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\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *Kom-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 horse dung 2 sheep dung balls 3 round, spheroid
Russian meaning: 1 конский помет 2 катышки овечьего помета 3 круглый, шарообразный
Karakhanid: qomuq 1 (MK)
Middle Turkic: qumal 3, qumalaɣ 2
Kazakh: qumalaq 2
Comments: EDT 627, VEWT 299. Cf. also Chag. qombul 'round knob' (VEWT 279; the isolated Kalm. qumbaji-, qumbiji- 'sich zusammenballen', see KW 196) may have a Turkic origin).
Proto-Turkic: *Koma
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 concubine 2 wives of the same husband
Russian meaning: 1 наложница 2 жены одного мужа по отношению друг к другу
Turkish: kuma 1, 2
Tatar: quma (Буд.) 1
Middle Turkic: quma (Pav. C.) 1
Karaim: quma 1
Comments: Turk. > MMong. (MA, LHa) quma id. (although Doerfer TMN 1, 415 suggests the opposite direction of loan - which is dubious because of the isolated nature of the MMong. form).
Proto-Turkic: *Komɨĺ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 become drowsy, dry 2 become lean 3 greedy
Russian meaning: 1 вянуть, засыхать, становиться вялым 2 худеть, осунуться 3 жадный
Tatar: qomsɨz, dial. qomsɨq 3
Chuvash: xъʷmšъʷl- 1
Yakut: xomńuj- 2
Bashkir: qomxoδ 3
Comments: ЭСТЯ 6, 147-148.
Proto-Turkic: *Komta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: box
Russian meaning: ящик
Tatar: qumta
Khakassian: xomdɨ
Oyrat: qomda
Tuva: χomdu
Bashkir: qumta
Comments: VEWT 279, ЭСТЯ 6, 6. Relation to Mong. qobdu is hardly possible.
Proto-Turkic: *Komuŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: musical instrument
Russian meaning: музыкальный инструмент
Sary-Yughur: qoŋus, qoŋɨs
Khakassian: xomɨs
Oyrat: qomus
Yakut: qomus, qamɨs
Tuva: xomus
Kirghiz: qomuz
Kumyk: qomuz
Comments: VEWT 281, ЭСТЯ 6, 69-71.
Proto-Turkic: *Kon-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 neighbour 2 friend, guest
Russian meaning: 1 сосед 2 друг, гость
Old Turkic: qonšɨ 1, qonaq 2 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qošnɨ, qonšɨ 'neighbour', qonuq 'guest' (MK)
Turkish: komšu 1
Middle Turkic: qonšɨ (AH), qošnɨ (MA) 1
Uzbek: qụšni, qɔšni 1
Uighur: qošna, xošna 1
Azerbaidzhan: Gonšu 1
Turkmen: Goŋšɨ 1, Gonaq 2
Khakassian: xonǯɨx 1
Chuvash: xъʷna
Kirghiz: qoŋšu 1
Noghai: qoŋsɨ 1
Balkar: qonšu 1
Gagauz: qomšu 1
Karaim: qonšɨ 1
Karakalpak: qoŋsɨ 1
Kumyk: xonšu 1
Comments: VEWT 279, EDT 637, 640, ЭСТЯ 6, 56, 66-68. The word is considered to be derived from *Kon- 'to spend a night' ( > Mong. qonu- id., KW 185; see Щербак 1997, 139, TMN 1, 420, 3, 530, ЭСТЯ 6, 55-56, EDT 632, Stachowski 152). However, further derivation of *Kon- from *Ko- 'to put' (see TMN ibid.) seems highly improbable. External evidence speaks rather in favour of the original meaning "guest, to visit (as a guest)' ( < *'friend, match'), whence "to spend a night, visit, stay" ( = Russ. гостить).
Proto-Turkic: *Konak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 millet 2 Timothy grass
Russian meaning: 1 просо 2 тимофеевка, щетинник зеленоколосый
Old Turkic: qonaq 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qonaq 1 (MK)
Middle Turkic: qonaq 1 (AH, MA), qonaɣ 1 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: qụnɔq 1
Uighur: qonaq 1
Tuva: xonaq 2
Noghai: qonaqaj 1
Karakalpak: qonaq
Salar: qonax
Comments: EDT 637, Лексика 458-459, ЭСТЯ 6, 57. OT qojaq is a ghost-word. Turk. > WMong. qonaɣ, qonuɣ 'millet'.
