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\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *Kul-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to roll (down), fall 2 round
Russian meaning: 1 скатываться, падать 2 круглый
Middle Turkic: qula- 1 (Буд.)
Uzbek: qulä- 1
Uighur: qula-, ɣula- 1
Sary-Yughur: qula-, Gol- 1
Oyrat: qula- 1
Kirghiz: qula- 1
Kazakh: qula- 1
Bashkir: qola- 1
Karakalpak: qula- 1
Salar: gulɨlüx 2
Comments: VEWT 298, ЭСТЯ 6, 122.
Proto-Turkic: *Kul
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: slave, servant
Russian meaning: слуга, раб
Old Turkic: qul (Yen., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qul (MK)
Turkish: kul
Tatar: qol
Middle Turkic: qul (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: qul
Uighur: qul
Sary-Yughur: qul
Azerbaidzhan: Gul
Turkmen: Gul
Khakassian: xul
Shor: qul
Oyrat: qul
Yakut: kulut
Dolgan: kulut
Tuva: qul
Kirghiz: qul
Kazakh: qul
Noghai: qul
Bashkir: qol
Balkar: qul
Karaim: qul
Karakalpak: qul
Kumyk: qul
Comments: VEWT 297, TMN 3, 503-505, EDT 615, Лексика 318, ЭСТЯ 6, 120-121, Stachowski 160.
Proto-Turkic: *Kuĺ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a hairless spot (on horse's skin)
Russian meaning: проплешина (на шкуре лошади)
Turkish: kuš
Comments: VEWT 305.
Proto-Turkic: *Kula-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to wave; jump over 2 to stretch 3 fathom
Russian meaning: 1 махать; перепрыгивать 2 тянуться 3 сажень
Karakhanid: qulač 3 (MK)
Turkish: kulač 3
Tatar: qolač 3
Middle Turkic: qula- 2 (Буд.), qulač 3 (AH, Бор. Бад.), qulaǯ 3 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: qulač 3
Uighur: ɣulač 3
Sary-Yughur: qulaš, Golaš 3
Azerbaidzhan: Gulač, Golaǯ 3
Turkmen: Gulač 3
Khakassian: xulas 3
Oyrat: qula- 1, qulaš 3
Chuvash: xъʷlaś 3
Yakut: kulā-, kulas-ta- 1
Tuva: qulaš 3
Kirghiz: qulač 3
Kazakh: qulaš 3
Noghai: qulaš 3
Bashkir: qolas 3
Gagauz: qolač 3
Karakalpak: qulaš 3
Salar: qulaš 3
Kumyk: qulač 3
Comments: EDT 618, VEWT 298, TMN 3, 487, ЭСТЯ 6, 122, 129-131.
Proto-Turkic: *Kula
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: light yellow, brown
Russian meaning: желтый, саврасый
Old Turkic: qula (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qula (MK)
Turkish: kula
Tatar: qola
Middle Turkic: qula (AH, Houts.)
Uzbek: qula
Uighur: qula
Sary-Yughur: qula
Turkmen: qula
Khakassian: xula
Oyrat: qula
Chuvash: xъʷla
Tuva: qula
Kirghiz: qula
Kazakh: qula
Noghai: qula
Bashkir: qola
Gagauz: qula
Karakalpak: qula
Kumyk: qula
Comments: EDT 617, VEWT 298, ЭСТЯ 6, 121-122.
Proto-Turkic: *Kulga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 sprout 2 long branch, shoot
Russian meaning: 1 росток 2 длинная ветка, побег
Tatar: qolɣa 2
Khakassian: xulɣa 1
Oyrat: qulɣa 1
Chuvash: xolъ 2
Comments: VEWT 298, Ашм. XVI, 149.
Proto-Turkic: *Kul-kak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ear
Russian meaning: ухо
Old Turkic: qulqaq (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qulaq, qulqaq, qulxaq (MK), qulaq, qulɣaq (KB)
Turkish: kulak
Tatar: qolaq
Middle Turkic: qulaq (MA), qulaɣ (Sangl.)
Uzbek: qulɔq
Uighur: qulaq
Sary-Yughur: qulaq
Azerbaidzhan: GulaG
Turkmen: Gulaq
Khakassian: xulax
Shor: qulaq
Oyrat: qulaq
Halaj: qulaq
Chuvash: xъʷlɣa
Yakut: kulgāk
Dolgan: kulgāk
Tuva: qulaq
Tofalar: qulaq
Kirghiz: qulaq
Kazakh: qulaq
Noghai: qulaq
Bashkir: qolaq
Balkar: qulaq
Gagauz: qulaq
Karaim: qulax
Karakalpak: qulaq
Salar: Gulaχ
Kumyk: qulaq
Comments: VEWT 298, EDT 620, Лексика 204-205, ЭСТЯ 6, 124-127, Stachowski 160.
Proto-Turkic: *Kulum
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: foal
Russian meaning: жеребенок
Old Turkic: qulun (Yen.)
