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\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *čepiĺ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a half-year or 1-year-old kid
Russian meaning: (полу)годовалый козленок
Karakhanid: čepiš (MK)
Turkish: čepiš, čepič
Uighur: čivič
Azerbaidzhan: čäpiš
Turkmen: čebiš
Halaj: čapiš ( < Az.?)
Kirghiz: čebič
Balkar: čemič
Kumyk: čebič
Comments: VEWT 105, EDT 399, Щербак 1961, 120. Cf. also Chag. čiber 'mountain goat' (R). The reflex -b- in Turkm. and Uygh. may be an indication of original vowel length (?) Shcherbak's hypothesis of the word being borrowed < Iranian is dubious; Pers. čapiš, čapuš itself may well be borrowed < Turkic. In any case, the Persian form cannot be a regular IE match for Lat. caper. Cf. WH 1, 157, sub caper: "Np. čapiš...lautlich unmöglich"; indeed, Common Iranian -p- (< IE -p-) > Mod. Pers. and NW-Iran. -b-, in exceptional cases -v- (Расторгуева ЗИФ 114-115); a parallel for caper may perhaps be found in Sak. cau̯, Osset. cäv 'goat' (see Аб. 1, 307, Bailey 105). One should mention the problematic "Wanderformen" Rum. cap, Alb. tsap, Ital. dial. cappo, Crim.-Goth. stap, Slav. *cá́pъ 'he-goat'; cf. also Oyr. čāp 'one year-old roebuck' ( < Mong.?). See Трубачев 1960, 89-90, Orel 47 with literature; note especially Hubschmid's (1954, 49) hypothesis of the Turkic origin of this Wanderwort.
Proto-Turkic: *čepürek
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 rag, patch 2 worn, used clothing
Russian meaning: 1 тряпка, лохмотья 2 изношенная одежда
Old Turkic: čopra (perhaps = čöpre) 2 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: čöpür-čepür ; čopra ( ~ čübrä) 2 (MK)
Tatar: čüpräk 1
Middle Turkic: (OKypch.) čüprek 1 (Houts.)
Turkmen: čüprek 'oakum'
Khakassian: sübrek 1
Shor: šübürek 1
Oyrat: čeberek, čibirek 1
Kirghiz: čüpürek, čüpürek-čapɨraq 1
Noghai: šiberek, šüberek 1
Bashkir: sepräk 1
Karaim: čiprek, ciprek, čüpräk 1
Karakalpak: šüberek 1
Kumyk: čüpürek 1
Comments: EDT 398, VEWT 118 (confused with *čöp 'dirt'), Аникин 677. Perhaps (as suggested in EDT 398) connected with Karakh. (MK) čöpür 'goat's hair', Chag., Turkm. čöpür id.
Proto-Turkic: *čẹr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bodily heaviness, constipation (euphem.) 2 rotten, foul 3 to rot 4 illness 5 dirt 6 to be sick, ill 7 rot 8 glue 9 anguish, sorrow
Russian meaning: 1 запор (эвфем.) 2 гнилой, сгнивший 3 гнить 4 болезнь 5 грязь 6 болеть, хворать 7 труха, гниль 8 клей 9 тоска, скорбь
Karakhanid: čer 1 (MK), čer-le-n- 'to be constipated; to suppurate (of eyes)' (MK)
Turkish: čer 4, čirk 5, čiriš 'flour paste'
Tatar: čir 4, čirlä- 4, čere- 3, čerek 7
Middle Turkic: čir 'tumeur, clou', čire- 'se dégoú̀ter'
Uzbek: čiri- 3, čirik 2, čirk 'snuff; hardened wheel ointment'
Uighur: čiri- 3, čirik 2
Azerbaidzhan: čär 'horse's heart attack', čärlä- 6, čirk 5
Turkmen: čirk '(dirty) spot; insult', čerrik 'illness (of cattle)'
Oyrat: čiri- 3, čirik 2
Chuvash: čir, dial. čẹr 4, śǝr- 3, 6, śǝrǝk 2
Kirghiz: čer 9, 'hard tumour', čerle- 'to be anguished', čiri- 3, čirik 2, čirenč 8
Kazakh: šer 4, 9, širi- 3, širik 2
Noghai: šer 4, širi- 3, širik 2
Bashkir: sir 4, sere- 3, serek 2
Balkar: čiri- 3, čirik 2
Gagauz: čiriš 8
Karaim: ciri-, čiri- 3, cirik, čirik 2, čɨrɨš 8
Karakalpak: šer 9, šir- 3, širik 2, širiš 'slime'
Kumyk: čer 4, 9, čiri- 3, čirik 2, čirkew 'maggots in rotten food'
Comments: VEWT 105, EDT 427, 430, TMN 1077, Егоров 211-212, 326, Федотов 2,111-112, 420. As Doerfer notes, Turkic forms of the type čirkin 'dirty, nasty, ugly' (Chag., Tur., Gag., Tat., Uzb.) are rather borrowed from Persian čirkin (which itself is derived from čirk, borrowed < Turkic).
