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\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *bögen
Meaning: large intestine
Russian meaning: толстая кишка
Karakhanid: bögen (MK)
Turkmen: böven
Khakassian: pȫn
Oyrat: mȫn
Tuva: mȫn
Kirghiz: mȫn
Bashkir: büjän
Karakalpak: büjen
Comments: ЭСТЯ 2, 205, Лексика 279, VEWT 83, EDT 328.
Proto-Turkic: *bögse(k) < *bös-ge(k)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a part of human or animal trunk
Russian meaning: часть туловища
Old Turkic: bögsig 'some part of body (belly?)' (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: bökseg 'woman's breast; upper part of chest' (MK)
Tatar: büksɛ 'belly; bird crop'
Middle Turkic: bökse 'the part of a human or animal body above the waist' (Abush., Sangl.)
Uzbek: bụksa 'side part of the body below the breast and down to the hip; (dial.) lower part of body'
Chuvash: pǝʷźexe 'crop'
Yakut: böskö-j- 'to appear abdominous'
Tuva: böskek 'bird's breast'
Tofalar: böksek 'bird's breast'
Kirghiz: böksö 'side of body; foot-hill'
Bashkir: bükɵä 'short person (abusive)'
Balkar: böksün 'half of animal carcass'
Comments: EDT 329, VEWT 84, 83, ЭСТЯ 2, 213-214, Лексика 278. Forms without -k meaning 'buttock' or 'lower part of body' are most probably borrowed < Mong. *bögse, having quite different origin (see under *pi̯oko) - although some contaminations were not excluded.
Proto-Turkic: *bögü
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wizard
Russian meaning: мудрец, колдун
Old Turkic: bögü (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: bögü (MK)
Turkish: böjü
Middle Turkic: bügü (Pav. C.)
Gagauz:
Comments: EDT 324, VEWT 83, ЭСТЯ 2, 293-294. Turk. > Mong. böɣe id., see TMN 1, 234. Turk. > Hung. bű 'witchcraft' (< *büɣü), see Gombocz 1912.
Proto-Turkic: *bögür
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mountain slope
Russian meaning: склон горы
Turkish: böɣür
Turkmen: bövür 'side'
Comments: ЭСТЯ 2, 207. The root is historically different from *bögür 'kidney', but they are hard to distinguish within Turkic.
Proto-Turkic: *bögür, *bögrek
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: kidney(s)
Russian meaning: почки
Old Turkic: bögür (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: bögür (MK)
Turkish: böjrek, böbrek
Tatar: büjer, bü̆jĭräk
Middle Turkic: bögrek (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: bujrak
Uighur: böräk
Azerbaidzhan: böjür, böjräk
Turkmen: bevrek, bövrek
Khakassian: pügürek, pürek
Shor: pǖrek
Oyrat: börök
Chuvash: püre
Yakut: büör
Tuva: bǖrek
Tofalar: bȫrek
Kirghiz: böjrök
Kazakh: büjĭr, büjrek
Noghai: büjrek
Bashkir: bü̆jü̆r
Balkar: börek
Gagauz: bǖr, bȫrek, bǖrek
Karaim: bögrek, bivrek
Karakalpak: büjir, büjrek
Kumyk: büjrek
Comments: EDT 328, VEWT 83, TMN 2, 353, ЭСТЯ 2, 205-207, Лексика 278, Stachowski 68.
Proto-Turkic: *bök-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be satiated, full
Russian meaning: насыщаться, наедаться
Karakhanid: bök- (MK)
Turkish: bɨk-
Sary-Yughur: pek-
Yakut: böɣöx 'satiated'
Dolgan: bögök 'satiated'
Tuva: pök-
Tofalar: pök- (note the absence of pharyngealization - pointing to PT length?)
Kirghiz: bök-
Kazakh: bök-
Noghai: bök-
Bashkir: bük-
Gagauz: bɨq-
Karaim: bɨq-
Comments: VEWT 83 (together with bük- 'to lock'), EDT 324, ЭСТЯ 2, 211, Stachowski 63.
Proto-Turkic: *bök-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to dam, plug
Russian meaning: ставить плотину, затычку
Karakhanid: bök- 'запрудить'(MK), böken- 'быть загороженным (дорога)' (At.)
Turkish: böke- (dial.)
Tatar: büki 'пробка'
Middle Turkic: böken 'плотина' (R, Pav. C. 173)
Uzbek: pụkak 'пробка'
Uighur: pok 'пробка'
Oyrat: bök 'затвор, пробка'
Chuvash: pъʷgъʷ 'пробка'
Kirghiz: bögö-
Kazakh: böge-
Bashkir: büki 'пробка'
Karaim: bök-lä- (T) 'запирать, закрывать'
Karakalpak: böge-
Comments: EDT 324, 326, VEWT 82, 83, ЭСТЯ 2, 208-210, Егоров 146. Clauson prefers the reading with -g-, which is hardly justified. A variant with *-g- (Tur. büɣe-, Chuv. pǝvǝ 'dam', Turkm. böve-, bövet 'id.', Yak., Dolg. büö 'plug') may be a result of the influence of *bog- 'to choke, dam' (cf. *boɣ- 'dam' in Tuva, Uzb., Kum., Nogh., Oyr., Tat., Bashk.).