Karakhanid: qulun (MK)
Turkish: kulun
Tatar: qolɨn
Middle Turkic: qulun, qulum (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: qulun (dial.)
Uighur: qulun (dial.)
Sary-Yughur: qulun, qulum, qulɨm, qolun
Azerbaidzhan: Gulun
Turkmen: Gulun
Khakassian: xulun
Oyrat: qulun
Chuvash: xъʷm
Yakut: kulun
Tuva: qulun
Kirghiz: qulun
Kazakh: qulɨn
Noghai: qulɨn
Bashkir: qolon
Karakalpak: qulɨn
Comments: EDT 622, TMN 3, 506-507, ЭСТЯ 6, 132-133.
Proto-Turkic: *Kum
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sand
Russian meaning: песок
Old Turkic: qum (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qum (MK)
Turkish: kum
Tatar: qom
Middle Turkic: qum (Pav. C., MA)
Uzbek: qum
Uighur: qum
Sary-Yughur: qum, qom
Azerbaidzhan: Gum
Turkmen: Gum
Khakassian: xum
Shor: qum
Oyrat: qum
Chuvash: xъʷm
Yakut: kumax
Dolgan: kumak
Tuva: qum
Tofalar: xum
Kirghiz: qum
Kazakh: qu_m
Noghai: qum
Bashkir: qom
Balkar: qum
Gagauz: qum
Karaim: qum
Karakalpak: qum
Salar: Gum
Comments: VEWT 299, EDT 625, Лексика 102, ЭСТЯ 6, 133-134, Stachowski 160. Turk. > WMong. qum, Kalm. xum 'sand' (KW 196; TMN 3, 508), Hung. homok (Gombocz 1912).
Proto-Turkic: *Kum- / *Kɨm-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to wrap, tuck
Russian meaning: подворачивать, подтыкать
Tatar: qɨmtɨ-
Uzbek: qimti-
Oyrat: qɨm-
Yakut: kumuj-
Tuva: qumza 'package'
Kirghiz: qɨmtɨ-
Kazakh: qɨmtɨ-, qɨmta-
Noghai: qɨmtɨ-
Bashkir: qɨmtɨ-
Karakalpak: qɨmtɨ-, qɨmta-
Comments: VEWT 301, ЭСТЯ 6, 221-223.
Proto-Turkic: *Kumgan
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: kettle, jug
Russian meaning: котел, кувшин
Karakhanid: qumɣan (MK)
Turkish: kumɣan (dial.)
Tatar: qomɣan
Middle Turkic: qumɣan (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: qumɣɔn
Uighur: qumɣan
Azerbaidzhan: Gumɣan
Turkmen: Gumɣān (dial.)
Kirghiz: qumɣan
Kazakh: quman
Noghai: qumɣan
Bashkir: qomɣan
Balkar: qumɣan
Karaim: qumɣan, quman
Karakalpak: quman
Kumyk: qumman
Comments: EDT 627, VEWT 300, ЭСТЯ 6, 136-137 ( > Mong. qumaɣan, see Щербак 1997, 143).
Proto-Turkic: *Kumɨr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ant
Russian meaning: муравей
Old Turkic: qumursɣa (OUygh.)
Turkish: komursɣa (dial.)
Tatar: qɨrmɨsqa
Middle Turkic: qumursxa (Pav. C.), qumursuɣa (AH)
Uzbek: qumursqa
Turkmen: Gumursɣa
Khakassian: xumusxa, xɨmɨsxa
Shor: qɨmɨrtaš, qumɨstaš
Oyrat: qomursqa
Halaj: Gumurɣāč
Yakut: kɨmɨrdaɣas
Tuva: qɨmɨsqajaq
Kirghiz: qumursqa
Kazakh: qumɨrsqa
Noghai: qumɨrsqa
Bashkir: qɨmɨrɵqa
Balkar: qumursxa, qumursqa, qumurčxa
Karaim: qumurstqa, qumurstqu
Salar: qumusqa, qomusqǝn
Kumyk: xomursɣa
Comments: EDT 628, VEWT 300, Лексика 183-184, ЭСТЯ 6, 140-141.
Proto-Turkic: *Kumɨŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fermented milk
Russian meaning: молочный спиртной напиток
Karakhanid: qɨmɨz (MK, KB)
Turkish: kɨmɨz
Tatar: qɨmɨz
Middle Turkic: qɨmɨz (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: qimiz
Uighur: qimiz
Azerbaidzhan: Gɨmɨz
Turkmen: Gɨmɨz
Khakassian: xɨmɨs, Sag., Koib. xumɨs
Oyrat: qɨmɨs
Chuvash: kъʷmъʷs < Qypch.
Yakut: kɨmɨs
Tuva: xɨmɨs
Kirghiz: qɨmɨz
Kazakh: qɨmɨz
Noghai: qɨmɨz
Bashkir: qomoδ, qɨmɨδ
Karakalpak: qɨmɨz
Comments: VEWT 264, EDT 629, Лексика 450-451, ЭСТЯ 6, 219.