Proto-Turkic: *čert-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to cut (off edges), make notches 2 to click 3 to pinch 4 to pinch (a musical instrument)
Russian meaning: 1 обрезать (края), делать зарубки 2 щелкать 3 щипать 4 играть на щипковом инструменте
Karakhanid: čert- 1 (MK)
Tatar: čirt- 2, 3, čärdäk-lä- 'to hew'
Uzbek: čert- 2, 4
Azerbaidzhan: čärt- 1, 2
Turkmen: čirt- 1, 3
Khakassian: sirte- 2
Shor: širte- 2
Oyrat: čert- 1, 2
Halaj: čirt- 2
Chuvash: śart 'a dent for inserting bottom into banded vessels'
Kirghiz: čert- 2, 4
Kazakh: šert- 2, 4
Noghai: šert- 2, 3, 4
Bashkir: sirt- 2, 3
Balkar: čert- 'to mark'
Karakalpak: šert- 2, 4
Kumyk: čert- 1, 2, 4
Comments: VEWT 105, EDT 428, Федотов 2, 87-88. The semantic development here is 'to make notches, indents' > 'break the edge', 'pinch' (whence 'to click with fingers') - not onomatopoetic, as suggested by Clauson.
Proto-Turkic: *č(i)ak-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to strike fire 2 flint, fire steel
Russian meaning: 1 высекать огонь 2 кремень, огниво
Old Turkic: čaq- (OUygh.) 1
Karakhanid: čaq- (MK) 1
Turkish: čak- 1
Tatar: čaq- 1
Middle Turkic: čaq- (Sangl.) 1
Uzbek: čaq- 1
Uighur: čaqmaq-taš 2
Sary-Yughur: ča'q- 1
Azerbaidzhan: čax- 1
Turkmen: čaq- 1
Khakassian: sax- 1
Shor: šaɣɨn 'spark'
Oyrat: čaq- 1
Halaj: čaqmaq 2
Yakut: sax- 1
Tuva: šaq- 1
Tofalar: ča'q- 1
Kirghiz: čaq- 1
Noghai: šaqpa 2
Bashkir: saɣ-/saq- 1
Balkar: čaɣ-/čaq- 'to produce sparks, shoot from a flint gun'
Gagauz: čaq- 1
Karaim: čaq- 1
Karakalpak: šaq- 1
Kumyk: čaq- 'to pull the trigger', čaqma 2
Comments: VEWT 95, TMN 3, 80-81, Лексика 373. Kypch. > Chuv. čakma 'fire steel', whence > Mari, Udm. (Федотов 2, 387). The verb is usually regarded as one of the meanings of *čak- 'hit, strike', but the semantics 'strike fire' is attested quite early and allows to use the Turkic material in the Altaic comparison.
