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Total of 2017 records 101 page

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Proto-Turkic: *sAp ( ~ -b)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a turn (to do smth.)
Russian meaning: очередь (что-нибудь делать)
Old Turkic: sab (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: sab (MK)
Comments: EDT 782, VEWT 401 (erroneously united with sap 'handle').
Proto-Turkic: *sapak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: branch, bunch
Russian meaning: ветвь, кисть
Turkmen: sapaq
Oyrat: sabaq
Kazakh: sabaq
Comments: VEWT 391. The stem is usually regarded as derived from *sạp 'handle' (see e.g. ЭСТЯ 7); the latter indeed also means 'stalk' and has a derivative *sạpak 'handle, stalk'.
Proto-Turkic: *sapɨ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to sway, wave, shake up
Russian meaning: махать, развеивать, взбалтывать
Karakhanid: sabɨ- (MK)
Shor: sabɨr- 'to blow (of wind)'
Kirghiz: sapɨr-
Kazakh: sapɨr-
Noghai: sapɨr-
Karakalpak: sapɨr-
Comments: EDT 785. A possible derivative is sapan 'sling' (see ЭСТЯ 7).
Proto-Turkic: *sar-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of lattice or cross-beam
Russian meaning: вид решетки или балки
Turkish: sarak 'carved frieze, torus'
Chuvash: surban dial. 'window blind'
Yakut: argɨ 'cross-bar for drying things'
Kirghiz: sarap 'stringer beam', sarɨ 'wooden frame of a frame-house'
Comments: Cf. also Tuva (Todzh., Вайнштейн) a'rga 'lattice for drying wild onions' (perhaps < Yak.).
Proto-Turkic: *sạr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to wind around
Russian meaning: обматывать, завертывать
Karakhanid: saru- (MK)
Turkish: sar-
Tatar: sar-
Middle Turkic: sar- (AH, Pav. C.)
Azerbaidzhan: sarɨ-
Turkmen: sara-
Khakassian: sarɨ-
Chuvash: sɨr-
Gagauz: sar-
Karaim: sar-, sarɨ-
Comments: EDT 844, VEWT 402, ЭСТЯ 7. Turk. *sarɨ-k > WMong. sariɣ, Kalm. säriɣ 'ring for binding a horse' (cf. Chag. sar-ča, Khak. sar-čɨn id.), see KW 318-319, VEWT 403.
Proto-Turkic: *sAr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to filter, separate 2 to be filtered, separated 3 sieve for filtering liquids
Russian meaning: 1 процеживать, отделять 2 процеживаться, отстаиваться 3 сито для процеживания жидкостей
Karakhanid: sarma- 2, sarɨm 3 (MK; EDT 852-853: serme-, serim)
Middle Turkic: sar- 1 (Diz.)
Turkmen: sarGan 'milk product made of boiled milk together with the contents of the stomach of a newborn lamb'
Comments: ЭСТЯ 7.
Proto-Turkic: *sAŕak / *sArk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to become numb 2 hoar-frost 3 cold wind
Russian meaning: 1 неметь, цепенеть 2 иней 3 холодный ветер
Karakhanid: sarq- 1, sarqɨm 2 (MK)
Turkish: (dial.) sazaq, sazaɣan 3
Middle Turkic: (Xwar., MKypch.) sarq- 1 (Qutb, AH)
Azerbaidzhan: sazaG 3
Khakassian: sarnax 3 (Kach.)
Tuva: sarɣɨ- 'to nag, feel pain'
Kazakh: sazar- 1
Noghai: sazar- 'to be bored'
Comments: EDT 848, 849. Лексика 42, 43. Despite EDT 847, the basic meaning is not "weak downward movement with no force behind it": in fact we have here a confusion of several originally different roots (see *sark- 'overflow, drip'; *sal- 'put down, lower', with the derivative *salk- which has influenced the meaning of *sark- in some languages).
