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Proto-Turkic: *būt
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 thigh 2 leg, foot
Russian meaning: 1 бедро 2 нога
Old Turkic: but (OUygh.) 2
Karakhanid: but (MK) 1
Turkish: but 1
Tatar: bot 1
Middle Turkic: but (Abush., Sangl.) 1
Uzbek: but 'groin'
Uighur: put 2
Sary-Yughur: put 2
Azerbaidzhan: bud 1
Turkmen: būt 1
Khakassian: put 1
Oyrat: but 2
Halaj: būt 1
Yakut: būt 1
Dolgan: būt 1
Tuva: but 2
Tofalar: but 2
Kirghiz: but 2
Kazakh: but 1
Noghai: but 1
Bashkir: bot 1
Balkar: but 2
Gagauz: but 1
Karaim: but 1
Karakalpak: put 1
Kumyk: but 2
Comments: VEWT 90, EDT 297, ЭСТЯ 2, 280-281, Лексика 282, Stachowski 67.
Proto-Turkic: *būta-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to cut branches 2 branch 3 nail
Russian meaning: 1 срезать ветви 2 ветвь 3 гвоздь
Old Turkic: butɨq 2 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: butɨq, butaq 2 (MK)
Turkish: buda- 1, budak 2
Tatar: bota- 1, botaq 2
Middle Turkic: buda- 1 (Pav. C.), (MKypch.) buda- 1 (AH)
Uzbek: buta- 1, butɔq 2
Uighur: puta- 1, putaq
Azerbaidzhan: buda- 1, budaG 2
Turkmen: pūda- 1, pūdaq 2
Khakassian: pɨdɨra- 1
Oyrat: buda- 1, budaq 2
Halaj: (buta 'bush' - a backloan from Pers.?)
Chuvash: pъʷda 3
Yakut: bɨtā- 1, butuk 2 (Пек.); mutā- 1, mutuk 2
Dolgan: mutuk 2
Tuva: bu'duq 2
Kirghiz: buta- 1, butaq 2
Kazakh: buta- 1, butanaq 2 (buta 'bush' < Iran.)
Noghai: bɨta- 1, butaq 2
Bashkir: bota- 1, botaq 2
Balkar: buta- 1, butaq 2
Gagauz: buda- 1, budaq 2
Karaim: buta- 1, butaq 2
Karakalpak: puta- 1, putaq 2
Salar: pu/ūtax 2 (ССЯ)
Kumyk: buta- 1, butaq 2
Comments: EDT 301, 302, VEWT 90, TMN 2, 330, Лексика 103, Stachowski 183. Turk. > WMong. butaq 'branch' (see Щербак 1997, 111) (but Mong. buta can be hardly explained as a loan).
Proto-Turkic: *büdi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to dance 2 to jib 3 dance
Russian meaning: 1 танцевать 2 топтаться 3 танец
Old Turkic: büdi- (OUygh.) 1
Karakhanid: büδi- (MK) 1
Tatar: bej- 1
Oyrat: pije-le- 1 (ГАЯ)
Yakut: bitij- 1, 2, bitī 'танец'
Kirghiz: bij 3, bij-le- 1
Kazakh: bij 3, bij-le- 1, büji-1 (dial.)
Noghai: biji-
Bashkir: beje- 1
Karakalpak: bij 3
Kumyk: bij 3, biji- 1
Comments: EDT 300, VEWT 91, ЭСТЯ 2, 131-132 (the word has been contaminated with another root, reflected in Mong. böǯi- (KW 54) [despite Щербак 1997, 111, hardly borrowed from Turk.] - see PA *pḕǯo.
Proto-Turkic: *bügde ( ~ -ö-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dagger
Russian meaning: кинжал
Old Turkic: bü/ögde (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: bü/ögde (MK, KB)
Comments: EDT 325, TMN 2, 294-295, Лексика 566. Turk. > Pers. bogda 'big knife'.
Proto-Turkic: *bük-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to bow, bend 2 to curve, bend, wrap smth.
Russian meaning: 1 сгибаться, кланяться 2 сгибать, складывать, свертывать
Karakhanid: bük- 1 (MK)
Turkish: bük- 2
Tatar: bög- 2
Middle Turkic: bük- 1 (Sangl. Pav. C.)
