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Total of 2017 records 101 page

Pages: 101
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\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *ürk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be afraid
Russian meaning: бояться
Old Turkic: ürk- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ürk- (MK)
Turkish: ürk-
Tatar: ü̆rk-
Middle Turkic: ürk- (Pav. C.), ürük- (AH)
Uzbek: hürk-
Uighur: ürkü-
Sary-Yughur: örk-
Azerbaidzhan: ürk-
Turkmen: ürk-
Khakassian: ürük-
Oyrat: ürkü-
Halaj: hirk-
Yakut: ürg-üt- 'to frighten'
Dolgan: ürg-üt- 'to frighten'
Kirghiz: ürk-
Kazakh: ürkĭ-
Noghai: ürk-
Bashkir: ü̆rk-
Balkar: ürk-
Gagauz: jürük-
Karaim: ürk-
Karakalpak: ürk-
Kumyk: ürk-
Comments: EDT 221, VEWT 522, ЭСТЯ 1, 635-637, Stachowski 253.
Proto-Turkic: *ürüŋ (*örüŋ)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 white 2 dawn
Russian meaning: 1 белый 2 рассвет
Old Turkic: ürüŋ 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ürüŋ 1 (MK, KB)
Turkish: ürün 'milk, yoghurt'
Middle Turkic: ürüŋ (Sangl.) 1
Halaj: hirin, hürün 1
Yakut: ürüŋ 1, örüös, ürüös 'белая кайма на морде'
Dolgan: ürüŋ 1
Kirghiz: ürüŋ baraŋ 2
Comments: EDT 233-4, Лексика 601, Stachowski 253.
Proto-Turkic: *üskür-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to cough, sprinkle (from mouth)
Russian meaning: кашлять, брызгать (ртом)
Turkish: öksür-
Middle Turkic: öksür- (Houts., Pav. C.)
Azerbaidzhan: öskür-
Turkmen: üsgür-
Khakassian: üskür-
Halaj: ệsür-
Chuvash: üzǝr-
Gagauz: ǖsür-
Karaim: öksür-, öksir-
Comments: VEWT 376, ЭСТЯ 1, 637-638.
Proto-Turkic: *üt-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to singe
Russian meaning: палить, опаливать
Karakhanid: üt- (MK)
Turkish: üt- (dial.)
Tatar: ü̆t-
Middle Turkic: üt- (IM)
Azerbaidzhan: üt-
Turkmen: üt-
Chuvash: vǝt-
Yakut: üt-
Kazakh: üjt-
Bashkir: ü̆t-
Karakalpak: üjt-
Comments: EDT 40, VEWT 524, ЭСТЯ 1, 640, TMN 2, 9-10.
Proto-Turkic: *ǖk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to grind, crush, rub
Russian meaning: молоть, крошить, растирать
Old Turkic: ögi- ( ~ ü-) (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ögi- ( ~ ü-) (MK)
Turkish: öjüt-, övüt-
Tatar: ük- (dial.)
Middle Turkic: ügüt- (AH)
Uighur: ük- (dial.)
Azerbaidzhan: üjüt- 2
Turkmen: üvi-, üvüt- 2
Kirghiz: ük-
Kazakh: ük-
Gagauz: ǖt-
Karakalpak: ük-, ügi-
Comments: EDT 101-102, ЭСТЯ 1, 618-619. The root clearly has a *-k-, with a development > *-g- > *-ɣ- in Oghuz pointing to an original long vowel. It should be therefore distinguished from PT *ög- 'to knead, press' which shows only reflexes of *-g-.
Proto-Turkic: *ǖĺ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: lynx
Russian meaning: рысь
Karakhanid: üšek (IM)
Turkish: üšek
Khakassian: üs (tab.)
Shor: üs
Oyrat: ǖs (dial. - Leb.)
Yakut: ǖs
Dolgan: üs-kis 'sable'
Tuva: üs
Tofalar: üs
Comments: VEWT 523, Щербак 1961, 141, Рас. ФиЛ 239, Лексика 159, Stachowski 254. The irregular reflex of *ĺ in some Siberian languages presupposes tabooistic interlingual borrowings (Tuva < Yak., Shor < Khak.? ).
Proto-Turkic: *ǖn
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sound, voice
Russian meaning: звук, голос
Old Turkic: ün (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ün (MK)
Turkish: ün
Middle Turkic: ün (Бор. Бад., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: un
Uighur: ün
Azerbaidzhan: ün
Turkmen: ǖn
Khakassian: ün
Oyrat: ün
Tuva: ün
Kirghiz: ün
Kazakh: ün
Noghai: ün
Balkar: ün
Karaim: ün
Karakalpak: ün
Salar: un
Comments: EDT 167, ЭСТЯ 1, 625-626.
