ördek
Turkish: ördek
Tatar: ürdɛk
Middle Turkic: evrek, evek (Qutb)
Uzbek: ọrdak
Uighur: ö(r)däk
Sary-Yughur: jürdek
Azerbaidzhan: ördäk
Turkmen: ȫrdek
Khakassian: örtek
Shor: örtek
Oyrat: örtök
Halaj: irdäk
Yakut: ördükēn 'утка-чиранка'
Tuva: ödürek, edirek
Tofalar: ödrek
Kirghiz: ördök
Kazakh: üjrek
Bashkir: üjräk
Gagauz: jördek
Karaim: ördek, erdek
Karakalpak: üjrek, ördek
Kumyk: ördek dial.
Comments: EDT 205, ЭСТЯ 1, 547-548, TMN 2, 31, Лексика 172.
Proto-Turkic: *ed-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to tan (leather)
Russian meaning: дубить (шкуру)
Azerbaidzhan: ejmä 'leather bag with clabber'
Turkmen: ej-
Chuvash: ir-źǝ 'skinner'
Yakut: etirik `skin scraper'
Comments: ЭСТЯ 1, 236-237, 335-336, Мудрак Дисс. 171, Лексика 377.
Proto-Turkic: *Eder-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to follow
Russian meaning: следовать
Old Turkic: eder- (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: eδer- (MK)
Tatar: ijär-
Uzbek: ejär- (dial.)
Sary-Yughur: ezer-
Turkmen: ejer-
Khakassian: izert-
Chuvash: jer-
Tuva: eder-
Kazakh: ijer-
Bashkir: ĭjär-
Kumyk: ijer-
Comments: EDT 67, VEWT 36, ЭСТЯ 1, 242-245, Егоров 61-62.
Proto-Turkic: *Edi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: host
Russian meaning: хозяин
Old Turkic: edi (idi) (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: iδi (MK)
Turkish: ije, ɨs, is
Tatar: ijä
Middle Turkic: eje (Бор. Бад., Abush.), ije (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: äjä (dial.)
Sary-Yughur: ise
Azerbaidzhan: jijä
Turkmen: eje
Khakassian: ē
Shor: ē
Oyrat: ē
Yakut: ičči
Dolgan: ičči
Tuva: ē ( < Oyr. or Khak.)
Kirghiz: ē
Kazakh: ĭje
Noghai: ije
Bashkir: ĭjä
Balkar: ije
Karaim: ije, je
Karakalpak: ije
Kumyk: jeje
Comments: ЭСТЯ 1, 237-241, TMN 2, 176, EDT 41, Лексика 324-325, Stachowski 122. Some forms (Tur. ɨs, is, Yak. ičči etc.) go back to a suffixed *ede-si; the Khak. and Shor forms should be explained as a haplology of the same form.
Proto-Turkic: *ed, *ed-gü
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 thing, goods 2 good, excellent 3 good action, benefit
Russian meaning: 1 вещь, добро, имущество 2 хороший, отличный 3 благодеяние
Old Turkic: ed 1 (OUygh.), edgü 2
Karakhanid: 1, eδgü 2 (MK, KB)
Turkish: iji 2
Tatar: ige, ijge
Turkmen: ejgi-lik 3
Yakut: ütüö 2
Dolgan: ötüö 2
Tuva: eki 2
Tofalar: e'kki 2
Kirghiz: ijgi-lig 3
Noghai: ijgi 1
Balkar: igi,izgi 1
Salar: ī 1
Comments: ЭСТЯ 1, 245-247, 248-249, 329-330, VEWT 35-36, EDT 33, 51, Stachowski 201. PT *ed-gü is derived from PT *ed 'thing, goods' (Лексика 326) ( > Mong. ed, MMong. (SH etc.) ed, see Щербак 1997, 113). Mong. edege- 'to feel better, recover' (Dag. edge-) is also possibly < Turkic.
Proto-Turkic: *ẹ̆dŋe-r
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: saddle
Russian meaning: седло
Karakhanid: eδer (MK)
Turkish: eyer
Tatar: ijɛr
Middle Turkic: ẹger
Uzbek: egar
Uighur: egǝ(r)
Sary-Yughur: ezer
Azerbaidzhan: jähär
Turkmen: ejer
Khakassian: izer
Shor: ezer
Oyrat: ēr
Chuvash: jǝner
Yakut: ɨŋɨ̄r
Dolgan: ɨŋɨ̄r
Tuva: ezer
Tofalar: e'zer (Рас. ФиЛ 183)
Kirghiz: ēr
Kazakh: er
Noghai: ijer
Bashkir: ejär
Balkar: ijer
Gagauz: jēr
Karaim: jer
Karakalpak: jer
Salar: eŋer (Kakuk)
Kumyk: er
Comments: EDT 63, VEWT 36, ЭСТЯ 1, 241-242, 658-659, Лексика 539, Stachowski 261. Reflexes of the cluster are complicated by borrowings: e.g. Tuva, Tof. is < Khak. Turk. *edŋer-čak 'pack saddle' > MMong. iŋɣirčaq, WMong. jaŋɣirčaq id. (TMN 2, 128-129, Щербак 1997, 164, Аникин 88).
Proto-Turkic: *eg-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to bend
Russian meaning: гнуть
Old Turkic: eg- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: eg- (MK)
Turkmen: eg-
Halaj: äj-, äjri
Chuvash: av-, aj-
Yakut: iex-
Dolgan: iek-
Comments: EDT 99, VEWT 37, ЭСТЯ 1, 330-332, Егоров 19, Stachowski 122 (Yak. iex- < *eg-ik-).