Uzbek: buk- 2
Uighur: pük- 2
Azerbaidzhan: bük- 2
Turkmen: bük- 2
Khakassian: pük- 2
Shor: pük- 2
Oyrat: bük- (-gV) 2
Chuvash: pǝʷk- 2
Yakut: bük 'a bend, flexion'; bügülē- 2
Tuva: bük- 'to wrap'
Kirghiz: bük- (-gV-) 2
Kazakh: bük/g- 2
Noghai: bük- (-gV-) 2
Bashkir: bögö- 2
Balkar: bük- (-gV-) 2
Gagauz: bük- 2
Karaim: büg-ül- 1 (K)
Karakalpak: bük- (-gV-) 2
Salar: pöx- 2 (ССЯ 454)
Kumyk: bük- (-gV-) 2
Comments: EDT 324, VEWT 91-92, ЭСТЯ 2, 290-293.
Proto-Turkic: *bük
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 wood, forest 2 hill 3 meadow 4 valley between mountains
Russian meaning: 1 лес 2 холм 3 луг 4 долина между гор
Karakhanid: bük 'bushes, underwood', büktir 'rocky mountain top' (MK)
Turkish: bük 'thicket at the waterside'
Tatar: bük (dial.) 3, püktɛr 'snow-drift' (КСТТ)
Middle Turkic: bük 1 (Pav. C.)
Uighur: bük 'thick (wood, garden)'
Khakassian: pük 3
Shor: pük 3
Oyrat: bük 4
Tuva: bü'k 4
Kirghiz: bök 2, böktör 'foot-hills'
Kazakh: bökter 'steep hill'
Comments: VEWT 91, EDT 324, 325, ЭСТЯ 2, 291, Лексика 94.
Proto-Turkic: *bük-tel-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mature
Russian meaning: зрелый
Karakhanid: büktel (MK)
Comments: EDT 325.
Proto-Turkic: *bül-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to be destroyed, ruined 2 to destroy
Russian meaning: 1 разрушаться, разоряться 2 разрушать
Tatar: böl- 1
Middle Turkic: OKypch. bül- 'to remove, fire' (AH)
Kirghiz: bülün- 'to be alarmed'
Kazakh: bülin- 1, büldir- 2
Bashkir: böl- 1
Karaim: bül- 1
Comments: VEWT 92, EDT 332.
Proto-Turkic: *bün
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: defect, sin
Russian meaning: недостаток, грех
Old Turkic: mün (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: mün (MK)
Tatar: min (КСТТ)
Kirghiz: mün, min
Kazakh: min
Noghai: min
Karakalpak: min
Kumyk: min-siz 'flawless'
Comments: VEWT 347, EDT 347, 767 (confused with other roots), ОСНЯ 3, 55-56, ЭСТЯ 7.
Proto-Turkic: *büŋüĺ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: angle
Russian meaning: угол
Karakhanid: müŋüš (Rabg.)
Tatar: müješ
Middle Turkic: müŋüš (Sangl.)
Uzbek: mujuš, mujɨš
Yakut: muŋ, muŋnuk
Dolgan: muŋ, munnuk
Kazakh: müjis
Noghai: müjis
Bashkir: mügeš (dial.)
Balkar: müjüš
Karaim: müjüš, müvüš
Karakalpak: müješ
Kumyk: mujuš, müjüš
Comments: VEWT 344, EDT 771, ЭСТЯ 7, Stachowski 182 (on a different etymology of Yak. muŋnuq see Clark 1977, 133).
Proto-Turkic: *bür
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bud 2 leaf 3 grain
Russian meaning: 1 почка 2 лист 3 зерно
Old Turkic: bür 1 (OUygh.)
Turkish: bürčük 1, bürtük 3 (dial.)
Tatar: börö 1
Khakassian: pür 2
Chuvash: pǝʷrǯe 'grain, particle'
Yakut: burduk 'flour'
Dolgan: burduk 'flour'
Tuva: bürü 2
Tofalar: bür 2
Kirghiz: bür 1
Noghai: bürtik 3
Bashkir: börö 1
Balkar: bürtük 3
Karaim: bürtük 3
Karakalpak: bürtik 3
Kumyk: bürtük 3
Comments: VEWT 92, EDT 354, Лексика 114-115, Stachowski 67. Turk. > WMong. bür, Kalm. bür (KW 67).