Proto-Turkic: *č(i)al-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 turban 2 noose, lasso 3 to plait, wrap 4 to bind by throwing the rope 5 to become entangled 6 to entangle 7 band, strap 8 to bind around, wrap around 9 to plait
Russian meaning: 1 тюрбан 2 аркан, лассо 3 заплетать, заворачивать 4 связывать захлестом, наметывать 5 заплетаться 6 запутать 7 тесьма, завязка 8 обвязывать, обматывать 9 плести
Turkish: čalma 1
Tatar: čal- 4, čalma 1
Middle Turkic: čalma 1, 'flask fastened to the saddle' (Pav. C., Sangl.), 'apron' (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: čal-(mɔq) 4, čalma 1; band, facing
Uighur: čal-ma-š- 5
Azerbaidzhan: čalma 1
Turkmen: čalma 1, čal- 3, čalšɨq 'entangled (of a rope)'
Khakassian: salba (Sag.) 'лычко для метания камней'
Oyrat: čalma 2, dial. (Leb.) čalɨ- 6
Tuva: šalba 2
Tofalar: šalɨšqaq 'criss-crossing'
Kirghiz: čal- 4, čalɣɨč 7, čalma 2
Kazakh: šal- 8
Noghai: šalma 1, šaluw 7
Bashkir: salɨ- 8, salma 1
Balkar: čalma 1, čal- 9, čalman 'wattle'
Gagauz: čal- 8, čalma 1
Karaim: cal- 8, calma 1, calman 'wattle'
Karakalpak: šal- 8
Kumyk: čal- 9, čalma 1
Comments: EDT 420, VEWT 97, Лексика 395. Turk. > Mong. čalma, salma 'lasso', see TMN 4, 316-317, Щербак 1997, 163 (although the meaning 'lasso' is not widely spread in Turkic, Doerfer suggests that it may have been the original, pre-Islamic, meaning of the derivative *čal-ma). Note Chuv. čъʷlɣa- 'to entangle' - usually derived as a loanword < Tat. čulɣa- < PT *čog-la-, but in this case one would rather expect čulɣa- - so the Chuv. form may actually reflect PT *čial-. The root is attested late, but does not seem to be borrowed, or a specialized development of *čal- 'hit, chop' (as suggested in TMN).
Proto-Turkic: *č(i)alɨ-(gan)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bush, shrub 2 nettle 3 thorn
Russian meaning: 1 куст 2 крапива 3 колючка
Turkish: čalɨ 1
Middle Turkic: čalaɣan 2 (R - Vam.)
Uzbek: čalɔw 'ковыль волосистый'
Azerbaidzhan: čalɨ 1
Turkmen: čalɨ 'солянка кустарниковая'
Shor: šalɣɨn, (R) šalɣanaq 2
Oyrat: čalqančaq 2
Halaj: čalu 'eine Pflanze zum Verbrennen'
Kirghiz: čalqan 2
Gagauz: čalɨ 'blackthorn; thorn'
Comments: VEWT 97, Лексика 110. Clauson (EDT 420) relates here OT (МК) čalqan 'spread of an injury' which is not quite probable (rather a derivative from the polysemic čal-).
Proto-Turkic: *č(i)āb
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fame, good reputation, news
Russian meaning: слава, хорошая репутация , новости
Karakhanid: čav (MK, KB)
Turkish: čav
Middle Turkic: čaw (Sangl.)
Azerbaidzhan: čov
Turkmen: čāv (arch.)
Khakassian: sab-laɣ 'renowned'
Shor: šap-tɨɣ 'renowned'
Oyrat: čap
Halaj: čov (may be < Az.)
Tofalar: šaɣ
Comments: VEWT 93, EDT 393. Final -p in Siberian languages is not quite clear.
Proto-Turkic: *čiāk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 time, measure 2 precisely, exactly
Russian meaning: 1 время, пора 2 точно, впору
Old Turkic: čaq 1, 2 (late OUygh.)
Karakhanid: čaq 2 (MK)
Turkish: čaɣ 1
Tatar: čaq 1, 2
Middle Turkic: (OKypch.) čaq 'when (conj.)'
