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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *mali-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to be devoid of smth., to hunt without result 2 only, exclusively 3 abstemious, sparing
Russian meaning: 1 лишаться чего-л., ничего не добыть на охоте 2 только, исключительно 3 бережливый, умеренный
Evenki: malī- 1
Negidal: malịxan 2
Literary Manchu: malχun 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 524. Evk. > Yak. malɨj-, melij- (hardly vice versa, despite ТМС ibid.).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *malta-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to dig (soil with a hoof)
Russian meaning: рыть (снег, землю копытом)
Evenki: malta-
Literary Manchu: matala-
Comments: ТМС 1, 524. Man. maltaku 'a tool used for scraping dirt or mud' may be < Mong. (see Rozycki 154).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *maltu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to bend
Russian meaning: сгибать, складывать
Evenki: maltu-
Even: maltъ̣-
Negidal: maltị-
Orok: māltịma 'folding knife'
Solon: malta-
Comments: ТМС 1, 524-525.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *malu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: honourable space within the house (front corner)
Russian meaning: почетное место в жилище (передний угол)
Evenki: malu
Even: mal
Negidal: malụ
Ulcha: malụ
Orok: malụ
Nanai: malụ
Udighe: mali, malu
Solon: malụ̄ɣụ̄
Comments: ТМС 1, 525.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *mana-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: louse
Russian meaning: вошь
Even: manačān
Orok: maŋụlụtče- 'to bite (of fleas, bedbugs)'
Comments: ТМС 1, 527, 531.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *mańa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: paw (of an animal)
Russian meaning: лапа
Evenki: mana, mańa
Even: māna
Negidal: mańa
Ulcha: mańa, maị̄
Nanai: māja
Oroch: māńaka
Udighe: mana
Comments: ТМС 1, 526. Length in Nan. is not quite clear (perhaps compensatory < *majā < *mańaka).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *mana-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be spent, exhausted, worn out
Russian meaning: израсходовать(ся), истощить(ся), износить(ся)
Evenki: mana-
Even: man-
Negidal: mana-
Spoken Manchu: manǝ- (276)
Literary Manchu: mana-
Jurchen: man-na-lar (839)
Ulcha: mana-
Orok: mana-
Nanai: mana-
Oroch: mana-
Comments: ТМС 1, 526-527. Cf. also a variant *mene 'few; in vain' (ТМС 1, 569).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *manda-ksa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: elk
Russian meaning: лось
Evenki: mandaksa
Negidal: mandaksa
Comments: ТМС 1, 527.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *man-dū-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to try, strive
Russian meaning: стараться, стремиться
Evenki: mandūw-
Even: manru-
Orok: mandụ-
Comments: ТМС 1, 528.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *mani
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: crowd, flock, herd
Russian meaning: толпа, стая
Evenki: man
Negidal: man
Ulcha: mandụ
Orok: mandị
Nanai: mandụ
Oroch: mańi
Udighe: mani
Comments: ТМС 1, 526.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *maŋa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: go-between, matchmaker
Russian meaning: посредник, сват
Evenki: maŋa
Even: maŋnaǯ
Negidal: maŋga-n
Ulcha: maŋGa
Orok: maŋGa
Oroch: maŋa
Udighe: maŋa
Comments: ТМС 1, 530.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *maŋga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: strong, hard
Russian meaning: сильный, крепкий, твердый
Evenki: maŋa
Even: maŋ
Negidal: maŋga
Literary Manchu: maŋGa, meŋge
Jurchen: maŋ-ga (702)
Ulcha: maŋGa
Orok: maŋGa
Nanai: maŋGa
Oroch: maŋga, maŋasi
Udighe: maŋga, maŋahi
Solon: mandē̂, mandī 'very, heavily'
Comments: See ТМС 1, 529. TM > Dag. manga (Тод. Даг. 153).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *mar-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: moor, marsh
Russian meaning: марник, болото
Evenki: mar, mari-kta
Comments: ТМС 1, 531. Attested only in Evk., but having probable external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *mar(b)u
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 heap 2 flock, herd
Russian meaning: 1 куча 2 стая, стадо
Evenki: murbu 1
Literary Manchu: maru 2
Ulcha: marụ(n) 2
Nanai: mārõ 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 532, 558.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *mari-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to quarrel 2 to refuse, resist 3 be stubborn
Russian meaning: 1 спорить 2 отказываться, сопротивляться 3 быть упрямым
Literary Manchu: mara- 2
Ulcha: morịqụ 3
Nanai: marịa- 1,3
Oroch: mari- 1
Udighe: malea- 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 532.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *mari-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to bend, curl 2 to turn, return
Russian meaning: 1 гнуться, виться 2 оборачиваться, возвращаться
Evenki: mariw- 1
Even: marlụ- 1
Spoken Manchu: mari- (1178) 2
Literary Manchu: mari- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 532.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *masi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hard, strong, strongly
Russian meaning: крепкий, сильный, сильно
Negidal: masị
Literary Manchu: masi-la- 'become stronger'
Ulcha: masị
Orok: masị
Nanai: masị
Oroch: masị
Udighe: mahi
Comments: ТМС 1, 528.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *māl-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to die (of epidemic) 2 to destroy 3 bad omen 4 to catch an epidemic disease
Russian meaning: 1 вымирать (от эпидемии) 2 уничтожать 3 плохая примета 4 заразиться (во время эпидемии)
Negidal: malga 3
Literary Manchu: majla- 4
Ulcha: mal- 1, 2
Orok: mal- 2
Nanai: māl- 1
Udighe: magi- 2, maga- 1 (Корм. 258)
Comments: ТМС 1, 520, 524.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *māńgu / *mańma
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 Salmo Lenoc 2 trout 3 crucian 4 whitebaits
Russian meaning: 1 ленок 2 форель 3 карась 4 снетки
Evenki: mājgu 1, majma / manma 2
Even: mönke 2
Negidal: manma 2
Literary Manchu: marma nisiχa 2; moŋgošun 3; muŋku 4
Nanai: menekse 'назв. рыбы'
Udighe: mojo`u, mejeu 1 (Корм. 261)
Comments: ТМС 1, 521-522, 545, 548. TM > Mong. marma (see Doerfer MT 91); > Russ. maĺma (see Аникин 371).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *-me
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a prohibitive particle
Russian meaning: запретительная частица
Spoken Manchu: emǝ 'don't' (3005)
Literary Manchu: ume
Jurchen: ume (472)
Nanai: em
Oroch: em
Comments: ТМС 2, 272. Initial u- is probably an original verbal root (possibly PTM *ō- `to make; become').
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50

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