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\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *Kamɨĺ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: reed
Russian meaning: тростник
Old Turkic: qamuš, qamɨš (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qamɨš (MK, IM)
Turkish: kamɨš
Tatar: qamɨš
Middle Turkic: qamɨš (Qutb, MA)
Uzbek: qɛmiš
Uighur: qomuš
Azerbaidzhan: Gamɨš
Turkmen: Gamɨš
Khakassian: xamɨs
Oyrat: qamɨš
Chuvash: xъʷmъʷl 'stalk of cereals'
Yakut: xamɨs, xomus
Kirghiz: qamɨš
Kazakh: qamɨs
Noghai: qamɨs
Bashkir: qamɨš
Balkar: qamiš
Karakalpak: qamɨs
Kumyk: qamuš
Comments: ЭСТЯ 5, 249-250, TMN 3, 517.
Proto-Turkic: *KAmug
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: all, together
Russian meaning: все, вместе
Old Turkic: qamuɣ (OUygh.), qamaɣ (Orkh., OUygh.), qamɨɣ (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qamuɣ (MK, KB)
Turkish: kamu
Middle Turkic: qamuɣ (Qutb., Буд.), qamuq (Abush.)
Khakassian: xamɨx
Shor: qamɨq
Oyrat: qamɨq
Tuva: xamɨq
Comments: EDT 627, ЭСТЯ 5, 243-244. Modern forms like Kirgh., Kaz. qama- 'to surround, besiege', qamala- id., 'to gather in a crowd' etc. (see ЭСТЯ 5, 159) should be rather regarded as mongolisms.
Proto-Turkic: *Kạń
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: edge, hem
Russian meaning: край, кайма
Old Turkic: qaj (OUygh.) 'cross-road'
Karakhanid: qajɨɣ (MK) 'a place at an angle from the main road'
Khakassian: xaj
Oyrat: qajɨr 'steep, precipitous'
Chuvash: xъju
Yakut: kɨj̃ɨa (Пек.) 'road on the edge of a precipice'
Tuva: xajɨ̄ 'located sideways'
Bashkir: qajma
Comments: VEWT 221, Федотов 2, 338. Doubts about the OT word see in EDT 674, 676, Clark 1977, 146.
Proto-Turkic: *Kandɨr (*Kantɨr)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: membrane
Russian meaning: мездра, пленка на мясе, остающаяся после снятия шкуры
Karakhanid: qandɨr (MK)
Chuvash: xundъ, e.g. in tǝʷplǝʷ pɨržъ xund-i 'appendix (anat.)' (dial.)
Comments: EDT 635.
Proto-Turkic: *KAŋ-čɨk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bitch 2 female
Russian meaning: 1 сука 2 самка
Old Turkic: qančɨq (OUygh.) 1
Karakhanid: qančɨq (MK) 1
Turkish: kanǯɨk 2
Middle Turkic: qančɨq (Pav. C., Houts., Qutb.), qančuq (AH) 1
Uzbek: qɛnǯiq 1
Uighur: qančuq, qanǯiq (dial.) 1
Azerbaidzhan: GanǯɨG 1
Turkmen: Ganǯɨq 1
Kirghiz: qančɨq 1
Kazakh: qanšɨq, qaŋšɨ 1
Noghai: qanǯɨq 1
Bashkir: qansɨq, qansaj 1
Karakalpak: qanšɨq 1
Kumyk: qančɨq 1
Comments: VEWT 230, ЭСТЯ 5, 255-256, Лексика 190. The original *-ŋ- is probably preserved in Kaz. qaŋšɨ.
Proto-Turkic: *KAŋɨr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to bend
Russian meaning: гнуть
Turkish: kanɨr-
Uzbek: qɛnir- (dial.)
Azerbaidzhan: Ganɨr-
Turkmen: Gaŋɨr-
Khakassian: xāri-tart- 'to change direction, turn sharply'
Comments: ЭСТЯ 5, 194-195.
Proto-Turkic: *Kap-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to snatch, take 2 to bite
Russian meaning: 1 брать, хватать 2 кусать
Old Turkic: qap- (Orkh., OUygh.) 1
Karakhanid: qap- (MK, KB) 1
Turkish: kap- 1,2
Tatar: qap- 1,2
Middle Turkic: qap- (AH, IM, Pav. C., Qutb) 1
Uzbek: qɔp- 1,2
Uighur: qap- 1,2
Azerbaidzhan: Gap- 1,2
Turkmen: Gap- 1,2
Khakassian: xap- 1,2
Oyrat: qap- 1,2
Chuvash: xɨp- 1,2
Yakut: xap- 1,2
Tofalar: qa'p- 'to grab with one's mouth; bite (of fish)'
Kirghiz: qap- 1,2
Kazakh: qap- 1,2
Noghai: qap- 1,2
Bashkir: qap- 1,2
Balkar: qab- 1,2
Gagauz: qap- 1,2
Karakalpak: qap- 1,2
Comments: VEWT 233, EDT 580, ЭСТЯ 5, 264-265, TMN 3, 373-374.