Uzbek: čɔq 1, čɔqum 'certainly'
Uighur: čaq 2
Azerbaidzhan: čaɣ 1
Turkmen: čāG 1
Khakassian: sax 2
Oyrat: čaq 1
Chuvash: čox 1
Yakut: sax 1, saɣa 'about (the time when, the size of)'
Dolgan: haga 'about (the time when, the size of)'; sagɨna 'while'
Tuva: šaq 1, 2
Kirghiz: čaq 1, 2
Kazakh: šaq 1, 2
Noghai: šaq 1, šaq-lɨ 'this much'
Bashkir: saq 1, 2
Balkar: čaq 1, čaq-lɨ 'this much'
Gagauz: čāq, čaq 'up to'
Karaim: čaɣ (K), caq (H) 1
Karakalpak: šaq 1, 2
Kumyk: čaq 1, 2
Comments: VEWT 95, Егоров 327, Лексика 67, EDT 404, ДТС 139, Федотов 2, 425, Stachowski 92-93, 208. Forms like Chag. čaɣ, Uygh. čaɣ or Tof. šaɣ 'time' are borrowed < Mong., but this cannot be assumed for most other forms quoted above.
Proto-Turkic: *čib
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 nail, peg 2 corner 3 penis 4 fir
Russian meaning: 1 гвоздь, колышек, чека 2 угол 3 penis 4 хвойное дерево
Old Turkic: čɨ/iv 2 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: (čiǯ 1 MK - a miswriting instead *čiv?)
Turkish: čivi 1
Tatar: čöj 'wedge, cotter'
Uzbek: čuv 1
Uighur: čüä 3 (R, by animals), čivä 'space between legs above the knees', čivilän 'back saddlegirth' (fixed with a wooden peg)
Azerbaidzhan: čiv 1
Turkmen: čüj 1
Oyrat: čiiš 'wedge'
Noghai: šüj 1
Bashkir: söj 1
Balkar: čüj 1
Gagauz: čivi 1
Karaim: čüj, čüw, (K) čivij 1
Karakalpak: šüj 1
Kumyk: čüj 1
Comments: VEWT 110, 121, EDT 393-394, 396, Лексика 125, 398. Because of well known semantic correlations of the type 'penis': 'thorn': 'fir (needle)' it is tempting to compare also the name of the fir-tree: Tat. dial. (КСТТ) čivi, cɨvɨ, Khak. sɨbɨ, Shor šübe, Oyr. čibi (Tuba čɨbɨ), Tuva šivi, Tof. šibi. However, the intermediate form meaning 'thorn' is not attested, and the medial consonant here is rather *-p- (unless we suppose interdialectal loans), so it may be unrelated.
Proto-Turkic: *čičig (/*čɨčɨg)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 breast (fem.) 2 female sheep 3 sheep tail 4 roasted sheep tail 5 roasted fat
Russian meaning: 1 грудь (женская) 2 овцематка 3 курдюк 4 жареный курдюк 5 жареный жир
Tatar: čɨžɨq (R, Буд. - Kas.), čɨʒɨq (R - Tob.) 5
Middle Turkic: čičiɣ 2, 3 (R - Vam.), čɨčɨɣ, čɨčɨq 4 (R - Zenker)
Chuvash: čǝǯǝ 1
Comments: VEWT 110. An onomatopaeic root, attested late - but possibly archaic because of the external evidence. The assumed semantic development in Chag. and Tat. is 'udder' > 'roasted udder' > 'fat roasted piece of meat'.
Proto-Turkic: *čigit / *čɨgɨt ( ~ -k-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: cotton seed(s)
Russian meaning: хлопковое семя, семена
Karakhanid: čigit (MK - Argu)
Turkish: čɨɣɨt, čiɣit 'seed; freckle'
Middle Turkic: čigit (Sangl., Pav. C); čɨɣɨt 'spots on a pregnant woman's face' (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: čigit
Uighur: čigit
Azerbaidzhan: čijid
Turkmen: čigit 'seed'
Kirghiz: čigit
Kazakh: šijit
Karakalpak: šigit
Comments: EDT 414, TMN 2, 88, Лексика 116.