Proto-Turkic: *büŕ- / *bür-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to wrinkle
Russian meaning: морщиться
Karakhanid: bür- (MK, KB), büz- (IM)
Turkish: bür- (dial.), büz-
Tatar: bör-
Middle Turkic: bür- (Sangl.)
Uzbek: buriš-
Uighur: pü(r)-
Azerbaidzhan: büz-, bürüš-
Turkmen: bür-, büz-
Khakassian: pür-
Chuvash: pǝʷr-
Kirghiz: bür-
Kazakh: bür-
Noghai: bür-
Bashkir: bör-
Karaim: bürüš-
Karakalpak: bür-
Kumyk: bürüš-
Comments: VEWT 92, EDT 355, ЭСТЯ 2, 294-296 (contaminates with *bür- 'to cover'). Егоров 157, Федотов 1, 421.
Proto-Turkic: *bürče / *bürge
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: flea
Russian meaning: блоха
Karakhanid: bürge (MK, IM)
Turkish: pire
Tatar: börčɛ
Middle Turkic: bürge (MA, Pav. C., Sangl.)
Uzbek: burga
Uighur: bürgä
Azerbaidzhan: pirä
Turkmen: büre
Chuvash: pъʷrźa
Kirghiz: bürgö
Kazakh: bürge, bürše (dial.), burša (dial.)
Noghai: bürše
Bashkir: börsä
Balkar: bürče
Gagauz: pire
Karaim: bürče
Karakalpak: bürge
Kumyk: bürče
Comments: EDT 362, VEWT 92, ЭСТЯ 2, 298-299, Лексика 182-183. The Kypch. form *bürče is a diminutive.
Proto-Turkic: *bürküt
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 aquila fulva 2 eagle
Russian meaning: 1 беркут 2 орел
Tatar: bü̆rkĭt 1, 2
Middle Turkic: bürküt (Бор. Бад., Abush., Pav. C.) 2
Uzbek: burgut 1, 2
Uighur: bürküt 1, 2
Turkmen: bürgüt 1, 2
Oyrat: bürküt, mürküt 1
Chuvash: pǝrgǝt 1
Tuva: bürgüt 1
Kirghiz: bürküt 1
Kazakh: bürkĭt 1
Bashkir: bü̆rkü̆t 2
Karakalpak: bürkit 1
Comments: ЭСТЯ 2, 300, Лексика 169, TMN 2, 331-333. Turk. > Mong. bürgüd 'eagle', Russ. беркут. As suggested in ЭСТЯ the original stem may have been *bür- (preserved in Kaz., KKalp. bür- 'to grasp prey (of an eagle)').
Proto-Turkic: *bürü-, *bür-ke-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to cover up
Russian meaning: покрывать, закрывать
Karakhanid: bürün- 'to be covered' (MK, KB), bürkek 'cloudy', bürkür- 'to become cloudy' (MK)
Turkish: bürü- (also of clouds), bürge, bürgü 'kerchief, thin curtain'
Tatar: börkɛ-
Middle Turkic: bürke- (MA, Abush., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: burka-
Uighur: pü(r)kä-
Azerbaidzhan: bürü-
Turkmen: büre-
Khakassian: pürge-
Shor: pürge-
Oyrat: bürke-
Chuvash: pǝʷrke-
Yakut: bürüj-; bürküj- 'to become cloudy'
Dolgan: bürüj-; bürkük 'cloudy'
Tuva: bürge- (also of clouds)
Tofalar: bürhü-
Kirghiz: bürkö-
Kazakh: bürke-
Noghai: bürke-
Bashkir: börkä-n- 'to be covered', börköü 'stifling'
Gagauz: bürü-
Karakalpak: bürke-
Kumyk: bürke- (also of clouds)
Comments: EDT 363, 367, ДТС 133, VEWT 92, ЭСТЯ 2, 296-298, Stachowski 68. The form in -ke- is an intensive and can hardly be regarded as a mongolism.