Proto-Turkic: *Kạp-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to catch fire
Russian meaning: загораться
Tatar: qap-, qabɨn-
Uzbek: qɔpin-
Khakassian: xabɨl-
Shor: qamɨn-
Oyrat: qamɨn-
Chuvash: xɨp-
Tuva: qɨ'p-
Tofalar: qɨ'p-
Kazakh: qabɨn-
Noghai: qabɨn-, dial. qamɨl-
Bashkir: qabɨn-
Kumyk: qabun-
Comments: ЭСТЯ 5, 262.
Proto-Turkic: *Kap-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 cover (n.) 2 gate, door 3 to close
Russian meaning: 1 крышка 2 ворота, дверь 3 закрывать
Old Turkic: qapaɣ, qapɨɣ (Orkh., OUygh.) 2, qapɣɨ (Orkh.) 2, qapaq (OUygh.) 1, qap- 3
Karakhanid: qapuɣ (MK, KB), qapɣaq (MK) 1, qapuɣ (MK) 2
Turkish: kapak 1, kapɨ 2, kapa- 3, kap- 3
Tatar: dial. qapqaq 1, qapqa 2, qapla- 3
Middle Turkic: qabaɣ (Qutb.) 1, qapu (Houts., Pav. C.) 2, qabuɣ (Qutb.) 2
Uzbek: qɔpɛqɔq 1, qɔpqɛ 2, qɔplɛ- 3
Uighur: qap(q)aq 1, dial. qobuɣ 2, qapla- 3
Azerbaidzhan: GapaG 1, Gapɨ 2, Gapa- 3
Turkmen: Gapaq 1, Gapɨ 2, dial. Gap- 3
Khakassian: xaxpax 1
Shor: qabaq 1
Oyrat: qaqpaq 1
Chuvash: xobъ 1, xop(la)- 3
Yakut: xappax 1
Dolgan: kappaktā- 'to cover'
Tuva: qaqpaq 1
Kirghiz: qapqaq 1, qapqa 2
Kazakh: qaqpaq 1, qapɨ 2, qaqpa 2
Noghai: qapaq 1, qapɨ 2, qap(l)a- 3
Bashkir: qapqa 2, qapla- 3
Karaim: qabaq 2
Karakalpak: qaqpaq 1, qapɨ 2, qaqpa 2
Salar: qāvu 2 (ССЯ)
Kumyk: qapu 2, qabaq 2
Comments: VEWT 203, TMN 3, 369, ЭСТЯ 5, 160, 263-264, 274-275, Лексика 510, Федотов 2, 358-359, Stachowski 138 (there is also a variant *Kāp- - due to merger with another root *Kāp-, v. sub *k[ā]p`á; the meaning 'cover' here is probably secondary). Turk. > Mong. qabqaɣ 'cover' (whence Evk. kapkak, see Doerfer MT 125), qabqa 'gate', see TMN 3, 371, 415, Hung. kapu 'gate', see Gombocz 1912.
Proto-Turkic: *KĀpan
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: boar
Russian meaning: кабан
Turkish: dial. kaban
Tatar: qaban
Middle Turkic: qaban (Pav. C., Abush.)
Uzbek: qɔbɔn
Uighur: qavan
Azerbaidzhan: Gaban
Turkmen: Gaban
Oyrat: qaman
Tuva: xavan
Kirghiz: qaman
Kazakh: qaban
Noghai: qaban
Bashkir: qaban
Balkar: qaban
Karakalpak: qaban
Kumyk: qaban
Comments: VEWT 216, ЭСТЯ 5, 164, Лексика 156.
