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\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *Koŕɨ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: lamb
Russian meaning: ягненок
Old Turkic: qozɨ (quzɨ) (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qozɨ (quzɨ) (MK)
Turkish: kuzu
Tatar: quzɨ (dial.)
Middle Turkic: qozɨ (R.), qozu (Houts.)
Uzbek: qụzi
Uighur: qoza
Sary-Yughur: quzɨ, qozɨ, qoza
Azerbaidzhan: Guzu
Turkmen: Guzɨ
Halaj: quzɨ
Kirghiz: qozu
Kazakh: qozɨ
Noghai: qozɨ
Balkar: qozu
Gagauz: quzu
Karaim: qozu
Karakalpak: qozɨ
Salar: qōza
Kumyk: qozu (dial.)
Comments: VEWT 285, EDT 681, Лексика 433, ЭСТЯ 6, 108-109.
Proto-Turkic: *Kor(t)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 burbot 2 pike 3 huso, beluga
Russian meaning: 1 налим 2 щука 3 белуга
Tatar: (КСТТ) qurtɨ 1, qurtan 2
Khakassian: xortɨ 1 (Sag.)
Shor: qortu 1
Oyrat: qortu 1
Chuvash: ? kъrtъš, kъrъš 'ruff' ( = Mari kɨrɨš, kǝrkke 'trout')
Kazakh: qortpa 3
Noghai: qortpa 3
Comments: Федотов 1, 260. For Chuv. kъrtъš cf. also Tat. qɨrtɨš (the direction of borrowing is unclear).
Proto-Turkic: *Korum
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rock, cliff, heap of stones
Russian meaning: скала, куча камней
Karakhanid: qorum (MK, KB)
Uighur: qoram
Khakassian: xorɨm
Shor: qorum
Oyrat: qorum
Tuva: xorum
Kirghiz: qorum
Comments: EDT 660, VEWT 283, Лексика 99.
Proto-Turkic: *Kotar-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to tear out, uproot 2 to break 3 to move
Russian meaning: 1 выдирать (с корнем) 2 ломать 3 сдвигать, перемещать
Tatar: qutar- (dial.) 3
Khakassian: xodɨr- 1, 2
Oyrat: qodor- 1
Kirghiz: qotor- 3
Bashkir: qutar- 2
Comments: VEWT 284, ЭСТЯ 6, 85-86.
Proto-Turkic: *Kotuŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: yak
Russian meaning: як
Karakhanid: qotuz (MK)
Turkish: xotoz
Tatar: qutaz (dial.)
Middle Turkic: qotas (Pav. C.), qutuz (AH)
Uzbek: qọtas
Uighur: qotaz
Azerbaidzhan: Gotaz
Turkmen: Gotaz
Kirghiz: qotos
Karaim: qutas
Comments: EDT 608, ЭСТЯ 6, 81-82.
Proto-Turkic: *Kotur
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: scab, mange
Russian meaning: парша
Old Turkic: qotur (OUygh.)
Turkish: kotur (dial.)
Tatar: qutɨr
Middle Turkic: qotur (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: qọtir
Uighur: qotu(r)
Sary-Yughur: qodur
Azerbaidzhan: Gotur
Turkmen: Gotur
Khakassian: xodɨr
Oyrat: qodur
Tuva: qodur
Kirghiz: qotur
Kazakh: qotɨr
Noghai: qotɨr
Bashkir: qutɨr
Karaim: qotur, qotɨr
Karakalpak: qotɨr
Kumyk: qotur
Comments: ЭСТЯ 6, 86-87, EDT 604.
Proto-Turkic: *Kōjn
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: armpit, bosom
Russian meaning: подмышка, пазуха
Old Turkic: qojɨn (Yen., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qoj (MK)
Turkish: kojɨn
Tatar: qujɨn
Middle Turkic: qojɨn (AH)
Uzbek: qọjɨn
Uighur: qojɨn
Sary-Yughur: qoin
Azerbaidzhan: Gojun
Turkmen: Gojun
Khakassian: xojɨn
Shor: qojɨn
Oyrat: qojɨn
Halaj: qōn
Chuvash: xǝʷv, xü, dial. xüm
Yakut: xōj (xońń-)
Dolgan: konnok
Tuva: xoj
Kirghiz: qojɨn
Kazakh: qojɨn
Noghai: qojɨn
Bashkir: qujɨn
Balkar: qojɨn
Gagauz: qojnu
Karaim: qojun, qojɨn
Karakalpak: qojɨn
Kumyk: qojɨn
Comments: VEWT 280, EDT 631, Лексика 243-244, ЭСТЯ 6, 26-27, Stachowski 152.