Proto-Turkic: *Konč
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: top(s) of boots
Russian meaning: голенище
Turkish: konč
Tatar: qunɨč
Middle Turkic: qonč (AH)
Uzbek: qụnǯ
Uighur: qonǯa
Sary-Yughur: qaŋč
Azerbaidzhan: Gunǯ
Turkmen: Gonč
Shor: qoš
Oyrat: qonč, qonɨč
Chuvash: konǯa
Tuva: xonču
Kirghiz: qonč
Kazakh: qonɨš
Noghai: qonɨš
Gagauz: qonč
Karaim: qonč
Karakalpak: qonɨš
Kumyk: xonč
Comments: ЭСТЯ 6, 58-59, Федотов 1, 308.
Proto-Turkic: *Koŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 thick part of the thigh; muscles 2 behind, buttocks
Russian meaning: 1 толстая часть бедра; мышцы, мускулы 2 зад
Karakhanid: qoŋ (MK) 1
Uighur: qoŋ 2
Sary-Yughur: qoŋɨr, qoŋqɨr 2
Yakut: kuŋ 1
Tuva: qoŋ 'animal body'
Kirghiz: qoŋ 1, 2
Kazakh: qoŋ 1, 2
Karakalpak: qoŋ 1
Comments: VEWT 280, Clark 1977, 149, ЭСТЯ 6, 58-59. Turk. > Mong. Khalkha xongo, Kalm. xoŋ (although -o in the Khalkha form is suspicious and perhaps reflects a genuinely cognate PM *koŋgo).
Proto-Turkic: *Koŋak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dandruff
Russian meaning: перхоть
Turkish: konak
Turkmen: Goŋaq
Comments: VEWT 280.
Proto-Turkic: *Koŋra-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to ring, toll 2 bell
Russian meaning: 1 звенеть, звонить 2 колокол(ьчик)
Karakhanid: qoŋraq, qoŋraɣu 2
Turkish: koŋrak (dial.) 2
Tatar: qɨŋɣɨraw 2
Middle Turkic: qumrawu 2 (AH)
Uzbek: qɔŋɨraw 2
Uighur: qoŋɣraq, qoŋɣiraq (dial.) 2
Azerbaidzhan: Gɨmrow 2
Khakassian: xoŋra- 1, xoŋro 2
Shor: qoŋra- 1, qoŋrā 2
Oyrat: qoŋro- 1, qoŋrū 2
Tuva: qoŋɣura- 1
Kirghiz: qoŋɣurō 2
Kazakh: qoŋɨraw 2
Noghai: qoŋɨraw 2
Bashkir: quŋɨraw 2 (dial.)
Karakalpak: qoŋraw 2
Salar: koŋor 2
Kumyk: qoŋuraw 2
Comments: VEWT 280, TMN 3, 526, EDT 640, ЭСТЯ 6, 60-61.
Proto-Turkic: *Koŋur
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: red-brown, dark brown
Russian meaning: рыжевато-бурый, темнокоричневый
Karakhanid: qoŋur (MK)
Turkish: koŋgur , goɣur (dial.)
Tatar: qoŋɣɨr
Middle Turkic: qoŋur (IM), qoŋɣur (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: qụŋɣir
Sary-Yughur: qoŋɨr
Azerbaidzhan: Gonur
Turkmen: Goŋur
Khakassian: xōr
Oyrat: qoŋɨr
Chuvash: xъʷmъʷr
Yakut: qoŋor
Tuva: xōr
Kirghiz: qoŋur
Kazakh: qoŋɨr
Noghai: qoŋɨr
Bashkir: quŋɨr
Balkar: qoŋur
Gagauz: qomur
Karakalpak: qoŋɨr
Kumyk: qoŋur
Comments: VEWT 280-1, TMN 3, 525, EDT 639, ЭСТЯ 6, 62-65.
Proto-Turkic: *Koŋuŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: beetle
Russian meaning: жук
Old Turkic: qoŋuz (Yen., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qoŋuz (MK)
Tatar: qoŋɣɨz
Uzbek: qụŋgiz
Uighur: qoŋGuz
Khakassian: xōs (dial.)