Proto-Turkic: *Kumlak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hop
Russian meaning: хмель
Karakhanid: qumlaq (MK)
Tatar: qolmaq, dial. qomlaq, qomalaq
Khakassian: xumnax
Shor: qɨmnaq
Oyrat: qumdaq, qumanaq
Chuvash: xъʷmla
Kirghiz: qulmaq
Kazakh: qulmaq
Noghai: qɨlmaq
Karaim: qumlaq, qumlax
Comments: VEWT 299, EDT 628, ЭСТЯ 6, 138-139. Turk. > Hung. komló, see Gombocz 1912.
Proto-Turkic: *Kumĺuj
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a louse or tick full of blood
Russian meaning: вошь или клещ, напившийся крови
Karakhanid: qumšuj (MK)
Comments: EDT 629. An expressive variant may be represented in OT (MK) kömiče 'gnat' (EDT 722).
Proto-Turkic: *Kun-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to rob, plunder, attack
Russian meaning: грабить, нападать
Old Turkic: qun- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qun- (MK)
Sary-Yughur: q`un-
Turkmen: Gunuš- (dial.)
Tuva: xunā-
Kirghiz: qun-
Comments: ЭСТЯ 6, 141, VEWT 300, EDT 632.
Proto-Turkic: *Kun-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 attention, care 2 usefulness 3 to yearn, be anxious, sorry
Russian meaning: 1 внимание, старание, прилежание 2 польза, толк 3 тосковать, печалиться, горевать
Tatar: qon 1, (dial.) qonar 2; qono 'diligent, busy', qonoq- 'to get used, become accustomed'
Middle Turkic: qunuq- 3 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: qunt 1
Oyrat: qunuq-, qunan-, qunal- 3
Tuva: qunuq- 3
Kirghiz: qunt 1, qunar 2
Kazakh: qunt 1
Bashkir: qont (dial.) 1, qonar 2
Karakalpak: qunt 1; qunɨq- 'become accustomed'
Comments: ЭСТЯ 6, 147-148, 149-150. *Kun- 'to yearn, be sorry' and *Kun- 'attention, usefulness' can hardly be separated; despite late attestation a theory of Mong. origin ( < Mong. guni-) is hardly plausible because of quite different affixation.
Proto-Turkic: *Kuńak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 armour 2 skin
Russian meaning: 1 панцирь 2 шкура
Karakhanid: qujaq 1, qujqa 2 (MK)
Tatar: qojqa 2
Middle Turkic: qujaq 1 (Pav. C.)
Khakassian: xujax 1, xujɣa 2
Oyrat: qujaq 1, qujqa 2
Yakut: kuj̃ax 1, kuj̃axa 2
Tuva: qujaq 1, qujɣa 2
Tofalar: quj̃aq 1
Kirghiz: qɨjaq 1, qujqa 2
Kazakh: qujqa 2
Noghai: qujqa 2
Bashkir: qojqa 2
Karakalpak: qujqa 2
Comments: EDT 676, VEWT 301, Лексика 576, ЭСТЯ 6, 111, 113, Stachowski 161. Turk. > Mong. qujiqa 'skin from the head' (whence Evk. kuika etc., see Doerfer MT 132; Dolg. kujka 'head skin', see Stachowski 160).
Proto-Turkic: *Kun-da-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to swaddle 2 swaddlingclothes
Russian meaning: 1 пеленать 2 пеленки
Turkish: kundak 2
Tatar: qontɨq 2 (dial.)
Middle Turkic: qondaq 2 (R.)
Uzbek: qụndɔq 2
Uighur: qondaq 2
Azerbaidzhan: GundaG 2
Turkmen: Gunda- 1, Gundaq 2
Oyrat: qɨndaq 2
Kirghiz: qundaq 2
Kazakh: qundaq 2
Noghai: qundaq 2
Gagauz: qundaq 2
Karaim: qɨndaq 2
Karakalpak: qundaq 2
Kumyk: qunnaq 2
Comments: VEWT 301, ЭСТЯ 6, 144-146.
Proto-Turkic: *Kur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to erect (a building), to establish
Russian meaning: строить, устанавливать
Old Turkic: qur- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qur- (MK)
Turkish: kur-
Tatar: qor-
Middle Turkic: qur- (AH, Houts.)
Uzbek: qur-
Uighur: qu(r)-
Azerbaidzhan: Gur-
Turkmen: Gur-
Kirghiz: qur-
Kazakh: qur-
Noghai: qur-
Bashkir: qor-
Balkar: qur-
Gagauz: qur-
Karaim: qur-
Karakalpak: qur-
Kumyk: qur-
Comments: VEWT 302, EDT 643, ЭСТЯ 6, 156-157. There is also a derivative *Kur-gan (see e.g. TMN 3, 542-543), which is sometimes hard to distinguish from *Kōrɨ-kan (see *Kōrɨ-).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-alt,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-sjg,turcet-trm,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,
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