Proto-Turkic: *saran
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: miser, miserly
Russian meaning: скупой, скряга
Old Turkic: saran (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: saran (MK)
Tatar: saran
Uzbek: saraŋ
Uighur: saraŋ
Sary-Yughur: saran
Oyrat: saran, saram
Yakut: araŋ
Kazakh: saraŋ
Bashkir: haran
Karaim: saran, saraŋ
Karakalpak: saraŋ
Comments: VEWT 403, EDT 853-854, ЭСТЯ 7. Cf. Chuv. soran 'wound, loss, damage'.
Proto-Turkic: *sarga-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 a plant which grows in damp places 1 a plant growing in saline grounds
Russian meaning: 1 растение, живущее во влажных местах 2 растение, живущее на солончаках
Old Turkic: sarɣan 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: sarɣan, sarɣan qamɨš 2 (MK)
Azerbaidzhan: saraGan 'скумпия (кустарник)'
Chuvash: ? surъx sǝlli 'овсяника овечья' (? Дмитриева 1988, 42; lit. 'sheep oats')
Comments: EDT 849, VEWT 403. Cf. also *siaŕ 'reed' (in Oghuz languages, see under *siaŕ 'marsh' - perhaps a contamination), as well as some forms dealt with under *sarɨmsak (v. sub *sera).
Proto-Turkic: *sar(ɨ)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bird of prey, kite 2 a k. of falcon 3 starling 4 siskin
Russian meaning: 1 хищная птица, коршун 2 сарыч 3 скворец 4 чиж
Turkish: sarɨ-ǯa 4
Tatar: sarɨč 2
Middle Turkic: sar, sariča 1 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: sɔr 2
Uighur: sa(r) 1
Sary-Yughur: sar 1
Azerbaidzhan: sar 2
Turkmen: sar 3
Tuva: sarɨ 2
Kirghiz: sarɨ 1
Bashkir: har 2
Comments: VEWT 402b, Лексика 170, ЭСТЯ 7.
Proto-Turkic: *sarɨk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 sheep 2 a k. of tailless sheep
Russian meaning: 1 овца 2 русская овца (без курдюка)
Tatar: sarɨq 1
Khakassian: sara-dax 'a 2-year-old maral', sar-tax 'young of a roe' (Борг.)
Shor: {sartak 'reindeer' (UEW)}
Oyrat: {sardak '1-year-old maral' (UEW)}
Chuvash: sorъx 1
Tuva: sara-daq 'a 2-year-old maral'
Kazakh: sarɨq 2
Bashkir: harɨq 1
Karakalpak: sarɨq 2
Comments: Лексика 432, ЭСТЯ 7, Федотов 2, 66. {Turk. > WMo. sarluɣ, Kh. sarlaɣ 'yak'?}
Proto-Turkic: *sarɨmsak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 garlic 2 rhubarb
Russian meaning: 1 чеснок 2 ревень
Karakhanid: sarmusaq, samursaq 1 (MK)
Turkish: sarmɨsak 1
Tatar: sarɨmsaq 1
Middle Turkic: sarɨmsaq 1 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: sarimsɔq 1
Uighur: samsaq 1
Sary-Yughur: samsaq 1
Azerbaidzhan: sarɨmsaG 1
Turkmen: sarɨmsaq 1
Halaj: sarɨmsaq 1
Tuva: sarapsa 2
Kirghiz: sarɨmsaq 1
Kazakh: sarɨmsaq 1
Noghai: sarɨmsaq 1
Bashkir: harɨmhaq 1
Balkar: sarɨsmax 1
Gagauz: sarmusaq 1
Karaim: sarɨmsaq 1
Karakalpak: sarɨmsaq 1
Salar: samsax 1
Kumyk: samursaq 1
Comments: VEWT 404, EDT 853, Лексика 144, ЭСТЯ 7. Turk. > Mong. sarimsaɣ (see TMN 3, 248, Щербак 1997, 144). Cf. also Khak., Oyr. sarɣaj 'саранка', Kirgh. sargaldak 'a k. of plant with yellow flowers', Kaz. sarɣaldaq 'tulip'.
Proto-Turkic: *sarɨn
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: song, sad song
Russian meaning: песня, заунывная песня
Middle Turkic: sarna- (R) 'to sing'
Khakassian: sarɨn
Shor: sarɨn
Oyrat: sarɨn
Tuva: sɨrɨn
Kazakh: sarɨn
Kumyk: sarɨn
Comments: VEWT 404, ЭСТЯ 7.
