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\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *bEliŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: panic, terror
Russian meaning: паника, ужас
Old Turkic: beliŋ (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: beliŋ (MK), beliŋ-le- 'to be terrified' (KB)
Turkish: belin 'frightened' (dial. peliŋ, peŋil-de-)
Middle Turkic: beliŋ-le- 'to be terrified' (Qutb)
Turkmen: beliŋ al- 'to fear, be disgusted'
Oyrat: peliŋ 'faked illness' (R)
Tuva: beliŋ-či, beliŋ-ne-
Tofalar: beliŋ-ši 'scary', beliŋ-ne- 'be startled'
Kirghiz: belim-či 'a hysterical woman'
Kazakh: beliŋ
Noghai: beleŋ 'scary'
Bashkir: bilen-dä- 'to be scared, startled'
Comments: EDT 343, 344, VEWT 69, ОСНЯ 2, 98 (with a different TM parallel).
Proto-Turkic: *bẹńŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 swelling 2 scar, ulcer
Russian meaning: 1 железа 2 шрам, язва
Karakhanid: bez (MK, IM) 2
Turkish: bez 2
Tatar: biz 1, 2
Middle Turkic: bez (Sangl.), mez (Sangl.) 1, 2
Uzbek: bez 2
Uighur: bäz
Azerbaidzhan: bäz, väz
Turkmen: mǟz 2
Chuvash: pür 'pus'
Tuva: bes 1
Tofalar: bes 1
Kirghiz: bez 1, 2
Kazakh: bez 1, 2
Noghai: bez
Bashkir: biδ
Balkar: bez 1, 2
Karakalpak: bez 1, 2
Kumyk: bez 1, 2
Comments: VEWT 72, EDT 388, Егоров 142, Федотов 1, 384, ЭСТЯ 7.
Proto-Turkic: *beŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mole on the face
Russian meaning: родинка на лице
Old Turkic: meŋ (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: meŋ (MK)
Turkish: ben, benek
Tatar: biŋ
Middle Turkic: meŋ (Sangl.)
Azerbaidzhan: bänäk
Turkmen: meŋ, menek
Khakassian: miŋ
Oyrat: meŋ
Chuvash: miŋ (may be < Tat.)
Yakut: meŋ
Dolgan: meŋ
Tuva: meŋ
Kirghiz: meŋ
Kazakh: meŋ
Noghai: meŋ
Bashkir: miŋ
Gagauz: ben, benek
Karakalpak: meŋ
Salar: meŋ
Kumyk: miŋ
Comments: VEWT 70, 334, EDT 346, Лексика 208, Stachowski 178.
Proto-Turkic: *beŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bait, bird-seed
Russian meaning: приманка, корм для птиц
Old Turkic: meŋ (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: meŋ (MK, KB)
Turkish: ben, beŋ (dial.)
Middle Turkic: meŋ (MA)
Turkmen: meŋ
Yakut: meŋiä < *meŋ-eg (dimin.)
Dolgan: meŋe
Comments: VEWT 334, EDT 766, Stachowski 178. Turk. > WMong. meŋ, see KW 261.
Proto-Turkic: *beŋi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: joy, pleasure
Russian meaning: радость, удовольствие
Old Turkic: beŋi, meŋi
Karakhanid: meŋi (MK)
Comments: EDT 348, Лексика 195 (sub 'brain').
Proto-Turkic: *bEŋiŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 face 2 be similar 3 open forestless place on a mountain slope
Russian meaning: 1 внешность, вид, лицо 2 быть похожим 3 открытое безлесное место на склоне горы
Old Turkic: beŋiz (Orkh.), meŋiz (OUygh.) 1
Karakhanid: meŋiz 1 (MK, KB)
Turkish: beniz 1, benze- 2
Middle Turkic: beŋiz, meŋiz 1 (Sangl.)
Uzbek: mäŋiz 'cheek'
Azerbaidzhan: bäniz 1, bänzä- 2
Turkmen: meŋiz 1, meŋze- 2
Khakassian: mīs 1 (Верб. - Abak.)
Oyrat: mēs 3
Tuva: mēs 3
Tofalar: mē̃s 3
Kazakh: meŋze- 'to consider useful'
Gagauz: beniz 1, benze- 2
Karaim: beŋz 1, beŋze- 2
Karakalpak: megze- 2
Comments: VEWT 70, EDT 352, Лексика 208, ЭСТЯ 7, ФиЛ 207. In Chuv. cf. either min 'face colour' (if not = min 'red spot on face', see Лексика 208) or *paŋ > Proto-Perm.*baŋ (Лыткин-Гуляев 37). Turk. > MMong. meŋiz 'comparison, metaphor' (Щербак 1997, 129).
