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\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *Kodan **AD но чув нет
Meaning: hare
Russian meaning: заяц
Tatar: kujan
Middle Turkic: qojan (Abush., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: qujɔn
Uighur: qojan
Turkmen: Gojan (dial.)
Khakassian: xozan
Oyrat: kojon
Chuvash: (kujan dial. < Tat.) xoŕan, xoren (dial.) **AD нет в Ашм. и стандартных словарях; откуда? И Левитская в словаре не нашла.
Yakut: xotonox
Tuva: kodan (kojɣun from some j-language?)
Tofalar: xodan
Kirghiz: kojon
Kazakh: qojan
Noghai: qojan
Bashkir: qujan
Balkar: qojan
Karaim: qojan
Karakalpak: qojan
Kumyk: qojan
Comments: VEWT 274-275, Лексика 164, ЭСТЯ VI 29-30. Предполагается чув *xoran > марийск. *oren в составе moren 'заяц' Егоров 122 - скорее маразм.
Proto-Turkic: *Kodɨ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: below, downwards
Russian meaning: внизу, вниз
Old Turkic: qodɨ (Yen., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qoδɨ (MK, QB)
Turkish: koju
Middle Turkic: quju, qujɨ (MA, Бор. Бад.), quji (Pav. C., Abush.)
Uzbek: quji
Uighur: quju
Sary-Yughur: qozɨ, quzɨ, quzu
Chuvash: (?) xǝrlǝ 'bowing the head' (KW 153)
Yakut: xotu 'downstream; North'
Dolgan: kotun 'in the direction of'
Tuva: qudu
Tofalar: qudu
Comments: EDT 596, VEWT 275, ЭСТЯ 6, 31-32, Stachowski 154.
Proto-Turkic: *Kod-, *Kodur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to take trouble, make efforts 2 to overpower
Russian meaning: 1 прилагать усилия 2 осиливать, одолевать
Karakhanid: qoδur- (MK) 1
Yakut: xot- 2
Dolgan: kot- 2
Comments: EDT 605; Stachowski 154 (but, because of semantic difference, hardly to *Kod- 'put aside').
Proto-Turkic: *Kog-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to drive, pursue
Russian meaning: гнать, преследовать
Turkish: koɣ- (since 17th cent.)
Uighur: qoɣla- (dial.)
Khakassian: xoɣ-
Oyrat: qoɣ-
Yakut: kuolā-
Comments: ЭСТЯ 6, 9-10, VEWT 275 (should be distinguished from PT *Kob-).
Proto-Turkic: *Koga ( ~ -k-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of reed
Russian meaning: вид тростника
Turkish: kova, koɣa (dial.)
Tatar: quɣa
Uzbek: qọɣa
Oyrat: qoɣo
Kazakh: qoɣa
Noghai: qoɣa
Bashkir: quɣa (dial.)
Karaim: qoɣa
Karakalpak: qoɣa
Kumyk: qoɣa
Comments: VEWT 275, ЭСТЯ 6, 10-11.
Proto-Turkic: *Koguĺ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: gutter, cavity, hollow
Russian meaning: желоб, впадина, полость
Karakhanid: qoɣuš (MK)
Turkish: kovuš
Tatar: quwɨš
Middle Turkic: qoɣuš (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: qavuš, qɔvaš, quwuš (dial.)
Azerbaidzhan: Goɣuš
Khakassian: xōs
Chuvash: xъʷvъʷl
Yakut: kuohāx
Kazakh: quwɨs
Noghai: quwɨs
Bashkir: qɨwɨš
Karaim: qowuš, quwuš
Karakalpak: quwɨs
Kumyk: quwuš
Comments: The Chuv. form may rather belong to PTurk. *Kob-. See VEWT 275, EDT 613, ЭСТЯ 6, 18-20, Stachowski 161 (the two roots interact actively).
Proto-Turkic: *Koguĺ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: leather, hide
Russian meaning: кожа, шкура
Old Turkic: qoɣuš
Karakhanid: qoɣuš (MK)
Comments: EDT 613.
Proto-Turkic: *Koju-g
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: thick, saturated
Russian meaning: толстый, густой
Old Turkic: qojuɣ (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qojuɣ (MK)
Turkish: koju
Tatar: qujɨ
Uzbek: qujuq
Uighur: qojuq
Turkmen: Gojɨ
Khakassian: xojɨɣ
Shor: qojɨɣ
Oyrat: qoju
Yakut: xojū
Dolgan: kojū
Tuva: xojuɣ
Tofalar: xoj̃uɣ
Kirghiz: qujū
Kazakh: qoju
Noghai: qojɨ
Bashkir: qujɨ
Gagauz: qoju
Karaim: qoju, quju
Comments: EDT 676, TMN 3, 562, ЭСТЯ 6, 32-33, Stachowski 150. The deriving stem *Koj(u)- 'to become viscous, thick' is attested in Oyr. qoj-, KKalp. qojɨ-, Khak. xojɨ-, Tuva xoju- (see ibid.). The reconstruction *Koń- is proposed in VEWT 276, but is based only on the not quite reliable Tofalar nasalization; the Yakut and OT evidence does not support it.