Proto-Turkic: *čije-
Russian meaning: род ягоды
Old Turkic: a k. of berry
Azerbaidzhan: čijelek 'strawberry'
Turkmen: čije 'cherry'
Kirghiz: čije 'cherry'
Kazakh: šije
Proto-Turkic: *čiŕ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to draw
Russian meaning: чертить
Old Turkic: čɨ/iz- (OUygh.)
Turkish: čiz-
Tatar: sɨz-
Middle Turkic: čiz-, sɨz- (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: čiz-(mɔq)
Uighur: siz-(maq)
Azerbaidzhan: čiz-
Turkmen: čɨz-
Khakassian: sɨz-ɨr- 'to scrape, plane'
Halaj: či/ɨz-
Chuvash: čǝr- 'to draw, scrape, tear'
Kirghiz: čɨz-, sɨz-
Kazakh: sɨz-
Noghai: sɨz-
Bashkir: hɨδ-
Balkar: sɨz-
Gagauz: čiz-
Karaim: cɨz-, čɨz-
Karakalpak: sɨz-
Kumyk: sɨz-
Comments: VEWT 112, EDT 432, Егоров 323, Федотов 2, 413-414. The variant *sɨŕ- is probably due to assimilation.
Proto-Turkic: *čɨg-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to tie up (a parcel) 2 to sew (with small stitches) 3 parcel, pack 4 knot 5 to tie in a knot
Russian meaning: 1 увязывать (тюк, сверток) 2 шить (мелкими стежками), подшивать 3 узел (упаковка) 4 узел 5 завязать узлом
Karakhanid: čɨɣ- 1
Turkish: čɨkɨ, čɨkɨn 3
Middle Turkic: čik 4 (Pav. C.), (OKypch) čɨq- 1 (AH)
Uighur: čig- 5, čigik 4
Sary-Yughur: čig-, čik- 5
Turkmen: čig- 5, čigin 4
Khakassian: sɨɣ-la- 2
Oyrat: či-de- 2
Halaj: (tīn u) čɨqɨn 'small parcels in women's working room'
Kirghiz: čije 4
Gagauz: čɨqɨ 3
Karakalpak: šije 'tightly bound'
Comments: EDT 405, VEWT 94. Forms apparently pointing to *čɨk- most probably reflect a contraction of the suffixed form *čɨgɨ-k-.
Proto-Turkic: *čɨg (~-ɨ̄-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 reed 2 reed mat 3 things woven from reed
Russian meaning: 1 тростник, чий 2 тростниковая циновка 3 изделия, плетеные из чия (тростника)
Old Turkic: čɨɣ (OUygh.) 1
Karakhanid: čɨɣ (MK) 'reed screen'
Turkish: čɨɣ, čiɣ 'reed partition'
Middle Turkic: čɨɣ 2 (Sangl.)
Uzbek: čij 1, 3
Uighur: čiɣ 1
Sary-Yughur: ǯiɣ 1
Oyrat: čij 1
Kirghiz: čij 1, 3
Kazakh: šij 1, 3
Noghai: šijboj 'любисток' (?)
Balkar: čij 2
Karakalpak: šij 2
Comments: VEWT 107, 110; EDT 404, 412. Turk. > MMong. (HY 20) čix, WMong. čig, Khalkha čig, Ord. čīg 'bamboo screen'. The Nogh. form may be a compound; for the second part cf. *bɨńan.
Proto-Turkic: *čɨganak
Meaning: можжевельник
Russian meaning: juniper
Tuva: šānaq
Tofalar: ašānaq (Рас. ФиЛ 89.)
Balkar: čɨɣana(q) 'thorn'
Comments: VEWT 107.