Proto-Turkic: *bEr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 southern, right 2 to the South, to the right
Russian meaning: 1 южный, правый 2 к югу, направо
Old Turkic: ber-din 1 (Orkh., OUygh.), beri-je 2, ber-gärü 2 (Orkh.)
Comments: EDT 359,364, 370. The forms ber-din (abl.), ber-ije (adv.), ber-gerü (dir.) - from a spatial noun *ber. The usually related berü 'this side, here' etc. (EDT 355, ЭСТЯ II 124-125) should be rather kept apart. It is unclear morphologically (bērü < ber-rü seems to be a unique development) and may be derived from the demonstrative bu 'this', just like naru, aŋaru, onaru 'that side, there' is derived from the demonstrative stem an- 'that' (see Brockelmann 1954, 134).
Proto-Turkic: *bẹr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 tunic 2 cloth, linen
Russian meaning: 1 жакет 2 ткань
Karakhanid: ber-tü 'a tunic', bertü-le-n- 'to wear a tunic'
Chuvash: pir 2
Comments: EDT 358, 359 (MK), VEWT 71.
Proto-Turkic: *ber
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: swelling, gland
Russian meaning: железа, желвак
Turkmen: berč
Khakassian: mir
Chuvash: par
Yakut: bert / berge
Kazakh: berišek 'thick pus' (R)
Proto-Turkic: *bẹŕ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to shiver, tremble; to hate, be bored, feel aversion
Russian meaning: дрожать; ненавидеть, скучать, чувствовать отвращение
Old Turkic: bez- (Orkh.)
Karakhanid: bez- (MK)
Turkish: bez-
Tatar: biz-
Middle Turkic: bez- (Qutb, CCum.)
Uzbek: bez-
Uighur: bäz-
Azerbaidzhan: bez-, bezik-
Turkmen: bezik-
Yakut: biskī-
Kirghiz: bez-
Kazakh: bez-
Noghai: bez-
Bashkir: biδ-
Balkar: bez-
Karaim: bez-
Karakalpak: bez-
Kumyk: bez-
Comments: EDT 389, ЭСТЯ 2, 103-105, TMN 2, 387, Мудрак Дисс. 172 (~-ẹ̄-, -ĕ-).
Proto-Turkic: *berk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mighty
Russian meaning: мощный, крепкий
Old Turkic: berk (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: berk (MK)
Turkish: berk
Middle Turkic: berk (Pav. C.)
Sary-Yughur: perik
Azerbaidzhan: bärk
Turkmen: berk
Chuvash: parga
Yakut: bert
Dolgan: bert
Kazakh: berĭk
Bashkir: birĭk
Comments: EDT 361-362, ЭСТЯ 2, 116-120, Stachowski 58.
Proto-Turkic: *bert-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to break, damage, wound
Russian meaning: ломать, вредить, ранить
Old Turkic: bert- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: bert- (MK)
Turkish: bert-
Tatar: birt-
Middle Turkic: bertik 'bone' (in the context: bone fracture) (Pav. C.)
Azerbaidzhan: pärt-
Turkmen: berti-
Khakassian: pirtǝk 'mutilation'
Shor: peret-
Oyrat: bert-in- (refl.)
Halaj: pärt-lä- `to throw'
Chuvash: part '(imit.) crackling'
Tuva: bertik 'mutilation'
Kirghiz: bertik 'contortion', bertin- = mertin- (refl.)
Kazakh: mertik 'contortion'
Noghai: mertik 'contortion'
Bashkir: birt-
Gagauz: bert-
Karakalpak: mert-
Comments: VEWT 71, EDT 358, 359, ЭСТЯ 2, 70-72. Turk. > Mong. berte-.
Proto-Turkic: *bes
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hoar-frost
Russian meaning: иней
Turkish: dial. besim, peseɣü, pesen
Tatar: bɛs
Chuvash: pas
Bashkir: bäɵ
Comments: Лексика 37-38.
Proto-Turkic: *bĕt
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 face 2 side, near
Russian meaning: 1 лицо 2 сторона, близко
Old Turkic: bet 1 (OUygh.)
Turkish: bet-beniz 'face colour'
Tatar: bit 1, 2
Middle Turkic: bet 1 (Sangl.)
Uzbek: bet 1, 2
Uighur: bät 1, 2
Azerbaidzhan: bät-bäniz 'face colour'
Oyrat: bet 1
Chuvash: pat- 2 (pit 1 < Tat.)
Yakut: bet- 2
Tuva: beti 2
Tofalar: be't 2
Kirghiz: bet 1, 2
Kazakh: bet 1, 2
Noghai: bet 1, 2
Bashkir: bit 1, 2
Balkar: bet 1, 2
Karaim: bet 1
Karakalpak: bet 1, 2
Kumyk: bet 1, 2
Comments: VEWT 72, EDT 296, ЭСТЯ 2, 121-122, Лексика 207.