Proto-Turkic: *sarɨnčga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: locust
Russian meaning: саранча
Karakhanid: sarɨčɣa (MK)
Middle Turkic: sarɨnčqan (AH)
Khakassian: sarɨsxa, sarɨnčqa 'a k. of dragonfly'
Oyrat: sarɨšqa, sarɨsqa
Comments: EDT 845, VEWT 404, ЭСТЯ 7, Лексика 187 (confused with *siarɨɣ 'yellow').
Proto-Turkic: *sark-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to drip, ooze
Russian meaning: капать, стекать по капле, сочиться
Karakhanid: sarq- (MK)
Tatar: sarqɨ-
Middle Turkic: sarq- (AH)
Uzbek: sa(r)qi-
Turkmen: sar(ɨ)q-
Khakassian: sarɨx-
Chuvash: sǝrɣǝn-
Tuva: sarɨq-
Kirghiz: sarɨq-
Kazakh: sarɨq-, sarqɨ-
Noghai: sarq-
Bashkir: harqɨ-
Karaim: sarq-, sarx-
Karakalpak: sarɨq-
Kumyk: sarq-
Comments: VEWT 404, EDT 847-848, ЭСТЯ 7.
Proto-Turkic: *sarp
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: difficult
Russian meaning: трудный
Old Turkic: sarp (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: sarp (KB)
Turkish: sarp
Middle Turkic: (MKypch.) sarp (CCum., Houts.)
Azerbaidzhan: sarp
Turkmen: sarp
Comments: VEWT 404, EDT 845.
Proto-Turkic: *sa(r)pan
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: plough
Russian meaning: плуг
Karakhanid: saban (MK)
Turkish: saban
Tatar: saban
Middle Turkic: saban (IM, AH), sapan (Pav. C.)
Uighur: sapan
Azerbaidzhan: sapan
Chuvash: sorban 'plough breast'
Kazakh: saban
Noghai: saban
Bashkir: haban
Balkar: saban
Gagauz: saban
Karaim: saban
Salar: sovan 'соха' (ССЯ)
Kumyk: saban, sarapan 'plough breast'
Comments: VEWT 402, Лексика 468, Ашм. XI, 205, ЭСТЯ 7, Molnár 2001. Turkm. dial. sāvan 'ploughfield' may point to length, but is not quite clear because of -v-. The root may have been influenced by PT *sạp 'handle' (v. sub *sèp`ù).
Proto-Turkic: *sạs-na-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pig
Russian meaning: свинья
Chuvash: sɨsna
Comments: Федотов 2, 77.
Proto-Turkic: *sat-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to sell
Russian meaning: продавать
Old Turkic: sat- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: sat- (MK)
Turkish: sat-
Tatar: sat-
Middle Turkic: sat- (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: sɔt-
Uighur: sat-
Sary-Yughur: sat-
Azerbaidzhan: sat-
Turkmen: sat-
Khakassian: sat-
Shor: sat-
Oyrat: sat-
Halaj: sat-
Chuvash: sot-
Yakut: at-
Dolgan: at- (in atɨ̄, atastas-)
Tuva: sat-
Kirghiz: sat-
Kazakh: sat-
Noghai: sat-
Bashkir: hat-
Balkar: sat-
Gagauz: sat-
Karaim: sat-
Karakalpak: sat-
Salar: sat-
Kumyk: sat-
Comments: EDT 798-799, VEWT 405, Федотов 2, 67, Лексика 335, ЭСТЯ 7, Stachowski 38, 39. Turk. > Hung. szatócz 'salesman' (< *satɨɣ-čɨ), see Gombocz 1912.
Proto-Turkic: *satan
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: thigh, hip
Russian meaning: бедро
Turkish: satan
Middle Turkic: satan (Pav. C.)
Turkmen: satan
Chuvash: sodanъ 'buttocks, behind'
Karakalpak: satan
Comments: VEWT 405, ЭСТЯ 7, Лексика 281, Ашм. XI, 211.
Total of 2017 records 101 page

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