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\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *Kört
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: snow drift, deep snow
Russian meaning: сугроб, глубокий снег
Old Turkic: kürtük (OUygh.)
Turkish: kürt (dial.), gürtük
Tatar: kört
Uighur: kürt
Khakassian: körtǝk
Shor: kürt
Oyrat: körtük, kürt
Chuvash: kǝrt (Anatri)
Yakut: kürǯük
Tuva: xörtük
Kirghiz: kürtük
Kazakh: kürt, kürtǝk
Noghai: kürtǝk
Bashkir: kört
Balkar: kürt
Kumyk: kürt
Comments: EDT 739, ЭСТЯ 5, 149-150.
Proto-Turkic: *Körtük
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 woodcock 2 turkey 3 black-cock
Russian meaning: 1 вальдшнеп 2 индюк 3 тетерев
Tatar: kürkä 2
Khakassian: kürkü, dial. kürtkü 'black-cock', kürles (Sag.) 'grouse'
Shor: kürtük 3
Oyrat: kürtük 3, kürte 1
Chuvash: kъʷrka 2
Yakut: körčöx 'young spring duck, already able to fly'
Tuva: kürtü 3
Tofalar: hü'rtü 3
Kirghiz: kürp 2
Kazakh: kürke-tawɨq 2
Bashkir: kürkä 2
Comments: VEWT 311, Федотов 1, 258.
Proto-Turkic: *kös-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to hobble, fetter 2 fetters
Russian meaning: 1 треножить, путать 2 путы
Karakhanid: kösür- 1, kösrük 2 (MK)
Turkish: köste- (dial.) 1, köstek 2
Turkmen: kössek 2
Tuva: köste- 1, kösteg 2
Gagauz: köstek 2
Comments: ЭСТЯ 5, 121-122.
Proto-Turkic: *köse-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to stir with a poker 2 poker
Russian meaning: 1 помешивать кочергой 2 кочерга
Tatar: kisɛw (dial.) 2
Middle Turkic: köse- (AH) 1, küsegü (IM) 2
Uighur: kösɛj 2
Azerbaidzhan: kösöv 2
Turkmen: köse- 1, kesevi 2
Khakassian: közes 2
Oyrat: közǖš 2
Chuvash: küsek 'lever, stick'
Tuva: köze- 1
Kirghiz: kösö- 1, kösȫ 2
Kazakh: köse- 1, kösew 2
Noghai: köse- 1
Bashkir: keɵɛw, küδɛw, küɵɛk 2
Balkar: kösew 2
Karakalpak: köse- 1, kösew 2
Kumyk: kösew 2
Comments: ЭСТЯ 5, 119-121. The regular reflex would be expected as *göse-; the shape köse- is probably due to the influence of *kȫŕ 'glowing coals' (cf. in MK: köze- 'to stir with a poker').
Proto-Turkic: *Kösri
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 sides of the chest 2 wind-screen, bill
Russian meaning: 1 боковые части груди 2 козырек
Karakhanid: küsri 1 (MK)
Chuvash: kъʷzъʷr-uk 2
Comments: Chuv. > Russ. козырек (on the possible Turkic origin of the Russian word see Фасмер 2). See EDT 751.
Proto-Turkic: *kȫče
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: gruel
Russian meaning: крупа, каша
Turkish: göǯe, güǯe
Tatar: küzä
Middle Turkic: küǯe (Pav. C.), OKypch. (Ettuhf.)
Uzbek: gọǯa
Uighur: koča; küčɛ (dial.)
Turkmen: kȫǯe
Khakassian: köče
Oyrat: köčö
Tuva: köže
Kirghiz: köǯö, köčö
Karaim: goǯa
Karakalpak: göže
Salar: koǯa ССЯ
Comments: VEWT 286, ЭСТЯ 5, 84-85. Cf. also Shor köǯerget 'костяника', Khak. Sag. küzerget id.
Proto-Turkic: *kȫjnek
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bucket, vessel
Russian meaning: ведро, сосуд
Karakhanid: könek (MK, KB)
Turkish: könek, Osm. köjnük
Tatar: künɛk (dial.)
Uighur: kụnɛk
Turkmen: kȫnek
Khakassian: könek
Shor: könek
Oyrat: könök
Tuva: xönek
Kirghiz: könök
Kazakh: könek
Noghai: könek
Bashkir: künɛk
Comments: ЭСТЯ 5, 104-105, VEWT 290 ( > Mong. könüg, further > TM: Sol. xonǵē, Evk. kōŋī, see ТМС 1, 412, 478). Turk. > Russ. Siber. kunúk, see Аникин 324
Proto-Turkic: *[k]ȫl
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: lake
Russian meaning: озеро
Old Turkic: köl (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: köl (MK, KB)
Turkish: göl
Tatar: kül
Middle Turkic: köl (IM, Pav. C.)