Proto-Turkic: *bẹ̄ken-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to feel joy, appreciate 2 to strive, hope
Russian meaning: 1 радоваться, быть благодарным 2 стремиться, надеяться
Karakhanid: biken- 1
Turkish: beɣen- 1
Azerbaidzhan: bäjän- 1
Turkmen: begen- 1
Chuvash: pigen- 2
Kirghiz: bekǖ 'big joy, feast'
Comments: ЭСТЯ 2, 101.
Proto-Turkic: *bẹ̄l(k)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 waist 2 mountain pass, ridge 3 back
Russian meaning: 1 поясница 2 горный перевал, хребет 3 зад, сзади
Old Turkic: bẹl (Yen., OUygh.) 1, 2
Karakhanid: bẹl (MK, KB) 1
Turkish: bel 1, 2, 3
Tatar: bil 1, 2
Middle Turkic: bẹl 1 (Бор. Бад., Sangl.)
Uzbek: bel 1, 2
Uighur: bäl 1
Sary-Yughur: peĺ 1, 2
Azerbaidzhan: bel 3; 1
Turkmen: bīl 1
Khakassian: pil 3; 1, 2
Oyrat: bel 3; 1, 2
Halaj: bīel 1
Chuvash: pilǝk 1, 2, 3
Yakut: bīl 1
Tuva: bel 1, 2
Tofalar: bel 1
Kirghiz: bel 1, 2
Kazakh: bel 1, 2, 3
Noghai: bel 1, 2
Bashkir: bil 1, 2
Balkar: bel 1
Gagauz: bel 1
Karaim: bel 1, 2
Karakalpak: bel 1, 2, 3
Salar: bil 1
Kumyk: bel 1
Comments: VEWT 69, TMN 2, 416, EDT 330, ЭСТЯ 2, 135-137, Лексика 268-269, Егоров 160, Мудрак 1989, Дыбо 119-121. Turk. > Mong. bel.
Proto-Turkic: *bēr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to give
Russian meaning: давать
Old Turkic: ber- (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ber- (MK, KB, IM)
Turkish: ver-
Tatar: bir-
Middle Turkic: ber- (Abush., Sangl.)
Uzbek: ber-
Uighur: bär-
Sary-Yughur: per-
Azerbaidzhan: ver-
Turkmen: ber-
Khakassian: pir-
Shor: per-
Oyrat: ber-
Halaj: ver- (< Az.)
Chuvash: par-
Yakut: bier-
Dolgan: bier-
Tuva: ber-
Tofalar: ber-
Kirghiz: ber-
Kazakh: ber-
Noghai: ber-
Bashkir: bir-
Balkar: ber-
Gagauz: ver-
Karaim: ver-
Karakalpak: ber-
Salar: be(r)-,ve(r)-, vē(r)-
Kumyk: ber-
Comments: VEWT 70, ЭСТЯ 2, 114-116, EDT 354-5, Stachowski 59.
Proto-Turkic: *biagɨr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: liver
Russian meaning: печень
Old Turkic: baɣɨr (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: baɣɨr (MK)
Turkish: baɣɨr 'breast, bosom'
Tatar: bawɨr
Middle Turkic: baɣɨr (Бор. Бад., MA)
Uighur: beɣir
Sary-Yughur: baɣɨr
Azerbaidzhan: baɣɨr
Turkmen: baGɨr
Khakassian: pār
Chuvash: pǝʷver
Yakut: bɨar
Dolgan: bɨar 'belly; liver'
Tuva: bār
Tofalar: bār
Kirghiz: bōr
Kazakh: bawɨr
Noghai: bawɨr
Bashkir: bawɨr
Balkar: bawur
Karaim: baɣɨr
Karakalpak: bawɨr
Salar: baɣɨr
Comments: VEWT 55, EDT 317, ЭСТЯ 2, 17-19, 22-23, Лексика 278, Stachowski 69.
Proto-Turkic: *b(i)ăk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bad, evil
Russian meaning: плохой, дурной, негодный
Oyrat: baɣaj
Yakut: baɣajɨ 'fool, monster'
Tuva: ba'q
Tofalar: ba'q
Comments: VEWT 57.
Proto-Turkic: *bialɨk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: city, fortress
Russian meaning: город, крепость
Old Turkic: balɨq (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: balɨq (MK)
Middle Turkic: balɨq (Pav. C.)
Sary-Yughur: balɨq, paluq
Halaj: baluq 'деревня'
Chuvash: püler
Comments: TMN 2, 257, EDT 335-336, ЭСТЯ 2, 59, ОСНЯ 3, 91, Лексика 485, Мудрак Дисс. 194.
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