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Proto-Turkic: *dal-g-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wave
Russian meaning: волна
Turkish: dalga 2
Middle Turkic: talɣa 'Wellenschlag', talɣum, talqum 'sea waves'
Azerbaidzhan: dalɣa 2
Comments: KW 94, VEWT 458, 487. An Oghuz word.
Proto-Turkic: *dam
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 drop 2 to drop
Russian meaning: 1 капля 2 капать
Karakhanid: tam- 2 (MK)
Turkish: dam- 2
Tatar: tam- 2
Middle Turkic: tam 1 (Abush.), tam- 2 (Sangl.)
Uzbek: tɔm-
Uighur: tam- 2
Azerbaidzhan: dam- 2
Turkmen: dam- 2
Oyrat: tam- 2
Chuvash: tom-la- 2
Yakut: tammax 1
Tuva: dam-dɨ 1
Tofalar: tam-dɨ 1
Kirghiz: tam- 2
Kazakh: tam- 2
Noghai: tam- 2
Bashkir: tam- 2
Balkar: tam- 2
Gagauz: dam-na 1
Karaim: tam- 2
Karakalpak: tam- 2
Kumyk: tam- 2
Comments: VEWT 459, EDT 503, ЭСТЯ 3, 139-140, Федотов 2, 245. There is also a variant *dɨm 'wetness' (ЭСТЯ 3, 294).
Proto-Turkic: *dạmor
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 vein, artery 2 root
Russian meaning: 1 жила, сосуд 2 корень
Old Turkic: tamar, tamɨr 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: tamur (MK, KB), tamar (MK-Oghuz) 1
Turkish: damar 1
Tatar: tamɨr 2
Middle Turkic: tamur 1, 2 (Sangl., Abush., MA)
Uzbek: tɔmir 1, 2
Uighur: tomur, temir 1, 2
Sary-Yughur: tamɨr 1
Azerbaidzhan: damar 1
Turkmen: damar 1
Khakassian: tamɨr 1, 2
Oyrat: tamɨr 1, 2
Chuvash: tɨmar 1, 2
Yakut: tɨmɨr 1
Dolgan: tɨmɨr 1
Tuva: damɨr 1
Tofalar: damɨr 1
Kirghiz: tamɨr 2
Kazakh: tamɨr 1, 2
Noghai: tamɨr 1, 2
Bashkir: tamɨr 1, 2
Balkar: tamɨr 1, 2
Gagauz: damar 1
Karaim: tamur 1, 2
Karakalpak: tamɨr 1, 2
Salar: tamɨr 1
Kumyk: tamur 1, 2
Comments: VEWT 460, EDT 508, ЭСТЯ 3, 143-144, Лексика 107-108, 264-265, Stachowski 238. There are also some forms with -o-: Oyr. tomur- 'to uproot', Kirgh. tomor 'name of a plant, from the root of which dye is produced', Kaz. tomar id., KKalp. tomar 'root' - possibly contaminations with *Tomar 'block, log' (v. sub *t`ome).
Proto-Turkic: *daŋ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to bind together
Russian meaning: связывать
Karakhanid: taŋ- (MK)
Middle Turkic: taŋ- (Abush., Sangl.)
Sary-Yughur: taŋ-
Turkmen: daŋ-
Oyrat: taŋ-
Yakut: taŋ-
Dolgan: taŋ- 'to put on'
Tuva: doŋ-na-
Kirghiz: taŋ-
Kazakh: taŋ-
Karakalpak: taŋ-
Comments: VEWT 461, EDT 514, ЭСТЯ 3, 145-146, Stachowski 216. Turk. > Kalm. tan- 'to plait, knot'.
Proto-Turkic: *dAŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: vulture
Russian meaning: стервятник
Uighur: tasqara (dial., Malov - Xami)
Turkmen: dazzarkel
Khakassian: tasxa 'owl'
Oyrat: tas quš (Верб.)
