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\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *baĺč
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: head
Russian meaning: голова
Old Turkic: baš (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: baš (MK, KB)
Turkish: baš
Tatar: baš
Middle Turkic: baš (Abush., MA)
Uzbek: bɔš
Uighur: baš
Sary-Yughur: baš
Azerbaidzhan: baš
Turkmen: baš
Khakassian: pas
Shor: paš
Oyrat: baš
Halaj: baš
Chuvash: poś
Yakut: bas; battaq 'hair of head'
Dolgan: bas; battak 'head of reindeer; reindeer skin'
Tuva: ba'š
Tofalar: ba'š
Kirghiz: baš
Kazakh: baš
Noghai: bas
Bashkir: baš
Balkar: baš
Gagauz: baš
Karaim: baš
Karakalpak: bas
Salar: baš
Kumyk: baš
Comments: VEWT 64, ЭСТЯ 2, 85-88, TMN 2, 250-253, EDT 375-6, Федотов 1, 452, Ашм. X, 15, Лексика 194, Stachowski 54, 55.
Proto-Turkic: *bAldak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 hilt 2 stalk, stem
Russian meaning: 1 рукоятка 2 стебель, ствол
Turkish: baldak 1
Tatar: baldaq 1
Middle Turkic: baldaq 1 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: bɔldɔq 1
Uighur: baldaq 1
Turkmen: baldaq 2
Kirghiz: baldaq 1
Kazakh: baldaq 1
Noghai: baldaq 1
Bashkir: baldaq 1
Karakalpak: baldaq 1
Comments: VEWT 60, ЭСТЯ 2, 52. Similar forms of the type *balčak may be borrowed from Mong., while WMong. baldaɣ, bardaɣ, Khalkha baldag, bardag, Mongor bardaG 'hilt' are rather < Turkic.
Proto-Turkic: *baldɨr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: beginning of the spring season, lambing season
Russian meaning: начало весеннего сезона, сезона рождения ягнят
Karakhanid: baldɨr (MK)
Uighur: baldi(r) (dial.: УДС 23) 'last year'
Comments: The root tends to mix with *bɨldur 'last year', but is explicitly distinguished by MK (as baldɨr vs. bɨldɨr).
Proto-Turkic: *bạlgɨn
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 tamarisk, 2 viburnum
Russian meaning: 1 тамариск 2 калина
Karakhanid: bulɣuna, (dial.) malɣuna (MK) 1
Tatar: balan 2
Uzbek: balxi 'white mulberry'
Uighur: balan 2 (РУС 1956)
Azerbaidzhan: palan 2 (R)
Turkmen: balxɨ 'a k. of white mulberry'
Shor: palan 2 (R)
Oyrat: balan 2
Chuvash: (palan < Tat.), (*polan > Mari polan 2)
Yakut: bɨlax 'white willow; willow branches as fodder'
Kirghiz: balɣɨn 1 'a k. of bush similar to žɨlɣɨn'
Bashkir: balan 2
Balkar: balan 2 (Karach.)
Comments: EDT 338, ЭСТЯ 2, 52, VEWT 59, 324, Дмитр. 189, 201. Turk. > Mong. balɣu, balɣuna 'tamarisk'. Forms like balxɨ may be secondarily modified ('Balkh mulberry'), but in any case not < Iranian.
Proto-Turkic: *bAlɨg
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wounded
Russian meaning: раненый
Old Turkic: balɨɣ (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: balɨɣ (MK, KB)
Khakassian: palɨɣ
Shor: palɨɣ
Oyrat: balu
Tuva: balɨɣ
Tofalar: balɨɣ
Comments: VEWT 53, EDT 335, ЭСТЯ 2, 88-89. Turk. > Bur. bala 'bruise, injury'.
Proto-Turkic: *bAlk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to shine, glitter
Russian meaning: сверкать, сиять
Turkish: balk- (dial.)
Tatar: balqɨ-
Middle Turkic: (MKypch., Xwar.) balqɨ-(CCum., AH, Qutb)
Turkmen: balqɨlda-
Oyrat: malqɨl, malʁɨl 'bright, shining'
Kazakh: balqɨ-
Bashkir: balqɨ-
Karaim: balqɨ-
Karakalpak: balqɨ-
Kumyk: balqɨ-
Comments: ЭСТЯ 2, 56-57.
