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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *koja
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: secretion of a musk deer
Russian meaning: струя кабарги
Ulcha: qoja
Nanai: qoja
Comments: ТМС 1, 404.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *koKalta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mittens
Russian meaning: рукавицы
Evenki: kokollo
Even: qụqъ̣tъ̣n
Negidal: koxolo
Ulcha: qōlto
Nanai: qōlto
Oroch: kōkto
Udighe: ko`lo (Корм. 250)
Comments: ТМС 1, 405.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kola
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 cunning 2 deceit 3 to deceive 4 catching thieves
Russian meaning: 1 хитрый 2 ложь 3 обмануть 4 поимщик воров и разбойников
Evenki: kolo 1
Spoken Manchu: holǝ 'lie, falsehood' (1308)
Literary Manchu: χolo 2, χolto- 3, χuǯa-či 4
Comments: ТМС 1, 407, 476.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kolopo-kta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of tree
Russian meaning: вид дерева
Oroch: kolobokto, kopolokto 'ritual fir-tree'
Udighe: kofolokto 'a k. of tree'
Comments: ТМС 1, 407-408.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *komba-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wrist, hand, spoke-bone
Russian meaning: запястье, кисть, плюсна
Negidal: komboxị̄
Orok: qomụ̄
Nanai: qombịo
Udighe: komugu (Корм. 249)
Comments: ТМС 1, 408.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *komta-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: cover, box
Russian meaning: крышка, коробка
Negidal: komtaxan
Ulcha: qōmta(n)
Nanai: qomtã
Oroch: kumta(n)
Comments: ТМС 1, 409.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kondi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: scoop, box
Russian meaning: ковш, черпак, ящик
Negidal: konǯaxan
Ulcha: konǯoko
Orok: χondoqqo 'кисет'
Nanai: kunǯi, kunǯučẽ
Oroch: kōndi
Udighe: konǯi
Comments: ТМС 1, 409, 412, 470.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *koŋ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to tear out, uproot
Russian meaning: выдирать, вырывать
Evenki: koŋdot-
Even: qonŋaq-, qonŋal-
Comments: ТМС 1, 410, 412 (the root should be distinguished from *koŋda- 'break, crosswise' q. v. sub *kòŋti).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *koŋda-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 crosswise 2 to break, snap, be broken 3 half (of an object)
Russian meaning: 1 поперек 2 ломать(ся) 3 половина (предмета)
Evenki: koŋdor 1, koŋdorgo- 2
Even: qoŋdъ̣s 1, qoŋdъ̣q- 2
Oroch: kondo 3
Udighe: kandugu 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 412.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *koŋga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: deaf
Russian meaning: глухой
Negidal: koŋgo
Ulcha: qoŋGo
Orok: qoŋGo
Nanai: qoŋGo
Oroch: koŋgo
Solon: xoŋgō
Comments: ТМС 1, 471. TM > Dag. xongō, kongō (Тод. Даг. 177).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *koŋna-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: black
Russian meaning: черный
Evenki: koŋno-mo,-rin
Even: qōŋъ̣-
Negidal: koŋnojīn
Solon: xoŋnorĩ
Comments: ТМС 1, 413. Evk. > Dolg. koŋnomo (see Stachowski 152).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kora-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to drive away
Russian meaning: прогонять
Even: koro-
Comments: ТМС 1, 416. Attested only in Evn., but having probable external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kori
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a mythical bird (mediator)
Russian meaning: мифическая птица (медиатор)
Orok: qorị
Nanai: qorị
Oroch: kōri
Comments: ТМС 1,415.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kori
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 frame, blockhouse 2 cage 3 shed
Russian meaning: 1 сруб 2 клетка 3 хлев
Negidal: koj 1
Literary Manchu: χorin 2,3
Ulcha: qorị 1,2
Orok: qorị 1
Nanai: qorị 1
Oroch: koi 1
Udighe: koai- (Корм. 249), kua- 'to make a blockhouse'
Comments: ТМС 1, 415. The listed forms cannot be regarded as mongolisms, despite Doerfer MT 77 (although forms like Evk. korigan are certainly < Mong., see Poppe 1966, 191).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *korim- / *kirim-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to wink 2 eyelash 3 inner side of eyelid
Russian meaning: 1 мигать 2 ресница 3 внутренняя сторона века
Evenki: korimi- 1, kirimkīn 2
Even: qorъ̣m- 1, kirimki 2
Negidal: kīmkī 2
Orok: qolpịqta 3
Solon: xurmult(e) 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 398, 415, 2, 352.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kor-, *kormaki
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 sheath 2 dish made of birch bark
Russian meaning: 1 ножны 2 берестяная посуда
Evenki: kor 2
Literary Manchu: χomχon 1
Ulcha: qōmaị 1
Orok: qolmoj 1
Nanai: qormị̄ 1
Oroch: kommoi 1
Udighe: komigi 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 409, 414. Despite Doerfer MT 239, Evk. kor is hardly < Mong. (because of a significant semantic difference).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kor-pi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be, make in time
Russian meaning: успеть, сделать к сроку
Negidal: kotpị-
Ulcha: qorpị-
Orok: qụlpị-
Nanai: qorpị-
Comments: ТМС 1, 419.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *koru
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pike
Russian meaning: щука
Even: kȫrike, kurike 'a k. of fish (род мальмы)'
Negidal: kojčān
Literary Manchu: xoro
Ulcha: qorụ
Comments: ТМС 1, 404, 420. Manchu has also a front-row variant kure 'tench' (also kurče, kurčin 'a k. of sea fish'), see ТМС 1, 438 (cf. also Ul., Nan. kuere 'амур белый', ТМС 1, 445); the Manchu word was borrowed > WMong. küre, Kalm. kür 'tench' (see Doerfer MT 144).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kosa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 stone ring 2 ring, pectoral
Russian meaning: 1 каменное кольцо 2 кольцо, обруч
Ulcha: qoso(n) 2
Orok: qoso 1
Oroch: koso 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 417.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kosi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to enclose 2 enclosure 3 to graze
Russian meaning: 1 огораживать 2 заграждение 3 пасти
Even: kös- 1, köstiŋ 2, kösči- 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 420. Attested only in Evn., but having plausible Turkic and Mongolian parallels.
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

Pages: 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50

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