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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *koša
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: river bend, cape, angle
Russian meaning: излучина реки, мыс, угол
Evenki: kočo
Even: qoč
Negidal: kočo
Literary Manchu: χošo
Ulcha: χočụ
Oroch: kočīmdi 'curved'
Udighe: koso(n)
Comments: ТМС 1, 419. A complicated case: Manchu has also qočo (borrowed from some Amur language?).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *koši-kta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 nut 2 peach
Russian meaning: 1 орех 2 персик
Evenki: kočikta 1
Literary Manchu: χusiχa 1
Jurchen: xu-ĉu 1 (129), xu-ĉur 2 (106)
Ulcha: qačịaqta 1
Nanai: qočoa 1
Oroch: kočokto 'a k. of bush'
Comments: ТМС 1, 419; 2, 291. Manchu χusiχa may be < Mong.; but cf. also χusiri mō 'a k. of chestnut-like tree', χasuran 'tree bark, bark of wild peach tree' (Захаров 385).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kota-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 concave, cavity 2 to bend upwards
Russian meaning: 1 впалый, впадина, углубление 2 выгибаться
Evenki: koto-kon 1
Even: qotańa 1
Literary Manchu: χotoro- 2
Ulcha: qotom- 2
Nanai: qotajgã 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 418.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kota
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 knife 2 knife on a shaft
Russian meaning: 1 нож 2 рогатина (тесак на древке)
Evenki: koto 2
Even: qotqān 1
Negidal: koto 1
Nanai: qoto 1
Solon: koto 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 418. Doerfer (TMN 1, 486) tries to derive TM *kota from Mong. *kituga (v. sub *k`i̯ōt`e), but this is probably a different root.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *koto-ran-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to singe, burn
Russian meaning: опалять, обжигать
Evenki: kotoron-mī (Вас.)
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kōmba
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: scoop, ladle
Russian meaning: ковш, черпак
Evenki: kōmba
Even: kȫmeŋe
Negidal: kombo
Ulcha: qombo
Orok: qombo
Nanai: qombo
Comments: ТМС 1, 408, 420.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kōŋā-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 ringing sound (expr.) 2 bell
Russian meaning: 1 звук колокольчика (экспр.) 2 колокольчик
Evenki: kōŋākte 2
Even: qōŋat 2
Negidal: koŋịr, koŋụr 1
Literary Manchu: qoŋgir 1
Ulcha: qoŋGoqto 2
Orok: qoŋGoqto 2
Nanai: qoŋGōqto 2
Oroch: koŋokto 2
Solon: xoŋāttụ̄ 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 410.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kōri-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to delve, carve out, pick out 2 to wound accidentally
Russian meaning: 1 вырезать, выдалбливать, выковыривать 2 порезать(ся), случайно ранить
Literary Manchu: qori- 1
Nanai: kōrxi- 2 (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 1, 415.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kōta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 debt 2 miserly, greedy
Russian meaning: 1 долг 2 скупой, жадный
Evenki: kōta 1
Even: qōt 1
Ulcha: qota 2
Orok: qụta 2
Nanai: qota 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 417, 439.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kub- / *keb-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 friendly, lovingly 2 bride
Russian meaning: 1 милый, любящий 2 невеста
Evenki: kuwer 2
Literary Manchu: keb, keo 1
Nanai: kewēli 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 423, 443.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuba-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to plane, scrape
Russian meaning: строгать, скоблить
Evenki: kuwa-
Even: qụwụn 'scraper, drawing-knife'
Negidal: koa-, kowa-
Literary Manchu: quwa-fix́a-
Orok: qụwaị, qụwaqụ 'plough'
Nanai: qoatamsa 'chip, splinter'
Oroch: koa-, kua-, kuwa-
Udighe: kua-
Comments: ТМС 1, 421.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuberi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fur hood; collar
Russian meaning: капор (меховой); воротник
Literary Manchu: χuberi
Comments: ТМС 1, 473.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuči- ( ~ -š-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to come 2 to wander
Russian meaning: 1 приходить 2 бродить
Evenki: kuči- 1, kičur- ( < *kučir- ?) 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 401, 441. Attested only in Evk.; see below on a possibility of borrowing < Yakut.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuči ( ~ -š-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 sausage (made of bear's intestine fat) 2 large intestine
Russian meaning: 1 колбаса (из околокишечного жира медведя) 2 толстая кишка
Evenki: kuči 1
Nanai: qočị 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 441.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuči-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 well 2 dimples
Russian meaning: 1 колодец 2 ямочки (на щеках)
Spoken Manchu: qočin 1 (547)
Literary Manchu: χučin 1
Jurchen: xuĉi 1(56)
Nanai: qočị 2; χočĩ 1 ( < Man.)
Comments: ТМС 1, 419, 475.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kude
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 stern 2 steering oar
Russian meaning: 1 задняя часть судна, корма 2 рулевое весло
Literary Manchu: xude 1, 2
Nanai: kude 2
Udighe: kude 'носовая переборка бата (большой долбленой лодки)' (Корм. 252)
Comments: ТМС 1, 424.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kudē
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 shore, land 2 to land
Russian meaning: 1 суша, берег 2 причаливать
Evenki: kudē 1
Literary Manchu: kude- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 424.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuje
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: whirlwind, snow storm
Russian meaning: метель, пурга
Negidal: kuje
Oroch: kue, kuwe
Udighe: kue (Корм. 253)
Comments: ТМС 1, 425.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuju-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 goose 2 young of birds 3 duck
Russian meaning: 1 гусь 2 птенец 3 утка
Evenki: kujukī 1
Even: kujuken 2
Negidal: kujuxēn 3
Literary Manchu: χojχo 2
Jurchen: xojxolo 'горлица' (184)
Orok: kujumu 'турпан'
Oroch: kuja 'баклан'
Solon: xujūxē̃ 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 424, 425.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuju-kta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 nut 2 blue-berry
Russian meaning: 1 орех 2 голубика
Even: kujkit 2
Nanai: qojaqta 1
Oroch: kuikta 1
Udighe: kuikta 1 (Корм. 252)
Comments: ТМС 1, 425.
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

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Back: 1 20
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