Tuva: das
Kirghiz: tazqara
Kazakh: tasqara
Bashkir: taδɣara
Comments: Turk. > Kalm. tas (KW 381-382).
Proto-Turkic: *dar-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to go apart, scatter, spread 2 to branch, be forked 3 branch 4 claw 5 finger
Russian meaning: 1 расходиться, рассеиваться, распространяться 2 растопыриваться, разветвляться 3 ветвь 4 лапа 5 палец
Karakhanid: tarmaq 4, tarmaqla- 2, tar- 1 (MK)
Turkish: darga- 1 (dial.)
Tatar: tar- 1 (dial.), tarmaq 3
Middle Turkic: tar- 'to put an end to smth.' (Qutb)
Uzbek: tarvaj- 2, tarmaq 3
Uighur: tarmaq 3
Sary-Yughur: tarmaq 5
Azerbaidzhan: darma-daɣɨn 'scattered'
Turkmen: darɣa- 1
Khakassian: tarba- 2
Chuvash: torat 3
Yakut: tarbax 5, tarɣā- 1
Dolgan: targat- 1 (tr.)
Tuva: darba- 2
Kirghiz: tarba- 2, tarmaq 3
Kazakh: tarmaq 3
Noghai: tarma- 2, tarmaq 3
Bashkir: tarba- 2, tarmaq 3
Karakalpak: tarba- 2, tarmaq 3
Kumyk: tarmaq 3
Comments: VEWT 463, EDT 529, ЭСТЯ 3, 150-151, Дыбо 312, Лексика 256, Федотов 2, 251, Stachowski 218. Widely spread modern Kypchak forms like Kirgh. tara-, tarqa- 'to become scattered' etc. are most probably < Mong. tara-, tarqa- (see under *t`ájri), since the (rather scanty) Oghuz evidence points to *d-, so Clauson (EDT 529) may be right in thinking that there is no etymological connection between PT *dar- and Mong. tara-, tarqa- 'disperse'. It is also probable that the common Turkic derivatives *darma- 'to scrape, rake up; to scatter, disperse in different directions', as well as *dara- 'to comb' (ЭСТЯ 3, 147-149, Stachowski 217) can belong here - although both roots tend to contaminate actively with PT *dɨrŋa- 'to scrape' (q. v. sub *či̯ŭru).
Proto-Turkic: *daŕ (~-ā-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bald
Russian meaning: лысый
Old Turkic: taz (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: taz (MK)
Turkish: daz
Tatar: taz
Middle Turkic: taz (Sangl.)
Uzbek: tɔz
Uighur: taz
Azerbaidzhan: daz
Khakassian: tas
Shor: tas
Oyrat: tas
Tuva: tas
Tofalar: tas
Kirghiz: taz
Kazakh: taz
Noghai: taz
Bashkir: taδ
Karaim: taz
Karakalpak: taz
Salar: taz (ССЯ)
Comments: VEWT 467, EDT 570, ЭСТЯ 3, 124. Turk. > Hung. tar 'bald', see MNyTESz 3, 847.
Proto-Turkic: *dạrɨ-g
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: millet
Russian meaning: просо
Old Turkic: tarɨɣ (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: tarɨɣ (MK)
Turkish: darɨ
Tatar: tarɨ
Middle Turkic: (MKypch.) tarɨ (CCum., AH)
Uzbek: tariq
Uighur: teriq
Sary-Yughur: tarɨɣ
Azerbaidzhan: darɨ
Turkmen: darɨ
Khakassian: tarɨɣ
Shor: tarā (possibly < Mong.)
Oyrat: taral 'angelica' (?)
Chuvash: tɨrъ 'corn'
Tuva: tarā (possibly < Mong.)
Tofalar: darā (possibly < Mong.)
Kirghiz: tarū
Balkar: tarɨ
Gagauz: darɨ
Karaim: tarɨ, darɨ
Karakalpak: tarɨ
Salar: darɨ
Kumyk: tari
Comments: VEWT 464, EDT 537-538, TMN 2, 480-482, ЭСТЯ 3, 157, Лексика 456-457. Turk. > Hung. dara 'grain, groats', see Gombocz 1912.