Proto-Turkic: *böke
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a big snake
Russian meaning: большая змея
Karakhanid: böke (MK)
Comments: Лексика 180, EDT 324. Clauson doubts MK's derivation of böke 'warrior' from 'big snake' (MK quotes a folk-tale about the snake with seven heads called böke, and says that the warriors are called by it); but external evidence rather supports Kashgari's point of view. If this is the case, MMong. bökö 'warrior, wrestler' (whence Evk. buku etc., see Doerfer MT 235) must be a Turkic loanword (see EDT ibid.).
Proto-Turkic: *bökelek
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: gad-fly
Russian meaning: овод
Azerbaidzhan: böjäläk
Turkmen: bökelek
Yakut: bügülex, bügüje
Comments: ЭСТЯ 2, 212-213, Лексика 185.
Proto-Turkic: *böĺ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: cedar, pinus Siberica
Russian meaning: кедр, сибирская сосна
Oyrat: möš, = dial. (Баск. Туба)
Yakut: bes 'pine', dial. 'larch bast' (ДСЯЯ 1 81)
Tuva: pö`š, (Castr. Krg.) böjš
Tofalar: böš
Comments: VEWT 71.
Proto-Turkic: *böĺük
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a relation by marriage
Russian meaning: свойственник, родственник по браку
Old Turkic: böšük (OUygh.)
Comments: EDT 380-381.
Proto-Turkic: *böŋk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to kick, buck
Russian meaning: пинать, брыкаться
Karakhanid: möŋ- (MK)
Uighur: möŋ-, möŋkü-
Khakassian: mükü-
Oyrat: mökü-
Yakut: möx-
Tuva: mög-
Tofalar: möŋ- (Рас. ФиЛ 207)
Kirghiz: möŋkü-
Kazakh: möŋki-
Comments: EDT 767, VEWT 342, ЭСТЯ 7.
Proto-Turkic: *böŋre-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to howl
Russian meaning: кричать (в первую очередь, о животном)
Old Turkic: müŋre- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: müŋre- (MK)
Turkish: bögür-
Tatar: mögrɛ-
Middle Turkic: muŋra- (Sangl.)
Uighur: möri-
Turkmen: möŋŋür-, möŋre-
Khakassian: mǖre-
Oyrat: mȫrȫ-
Yakut: möŋürüö-, mögürüö-
Tuva: mȫre-
Kirghiz: mȫrȫ-
Kazakh: möŋire-
Bashkir: möŋrä-
Karaim: mövrä-
Karakalpak: möŋrä-
Comments: VEWT 342, EDT 770, ЭСТЯ 7. The variant *baŋra- is also attested (see VEWT 327).
Proto-Turkic: *bös-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to break through 2 rupture, hernia
Russian meaning: 1 прорываться 2 прободение, грыжа
Tatar: büs- 1, büser 2
Uighur: bös- 1
Comments: VEWT 84.
Proto-Turkic: *böteke
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bird's crop, craw 2 kidneys of animals 3 vulva 4 bird's stomach
Russian meaning: 1 зоб птицы 2 почки животных 3 vulva 4 желудок у птиц
Karakhanid: bütege 1 (OKypch., At-Tuhfat)
Tatar: bütäkä 1, böteg 3
Azerbaidzhan: pätänäk 4
Turkmen: peteke 1 (perhaps a back-borrowing < Mong.?)
Chuvash: pudege 1,2
Yakut: bötögö 4
Kirghiz: bötög/kö 4
Kazakh: bötäkä 2
Noghai: böteke, bötege 1
Bashkir: bütägä 1
Karakalpak: böteke 1, 2
Kumyk: böteke 1
Comments: EDT 304 (sub 'egg-plant'), Ашм. X, 44, VEWT 84. Turk. > Mong. betege 'bird's crop'.
Proto-Turkic: *bȫg, *bȫg-en, *bȫg-ček
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 insect 2 phalanx, tarantula 3 gad-fly 4 wolf
Russian meaning: 1 насекомое 2 фаланга, тарантул 3 слепень 4 волк
Karakhanid: bög, böj 2 (MK), bij 2 (MK - Oghuz)
Turkish: böɣ 2, büɣe, büɣe-lek 3, böǯek 1, (dial.) 4
Tatar: böjɛ 2, böǯɛk 1
Middle Turkic: bew 2 (Sangl.)