Uzbek: kụl
Uighur: köl
Azerbaidzhan: köl
Turkmen: kȫl
Khakassian: köl
Oyrat: köl
Chuvash: kölǝ (NW), külǝ
Yakut: küöl
Dolgan: küöl
Tuva: xöl
Kirghiz: köl
Kazakh: köl
Noghai: köl
Bashkir: kül
Balkar: köl
Gagauz: göl
Karakalpak: köl
Kumyk: köl
Comments: See VEWT 288, ЭСТЯ 3, 69, 5, 95-96, Лексика 91, Stachowski 165.
Proto-Turkic: *kȫle
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 slave, servant 2 bastard 3 co-ruler, minister
Russian meaning: 1 слуга, раб 2 незаконнорожденный 3 соправитель
Old Turkic: köl (~ kül) an Old Turkic title (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: köl ( ~ kül) 3 (MK)
Turkish: köle 1
Middle Turkic: köl 3
Azerbaidzhan: köle 1
Turkmen: kȫle 2
Khakassian: kölmök 'people'
Tuva: xöl 'guests that have arrived'
Comments: VEWT 288.
Proto-Turkic: *kȫĺek
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: young of camel
Russian meaning: верблюжонок
Turkish: köšek, göšek (dial.), gölük 'cub'
Middle Turkic: köšek (AH)
Uzbek: küšek (dial.)
Azerbaidzhan: köšäk
Turkmen: kȫšek
Chuvash: > Hung. kölyök (see Gombocz 1912)
Bashkir: kölökɛj 'calf'
Karakalpak: köšek (dial.)
Kumyk: kilɛj (dial.) 'cub'
Comments: ЭСТЯ 5, 126-127.
Proto-Turkic: *kȫŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: glowing coals
Russian meaning: раскаленные уголья
Karakhanid: köz (MK)
Turkish: köz, küz
Middle Turkic: köz (AH, Qutb., Pav. C.)
Azerbaidzhan: köz
Turkmen: kȫz
Khakassian: kös
Chuvash: kъʷvar
Tuva: kös
Tofalar: kös
Comments: ЭСТЯ 5, 85-86, Лексика 365-366. There are also variants *Kōŕ / *Kōr (VEWT 285) and the verb *kȫre- 'to glow'.
Proto-Turkic: *kȫrü-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to use bellows 2 bellows
Russian meaning: 1 использовать меха 2 меха
Karakhanid: körük (MK) 2
Turkish: körü- 1, körük 2
Tatar: kürek 2
Middle Turkic: görük (IM), körük (MA, Pav. C.) 2
Uzbek: kölik (dial.) 2
Azerbaidzhan: körük 2
Turkmen: kȫrik 2
Khakassian: körǝk 2
Oyrat: körük 2
Yakut: küört 2
Tuva: xörük 2
Kirghiz: kȫrük 2
Kazakh: körǝk 2
Noghai: körǝk 2
Bashkir: kürek 2
Gagauz: körük 2
Karakalpak: körǝk 2
Kumyk: körük 2
Comments: VEWT 293, ЭСТЯ 5, 118, Лексика 414-415.
Proto-Turkic: *Kuba / *Koba
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pale yellow, pale grey
Russian meaning: желтоватый, сероватый
Karakhanid: quba (MK)
Tatar: quwa, qɨw (dial.)
Uzbek: quw
Sary-Yughur: qo
Khakassian:
Oyrat: qō,
Tuva: xuwa
Kirghiz:
Kazakh: quw
Noghai: quw
Karakalpak: quw
Kumyk: quw
Comments: VEWT 295, EDT 581, ЭСТЯ 6, 94-96, 98-99. Turk. > Mong. quba, quwa (KW 191, Щербак 1997, 142; Mong. quba, however, also means 'amber' and may be borrowed also from Chin. hu-p`o, see L 976, Rozycki 111) > Man. quwa.
Proto-Turkic: *Kubak ( ~ -p-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: arrow shaft
Russian meaning: древко стрелы
Tatar: qubaq (Sib.)
Shor: qubu 'pole'
Comments: VEWT 295.
Proto-Turkic: *Kučɨk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: constellation of Cancer
Russian meaning: созвездие Рака
Karakhanid: qučɨq (KB)
Comments: EDT 591.
Proto-Turkic: *Kud-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to pour out (water) 2 to pour 3 well
Russian meaning: 1 лить 2 сыпать 3 колодец
Old Turkic: qud- 1 (OUigh.), quduɣ 3 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: quj- 1 (MK), quδuɣ 3 (MK, QB)
Turkish: kuju 3, qujɨ 3 (dial.)
Tatar: qoj- 1, 2, qojɨ 3
Middle Turkic: quj- 1 (Sangl.), qujɨ 3 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: quj- 1
Uighur: quj- 1
Sary-Yughur: quz- 1
Azerbaidzhan: Guju 3
Turkmen: Guj- 1, 2, Gujɨ 3
Khakassian: xus- 1, 2 (dial.)
Shor: quspaq 'большой туес' (?)
Chuvash: xɨv- 1, 2
Yakut: kut- 1, 2
Tuva: qut- 1
Tofalar: qut-/d- 1
Kirghiz: quj- 1, 2
Kazakh: quj- 1, 2, qujɨ 3 (dial.)