Proto-Turkic: *dart-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to pull; to hang
Russian meaning: тянуть; подвешивать, взвешивать
Old Turkic: tart- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: tart- (MK, KB)
Turkish: tart-
Tatar: tart-
Middle Turkic: tart- (Abush., Sangl.)
Uzbek: tɔrt-
Uighur: ta(r)t-
Sary-Yughur: tart-
Azerbaidzhan: dart-
Turkmen: dart-, tart-
Khakassian: tart-
Shor: tart-
Oyrat: tart-
Chuvash: tort-
Yakut: tart-
Dolgan: tart-
Tuva: tɨ'rt-
Tofalar: tɨ'rt-
Kirghiz: tart-
Kazakh: tart-
Noghai: tart-
Bashkir: tart-
Balkar: tart-
Gagauz: dart-
Karaim: tart-
Karakalpak: tart-
Salar: ta't- (ССЯ)
Kumyk: tart-
Comments: VEWT 465, EDT 534, ЭСТЯ 3, 154-156, Федотов 2, 254, Stachowski 218.
Proto-Turkic: *dāg
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mountain
Russian meaning: гора
Old Turkic: taɣ (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: taɣ (MK, KB)
Turkish: daɣ
Tatar: taw
Middle Turkic: taɣ (MA), taɣ, ṭaɣ (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: tɔɣ
Uighur: taɣ
Sary-Yughur: taɣ
Azerbaidzhan: daɣ
Turkmen: dāG
Khakassian: taɣ
Shor: taɣ (Верб.)
Halaj: tāɣ
Chuvash: tu
Yakut: tɨa 'taiga, wood'
Dolgan: tɨa 'land, tundra'
Tuva: daɣ
Tofalar: daɣ, taɣ
Kazakh: taw
Noghai: taw
Bashkir: tau
Balkar: tau
Karaim: daɣ
Karakalpak: taw
Salar: dāɣ
Kumyk: taw
Comments: VEWT 454, TMN 2, 439-440, EDT 463, ЭСТЯ 3, 117-118, Лексика 94, 111, Stachowski 236.
Proto-Turkic: *dāj-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: uncle
Russian meaning: дядя
Old Turkic: taɣaj 'maternal uncle' (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: taɣaj 'maternal uncle' (MK)
Turkish: dajɨ
Middle Turkic: taɣaji 'maternal uncle' (Sangl., MA)
Uzbek: tɔɣa
Uighur: taɣa
Sary-Yughur: taɣɨj
Azerbaidzhan: dajɨ
Turkmen: dājɨ
Khakassian: taj, tajɨ, tāj
Shor: tajɨ
Oyrat: tāj, taj
Yakut: tāj
Tuva: dāj
Kirghiz: taj, taɣa
Kazakh: taɣa (dial.)
Karakalpak: dajɨ
Kumyk: dajɨ
Comments: VEWT 455-456, TMN 3, 196, EDT 474, ЭСТЯ 3, 127-129, Лексика 296. Some forms go back to a suffixed *dāja-kaj.
Proto-Turkic: *dāl-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to lose strength, to faint, lose consciousness
Russian meaning: терять силы, сознание
Old Turkic: tal- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: talɣan ig 'epilepsy' (MK)
Turkish: dal-
Tatar: tal-
Middle Turkic: tal- (Abush., Sangl.)
Uzbek: tɔl-
Uighur: tal-
Turkmen: dāl- (dial.)
Shor: tal-
Oyrat: tal-
Yakut: tāl-
Tuva: dal-
Tofalar: dal-
Kirghiz: tal-, talɨ-
Kazakh: tal-
Noghai: tal-
Bashkir: tal-
Balkar: tal-
Karaim: tal-
Karakalpak: tal-
Kumyk: tal-
Comments: VEWT 457, EDT 490, ЭСТЯ 3, 133-134.