Proto-Turkic: *Kapɨrčak, *Kapsak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 box, coffin 2 basket
Russian meaning: 1 ящик, гроб 2 корзина
Karakhanid: qapɨrčaq 1,2 (MK)
Turkish: koburčuk, dial. kapurǯak 1, dial. kabzak, kabsak 2
Middle Turkic: qabɨrčaq (IM), qaburčuq (AH)
Turkmen: Gapɨrǯaq 1
Chuvash: > Hung. koporsó 1 (see Gombocz 1912)
Comments: EDT 587, ЭСТЯ 5, 276-278. Tekin (1979, 127) cites Uygh. qapɨz 'coffin', but we were unable to find the word either in Old or Mod. Uyghur. Perhaps he meant Karakh. xafsɨ 'small box' (MK, see EDT 587). Brockelmann derived the word from Lat. capsa through Syr. qafsā, but a loan in Turkic < Syr. is not quite probable, and the word might well be genuine. But modern forms: Tur. dial. kapsa 'box, chest', (CCum.) qapsa 'box, coffin' may well be < Syr. (cf. ЭСТЯ 5, 277).
Proto-Turkic: *Kaptal
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: side
Russian meaning: бок
Middle Turkic: qaptal (R - ShS, Vam.)
Uzbek: qɔptɔl
Uighur: qaptal
Turkmen: Gapdal
Oyrat: qaptal
Yakut: xaptal
Kirghiz: qaptal
Kazakh: qaptal
Bashkir: qaptal
Karakalpak: qaptal
Comments: ЭСТЯ 5, 267-268.
Proto-Turkic: *KApuŋ (?)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bumble-bee
Russian meaning: шмель
Old Turkic: qabuŋ (OUygh. - Suv.)
Comments: ДТС 399.
Proto-Turkic: *KApur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rib
Russian meaning: ребро
Old Turkic: qabar (Ettuhf.)
Turkish: kabur (dial.) 'a piece of tin or leather for fixing cracks'
Uzbek: qɛbɨz (dial.) 'armpit'
Turkmen: GapɨrGa
Comments: ЭСТЯ 5, 275-276. Щербак (1997, 207) regards the word as a Mong. loanword, which is hardly the case (although numerous forms like Chag. qaburɣa etc. may indeed have a Mong. origin, see TMN 1, 392).
Proto-Turkic: *Kar
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 arm 2 forearm 3 shin-bone of animal 4 various measures of length
Russian meaning: 1 рука (верхняя часть) 2 предплечье 3 голенная кость животного 4 различные меры длины
Old Turkic: qar 1, qarɨ 2 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qarɨ (MK) 1
Turkish: karu-ǯa 1
Tatar: qarɨ 1, qara 4 (dial.)
Middle Turkic: qar 1 (Vam.), qarɨ 1 (Abush.), 2 (Houts.), 4 (in all sources)
Uzbek: qari 1,4, qara 3 (dial.)
Uighur: qeri 4, qaja 3 (dial.)
Sary-Yughur: qar 2
Azerbaidzhan: gari 3 (dial.)
Turkmen: Garɨ 3,4
Shor: qarɨ 1
Oyrat: qarɨ 1
Halaj: qarɨ 4
Chuvash: xor 2, 4
Yakut: xarɨ, xara 2, 3
Tuva: qɨrɨ 2
Tofalar: qɨrɨ 2
Kirghiz: qar 1, qarɨ 1
Kazakh: qar 2, qarɨ 2, 3
Noghai: qarɨ 4
Bashkir: qar 3
Balkar: qarɨ 4
Karakalpak: qar 2, qarɨ 2, 4
Comments: TMN 3, 461-2, ЭСТЯ 5, 278-283, Дыбо 160-164, Дыбо 1989, Федотов 2, 361, Лексика 246-247. The usage of *Karɨ as a measure ('cubit') may seem natural, but in fact reflects a merger with a different root, see under *K(i)arɨĺ. Turk. > Hung. kar 'arm', see Ligeti 1933, MNyTESz 2, 369.
Proto-Turkic: *KAr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to overflow 2 moat, ditch
Russian meaning: 1 переливаться через край 2 канава
Old Turkic: qarɨm ~ qaram (OUygh.) 2
Karakhanid: qar- (MK) 1, qarɨm (KB) 2
Turkish: kar- (of water) 'to pile up behind an obstacle', dial. karɨm 2
Middle Turkic: qar- (IM) 1
Uzbek: qārɨm (dial.) 2
Uighur: qerim 2
Azerbaidzhan: Garɨm 2
Turkmen: Garɨm 2
Shor: xaral
Oyrat: qarantɨ 'thawed spot'
Tuva: xarālča 'ice-hole'
Karakalpak: qarɨm 2
Comments: EDT 643, ЭСТЯ 5, 320.
