Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Total of 2017 records 101 page

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1 20
\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *KAča-, *KAča-gu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to chisel, chisel
Russian meaning: долото, зубило, работать зубилом
Tatar: qaʒau (Sib.)
Kazakh: qaša-, qašau
Bashkir: qasau
Comments: VEWT 217.
Proto-Turkic: *KAč-(g)ač
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: Chinese brocade, woven fabric
Russian meaning: китайская парча, узорная ткань
Karakhanid: qačač (MK)
Comments: EDT 590.
Proto-Turkic: *Kad
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wind, whirlwind
Russian meaning: ветер, вихрь
Karakhanid: qaδ (MK)
Turkish: kaj 'rainy weather'
Middle Turkic: qaj (AH, Pav. C., Abush.)
Turkmen: Gaj
Khakassian: xas
Yakut: xatā- 'to be cold in spring'
Tuva: xat, xadɨ- 'to be frozen',
Tofalar: qat
Kirghiz: qajɨ- 'to be frozen'
Comments: EDT 593, ЭСТЯ 5, 193-194, Лексика 46. Borrowing < Sam. *kacu 'whirlwind' is hardly credible, despite Helimski 1995.
Proto-Turkic: *Kadgu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sorrow
Russian meaning: печаль
Old Turkic: qadɣu (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qaδɣu (MK, KB)
Turkish: kajɣɨ
Tatar: qajɣɨ
Middle Turkic: qajɣɨ (Qutb., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: qɛjɣɨ (dial.)
Azerbaidzhan: Gajɣɨ
Turkmen: GajGɨ
Chuvash: xojɣa
Kirghiz: qajɣɨ
Kazakh: qajɣɨ
Noghai: qajɣɨ
Bashkir: qajɣɨ
Karaim: qajɣɨ
Karakalpak: qajɣɨ
Kumyk: qajɣɨ
Comments: VEWT 217, ЭСТЯ 5, 201-203, Федотов 2, 352-353.
Proto-Turkic: *Kạdɨ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pine tree
Russian meaning: сосна
Khakassian: xara-xazɨ
Chuvash: xɨrъ
Yakut: kɨtɨan 'juniper'
Tuva: xadɨ
Tofalar: xadɨ
Comments: ЭСТЯ 5, 291-292, Мудрак Дисс. 179. Most languages reflect the compound *Kara-kạdɨ (borrowed in Mong. as qaraɣai 'larch').
Proto-Turkic: *KAdɨk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wooden trough
Russian meaning: выдолбленная из дерева колода
Karakhanid: qaδɨq (MK: Argu)
Comments: EDT 597. The form, although isolated, is clearly different from *K(i)aj-guk (v. sub *gằjá), attested both in Old Turkic and modern languages.
Proto-Turkic: *Kadɨŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: birch tree
Russian meaning: береза
Karakhanid: qaδɨŋ (MK), qajɨŋ (KB)
Turkish: kajɨn 'beech tree'
Tatar: qajɨn
Middle Turkic: qajɨn (Houts.)
Uzbek: qɛjin
Uighur: qejin
Azerbaidzhan: Gajɨn 'maple tree'
Turkmen: Gajɨŋ
Khakassian: xazɨŋ
Shor: qazɨŋ
Oyrat: qajɨŋ
Chuvash: xorъn
Yakut: xatɨŋ
Dolgan: katɨŋ
Tuva: xadɨŋ
Tofalar: qadɨŋ
Kirghiz: qajɨŋ
Kazakh: qajɨŋ
Noghai: qajɨŋ
Bashkir: qajɨn
Karakalpak: qajɨŋ
Comments: VEWT 218, TMN 3, 183, ЭСТЯ 5, 214-215, Лексика 122, Федотов 2, 366, Stachowski 141.
Proto-Turkic: *Kadɨr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hard, strong, cruel
Russian meaning: крепкий, сильный, жестокий
Old Turkic: qadɨr (Orkh., OUygh.)
Khakassian: xazɨr
Shor: qazɨr
Oyrat: qajɨr
Yakut: xatārɨj- 'вымещать мстительность, неприязнь, злопамятствовать'
Tuva: Todzh. xadɨr
Kirghiz: qajɨr 'contradiction, objection'
Bashkir: qajɨr (dial.)
Balkar: qajɨr 'angry'
Comments: VEWT 218, TMN 3, 378-379, ЭСТЯ 5, 216.