Proto-Turkic: *Kōk-uĺ ( ~ -g-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: big pole, beam; hall
Russian meaning: большой шест, столб; зал
Old Turkic: qoɣ 'shaft, thill' (OUygh.) (?) (ДТС 452)
Turkish: koɣuš
Comments: VEWT 275. The OT attestation is not quite reliable.
Proto-Turkic: *Kōl
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: valley
Russian meaning: долина
Karakhanid: qol (MK)
Turkish: kol (dial.)
Tatar: qul
Middle Turkic: qol (B)
Uighur: qol (dial.)
Sary-Yughur: qol 'gutter'
Turkmen: Gōl
Khakassian: xol
Tuva: xol
Kirghiz: qol
Bashkir: qul (dial.)
Balkar: qol
Kumyk: qol
Comments: VEWT 277, Лексика 90-91, EDT 615 (confused with *Kol 'arm'), ЭСТЯ 6, 43-46.
Proto-Turkic: *Kōm
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wave
Russian meaning: волна
Karakhanid: qom (MK)
Middle Turkic: qum (Houts., AH)
Turkmen: Gōm
Oyrat: qom
Chuvash: xom
Comments: EDT 625, ЭСТЯ 6, 54, Федотов 2, 356-357.
Proto-Turkic: *Kōm
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: camel's pack-saddle
Russian meaning: верблюжье вьючное седло
Karakhanid: qom (MK)
Middle Turkic: qom (MA)
Uzbek: qụm
Turkmen: Gōm
Oyrat: qom
Tuva: qom
Tofalar: xom
Kirghiz: qom
Kazakh: qom
Bashkir: qum
Karakalpak: qom
Comments: VEWT 278, Лексика 541, ЭСТЯ 6, 55, Clark 1977, 149. Turk. > WMong. qom (KW 184, Щербак 1997, 139), whence Evk. kōm, Man. qomo (see ТМС 1, 408, Doerfer MT 61).
Proto-Turkic: *Kōŕ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to be irritated, agitated 2 to move; irritate
Russian meaning: 1 быть возбужденным 2 двигать; возбуждать
Tatar: quzɣa- (dial.) 2
Middle Turkic: qozɣa- (Pav. C., Abush., Бор. Бад.) 2
Uzbek: qọzi- 1, qɔzɣa- 2
Uighur: qozɣa- 2
Turkmen: Gōzɣa- 2
Oyrat: qosqo- 2
Kirghiz: qozu- 1, qozɣo- 2
Kazakh: qoz- 1, qozɣa- 2
Noghai: qoz- 1, qozɣa- 2
Bashkir: quδɨ- 1 (dial.)
Balkar: qoz- 1, qozɣa- 2
Karaim: qozɣa- 2
Karakalpak: qoz- 1, qozɣa- 2
Kumyk: qozɣa-, xozɣa- 2
Comments: ОСНЯ 3, 132-133. The roots *Kōŕ- 'to be hungry' and *Kōŕ- 'to be agitated' are usually considered to be a single root and are very hard to distinguish within Turkic.
Proto-Turkic: *Kōrɨ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to fence, protect
Russian meaning: защищать, загораживать
Old Turkic: qorɨ- (Yen.)
Karakhanid: qorɨ- (MK)
Turkish: koru-
Middle Turkic: qoru- (Ettuhf., Бор. Бад.)
Uzbek: qụri-
Uighur: qoru-
Azerbaidzhan: Goru-
Turkmen: Gōrɨ-, Gōra-
Tuva: xoru-
Kirghiz: qoru-
Noghai: qorɨ-
Balkar: qoru-
Gagauz: qoru-
Karaim: qoru-, qorɨ-
Karakalpak: qorɨ-
Kumyk: qoru-
Comments: VEWT 282, EDT 645-646, Лексика 486-487, 575, ЭСТЯ 6, 76-78. Cf. also the derivative *Kōrɨ-kan, sometimes confused with *Kur-gan (see under *Kur-). One should also note PT *Kurtgar- 'to rescue', *Kurtul- 'be rescued' (see EDT 649, 650, ЭСТЯ 6, 177-179), which may be a contraction < *Kōru-t-gar-, *Kōru-t-ul-.
Proto-Turkic: *Kö
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: this
Russian meaning: этот
Sary-Yughur: gu, go
Chuvash: ko, kъv
Salar: ku
Comments: Федотов 1, 300-302, Левитская 32-34. Cf. the OT (Orkh., OUygh., MK) emphatic nominal suffix -oq.