Proto-Turkic: *Kaŕ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to dig 2 to scrape, scratch 3 plane
Russian meaning: 1 копать 2 скрести, царапать 3 рубанок
Old Turkic: qaz- (OUygh.) 1
Karakhanid: qaz- (KB), qazɨ- (MK) 1
Turkish: kaz- 1,2, kazɨ- 2, kazaɣɨ 3
Tatar: qazɨ- 1
Middle Turkic: qaz- (AH, Houts., MA, IM, Pav. C.) 1, (Pav. C.) 2
Uzbek: qaz- 1, qazi- 1
Uighur: qaz- 1
Azerbaidzhan: Gaz- 1,2, Gazɨ- 1,2
Turkmen: Gaz- 1, Gaza- 2
Khakassian: dial. xas- 1
Shor: qas- 1
Oyrat: qas- 1
Chuvash: xɨr- 2
Yakut: xas- 1,2
Dolgan: kas- 1
Tuva: qas- 1
Kirghiz: qaz- 1
Kazakh: qaz- 1
Noghai: qazɨ- 1
Bashkir: qaδɨ- 1
Gagauz: qaz- 1
Karakalpak: qaz- 1
Kumyk: qaz- 1
Comments: VEWT 243, ЭСТЯ 5, 185-186, Мудрак 103, Stachowski 140. Chuv. -ɨ- is not quite clear here.
Proto-Turkic: *Kar-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 opposite 2 be opposite, meet 3 bandit
Russian meaning: 1 противоположный 2 встречаться 3 разбойник
Old Turkic: qaršɨ (OUygh.) 1; qaraqčɨ (OUygh.) 3
Karakhanid: qaršu (MK, KB), qaršɨ (KB) 1, qaraqčɨ (KB) 3, qaraqla- (MK) 'to rob'
Tatar: qaraq 3
Middle Turkic: qaraq (Pav. C., Abush.) 3
Uzbek: qɛrɛqči 3
Turkmen: Garšɨ- 2; Garaq 3
Chuvash: xirǝś- 2; xorax 3
Yakut: xar, xār 1 (Пек.); xar-da 'retaliation'; xarɨs- 'to fight (with each other)'
Dolgan: kar-da 'retaliation', karɨs- 'to fight'
Kirghiz: qaraqčɨ 3
Noghai: qaraq 3
Bashkir: qaraq 3
Karakalpak: qaraqšɨ 3
Kumyk: qaraq 3
Comments: VEWT 235, ЭСТЯ 5, 294-295, 326-327, Ашм. XVI, 219-220, Федотов 2, 365-366, Stachowski 139, 140. Chuv. xirǝś- may actually reflect a different root (see *gerüĺ-), or a contamination. Turk. qaršɨ > Mong. qarsi (Clark 1980, 41). Cf. also *Karma 'robbery'.
Proto-Turkic: *Kara
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: black
Russian meaning: черный
Old Turkic: qara (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qara (MK, KB)
Turkish: kara
Tatar: qara
Middle Turkic: qara (MA, IM, Pav. C., AH, Бор. Бад.)
Uzbek: qɔrɛ
Uighur: qara, dial. qare
Sary-Yughur: Gara
Azerbaidzhan: Gara
Turkmen: Gara
Khakassian: xara
Shor: qara
Oyrat: qara
Halaj: qara
Chuvash: xora
Yakut: xara
Dolgan: kara
Tuva: qara
Tofalar: qara
Kirghiz: qara
Kazakh: qara
Noghai: qara
Bashkir: qara
Balkar: qara
Gagauz: qara
Karaim: qara
Karakalpak: qara
Salar: Gara
Kumyk: qara
Comments: VEWT 235, TMN 3, 426-432, EDT 643-4, ЭСТЯ 5, 286-289, 299-100, Лексика 592-593, Stachowski 138, Федотов 2, 362.
Proto-Turkic: *KAr(a)gu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: reed
Russian meaning: тростник
Karakhanid: qarɣu (AH)
Turkish: karɣɨ
Middle Turkic: qarɣu (AH), ɣarqu (Бор. Бад.), ɣaraw (Pav. C., Abush.)
Uzbek: ɣɔrɔw
Azerbaidzhan: Garɣɨ
Turkmen: GarGɨ
Halaj: Garɣo
Chuvash: xorɣux 'осот полевой, молочай' ( < *Korgaɣu with secondary -x; Ашм. XVI, 194: xur xuxi, xur xuxxi, xor xъvъx)
Comments: ЭСТЯ 5, 306.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-trk,turcet-uzb,turcet-trm,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,
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