Proto-Turkic: *dāl-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to sink 2 ocean
Russian meaning: 1 погружать(ся) 2 море, океан
Old Turkic: taluj 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)
Turkish: dal- 1
Tatar: tal- 1 (dial.)
Middle Turkic: tal-, dal- 1
Turkmen: dāl- 1 (dial.)
Tuva: tal- (Castr.) `swim'
Gagauz: dal- 1
Karaim: dal- 1
Comments: ЭСТЯ 3, 133-134 (to be separated from *Tal- `to faint'); EDT 502 (the Chinese etymology of OT taluj seems hardly plausible: the compound MC dầj-lwi is not attested, and we would expect *Tajluj, not *Taluj anyway).
Proto-Turkic: *dāla-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to bite
Russian meaning: кусать
Turkish: dala-
Tatar: tala-
Middle Turkic: tala- (MKypch.: AH, Ettuhf.)
Azerbaidzhan: dala-
Turkmen: dāla-
Chuvash: tula-, recipr. tola-š-
Gagauz: dala-
Comments: ЭСТЯ 3, 134-136, Ашм. XIV, 120. This root should be strictly distinguished from PT *tāla- 'to rob', with which it is confused in VEWT 458 and in EDT 492.
Proto-Turkic: *dāp-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to trample
Russian meaning: топтать
Karakhanid: tabrɨ- 'to jump about (about a camel)' (MK)
Tatar: tapa- (dial.)
Turkmen: dābala- 'to trample' (of a camel), dābɨra- 'to ride, stamp'
Oyrat: tabar- 'to fall upon'
Yakut: tabɨj- 'to hit with front hooves' (of a horse)
Dolgan: tabɨn- 'to scratch with a hoof'
Kazakh: tapa-
Bashkir: tapa-
Karakalpak: tapɨlda-
Comments: EDT 443, ЭСТЯ 3, 111-112, Stachowski 214. The Tat., Kaz., Bashk. and KKalp. reflect a variant *dapa- (or perhaps expressive *dāppa-, to account for the lack of voicing -p- > -b- after a long vowel).
Proto-Turkic: *dāpan
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: foot, sole
Russian meaning: нога, подошва
Karakhanid: taban (MK)
Turkish: taban
Tatar: taban
Middle Turkic: taban (Sangl.)
Uzbek: tɔbɔn
Uighur: tapan
Sary-Yughur: tawan
Azerbaidzhan: daban
Turkmen: dāban
Oyrat: taman
Chuvash: toban
Tuva: davan
Tofalar: daman
Kirghiz: taman
Kazakh: taban
Noghai: taban
Bashkir: taban
Balkar: taban
Gagauz: taban
Karaim: taban
Karakalpak: taban
Kumyk: taban
Comments: VEWT 462, EDT 441, ЭСТЯ 3, 110-112, Лексика 289, Федотов 2, 249.
Proto-Turkic: *dārɨ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to touch, fall upon, attack
Russian meaning: дотрагиваться, нападать
Turkish: (Osm.) darɨ- (14 c.)
Tatar: tarɨ-
Middle Turkic: darɨ- (Pav. C.)
Azerbaidzhan: daraš-
Turkmen: dāra-
Yakut: tārɨj-
Bashkir: tarɨ-
Comments: ЭСТЯ 3, 149. Despite VEWT 133, hardly a mongolism (but Kaz., Nogh., KKalp. darɨ- are probably < Mong. daɣari-). One should perhaps link also *dArɨ-n-, *dArɨ-l- 'to become angry, offended' (ЭСТЯ 3, 161-162 - pass. or medial forms, i.e. *'to be touched, approached').