Proto-Turkic: *Kok
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dust, ashes
Russian meaning: пыль, пепел
Old Turkic: qoɣ (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qoɣ (MK)
Middle Turkic: qoɣ (AH, Pav. C.)
Khakassian: xox
Oyrat: qoq
Yakut: xoɣoso
Tuva: xoq
Kirghiz: qoq
Noghai: qoq
Karaim: qoq
Comments: EDT 609, VEWT 275, 276, Лексика 368. Turk. > Mong. qoɣ, Kalm. xog 'dregs, dirt' (KW 181, Щербак 1997, 165).
Proto-Turkic: *Kok-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to smell badly, to give out a smell of burning
Russian meaning: плохо пахнуть, пахнуть горелым
Karakhanid: qoq- (MK)
Turkish: kok-
Azerbaidzhan: Goxu (n.), Goxu-
Turkmen: qoq (n.), qoqa-
Noghai: qoqɨ- 'to be fragrant'
Gagauz: qoq-
Karaim: qoqu, qoqɨ (n.)
Comments: EDT 609, ЭСТЯ 6, 34.
Proto-Turkic: *Kol
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 arm 2 hand
Russian meaning: 1 рука (от локтя до плеча) 2 рука (кисть)
Old Turkic: qol 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qol 1 (MK, KB)
Turkish: kol 1
Tatar: qul 1, 2
Middle Turkic: qol 1, 2 (Abush., Sangl., MA, Бор. Бад.)
Uzbek: qụl 1, 2
Uighur: qol 1, 2
Sary-Yughur: qol 1
Azerbaidzhan: Gol 1
Turkmen: Gol 1
Khakassian: xol 1, 2
Shor: qol 1, 2
Oyrat: qol 1, 2
Halaj: qol 1
Chuvash: xol 'shoulder'
Yakut: xol 1
Dolgan: kol 'shoulder'
Tuva: xol 1, 2
Tofalar: qol 1
Kirghiz: qol 1, 2
Kazakh: qol 1
Noghai: qol 1, 2
Bashkir: qul 1, 2
Balkar: qol 1, 2
Gagauz: qol 1
Karaim: qol 1, 2
Karakalpak: qol 1, 2
Salar: qol 1
Kumyk: qol 1, 2
Comments: VEWT 276, EDT 614-5, TMN 3, 556, Дыбо 146-153, Федотов 2, 353, Лексика 244-245, ЭСТЯ 6, 37-43, Stachowski 150.
Proto-Turkic: *Koĺ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 pair, couple, one of a couple 2 to join, unite
Russian meaning: 1 пара, один из пары 2 соединять(ся)
Old Turkic: qoš- 2 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qoš 1, qoš- 2 (MK)
Turkish: koš- 2
Tatar: quš 1, quš- 2
Middle Turkic: qoš 1, qoš- 2 (AH, Pav. C.)
Uzbek: qọš 1, qọš- 2
Uighur: qoš 1, qoš- 2
Sary-Yughur: qos 1
Azerbaidzhan: Goš- 2
Turkmen: Goš 'a couple of oxen', Goš- 'to add'
Khakassian: xos 1, xos- 2
Oyrat: qoš- 2
Chuvash: xoš- 2
Yakut: xos 'double; again', xohuj- 2, xohōn 'poem'
Dolgan: kohōn 'poem'
Tuva: qoš- 2
Tofalar: qo'š- 2
Kirghiz: qoš 1, qoš- 2
Kazakh: qos 1, qos- 2
Noghai: qos 1, qos- 2
Bashkir: qɨwɨš 1, quš- 2
Balkar: qoš- 2
Gagauz: qoš- 2
Karaim: qoš 1, qoš- 2
Karakalpak: qos 1, qos- 2
Salar: qoš 1, qoš- 2
Kumyk: qoš- 2
Comments: VEWT 283; EDT 670, Лексика 611, Федотов 2, 375, ЭСТЯ 6, 90-94, Stachowski 150. Turk. > MMong. (HY) qoši, WMong. qos, Kalm. xoš 'pair' (KW 189, TMN 3, 364, Clark 1980, 41, 42, Щербак 1997, 142).
