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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kumpe(ke)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: breast ornaments
Russian meaning: нагрудные украшения
Negidal: kumpken
Ulcha: kumpe(n)
Oroch: kumpe
Comments: ТМС 1, 431.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kumu-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: music
Russian meaning: музыка
Spoken Manchu: kumun (1382)
Literary Manchu: kumun
Comments: ТМС 1, 431. Attested only in Manchu, but having probable parallels in Turk. and Kor.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuńī-kta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 larva of a gad-fly 2 butterfly
Russian meaning: 1 личинка овода 2 бабочка
Evenki: kujīkta, dial. kuńukta 1
Even: köjit 1
Negidal: kujikte 1
Ulcha: koači 2
Orok: kūńikte 1
Oroch: kōńi(ka(n)) 2
Udighe: koańa` 2 (Корм. 249)
Comments: ТМС 1, 410, 424. Evk. > Dolg. künükte, küńükte (Stachowski 165).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuŋ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to beat (of heart) 2 heart 3 aorta, vein
Russian meaning: 1 биться (о сердце) 2 сердце 3 кровеносный сосуд
Even: kuŋ- 1, kuŋkis 2, kewuŋe (Ol.) 3
Literary Manchu: kuxen 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 427, 433, 442.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuŋā
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 childhood 2 child 3 new-born child
Russian meaning: 1 детство 2 ребенок 3 новорожденный
Evenki: kuŋā, kuŋa 1, kuŋākān 2
Even: qụŋa 2
Negidal: koŋaxān 2
Nanai: qoŋar bī 3
Solon: kuaxań 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 433.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuŋdu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 rump 2 cunnus
Russian meaning: 1 круп, крестец 2 cunnus
Evenki: kunŋukī, kuŋduki 1
Even: qońńa 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 410, 432.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuŋge
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: clothes
Russian meaning: одежда
Evenki: kuŋgu
Even: köŋgeke
Negidal: keŋge
Nanai: kuŋgu
Comments: ТМС 1, 433.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kup-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to cover 2 cloth 3 sheath, boxing 4 sack 5 knee covers 6 hat 7 cover (n.) 8 wadded coat
Russian meaning: 1 покрывать 2 одежда 3 футляр 4 мешок 5 наколенники 6 шапка 7 покрышка 8 ватный кафтан
Evenki: kuptu-, kupu- 1, kupu 7, kupō 5, kupe 2
Even: kupke 4, kubi 5, qụptụ 6, köbǯe 2
Negidal: kuptin- 1, koptịn 7
Literary Manchu: xubtu 8
Ulcha: kup 1 (expr. adv.)
Orok: qụptụ- 1, qōpomị 2
Nanai: koptȫ 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 434, 476. Evk. kupe > Dolg. kopō, see Stachowski 153. Manchu xubtu has variants xukdu, xuktu ( > Nan. xuktu, Neg. xuktu etc.) - which is probably a secondary merger with a Mong. loanword (Mong. kügdü, v. sub *kugi).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kupe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to swell up 2 hill, mound 3 convex
Russian meaning: 1 вздуваться, распухать 2 холм, бугор 3 выпуклый
Evenki: kepe- 1, kupike, kuwudek 2
Negidal: kupe- 1
Ulcha: kubdu 2
Nanai: kubdū 2, kupul-kupul 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 422, 434, 452. The root actively contaminates with *kepu- 'to drift, float on the surface' (v. sub *kup`e).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kupe(n)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: threads
Russian meaning: нитки
Negidal: xupen
Ulcha: xupe(n)
Orok: kupe(n)
Nanai: kupẽ
Oroch: xupe
Comments: ТМС 1, 478.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kupu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 all 2 whole
Russian meaning: 1 весь 2 целый
Evenki: kūkte 1
Negidal: kepukte 1
Ulcha: kupte 2
Orok: kupukte 2
Nanai: kupukte 2
Udighe: kufula, kufule 2
Solon: xokkoǯi 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 426 (some forms listed should be qualified as mongolisms).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 churn-staff 2 to wrinkle, shrink 3 to roll, rotate 4 to wrap round, tie round
Russian meaning: 1 мутовка 2 мяться, комкаться 3 вращаться, вертеться 4 обвернуть, спутать
Evenki: kurā- 4
Even: koroldāwna 1, qorị- 2
Literary Manchu: χorgi-, χurgi- 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 416, 417, 435, 471. Man. χurgiku 'whirlpool' > Dag. xurgi id. (Тод. Даг. 180).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 humming-top 2 screw 3 spool
Russian meaning: 1 юла, волчок 2 винт 3 катушка (для ниток)
Evenki: kur, kuriwuk 2
Even: kūruken 1
Nanai: kurke 3 (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 1, 438; 2, 352.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kure-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: storm, whirlwind
Russian meaning: буря, сильный ветер
Evenki: kur-ge-kūn
Even: qụrgị, kur
Ulcha: kūre(n)
Nanai: kūre (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 1, 435, 436. Length in Ul. and Nan. is compensatory ( the forms are contracted < *kure-ge-).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kurgi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to burn, catch fire
Russian meaning: гореть, вспыхивать
Evenki: kurgi-; {dial. korō-, korowkān- 'to burn down'}
Negidal: kurgi-sin-
Literary Manchu: χur-še-
Ulcha: kurǯi-
Solon: xudǯi-
Comments: ТМС 1, 435.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuri
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: cone, nut
Russian meaning: шишка, орех
Literary Manchu: χuri 'fir cone'
Jurchen: xuri (127) 'fir cone'
Nanai: kori-či 'water nut', kore-kta 'pine cone'
Comments: ТМС 1, 416, 417, 478.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuri-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to freeze (of ice on window) 2 snow drift
Russian meaning: 1 намерзнуть (о льде на окне) 2 сугроб, намет снега
Evenki: kurêr- 1
Even: kurilke 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 436-437.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kurke
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: vessel made of birch bark
Russian meaning: сосуд из бересты
Evenki: kurken 'биток для сбора ягод'
Ulcha: kurke
Orok: kurke
Nanai: kurke
Oroch: kukke
Udighe: kuku (Корм. 252)
Comments: ТМС 1, 426, 437.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kurumV
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of upper clothes
Russian meaning: вид верхней одежды
Evenki: kurmu, dial. kumma 'fur stockings; women's upper garment'
Even: kummēs 'hat, cap'
Literary Manchu: kurume
Nanai: kurme
Comments: See ТМС 1, 174, 431, 437. The Evk. form gurumī reflects a secondary merger with *gurē- 'to unfasten'; Mong. kürme 'upper coat' is most probably borrowed from Manchu (despite Doerfer MT 144, proposing an opposite direction), just like Kor. khurimä id. (see Lee 1958, 119).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kus-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hate, uneasiness
Russian meaning: неловкость, тоска, отвращение
Literary Manchu: kušu-n
Comments: ТМС 1, 441. Cf. perhaps Nan. kusi- 'to drive away, frighten off (cattle)'.
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
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