Proto-Turkic: *čɨgɨr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to stamp, ram (ground) 2 stamped snow 3 boundary, limit 4 small path
Russian meaning: 1 топтать, утаптывать (землю) 2 утоптанный снег 3 граница 4 узкая тропа
Karakhanid: čɨɣru- 1, čɨɣɨr 4 (MK)
Turkish: čɨɣɨr 4, 'coomb, trace of an avalanche'
Tatar: čɨɣɨr 3
Middle Turkic: čɨɣɨr 'thawed spot' (Sangl.), 'snow stamped by strong wind' (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: čijir 'trace'
Uighur: čiɣir jol 4
Turkmen: čɨGɨr 3
Halaj: čɨɣɨr 'bad road'
Tuva: šɨ̄r 2
Tofalar: šɨ̄r 'spot on snow or ground with many tracks'
Kirghiz: čɨjɨr, čijir 4
Kazakh: šɨjɨr 'stamped'
Balkar: čɨjɨr-t- 'to stamp snow, grass'
Comments: VEWT 95, 107, EDT 409, 410. Cf. perhaps also PT *čig- 'to draw a line' (VEWT 110). Turk. > Mong. Khalkha čijr 'stamped road', Kalm. čīr 'eaten and stamped grass' (KW 443).
Proto-Turkic: *čɨj, *čɨj-ɨk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 wet, soaking, moist 2 dew 3 moisture 4 raw
Russian meaning: 1 мокрый 2 роса 3 влага, влажный 4 сырой
Karakhanid: či/čɨ 3 (MK), čɨ-la- 'to moisten' (MK), čɨq- 'to absorb moisture' (MK), čɨɣ-la-n- 'to be half-cooked' (MK), čig 4 (IM)
Turkish: čiɣ, čij 1, 2
Tatar: čɨq 2
Uzbek: čiq 2 (dial.), čɨ̄ɣ 1 (Xɔrazm)
Azerbaidzhan: čij 'raw'
Turkmen: čīg 1, čɨ̄G 2
Khakassian: sɨx 1, 3
Shor: šɨq 3, šɨqtɨɣ 1
Oyrat: čij 4, čɨq 3
Yakut: sīk 2, 3
Dolgan: hīk 2
Tuva: šɨq 3, 'meadow', šɨqtɨɣ 1
Tofalar: šɨq 1
Kirghiz: čij-ki 4, čɨq 2, 3
Kazakh: šɨq 2
Noghai: šij 4, šɨq 2
Bashkir: sej 4, ɨsɨq 2
Balkar: čij 4, čɨq 2
Gagauz: čij 1, 2
Karaim: čɨj, cij 4, čɨx 2, 'hoar-frost'
Karakalpak: šɨq 2
Salar: čɨx-ču 2 (ССЯ)
Kumyk: čij 4, čɨq 2
Comments: EDT 393, 406,408, 413, 418, VEWT 107, Лексика 39, Stachowski 106. The actual reflexes are best explained if we postulate an opposition *čɨj 'wet, raw' - *čɨj-ɨk 'dew, moisture' (with further contractions). Some forms, however, could be secondarily borrowed from Mong. (see Kaɫ. MEJ 34).
Proto-Turkic: *čɨk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to go out, come out
Russian meaning: выходить
Karakhanid: čɨq- (MK, KB)
Turkish: čɨk-
Tatar: čɨq-
Middle Turkic: čɨq- (Abush., Sangl.)
Uzbek: čiq-
Uighur: čiq-
Azerbaidzhan: čɨx-
Turkmen: čɨq-
Khakassian: sɨx-
Shor: šɨq-
Oyrat: čɨq-
Yakut: sɨɣarɨj- 'to move, be displaced' (?)
Kirghiz: čɨq-
Kazakh: šɨɣ-/q-
Noghai: šɨɣ-/q-
Bashkir: sɨq-
Balkar: čɨɣ-/q-
Gagauz: čɨq-
Karaim: čɨq-
Karakalpak: šɨɣ-/q-
Kumyk: čɨɣ-/q-
Comments: EDT 405-406, VEWT 107-108.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-khal,turcet-krg,turcet-blkx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-krg,turcet-gagx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-tof,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-krg,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-alt,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-blkx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-khal,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-blkx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,
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