Proto-Turkic: *Kol-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to beg
Russian meaning: просить (милостыню), умолять
Old Turkic: qol- (Yen., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qol- (MK)
Middle Turkic: qol- (Pav. C., Abush.), qol-či 'beggar'
Uzbek: qɔlčir 'Verleumder' (KW 183)
Sary-Yughur: qol-
Yakut: kulu 'give (imper.)'
Karaim: qol-
Comments: VEWT 277, EDT 616, ЭСТЯ 6, 36-37. Turk. > WMong. qolčir, KW xoĺčr 'verschwenderisch, leichtsinnig' (KW 183).
Proto-Turkic: *Koĺ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hut, hovel, camp(ing)
Russian meaning: хижина, лачуга, лагерь
Karakhanid: qoš 'family' (Tfs.)
Tatar: quš
Middle Turkic: qoš 'camp, camping' (Pav. C.), 'house, dwelling' (Sngl.)
Turkmen: Goš
Chuvash: xüžǝ, xužǝ, xužъ
Yakut: xos 'room'
Tuva: qoš 'caravan'
Kazakh: qos
Noghai: qos
Bashkir: qɨwɨš
Balkar: qoš
Karakalpak: qos
Kumyk: qoš
Comments: VEWT 283, EDT 670, Лексика 491-492, Федотов 2, 375-376, ЭСТЯ 6, 90-94. Turk. > WMong. qos, Kalm. xoš (KW 189), WMong. qosi-liɣ (Clark 1980, 42). The root is confused with *Koĺ 'pair', but should be probably distinguished. Tat. and Bashk. obviously reflect a contamination with *Koguĺ 'empty space, hollow'. A loanword from Tokh. koṣkīye 'hut' (which itself is < Iranian, see Adams) had been suggested - which, however, cannot explain the absence of -k- in the Turkic form.
Proto-Turkic: *Koĺa- (*Kuĺa-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 подпоясывать 2 пояс, кушак
Russian meaning: 1 to girdle 2 girdle
Turkish: kuša- 1, kušak 2
Tatar: qušaq 2 (arch.)
Middle Turkic: qušaq 2 (Pav. C.)
Turkmen: Gušaq 2
Bashkir: qušaq 2
Gagauz: qušaq 2
Comments: The stem should be probably distinguished historically from *Koĺ- 'to couple, bind', although contaminations were possible. Turk. > Russ. кушак (Дмитриев 1958, 28, Шипова 216).
Proto-Turkic: *Kolak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: one-handed
Russian meaning: однорукий
Karakhanid: qolaq (MK)
Turkish: kolak (dial.)
Tatar: qulaq (dial.)
Turkmen: Golaq
Comments: VEWT 277, ЭСТЯ 6, 42.
Proto-Turkic: *Kolaŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: saddlegirth
Russian meaning: подпруга
Karakhanid: qolan (MK)
Turkish: kolan
Middle Turkic: qolan, qolaɣ (Pav. C.), qulan (AH)
Turkmen: Golaŋ
Khakassian: xolaɣ
Shor: qolaɣ
Oyrat: qoloŋ
Yakut: xolun
Tuva: xolaq
Gagauz: qolan
Comments: VEWT 277, Лексика 549-550, EDT 622, ЭСТЯ 6, 47-49.
Proto-Turkic: *Koĺ-luk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 iron arrow-head 2 arrow with iron head
Russian meaning: 1 железный наконечник стрелы 2 стрела с железным наконечником
Khakassian: xosta 1, 2
Yakut: kustuk 2
Comments: VEWT 283. Turk. > Mansi kuɔšlɔx. A Siberian word; but deriving it from *Kuĺ 'bird' is hardly possible, despite Stachowski 162.
Proto-Turkic: *Kolu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 period of time 2 originally
Russian meaning: 1 период времени 2 первоначально
Old Turkic: qolu 1 (OUygh.)
Kirghiz: qolu 2
Comments: EDT 617, Лексика 69-70, Clark 1977, 148-149.
Proto-Turkic: *Kom-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to long for 2 inheritance, legacy
Russian meaning: 1 жаждать, стремиться к 2 наследство
Old Turkic: qumaru (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qomɨ- 1 (MK), xumaru 2 (MK), qumaru 2 (KB)
Middle Turkic: qumar 2 (AH)
Khakassian: xumartxa 2
Shor: qumarqɨ 2
Oyrat: qumartqa 2
Halaj: qumarqɨ 2
Bashkir: qomartqɨ 2
Kumyk: qumartqɨ 2
Comments: EDT 626, 628, Лексика 347, Clark 1977, 149.
turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-uig,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-alt,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-hak,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-nogx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-sjg,turcet-jak,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-trm,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-gagx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-hak,turcet-jak,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-bas,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,
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