Proto-Turkic: *dāt-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to taste 2 taste 3 sweet, tasty 4 to get accustomed
Russian meaning: 1 иметь вкус (1а пробовать на вкус) 2 вкус 3 сладкий, вкусный 4 привыкать
Old Turkic: tat- 1, 1a (OUygh.), tatɨɣ 2 (OUygh.), tatɨɣ-lɨɣ 3 (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: tat-lɨɣ 3 (MK), tatɨ- 1 (MK, KB), tatɨɣ 2 (MK, KB), tatɨɣ-lɨɣ 3 (MK)
Turkish: tat- (tatar) 1a, tat (-d-), tadɨm, tatɨk 2, tatlɨ 3, dad-a- 'to bait, lure', dad-a-n- 4
Tatar: tat- 1, 1a, tat 2, tatlɨ 3
Middle Turkic: tat- 1a (Abush., Pav. C., Sangl.), tat 2 (Sangl.), tat-lɨɣ3 (Sangl.)
Uzbek: tɔt- 1a, tati- 1, 1a tɔt 2, tɔtli 3
Uighur: teti- 1, 1a, tatq 2, tatliq 3
Sary-Yughur: tatɨ- 1 a, tatɨɣ 3
Azerbaidzhan: dad- 1a, dad 2, dadlɨ 3, dadan- 4
Turkmen: dāt/d- 1a, dāt 2, dāt-lɨ 3
Khakassian: tadɨ- 1, tadɨɣ 2, tadɨlɨɣ 3
Shor: tatqɨ 2
Oyrat: tatu 2, 3
Halaj: tāt- 1
Chuvash: tuda-l- 1, tuda-n- 1a, todъ 2, tut-lъ 3
Kirghiz: tat- 1 a, tatɨ- 1, tatɨq 2, tattuw 3, tatq-a-n- 4
Kazakh: tat- 1, 1 a, tätti 3
Noghai: tat- 1, 1 a, tatɨq 2
Bashkir: tatɨ- 1a, tat 2, tatlɨ 3
Balkar: tat- 1 a, tatɨw 2, tatlɨ 3
Gagauz: dat- 1a, dat 2, datlɨ 3, dad-a-n- 4
Karaim: tat- 1a, tatɨ- 1, 1a, tat (K), tatuv (T,H,K) 2, tatlɨ (T,H,K) 3, tatan- (K) 4
Karakalpak: tat- 1 a, tatɨ- 1, 1a, tatlɨ 3
Kumyk: tatɨ- 1, tatɨw 2, tatli 3
Comments: VEWT 466, EDT 449-450, 452, 454, ЭСТЯ 3, 162-164, Федотов 2, 256-257. Oghuz (Osman) devoicing is secondary. Turk. > Mong. *tati- > tači(ja)- 'become accustomed' (KW 385) > TM tati- id. (ТМС 2, 170.)
Proto-Turkic: *debe
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: camel
Russian meaning: верблюд
Old Turkic: tebe (Orkh.), teve (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: teve (tevej) (MK)
Turkish: deve
Tatar: dü̆jä
Middle Turkic: deve (Pav. C.), teve (Abush., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: tuja
Uighur: tögä
Sary-Yughur: te, ti
Azerbaidzhan: devä
Turkmen: düje
Khakassian: tibe
Oyrat: tȫ, tebe
Chuvash: tǝʷve
Yakut: taba 'deer'
Dolgan: taba 'deer'
Tuva: teve
Tofalar: tebe (Рас. ФиЛ)
Kirghiz: tȫ
Kazakh: tüje
Noghai: tüje
Bashkir: dü̆jä
Balkar: tüje
Gagauz: devä
Karaim: tüje, deve
Karakalpak: tüje
Salar: töje, töüvä, tüvi
Kumyk: tüje
Comments: EDT 447-448, VEWT 468, ЭСТЯ 3, 313-315, Лексика 445, Stachowski 214. Turk. > Hung. teve, see Gombocz 1912.
Proto-Turkic: *debir-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to capsize, subvert
Russian meaning: опрокидывать, ниспровергать
Old Turkic: tevir- (OUygh.)
Turkish: devir-
Azerbaidzhan: devir-
Gagauz: devir-
Comments: ЭСТЯ 3, 172-173.
Total of 2017 records 101 page

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