Proto-Turkic: *ǖŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fat
Russian meaning: жир
Karakhanid: üz (MK)
Middle Turkic: üz (AH), öz 'clinging mud' (Sangl.)
Khakassian: üs
Shor: üs
Oyrat: üs
Chuvash: jor-var 'скоромная пища'
Yakut: üskäl
Tuva: üs 'liquid fat'
Tofalar: üs 'liquid fat'
Comments: EDT 278-279, VEWT 523, Мудрак Дисс. 154, Федотов 2, 491, Лексика 454-455. Chuv. va- points to a long *ǖ-.
Proto-Turkic: *ǖŕ (/*ȫŕ)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: on top, high above
Russian meaning: наверху, высоко над
Old Turkic: üze / öze (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: üze (MK)
Turkish: üzer 'upper part'
Middle Turkic: üze (Pav. C., Бор. Бад.)
Sary-Yughur: üze, üzi
Azerbaidzhan: üzäri
Oyrat: üzeri
Chuvash: vir (<*ö̆ŕ)
Yakut: ǖhe, üöhe
Dolgan: ühe, üöhe
Comments: A common Turkic derivative is *üŕ-t (with secondary vowel shortening): OT üst, Turkm. üst, Tat. ös, Khal. ist etc. 'upper part'. See EDT 280-281, VEWT 523, 524, ЭСТЯ 1, 622-623, 638-639, Stachowski 249, 251, 255.
Proto-Turkic: *ǖt
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hole
Russian meaning: дыра
Old Turkic: üt (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: üt (MK)
Khakassian: üt
Oyrat: üt
Halaj: hị̄t
Yakut: ǖt
Dolgan: ǖt
Tuva: üt
Kirghiz: üt
Comments: EDT 36, VEWT 524, ЭСТЯ 1, 639-640, Stachowski 255.
Proto-Turkic: *Vlagŕɨn
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pig, swine
Russian meaning: свинья
Old Turkic: (ɨ)laɣzɨn (Orkh. - a cyclical sign), laɣzɨn (OUygh.)
Comments: EDT 764.
Proto-Turkic: {*bAla-pan}
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: large, thick
Russian meaning: большой, толстый
Turkish: balaban
Tatar: (dial.) balban
Gagauz: balaban
Karaim: balaban
Comments: ЭСТЯ 2, 49-50.
Proto-Turkic: {*ebe
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: good
Karakhanid: yemet / evet
Turkish: ? evet 'yes, well'
Chuvash: avan
Comments: EDT 935.}
Proto-Turkic: {*Kob-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: delighted, good
Russian meaning: довольный, хороший
Karakhanid: kob kyldy 'he was delighted'
Turkmen: Govɨ 'good'
Karaim: kuvan- 'to enjoy'
Comments: EDT 579. }
Proto-Turkic: {*Kok-}
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to decrease, diminish 2 deficient, empty
Russian meaning: 1 уменьшаться 2 недостаточный, пустой
Old Turkic: qoq- 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qoq- 1, qoquz 2 (MK)
Turkish: kokuz 2
Tatar: quɣɨz 2 (dial.)
Turkmen: Govuz 2
Khakassian: xox- 1
Oyrat: qoq- 1
Comments: EDT 609, 614, ЭСТЯ 6, 35-36.
Proto-Turkic: {*öŋük}
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 tails and ears of a cushion; fringe 2 button
Russian meaning: 1 завязки на подушке; бахрома 2 пуговица
Karakhanid: öŋik 1
Tuva: ȫk 2
Tofalar: ȫ̃k 2
Comments: EDT 183-184, ФиЛ 215.}
Proto-Turkic: {*sĂkɨ-}
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mirage
Russian meaning: мираж
Karakhanid: saqɨɣ (MK), saqɨ- 'to appear faintly' (MK)
Turkish: {}
Kirghiz: saqɨm
Kazakh: saɣɨm
Noghai: saɣɨn
Bashkir: haɣɨn
Karakalpak: saɣɨm
Kumyk: saɣɨn
Comments: EDT 808, Лексика 22, ЭСТЯ 7. Cf. perhaps also Khak. sagɨl- 'to emit rays'.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-khal,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trm,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,
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