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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kusi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: noise
Russian meaning: шум
Evenki: kusīlīn
Even: qụsъ̣lъ̣n
Literary Manchu: quwas (?)
Nanai: χosor-χosor; (Он.) kusi- 'to drive away by shouting'
Comments: ТМС 1, 439.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kusǖ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to fight 2 fight 3 strength, power
Russian meaning: 1 драться, биться 2 драка, бой 3 сила
Evenki: kusī- 1, kusīn 2
Even: kusi- 1, kusin 2
Negidal: kusī- 1, kusun 3
Spoken Manchu: husun 3 (171)
Literary Manchu: xusun 3
Jurchen: xiu-sun (513) 3
Ulcha: kusu(n) 3
Orok: kusu(n) 3
Nanai: kusũ 3
Udighe: kuhi 3
Solon: xusuš́i 'strong, powerful'
Comments: ТМС 1, 438-439.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuši-pun ( ~ -č-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pole, lever
Russian meaning: жердь, вага
Ulcha: kuspu(n)
Nanai: kučipũ
Comments: ТМС 1, 439.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kušu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 touchwood 2 dandruff, soot
Russian meaning: 1 гнилушка, труха 2 перхоть, ушная сера, сажа
Evenki: kuču 1
Even: kuč 1
Negidal: kutin 1 [ = kučin]
Literary Manchu: χosori, χusuri 2
Nanai: kuči (Он.) 'uneven surface of birch-bark'
Comments: ТМС 1, 441, 479.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bog, marsh
Russian meaning: болото
Evenki: kuta
Even: kuta
Negidal: kota
Jurchen: xoto-o-n 'pond' (34)
Comments: ТМС 1, 439.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kutu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to drag 2 mountaineering 3 to raise, lift
Russian meaning: 1 тащить, волочить 2 подъем (в гору) 3 поднимать
Even: kötъɣ, kötъŋe 2
Literary Manchu: xete- 3
Nanai: kutu- 1
Oroch: kotolo 'sleigh'
Comments: ТМС 1, 418, 421, 483. Man. > Ul., Nan. xete- 'raise, lift'.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kutu-ri
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: luck, fortune
Russian meaning: счастье, удача
Literary Manchu: χuturi
Jurchen: xu-tur
Comments: ТМС 1, 440. The Manchu-Jurchen word cannot easily be explained as a mongolism, despite Doerfer MT 136. Man. > Dag. xotor (Тод. Даг. 178).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuǯu- / *kuǯi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 neck 2 to bow one's head
Russian meaning: 1 шея 2 наклонять голову, склоняться, стоять на коленях
Negidal: kuǯit-/č- 2
Literary Manchu: xuǯu- 2
Orok: qoǯị 1
Nanai: kuǯu- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 403, 424.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuǯur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to cover, bury (with soil)
Russian meaning: заваливать (землей)
Negidal: kuǯuj-
Comments: ТМС 1,424 (an isolated Negidal form, but with probable external parallels).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kūkta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rowlock
Russian meaning: уключина
Evenki: kūkta
Even: kukte
Comments: ТМС 1, 426.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kūku (/*xūku)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: swan
Russian meaning: лебедь
Evenki: ūk-si
Even: ụ̄-sị
Negidal: xūk-si
Ulcha: kuku
Orok: kuku / kukku
Nanai: kuku
Oroch: kūku
Udighe: kūxi
Comments: ТМС 1, 426-427; 2, 336.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *küme
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 shore, sand beach 2 hill, elevation 3 wild pig's lair
Russian meaning: 1 морской берег, пляж 2 холм, возвышенность 3 лежбище кабана
Even: kimewun 1
Nanai: kumčien 2 (Он.), (Bik.) kum'i 3 (Сем)
Oroch: kīma 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 394-395.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *küme ( ~ -i-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 flea 2 gnat, mosquito
Russian meaning: 1 блоха 2 мошка, комар
Evenki: kimāje 2
Even: kime 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 394.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kün-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 relative, kinsman 2 name of a Manchu clan 3 name of the Evens in Yakutia
Russian meaning: 1 родственник, член рода 2 название маньчжурского клана 3 название якутских эвенов
Even: qịŋgalaq 3
Literary Manchu: χunčixin 1, xunčun 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 395, 477.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *küŋile
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: skis
Russian meaning: лыжи-голицы
Evenki: kiŋlē
Even: kịŋna
Negidal: kiŋne
Ulcha: kuŋgilte
Orok: kuŋgilte
Nanai: kuŋgilte
Oroch: kiŋile
Udighe: kiŋgile
Comments: ТМС 1, 396. Evk. > Dolg. kiŋle (see Stachowski 148).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kürekte
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: woodpecker
Russian meaning: дятел
Evenki: kirekte
Negidal: kijekte
Literary Manchu: kurexu
Ulcha: kurekte
Orok: kurekte
Nanai: kurekte
Oroch: kijoki
Udighe: kēxi (Корм. 248), kiexi
Comments: ТМС 1, 399.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *KVlm-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shadow
Russian meaning: тень
Spoken Manchu: xelǝmǝn (2047)
Literary Manchu: xelme
Comments: ТМС 1, 481. Attested only in Manchu (thus the reconstruction is not quite secure), but having probable external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *lab- / *leb-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 antler 2 rags 3 to wear out, be worn
Russian meaning: 1 отросток оленьего рога 2 лохмотья 3 изнашиваться
Evenki: lawā 1, lewgī- 3
Even: nēwun 1, nebdъ- 'to tear out, wear out'
Ulcha: lebeke, lebeli 'old cotton cloth'
Nanai: leber 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 485, 518, 615. TM > Dag. lawā 'branch' (Тод. Даг. 152).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *lab-du
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: many, plenty
Russian meaning: много, обильно
Spoken Manchu: lavǝdu, lavǝdǝ (2852)
Literary Manchu: labdu
Nanai: labdo
Comments: ТМС 1, 485.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *labgān-, *lipa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to glue, stick 2 to smear, poach in mud
Russian meaning: 1 прилипать 2 мазать, вязнуть в грязи
Evenki: labgān-, lamba- 1, lipa- 2
Even: labgan-, nabgan- 1
Negidal: labgān- 1
Literary Manchu: lifa- 2
Ulcha: lịpa- 2
Orok: lamba- 1
Nanai: lịpa- 2
Udighe: lagbamu- 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 484-485, 490, 498-499. PTM *labgān- is probably a contraction < *lipagān-.
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
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