Proto-Turkic: *eg-dü
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a curved knife
Russian meaning: кривой нож
Old Turkic: egdü (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: egdü (MK)
Turkish: egdi (dial.)
Turkmen: egdi
Chuvash: avdъ
Yakut: iät
Kirghiz: ijdi
Comments: EDT 102, VEWT 37. The semantics must have been secondarily influenced by *eg- 'to bend, curve'.
Proto-Turkic: *egin
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shoulder
Russian meaning: плечо
Old Turkic: egin (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: egin (MK)
Turkish: eɣin, ejin 'back'
Middle Turkic: egin (Abush., Pav. C.), in (Pav. C.) 'back'
Uzbek: egin
Sary-Yughur: igen
Azerbaidzhan: äjin 'body'
Turkmen: egin (dial.)
Khakassian: iŋnĭ
Shor: äŋin, egini
Oyrat: ijin
Chuvash: avъn, an
Yakut: ien
Tuva: eɣin
Kirghiz: ijin
Kazakh: ĭjĭn
Noghai: ijin
Karaim: īn, in
Karakalpak: ijin
Comments: EDT 109, VEWT 37, ЭСТЯ 1, 225-227, Егоров 26, Лексика 239, Федотов 1, 42-43.
Proto-Turkic: *egir-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to twist, spin
Russian meaning: крутить, прясть
Karakhanid: egir- (MK)
Turkish: ejir-
Tatar: ir- (dial.)
Middle Turkic: egir- (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: jigir-
Uighur: jiger-, igir-
Azerbaidzhan: äjir-
Turkmen: egir-
Khakassian: īr-
Shor: īr-, egir-
Oyrat: ijir-
Halaj: häjir-
Chuvash: avъr-la-
Yakut: īr-is- 'спутаться о лесках'; ieregej 'humming-top'
Dolgan: ieregej 'drill'
Tuva: ēr-
Kirghiz: ijir-
Kazakh: ijir-
Noghai: ijir-
Balkar: ijir-
Karaim: ijir-
Karakalpak: ijir-
Salar: iɣer-
Kumyk: ijir-
Comments: EDT 112, ЭСТЯ 1, 227-231, TMN 2, 192, Федотов 1, 27, Stachowski 122. The Chuv. form reflects a partial merger with *ebir- (v. sub *i̯ằpV).
Proto-Turkic: *ej-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: lower side
Russian meaning: нижняя сторона
Chuvash: aj
Comments: A Chuvash isolate (see VEWT 38, Федотов 1, 28), but having probable external parallels.
Proto-Turkic: *ejekü
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: side, upper rib
Russian meaning: бок, верхнее ребро
Old Turkic: ejegü (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ejegü (MK, KB)
Turkish: eje; (Osm.) ejegi
Middle Turkic: ejegü, üjegi (Sangl.)
Chuvash: ajъk
Yakut: ojoɣos ( < *ajaku-č?)
Dolgan: ojogos
Tuva: ēgi
Tofalar: ē~gi
Comments: VEWT 38, EDT 272, Егоров 38, Мудрак Дисс. 64, Лексика 275, Stachowski 190.
Proto-Turkic: *Ej-men-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be shy, timid, afraid
Russian meaning: смущаться, робеть, пугаться
Old Turkic: ejmen- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ejmen- (MK)
Turkish: imen-
Tatar: imän-
Middle Turkic: ejmen- (Abush., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: ijmän-
Uighur: äjmän-
Azerbaidzhan: ejmän- (dial.)
Turkmen: ejmen-
Oyrat: ijmen-
Kirghiz: ijmen-
Kazakh: ĭjmen-
Noghai: ijmen-
Karaim: emen-
Karakalpak: ijmen-
Comments: VEWT 10, EDT 273, ЭСТЯ 1, 249-251. Turk. > WMong. ajman- (Щербак 1997, 96); but Mong. *aju- can be hardly regarded as a Turkism.
Proto-Turkic: *ek-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to decrease, be insufficient 2 common, ordinary, low class; fault, faulty
Russian meaning: 1 уменьшаться, быть недостаточным 2 обычный, низкородный; недостаток, недостаточный
Old Turkic: egsü- 1, egil 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: egsü- 1 (MK)
Turkish: eksi-, eksil- 1, eksik 2
Middle Turkic: eksü- 1 (Abush.), öksü-, öksül- 1 (Pav. C.), öksük 2 (Abush., Pav. C.)
Uighur: ögsü- 1 (dial.)
Azerbaidzhan: äskik 2
Turkmen: egis-, egsil- 1, egsik 2
Chuvash: iksǝl- 1, jǝksek 2
Kirghiz: öksü- 1, öksük 2
Gagauz: jisil- 1
Karaim: eksil- 1, eksik 2
Comments: ЭСТЯ 1, 257-258, Егоров 77, Мудрак Дисс. 199; EDT 106, 117. The Chuv. Anlaut is not quite clear (iksǝl- < *jǝksǝl-?; one of the cases with prothetic j-, so the openness / closedness of the vowel in PT remains unknown); Федотов 1, 193 derives Chuv. jǝksik from PT *jek (v. sub *ĺā̀k`è), but this is phonetically impossible.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-chv,turcet-gagx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-sjg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-trm,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-blkx,turcet-sal,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trm,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,
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