Noghai: quj- 1, 2, qujɨ 3
Bashkir: qoj- 1, 2, qojɨ 3 (dial.)
Balkar: quj- 1, 2, quju 3
Gagauz: quju 3
Karaim: quj- 1, quju 3
Karakalpak: quj- 1, 2, qujɨ 3
Kumyk: quj- 1 quju 3
Comments: VEWT 296, EDT 596, 598, ЭСТЯ 2000, 109-111, 119-120, Мудрак Дисс. 102, Федотов 2, 379. The root contained undoubtedly *-d-, but variants with *-j- are attested unusually early. Turk. > MMong. ɣuduh (SH), WMong. quduɣ (whence backwards > Turkm. Guduk, Uygh. quduq, Khak. xutux etc.), see EDT ibid., KW 194, Щербак 1997, 143, TMN 1, 395-396, Stachowski 162.
Proto-Turkic: *Kudruk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tail
Russian meaning: хвост
Old Turkic: qudruq (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: quδruq (MK)
Turkish: kujruk
Tatar: qojrɨq
Middle Turkic: qujruq, qujruɣ (Pav. C., MA)
Uzbek: qujruq
Uighur: qujruq
Sary-Yughur: Guzuruq
Azerbaidzhan: GujruG
Turkmen: Gujruq
Khakassian: xuzurux
Shor: quzuruq
Oyrat: qujruq
Halaj: qurduq
Chuvash: xüre
Yakut: kuturuk
Dolgan: kuturuk
Tuva: quduruq
Tofalar: quduruq
Kirghiz: qujruq
Kazakh: qu_jrɨq
Noghai: qujrɨq
Bashkir: qojroq
Balkar: qujruq
Gagauz: qujruq
Karaim: qurjux
Karakalpak: qujrɨq
Salar: Guruχ
Kumyk: qujruq
Comments: VEWT 296b, EDT 604, Лексика 145, ЭСТЯ 6, 114-117, Stachowski 163. Cf. also MK quδurɣun 'tail strap' (Лексика 553).
Proto-Turkic: *Kugu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: swan
Russian meaning: лебедь
Old Turkic: quɣu (Yen., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: quɣu (MK)
Turkish: koɣu, kuɣu
Tatar: qū, qu (Буд.); Sib. quɣɨ 'polar duck'
Middle Turkic: quɣu (Ettuhf.), qu (Pav. C., AH)
Uzbek: quw
Uighur: quw
Azerbaidzhan: Gu, Guɣu
Turkmen: Guv
Khakassian:
Shor:
Oyrat:
Yakut: kuba
Dolgan: kuba
Tuva:
Kirghiz:
Kazakh: quw
Noghai: quw
Balkar: quw
Karaim: quɣu, qoɣu, quw
Karakalpak: quw
Kumyk: quw,
Comments: VEWT 275, EDT 609, TMN 3, 533-534, Лексика 171, ЭСТЯ 6, 101, Stachowski 159. Turk. > Kalm. ɣoɣǟ, ɣoɣā '(Heer)schnepfe', see KW 149. On Yak. kuba see a special note under PA *ki̯òpù.
Proto-Turkic: *Kujaŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rheumatism
Russian meaning: ревматизм
Middle Turkic: qujaŋ (Babur)
Uzbek: qujọnčiq 'epilepsy'
Uighur: qujaŋ (R)
Khakassian: xujaŋ 'scary (of a horse)'
Tuva: qujaŋ
Kirghiz: qujaŋ 'sciatica'
Karakalpak: qujaŋ
Comments: TMN 3, 562. Turk. > Mong. qujaŋ, Khalkha xujaŋ, Kalm. xujṇ, Bur. xujaŋ 'rheumatism' > Man. xujan (ТМС 1, 475).
Proto-Turkic: *Kuĺ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bird 2 duck
Russian meaning: 1 птица 2 утка
Old Turkic: quš 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: quš 1 (MK, KB)
Turkish: kuš 1
Tatar: qoš 1
Middle Turkic: quš 1 (Sangl.); 'moth' (Abush.)
Uzbek: quš 1
Uighur: quš 1
Sary-Yughur: Gus 1
Azerbaidzhan: Guš 1
Turkmen: Guš 1
Khakassian: xus 1
Shor: quš 1; 'hen'
Oyrat: quš 1
Halaj: quš, Guš (< Az.) 'sparrow'
Yakut: kus 2
Dolgan: kus 2
Tuva: qu'š 1
Tofalar: qu'š 1
Kirghiz: quš 1
Kazakh: qus 1
Noghai: qus 1
Bashkir: qoš 1
Balkar: quš 1
Gagauz: quš 1
Karaim: quš 1
Karakalpak: qus 1
Salar: Guš 1
Kumyk: quš 1
Comments: VEWT 305, TMN 3, 547-548; EDT 670; ЭСТЯ 6, 180-182, Лексика 168, Stachowski 162. Chuv. xъlat 'hawk' < Mong.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-uig,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-trm,turcet-tuv,turcet-gagx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-tuv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-sjg,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-shr,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-hak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,
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