Proto-Turkic: *Köbüŕ / *Kebiŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: carpet, rug
Russian meaning: ковер
Karakhanid: keviz (MK)
Turkish: köjüz (dial.)
Middle Turkic: kebiz (MA), köwüz (Xwar.), köwüz (CCum.), kevüz (AH)
Uzbek: kigiz
Uighur: kebɛz, kɛvɛz
Khakassian: kibǝs
Shor: kemis
Oyrat: kebis
Chuvash: (Bulg.) > ORuss. kovьrъ 'carpet'
Tuva: xevis
Kirghiz: kebez
Noghai: küjiz
Bashkir: köjöδ
Balkar: küjüz OL
Kumyk: gujuz (dial.)
Comments: EDT 692, ЭСТЯ 5, 83. Turk. > Mong. kebis ( > Man. kebisu etc., see ТМС 1, 444), see Clark 1980, 39., Cf. Khalkha xiv 'gauze, crêpe', xövöŋ 'cotton'. ЭСТЯ 5, 13.
Proto-Turkic: *Kögme
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: gum (of tooth)
Russian meaning: десна
Khakassian: köŋme
Shor: kögbe (Mat.), köge (Kond.)
Comments: VEWT 290.
Proto-Turkic: *köjŋe-lek
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shirt
Russian meaning: рубашка
Karakhanid: köŋlek (MK)
Turkish: köjnäk, dial. göŋlek
Tatar: külmäk
Middle Turkic: köŋlek (Sangl., MA, Pav. C., Бор. Бад.), köjnek (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: kọjnak, kọjlak
Uighur: köŋläk, köŋnek
Azerbaidzhan: köjnek
Turkmen: köjnek, dial. gömlek
Khakassian: kögenek
Shor: künek
Oyrat: künek
Yakut: könjügäs 'старинное название дохи'
Tuva: xöjleŋ
Kirghiz: köjnek
Noghai: köjlek
Bashkir: küldäk
Balkar: kölek
Gagauz: gölmäk
Karaim: kölmek
Karakalpak: köjlek
Kumyk: gölek
Comments: VEWT 290-291, EDT 732, ЭСТЯ 5, 89-90, Лексика 384, 476-477. Turk. > WMong. küjileg, Kalm. kīlǝg (KW 234), MMong. köŋlek (TMN 3, 615, Щербак 1997, 128).
Proto-Turkic: *kök
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: root
Russian meaning: корень
Karakhanid: kök (MK, KB)
Turkish: kök
Middle Turkic: kök (AH, Бор. Бад., Pav. C.)
Azerbaidzhan: kök
Turkmen: kök
Chuvash: kъʷk (Anatri)
Tuva: kö'k
Kazakh: kök
Gagauz: kök
Karaim: kök
Karakalpak: kök
Comments: VEWT 287, EDT 708, TMN 3, 598, ЭСТЯ 5, 91-92, Лексика 109.
Proto-Turkic: *kök
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: healthy, big, thick
Russian meaning: здоровый, большой, толстый
Turkish: kök (dial.)
Middle Turkic: kök
Azerbaidzhan: kök
Halaj: kök
Comments: ЭСТЯ 5, 93. Turkic > Khalkha xöx 'massive (of muscles, flesh etc.)'
Proto-Turkic: *kök
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 seam 2 thin straps for sewing 3 to sew, lace 4 to tack 5 tack, basting 6 needlework 7 to fasten
Russian meaning: 1 шов 2 тонкие ремешки для шитья 3 прошивать, стегать, подшивать 4 обметывать, приметать 5 наметка 6 шитье 7 присоединять, привязывать
Old Turkic: kök (OUygh.) 1
Turkish: kökle- 3
Tatar: küklɛ- 4
Middle Turkic: kök (Sangl., Abush.) 1
Uzbek: kụk 5
Uighur: kök 5, köklɛ- 4
Azerbaidzhan: kök 1
Turkmen: kök 5, 2
Khakassian: kökte- 4
Oyrat: kök 6, köktö- 4
Chuvash: kъgъr- 7
Tuva: kö'k (Todzh.) 1, kökte- 3
Kirghiz: kök 2, köktö- 3
Noghai: kökle- 4
Balkar: kökle- 4
Karakalpak: kök 2, kökle- 4
Kumyk: kökle- 4
Comments: VEWT 287, EDT 708, ЭСТЯ 91. Following EDT (and despite VEWT and ЭСТЯ) we prefer to separate this root from *kök 'hinge, peg, tether' (v. sub *k`ōkí).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-khal,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-uig,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-krg,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-trk,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-sjg,turcet-chv,turcet-sal,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-kaz,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-azb,turcet-khal,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,
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