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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kukču
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 sleeping-bag 2 clothes with quilted sleeves
Russian meaning: 1 спальный мешок 2 одежда с зашитыми рукавами
Evenki: kukču 1, 2
Even: qụčụ 1, 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 427.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuKe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to perish 2 dying
Russian meaning: 1 погибать 2 умирающий
Evenki: kukelčē 2
Even: köke- 1
Spoken Manchu: guku- 'to fall, to be destroyed' (1063)
Literary Manchu: guku- 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 169, 427.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuk-pun
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rubbish, dirt
Russian meaning: мусор, грязь
Literary Manchu: xukun
Ulcha: kukpu(n)
Nanai: kukpũ
Comments: ТМС 1, 426.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuKu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: blue
Russian meaning: синий, голубой
Evenki: kuku, kuku-šin
Literary Manchu: kuku
Oroch: kuagǯa
Comments: ТМС 1, 421, 426.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuKu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to mince (meat) 2 minced meat 3 fat, inner fat
Russian meaning: 1 строгать (мясо) 2 строганое мясо 3 жир, нутряное сало
Evenki: kukurē- 1, kukurē 2
Even: kuk- 1
Oroch: kukene 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 427.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kul-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to be frightened 2 stupid 3 stiff, silent, sullen
Russian meaning: 1 цепенеть (от страха) 2 глупый, несмышленый 3 вялый, угрюмый, оцепеневший
Evenki: kululi 3
Even: qụldam- 2, qụlụńa 3
Negidal: kolo-kolo 3
Literary Manchu: quli- 1
Ulcha: qol-qol 3
Nanai: qol-qol 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 428, 429.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kula-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pipe, chimney
Russian meaning: труба, дымоход
Negidal: kolan
Spoken Manchu: hulan (475)
Literary Manchu: χulan
Ulcha: qụla(n)
Nanai: qolã
Oroch: kula(n)
Udighe: kula(n)
Solon: kulan
Comments: ТМС 1, 428. Cf. also Nan. dial. kulekte, keulekte 'throat', Man. χolin 'inner side of cheek'. TM > Dag. xolil (Тод. Даг. 177), xuala (Тод. Даг. 178).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kulbuka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hub
Russian meaning: втулка
Evenki: kulbukā (dial.)
Comments: ТМС 1, 428.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuli-, *kuli-ti-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to fence, shut off 2 threshold 3 partition, screen 4 lobby
Russian meaning: 1 загораживать, отгораживать 2 порог 3 перегородка, загородка 4 прихожая
Evenki: kultir 2
Even: qụ̄lị- 1
Negidal: kultik 3
Jurchen: xu-li 4 (205)
Oroch: kukti- 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 428-9.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kulī-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 worm 2 snake
Russian meaning: 1 червь 2 змея
Evenki: kulikān 1, kulīn 2
Even: qụlịn 'mosquito'
Negidal: kolixān 1
Ulcha: qụla(n) 1
Orok: qola 1
Nanai: qolã 1
Oroch: kulǟ 1, 2
Udighe: kuliga 1, 2
Solon: xoĺexā̃ 1, xoĺē̃ 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 428. Evk. > Dolg. kulikan (Stachowski 160).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ku(l)ma-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: maral, Siberian stag
Russian meaning: изюбр
Evenki: kumaka, kumaran
Negidal: komaxa
Nanai: qomaqa
Oroch: kumaka
Solon: xụmxā
Comments: ТМС 1, 430. Medial -l- is not reflected (it is best preserved in Manchu which has lost the root); but cf. also Evk. kulkuńa, kulčen 'a k. of deer' (perhaps < *kulm-čen, -kuńa with loss of -m-, but preservation of -l-).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kulmaki
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: vessel for spoons, knives etc. made of birch bark
Russian meaning: берестяной сосуд для ложек, ножей и т.п.
Negidal: kulumux
Ulcha: kolomo, kulumu
Orok: xulmew, xulmeu
Nanai: kurmī, xurmu
Oroch: kolomon, kulumun
Comments: ТМС 1, 429. Contaminated with *kormaki, see sub *kúra(mV).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kum-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 edge 2 hollow, cavity 3 precipice
Russian meaning: 1 край, бок 2 дупло, впадина 3 яр
Evenki: kumdika 1, kumŋa 2
Even: kumtutti 3
Literary Manchu: kumdu 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 430, 431, 450. Despite Rozycki 146, Man. kumdu cannot be explained as a loan < Mong. köŋdei (q. v. sub *kĕ̀ŋi).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kum-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: eyelid
Russian meaning: веко
Even: kȫmdemke
Negidal: kembukte
Ulcha: kumte, kumbikte
Nanai: kumukte
Udighe: kempukte, kemukte (Корм. 254)
Comments: ТМС 1, 430, 447.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kum-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to cover oneself, cover up 2 to embrace
Russian meaning: 1 закутывать, покрывать(ся) 2 обнимать
Evenki: kumu- 1, kumlē- 2
Even: kumle- 1, kemnu- 2
Negidal: kumul- 1, komnō- 2
Ulcha: kumul- 1
Orok: kumele- 1
Nanai: kumuligu- 1
Oroch: kumul- 1
Solon: xumelī- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 430, 431.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kum-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: evil spirit
Russian meaning: злой дух
Nanai: kumtu (Bik.); qōmio (Он.) 'helping spirit, human-shaped figurine of a god'
Comments: ТМС 1, 431. Attested only in Nanai, but having probable external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuma
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: seal
Russian meaning: нерпа, тюлень
Evenki: kuma
Even: qụma
Negidal: koma
Comments: ТМС 1, 430.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuma-lān
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a small carpet (made of skins)
Russian meaning: коврик (из шкур)
Evenki: kumalān
Even: qụ̄mnan
Negidal: komalan
Orok: qụmala(n)
Oroch: kumala
Comments: ТМС 1, 430. Evk. > Dolg. kumalān (Stachowski 160).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kumga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of grass
Russian meaning: вид травы
Even: qomāmma 'name of a plant with edible root'
Orok: qụmɣa 'a k. of grass plant'
Comments: ТМС 1, 408, 430.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kumke
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: louse
Russian meaning: вошь
Evenki: kumke; kumikēn 'insect'
Even: kumke; kumnilen 'name of a beetle'
Negidal: kumke
Literary Manchu: xelmeku, xelmexen 'spider'
Nanai: kuŋke (dial.)
Oroch: kume
Udighe: kumuge
Solon: xuŋkē; xumīxe 'ant'
Comments: ТМС 1, 430, 431, 481. -l- in Manchu is probably secondary (tabooistic contamination with xelme 'shadow').
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

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