Proto-Turkic: *bAlka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hammer
Russian meaning: молоток
Tatar: balɣa (Sib.)
Uzbek: balɣa (Chag.)
Kirghiz: balɣa
Comments: VEWT 61, ЭСТЯ 2, 57-58. Turk. > Mong. balɣu, balig (KW 31).
Proto-Turkic: *bAĺ-mak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: boot, shoe
Russian meaning: ботинок, обувь
Karakhanid: bašmaq (MK Oghuz), bašaq (MK Chigil), bašmaq (IM)
Turkish: bašmak, pašmak
Tatar: bašmaq
Middle Turkic: bašmaq (Sangl., MA)
Uzbek: dial. (Khorazm) baš-lɨq 'heel-piece of a boot'
Azerbaidzhan: bašmaG
Turkmen: bašmaq, pašmaq ("heel of a camel; boot")
Kirghiz: bašmaq-ta- 'to sole (a boot)'
Noghai: bašmaq
Bashkir: bašmaq
Balkar: bašmaq
Karakalpak: bašmaq
Kumyk: bašmaq
Comments: EDT 382-383, ЭСТЯ 2, 93-95, ОСНЯ 3 69, TMN 2, 293-294. Doerfer's inner etymology (bašmak with vowel elision < *baša-mak from *baša- 'to cut, make notches') is impossible: baša- is derived from *bāĺ(č) 'wound' with a long vowel, while bašmak has a short one.
Proto-Turkic: *baĺtar
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sickle
Russian meaning: серп
Karakhanid: baštar (MK)
Comments: EDT 378.
Proto-Turkic: *baltu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: axe
Russian meaning: топор
Old Turkic: baltu (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: baldu (MK, KB)
Turkish: balta
Tatar: balta
Middle Turkic: baltu (Abush., Sangl.)
Uzbek: bɔlta
Azerbaidzhan: balta
Turkmen: palta
Khakassian: paltɨ; malta (Sag.)
Shor: malta
Oyrat: malta
Yakut: balta, baltɨsax 'arrow with blunt end'
Tuva: ba'ldɨ (Бичелдей 112)
Kirghiz: balta
Kazakh: balta
Noghai: balta
Bashkir: balta
Balkar: balta
Karaim: balta
Karakalpak: balta
Kumyk: balta
Comments: VEWT 61, EDT 333, Лексика 397, ЭСТЯ 7. Modern forms with -a may in fact be secondary loans from Mong., see TMN 1, 199-200. Yak. baltɨsax can be probably identified with Turkm. balǯak, Tur. balčak '(sword)-hilt'.
Proto-Turkic: *bań
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fat
Russian meaning: жир
Tatar: maj
Middle Turkic: maj (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: mɔj
Uighur: maj
Turkmen: maj
Khakassian: sar-maj 'butter' (Sag.)
Oyrat: maj
Yakut: as-maj̃ax (Пек.)
Kirghiz: maj
Kazakh: maj
Noghai: maj
Bashkir: maj
Karaim: maj
Karakalpak: maj
Kumyk: maj
Comments: VEWT 322, Лексика 453-454.
Proto-Turkic: *bań-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to wave 2 to sway 3 club-footed 4 curved 5 to bend 6 to be bent, curved
Russian meaning: 1 махать 2 качаться 3 косолапый, кривоногий 4 кривой 5 гнуть 6 гнуться, быть согнутым
Karakhanid: maj-ɣuq 3 (MK)
Middle Turkic: majruq 3, 4 (Abush., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: majriq 3, dial. bajmaq 3 (R)
Uighur: majmaq 3
Turkmen: majɨr- 5, majrɨq 'overstrained', maj-tɨq 3, majmɨq 4
Shor: majrɨq 3, majrɨl- 6
Oyrat: majrɨq 4, 3
Yakut: bajātɨŋ- 2, bajāttaŋnā- 1 (Пек. - without nasalization), dial. majɣax 'convolution'
Tuva: majɨš-qaq 4, majɨrɨq, maj-ta-q 3
Kirghiz: majrɨj-, majɨš- 6, maj-tar- 5, majrɨq 3, majmaq 3
Kazakh: majɨs- 6, majɨr- 5, majrɨq 3, majmaq 3
Noghai: majɨs- 6, majɨr- 5
Karaim: majɨš- 6
Karakalpak: majɨs- 6, majmaq 3
Kumyk: majɨr- 'to wrench', majšaj- 'to mis-step', majmaq 3
Comments: See ОСHЯ 3, 45-46. Turk. *bańɨ-guk > WMong. majiɣaɣ, Kalm. mǟɣǝɣ (KW 259) 'club-footed'.