Proto-Turkic: *KAdɨr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to twist, turn, bend
Russian meaning: поворачивать, гнуть, крутить
Old Turkic: qadar- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qaδɨr- (MK), qadɨr- (MK, KB)
Turkish: dial. gajɨr-
Tatar: qajɨr-
Middle Turkic: qajɨr- (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: qɛjir-
Uighur: qari-, qajrɛ-
Azerbaidzhan: Gajɨr-
Turkmen: Gajɨr-
Khakassian: xazɨr-
Oyrat: qajɨr-
Chuvash: xajъr- < Tat.
Kirghiz: qajɨr-
Kazakh: qajɨr-
Noghai: qajɨr-
Bashkir: qajɨr-
Gagauz: qajɨr-
Karaim: qajɨr-
Karakalpak: qajɨr-
Comments: EDT 604, ЭСТЯ 5, 195-197.
Proto-Turkic: *KAdu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to stick in 2 sting 3 to sew
Russian meaning: 1 втыкать 2 жало 3 сшивать строчкой, оторачивать, вышивать
Karakhanid: qaδu- (MK) 3
Tatar: qajɨ- 3, Sib. qajal- 'to be piqued'
Turkmen: Gaja- 3
Khakassian: xaza- 1
Kirghiz: qajɨ- 1
Kazakh: qajɨ- 3
Noghai: qajɨ- 3
Bashkir: qaj- 3, qajaw 2
Karakalpak: qajɨ- 3
Kumyk: qajɨ- 3
Comments: EDT 596, ЭСТЯ 5, 180-181. The root should be distinguished from *Kāta- 'to stick in, nail' (v. sub *kā́jta).
Proto-Turkic: *KAgur
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: doll
Russian meaning: кукла
Karakhanid: qoδurčuq (MK)
Turkish: dial. kurčak
Tatar: qurčaq
Middle Turkic: qawurčaq (Бор. Бад., Pav. C.), qavur (R)
Uzbek: qụɣirčɔq
Uighur: qo(r)čaq, dial. qoɣurčaq
Turkmen: Gurǯaq
Kirghiz: qūrčaq
Kazakh: quwɨršaq
Noghai: quwɨršaq
Bashkir: qursaq
Karakalpak: quwɨršaq
Kumyk: qurčaq
Comments: VEWT 220, EDT 587, 606, ЭСТЯ 6, 161-163. Modern reflexes point quite clearly to *-g- (less probably - *-b-), so the attested form with -δ- must be a phonetic aberration. Interference with OT qoduz 'femme s{eu}le' (suggested in Tekin 1969 and ЭСТЯ ibid.) is not excluded, but cf. also the notes below.
Proto-Turkic: *KAgur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to roast, fry
Russian meaning: жарить
Karakhanid: qaɣur-, qoɣur-, qovur- (MK)
Turkish: kavur-
Tatar: quwɨr-
Middle Turkic: qavur- (Houts., Pav. C., MA)
Uzbek: qɔwur-, dial. qɔɣur-
Uighur: qoru-
Azerbaidzhan: Govur-
Turkmen: Govur-, Gavɨr- (А-Б)
Khakassian: xōr-
Shor: qōr-
Oyrat: kūr-
Tuva: xōr-
Kirghiz: kūr(u)-
Kazakh: quwɨr-
Noghai: quwɨr-
Bashkir: quwɨr-, dial. qɨwɨr-
Gagauz: qa'ur-
Karaim: qavur-
Karakalpak: quwɨr-
Comments: VEWT 220, ЭСТЯ 5, 175-177.
Proto-Turkic: *KAj-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to turn back 2 to show respect 3 to squint; to move to smb.'s side 4 to run towards 5 to go past, around
Russian meaning: 1 оборачиваться 2 выказывать уважение 3 косить глазами; переходить на чью-л. сторону 4 бежать к 5 обойти, пройти мимо
Old Turkic: qaj- (OUygh.) 2
Karakhanid: qaj- (MK) 1, 2
Turkish: kaj- 3
Sary-Yughur: qajla- 4
Khakassian: xaj- 2
Oyrat: qaj- (R) 2
Tuva: xaj- 5
Comments: ЭСТЯ 5 208-209, EDT 674. Stachowski 137 adds Yak. xaj̃ɨs-, Dolg. kańɨs- '(to turn and) look around', which would change the reconstruction to *KAń-; however, there are no other traces of a nasal in the root, and the comparison looks somewhat dubious.
Proto-Turkic: *KAj
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 shaman spirit 2 throat singing
Russian meaning: 1 шаманский дух 2 горловое пение
Sary-Yughur: qaj 1
Khakassian: xaj 2
Shor: qajla- 2
Oyrat: qajla- 2
Chuvash: > Mari xoj 'Gespräch'
Comments: VEWT 221. If the original meaning is 'air movement' (cf. the external evidence), cf. also Chuv. 'strong odour'.