Uzbek: bij 2
Azerbaidzhan: böv 2
Turkmen: mȫj 2, bij 2, mȫǯek 4
Chuvash: pъʷvan 3
Kirghiz: bȫ, böj, böjü, böjön 3
Kazakh: büji 2
Noghai: bij 2, 'queen bee', böǯek 'beetle'
Bashkir: böjö 2, böǯäk 1
Gagauz: böǯek 1
Karaim: bij 2
Karakalpak: mij 2
Kumyk: mija 2
Comments: EDT 323, VEWT 82-3, Лексика 184. Partly contaminated with *böke-l 'gad-fly ' (v. sub *pi̯ŭ́k`í). The form in -ček is a diminutive. Turk. > Hung. bögöly 'gad-fly', see Gombocz 1912.
Proto-Turkic: *bȫl-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to divide, separate
Russian meaning: делить, отделять
Old Turkic: böl- (Orkh.)
Turkish: böl-
Tatar: bül-
Middle Turkic: böl- (Sangl., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: bọl-
Uighur: bö(l)-
Azerbaidzhan: böl-
Turkmen: bȫl-
Khakassian: pöl-
Shor: pöl-
Oyrat: böl-
Halaj: bīel-
Chuvash: pöl-
Tofalar: böl-
Kirghiz: böl-
Kazakh: böl-
Noghai: böl-
Bashkir: bül-
Balkar: böl-
Gagauz: böl-
Karaim: böl-
Karakalpak: böl-
Kumyk: böl-
Comments: VEWT 84, EDT 332, TMN 2, 323, ЭСТЯ 2, 214-217. Turk. > Mong. bölög, böleg 'group, division' (see TMN 2, 325, Щербак 1997, 109).
Proto-Turkic: *bȫn
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 stupid, foolish 2 to go mad
Russian meaning: 1 глупый 2 сходить с ума
Karakhanid: mün- 2 (IM)
Turkish: bön 1, 2
Turkmen: mȫn 1 (cf. also mǖn 'timidity')
Comments: ОСНЯ 3, 53, 55. In ЭСТЯ 7 and VEWT 343-344 confused with other similar roots: *bün 'defect', *bun- 'madness' (q. v. sub *mùne, *múnu).
Proto-Turkic: *bȫrk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hat, cap
Russian meaning: шапка, головная повязка
Old Turkic: börk (OUygh. - Lig. VSOu)
Karakhanid: börk (MK, KB)
Turkish: börk, (dial.) bürk, pörk
Tatar: bürek
Middle Turkic: pörük (MA), börk (Бор. Бад., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: bụrk
Uighur: börk
Sary-Yughur: pörük, perik
Azerbaidzhan: börk (dial.)
Turkmen: bȫrik
Khakassian: pörǝk
Shor: pörük
Oyrat: börük
Halaj: bö̂k (KhM), birgäk
Yakut: bergehe
Dolgan: bergehe
Tuva: bört
Tofalar: bö'rt
Kirghiz: börük
Kazakh: börik
Noghai: börk
Bashkir: bürk
Balkar: börk
Karaim: bärik (H), b'ork (T)
Karakalpak: börik
Kumyk: börk
Comments: EDT 362, VEWT 84, TMN 2, 289, ЭСТЯ 2, 221-223, Лексика 482, Stachowski 58. In Tuva, Tof. *-rk > rt is regular. Reconstruction of length is not quite certain: Turkm. length is not confirmed by Khalaj and contradicts pharyngealization in Tofalar. Turk. > WMong. bürgü, Kalm. bürgǝ (KW 67), Khalkha bürx (although theoretically this may as well be an indigenous derivative of bürü-, cf. similar Turkic forms: Tur. dial. bür-me, bür-gü 'headgear').
Proto-Turkic: *bȫrü
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wolf
Russian meaning: волк
Old Turkic: böri (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: böri (MK,KB)
Turkish: börü (dial.)
Tatar: büre
Middle Turkic: böri (Sangl., Abush.)
Uzbek: bọri
Uighur: böri
Sary-Yughur: böji, peri
Turkmen: bȫrü
Khakassian: pǖr
Shor: pörü (R)
Oyrat: börü
Halaj: bīeri
Chuvash: pirǝ
Yakut: börö
Dolgan: börö
Tuva: börü, dial. (Todzh.) börük
Tofalar: börü
Kirghiz: börü
Kazakh: böri
Noghai: böri
Bashkir: büre
Balkar: börü
Karaim: börü
Karakalpak: böri
Salar: püŕe (ССЯ)
Kumyk: börü
Comments: EDT 356, VEWT 84, TMN 2, 333, ЭСТЯ 2, 219-221, Лексика 160, Stachowski 63. The hypothesis of the word being borrowed from an East Iranian source runs into difficulties, basically because of the lack of early attested forms with -k (only in Tuva dialects and the hypothetical Bulgar source of Russ. бирюк (cf. Аникин 128-129)). See also Аб. 1, 263 (isn't the East Iranian form itself < Turkic?)
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