Proto-Turkic: *bĀń-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 sole (of foot) 2 footwear
Russian meaning: 1 подошва (ноги) 2 обувь (войлочные чулки, валенки)
Turkish: maja 'fleshy part of the palm' (Vidin, Németh 1965, SDD)
Tatar: majmaq 'stable, steadfast' (of an animal's paw, hoof), dial. pajpaq (КСТТ) 2
Uzbek: pajpɔq 2, 'camel's foot', dial. mъjǝlǝk 'mitten' (Фармонов 19)
Azerbaidzhan: dial. maja 'подошва копыта' (Nakhich.)
Turkmen: dial. māja (Tek.) 'aja' (ТДГДС 124), pajpaq (144) 2
Khakassian: majmax 2
Tuva: majɨq 1
Kirghiz: bajmaq 'lower part of shank', bajpaq 2, majpɨq 'flat' (of a horse's hoof, bear's paw)
Kazakh: bajpaq 2
Karakalpak: bajpaq 2
Comments: VEWT 323. Cf. also Oyr. majrɨk 'стаптываться' etc. Forms with the meaning 'footwear' are explained by Budagov as compounds with an iranism (paj - baɣ "foot bandage"), which does not seem convincing; we are dealing rather with a dialectal diffusion of the derivative *bāń-mak. Cf. TMN 4, 275, Шипова 49, Аникин 110, 382, 458.
Proto-Turkic: *bańak-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: white-fish
Russian meaning: сиг
Yakut: maj̃aɣas (Пек.)
Proto-Turkic: *bAńak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dung
Russian meaning: навоз
Old Turkic: majaq (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: majaq, bajnaq (MK, Oghuz XI c.)
Uighur: majaq
Tuva: mɨjaq
Tofalar: mɨj̃aq
Comments: VEWT 322, 336, EDT 350.
Proto-Turkic: *bAńɨ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 hare 2 marmot
Russian meaning: 1 заяц 2 сурок
Tatar: bajbaq 2
Oyrat: majčɨq 1
Chuvash: molgaś/č
Bashkir: bajbaq 2
Comments: ЭСТЯ 7, under *majmak 'club-footed', Сетаров 1970. The traditional etymology of Chuv. (Федотов 1, 362, Егоров 134-135) from an unattested Udm. *mu 'earth' + lud keč 'field hare' is quite incredible: the Chuv. form is well explained < *bańɨ-l-kač (a diminutive). {Chuv. may be rather < **bɨńĺ(ɨk) q. v.}
Proto-Turkic: *bAńɨ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to fade away, disappear, weaken
Russian meaning: исчезать, слабеть
Karakhanid: majɨš- (MK)
Turkish: bajɨ-l-
Azerbaidzhan: bajɨl-
Khakassian: majɨl-
Tuva: bajla-
Kirghiz: bajɨ-
Gagauz: bajɨl-
Karaim: bajɨl-
Comments: ОСНЯ 2, 50, EDT 773, ЭСТЯ 7.
Proto-Turkic: *bạnɨ- ~ *bonɨ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: big, large
Russian meaning: большой
Chuvash: mъʷnъʷ
Comments: Федотов 1, 349.
Proto-Turkic: *bAńɨl
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: overripe
Russian meaning: перезрелый
Karakhanid: majɨl, majɨl- 'to become overripe' (MK)
Comments: EDT 772. Cf. also Oyr. mɨnčɨk 'musty'.
Proto-Turkic: *bAnu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wild cat
Russian meaning: дикая кошка
Old Turkic: manu (OUygh.)
Tatar: manul
Tuva: manɨ
Comments: EDT 767. Turk. > Kalm. manl, Dag. manū (Тод. Даг. 153) (probably contaminated with Mong. proper malur < *malul q. v. sub *máĺe). Uygh. molun 'wild cat' may be a mongolism.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-uig,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-jak,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-uig,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-azb,turcet-hak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-tat,turcet-tuv,turcet-reference,
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