Proto-Turkic: *bürü-lgen
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of berry
Russian meaning: вид ягоды
Tatar: börlegen
Uighur: bölǯü(r)gän
Chuvash: peʷrleʷxen
Kirghiz: büldürkön
Kazakh: büldirgen
Noghai: bö/üldirgen
Bashkir: börδögɛn
Comments: VEWT 93, Лексика 139-140 (forms like Kaz. büldirgen may reflect the same stem: *bürül-degen). Cf. also Mong. forms: bürelgene 'калина', bȫrölgönö 'костяника' which may be of Turkic origin.
Proto-Turkic: *büt-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to end, accomplish 2 to be ended 3 to create, build 4 to heal 5 to grow, ripen
Russian meaning: 1 кончать, завершать 2 кончаться 3 создавать, строить 4 заживать 5 вырастать, вызревать
Old Turkic: büt- 2, 4, 5 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: büt- 2, 4, 5 (MK)
Turkish: bit- 2, 5
Tatar: bet- 2, bet-ɛš- 4
Middle Turkic: büt- 2, 4, 5 (Abush., Sangl.)
Uzbek: bit- 2, 4, 5
Uighur: büt- 2
Sary-Yughur: pɨt-, put- 1,2
Azerbaidzhan: bit- 2
Turkmen: bit- 2, 4, 5
Khakassian: püt- 3, 4
Shor: püd-ür- 3
Oyrat: büt- 1, 4, 5
Halaj: bit- 2
Chuvash: pǝʷt- 2
Yakut: büt- 1,2, 4
Dolgan: büt- 1, 2
Tuva: bü't- 2, 4
Tofalar: bü't- 2
Kirghiz: büt- 1,2, 4, 5
Kazakh: bit- 2, 4
Noghai: bit- 2, 4, 5
Bashkir: böt- 2, böt-öš- 4
Balkar: bit- 2, 5; 'to close'
Gagauz: bit- 2
Karaim: bit- 2, 5
Karakalpak: pit- 2, 4, 5
Kumyk: bit- 2, 5
Comments: VEWT 93, TMN 2, 267, EDT 298-9, 306, ЭСТЯ 2, 152-154, 302-303, Stachowski 68. Cf. also PT *bütün 'all, whole' - a derivative from *büt-. Turk. > Mong. *büte-, *bütü- (KW 69-70, TMN 2, 268-269, Щербак 1997, 111).
Proto-Turkic: *büt-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to believe 2 sign, token
Russian meaning: 1 верить 2 знак
Karakhanid: büt- 1 (MK, KB)
Middle Turkic: büt- 1 (Pav. C.)
Uighur: püt- 1 (dial.)
Shor: püt- 1
Oyrat: büt- 1
Yakut: bit 2
Comments: VEWT 93, EDT 298-299 (together with büt- 'finish'), ЭСТЯ 2, 279-280.
Proto-Turkic: *büt-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to join, intertwine, adhere 2 to wind, weave
Russian meaning: 1 присоединяться, переплетаться, примыкать 2 плести, ткать
Karakhanid: bütüš- (MK) 1
Turkish: bitiš- 1
Tatar: böter- 'крутить, свертывать'
Uzbek: bitiš- 1
Azerbaidzhan: bitiš- 1
Turkmen: bitiš- 1
Chuvash: pǝʷdǝʷr- 2
Kazakh: bitis- 'мириться'
Bashkir: bötörgös 'деталь ткацкого станка'
Comments: EDT 309-310. Федотов 1, 427
Proto-Turkic: *büt-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to heal (of a wound)
Russian meaning: заживать (о ране)
Old Turkic: büt- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: büt- (MK)
Tatar: bet-äš-
Middle Turkic: büt- (Abush., Sangl.)
Uzbek: bit-
Turkmen: bit-; bitik 'scar, cicatrice'
Khakassian: püt-
Oyrat: büt-
Yakut: büt-
Tuva: bü't-
Kirghiz: büt-
Kazakh: bit-
Noghai: bit-
Bashkir: böt-öš-
Karakalpak: pit-
Comments: EDT 299 (sub *büt- 'finish'), ЭСТЯ 2, 154-155. Cf. also Chuv. pɨtča 'гнойный лишай'.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-hak,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-uig,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,
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