Oyrat: qoŋus, qoŋɨs, qomɨs
Chuvash: xъʷmъʷr 'drone'
Yakut: xomurduos
Dolgan: komurduos
Kirghiz: qoŋuz
Kazakh: qoŋɨz
Noghai: qoŋɨz
Bashkir: quŋɨδ
Karaim: qomuz
Karakalpak: qoŋɨz
Comments: VEWT 281, EDT 641, Лексика 187, ЭСТЯ 6, 61-62, Stachowski 152. Turkic > MMong. (MA) qonquz. A hardly plausible explanation of the Yak. form as "brown pig" see in Щербак 1997, 140-141.
Proto-Turkic: *Koŋur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to tear out, uproot
Russian meaning: выдирать, вырывать
Karakhanid: qoŋur- (MK)
Middle Turkic: qoŋar- (Abush., Бор. Бад.)
Yakut: xoŋun-, xoŋnor-
Dolgan: koŋor-
Tuva: xuna-
Comments: VEWT 281, EDT 640, ЭСТЯ 6, 65, Stachowski 152.
Proto-Turkic: *Kop
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: all
Russian meaning: весь
Old Turkic: qop (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qop (MK)
Comments: VEWT 281, EDT 579.
Proto-Turkic: *Kop-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 fist 2 wrist
Russian meaning: 1 кулак 2 запястье
Oyrat: qoboq 2
Tuva: qowades 1, Krg. qofadeš ( < *Kop-adɨĺ)
Kirghiz: qobuq 'arthritis of metacarpus'
Comments: Дыбо 194 (though hardly a loanword).
Proto-Turkic: *Kopuŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of musical (string) instrument
Russian meaning: вид музыкального (струнного) инструмента
Old Turkic: qopuz (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qopuz (MK)
Turkish: kopuz
Tatar: qubɨz
Middle Turkic: qopuz (Бор. Бад.), qobuz (AH)
Uzbek: qụbiz
Uighur: qowuz
Turkmen: Gopuz
Shor: qobus
Tofalar: xobus
Kirghiz: qobuz
Kazakh: qobɨz
Noghai: qobɨz
Bashkir: qubɨδ
Balkar: qobuz
Karaim: qobuz
Karakalpak: qobɨz
Comments: VEWT 281, EDT 588, TMN 3, 535-537, Лексика 614, ЭСТЯ 69-71.
Proto-Turkic: *Kor
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 ferment; yeast 2 bitter, astringent
Russian meaning: 1 закваска; дрожжи 2 горький, едкий
Karakhanid: qor 1 (MK, IM)
Tatar: qur 1 (dial.)
Uzbek: qɔr 1 (dial.)
Turkmen: Gor 1
Yakut: kuras 2
Kirghiz: qor 1
Kazakh: qor 1
Bashkir: qur 1
Karakalpak: qor 1
Comments: EDT 642, ЭСТЯ 6, 72.
Proto-Turkic: *Kor(a)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to diminish , decrease 2 harm, loss
Russian meaning: 1 уменьшаться, убывать 2 вред, убыток
Old Turkic: qora- 1, qor 2 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qora- 1, qor 2 (MK)
Khakassian: xora- 1
Oyrat: qor 2, qoro- 1
Chuvash: xor 'insult, offence, grief'
Yakut: qor 2, qoron- 1
Tuva: xor 2
Kirghiz: qoro- 1
Balkar: qora- 1
Comments: EDT 641-642, 645-646, ЭСТЯ 6, 73-74, Федотов 2, 369. On a possible Mong. loanword (qowr 'loss, damage') see under *kàbro; modern Siberian nouns may be actually backloans from Mong.
Proto-Turkic: *Kordaj ( < *Korm-daj ?)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pelican; swan
Russian meaning: пеликан; лебедь
Karakhanid: qordaj (MK)
Uighur: qodaj 'swan'
Khakassian: xordɨ 'heron'
Oyrat: qordoj 'heron'
Comments: VEWT 282, EDT 649, Лексика 173, ЭСТЯ 6, 79. Cf. also Shor qoromčuq 'полунощник' (птица). Turk. > Mong. qorda (KW 187).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-kaz,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-sjg,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-tuv,turcet-nogx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-trm,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-shr,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-trm,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-blkx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-uig,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-reference,
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