Proto-Turkic: *Kaj-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to pay respect
Russian meaning: относиться уважительно
Old Turkic: qaj- (Yenis., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qaj- (MK)
Turkish: kajɨr-
Khakassian: xaj-
Tuva: xaj dēr 'to still, pacify'
Kirghiz: qajɨš-
Kazakh: qajɨs-
Comments: EDT 674, ЭСТЯ 5, 194.
Proto-Turkic: *Kạjɨn-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to boil (Intr.)
Russian meaning: вариться
Old Turkic: qajɨn- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qajna- (MK, KB)
Turkish: kajna-
Tatar: qajna-
Middle Turkic: qajna- (Qutb., IM)
Uzbek: qɛjnɛ-
Uighur: qajna-
Azerbaidzhan: Gajna-
Turkmen: Gajna-
Khakassian: xajna-
Oyrat: qajna-
Yakut: kɨ̄j- (kɨńńɨ-)
Dolgan: kɨjnar-, kɨ̄jnar- (trans.)
Tuva: xajɨn-
Tofalar: xēin-
Kirghiz: qajna-
Kazakh: qajna-
Noghai: qajna-
Bashkir: qajna-
Gagauz: qajna-
Karakalpak: qajna-
Comments: VEWT 222, ЭСТЯ 5, 203-205, Stachowski 168, 171.
Proto-Turkic: *Kạjɨr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 salt steppe 2 sandbank 3 gravel 4 sand
Russian meaning: 1 солончак 2 песчаный берег 3 гравий 4 песок
Karakhanid: qajɨr 1, 4 (MK Oghuz)
Turkish: kajɨr 2
Middle Turkic: (OKypch.) qajɨr (Houts. 94, AH 74)
Uzbek: dial. qɛjir 3
Turkmen: dial. Gajɨr 3, 4
Chuvash: xъjъr 4
Yakut: xajɨr tās 3
Tuva: xajɨr 1
Kazakh: qajɨr 2
Noghai: qajɨr 4
Karakalpak: qajɨr 2
Kumyk: qajɨr 3
Comments: VEWT 221-222, EDT 678, ЭСТЯ 5, 206, 217, Лексика 97. Turk. > WMong. qajir, Kalm. xǟr (KW 180).
Proto-Turkic: *KAjɨr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: castoreum, the odorous secretion of the beaver
Russian meaning: мускус, пахучие выделения бобра
Old Turkic: qajɨr (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qunduz qajɨrɨ (MK)
Tatar: Sib. qajɨr
Middle Turkic: qajɨr (Sangl.)
Khakassian: xajɨr
Shor: qajɨr
Comments: VEWT 222, EDT 678-679.
Proto-Turkic: *Kajɨra-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to whet, sharpen 2 to rub teeth
Russian meaning: 1 точить, заострять 2 тереть зубами
Turkish: kajra- (dial.)
Tatar: qajra- 2
Uzbek: qajra- 2
Uighur: qɛjrɛ- 2
Turkmen: Gajra- 1
Khakassian: xajɨra- 1
Oyrat: qaira- 2
Chuvash: xъjra- 2 (Anatri)
Kirghiz: qajra- 2
Kazakh: qajra- 2
Noghai: qajra- 2
Bashkir: qajra- 2
Karakalpak: qajra- 2
Comments: ЭСТЯ 5, 205. The Turk. derivative *kajɨrak 'whetstone' > Mong. qajiraɣ, see TMN 3, 568-569. Cf. also Kaz., Tat. qajau 'notch', Tur. qajaɣan 'whetstone' (R 2, 90) and Yak. xajgɨa, xojguo 'notch'; Yak. xaja, Dolg. kaja '(to tear) apart', Yak. xajɨt- 'to break, tear apart', Dolg. kajɨt- id., kajɨn- (itr.) (see Stachowski 133, 134, 135).
Proto-Turkic: *KAk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dry
Russian meaning: сухой
Karakhanid: qaq (MK)
Turkish: dial. kak, kah
Tatar: qaq
Middle Turkic: qaq (Sangl., Abush.)
Uzbek: qɔq
Uighur: qaq
Azerbaidzhan: Gax
Turkmen: qaq
Oyrat: qaq
Kirghiz: qaq
Kazakh: qaq
Noghai: qaq
Bashkir: qaq
Karakalpak: qaq
Kumyk: qaq
Comments: VEWT 223, ЭСТЯ 5, 218-220, EDT 608.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-hak,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-sjg,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-sjg,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-hak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,
Total of 2017 records 101 page

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1 20

Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
26126205867
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov