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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kib-ča-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: prudence, moderation
Russian meaning: бережливость, умеренность
Literary Manchu: xibča-n
Comments: ТМС 1, 465. Attested only in Manchu, but having probable external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kibē
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: birch bark
Russian meaning: береста
Evenki: kiwe, kiwē, kīwe
Even: kīwe
Comments: ТМС 1, 390. Cf. also Nan. dial. koerẽ 'ash tree' (ТМС 1, 420).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kidu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to respect 2 to think, remember
Russian meaning: 1 уважать, почитать 2 думать, вспоминать
Spoken Manchu: kidu- 'to have affection for' (1870)
Literary Manchu: kidu- 2
Nanai: kidu- 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 391. Cf. also Man. kedere- 'to guard' (1, 443) > Dag. kedereg 'police' (Тод. Даг. 148).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kijo-kta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: brier
Russian meaning: шиповник (плоды и кусты)
Even: kēkto 'unripe berry'
Literary Manchu: ḱōḱōn 'name of an edible plant'
Ulcha: qojoqto
Orok: qịjoqto
Nanai: qịoqto
Oroch: kijokto
Udighe: kökto, kiokto (Корм. 251)
Comments: ТМС 1, 387.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kik-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to bite 2 to cut oneself (by rubbing at a rope) 3 to become torn (of a rope, chain)
Russian meaning: 1 кусать 2 порезаться (о веревку) 3 порваться (о веревке, цепи)
Evenki: kik- 1
Even: qịq- 1 (Новикова 1980, 183)
Negidal: kik- 1
Nanai: kikia- 2 (Он.), kikpē- 3 (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 1,391-392. The dialectal Evk. variant kē̂k- is expressive, but by no means < Mong. kiqa- 'irritate, intimidate', as suggested in Poppe 1972, 103.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kilde-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: lime tree
Russian meaning: липа
Evenki: kilden
Ulcha: kilde(n)
Nanai: kildẽ
Oroch: kigde
Comments: ТМС 1, 393.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kilu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 grey goose 2 heron 3 gull 4 swan
Russian meaning: 1 серый гусь (казарка) 2 цапля 3 чайка 4 лебедь
Evenki: kuluk 3
Even: kiĺarqa 'name of a bird', kụlar 3
Literary Manchu: kilaχun 2
Ulcha: qị̄lala 1
Nanai: kulikte 4
Udighe: kilai 3 (Корм. 248)
Comments: ТМС 1, 392-393, 429.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kim-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to prepare, arrange 2 to check, investigate, to concentrate on
Russian meaning: 1 готовиться, собираться 2 исследовать, проверять
Even: qịm- 1
Spoken Manchu: kimǝči- (1852) 2
Literary Manchu: kimči- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 394.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kipe
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of wild millet
Russian meaning: просо (боровое)
Literary Manchu: xife
Comments: ТМС 1, 467.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kire-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to mince 2 to be broken off, break off 3 to gnaw
Russian meaning: 1 крошить, резать на куски 2 отламываться, отламывать 3 грызть
Evenki: kirge- 3
Even: qịrGъ̣- 3
Ulcha: kirki-ču- 3, kiri 'front tooth'
Orok: keren- 1, kirī- 'скалить зубы'
Nanai: qịarqịalị-, kerkieli- 3, kermē- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 398, 453, 454. Cf. also Evk. kiramkī, kīrke 'fish-fork', kirur 'scraper' possibly derived from the same root.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kis-k-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to touch, stroke, sharpen (a knife) 2 tongs, vice
Russian meaning: 1 касаться, тереться, точить (нож) 2 клещи, тиски
Evenki: kiski 2
Literary Manchu: xisχa- 1
Nanai: kiskiẽ (Он.) 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 399, 466. The Evk. and Nan. forms are considered to be < Russ. тиски, which cannot be excluded; but the Man. form is no doubt genuine.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kitiri
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of fox
Russian meaning: лиса-крестовка
Negidal: kịtịjị
Orok: kitčiri
Nanai: kičiri (Он.)
Oroch: kiti
Comments: ТМС 1, 400.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kiǯ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to lose
Russian meaning: терять
Nanai: kịǯo-
Comments: ТМС 1, 391.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kīmu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to be inimical 2 enmity
Russian meaning: 1 враждовать 2 враг, вражда
Literary Manchu: kimu-le- 1, kimun 2
Nanai: kīmu-lē- 1, kīmur 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 394. Man. > Dag. kimun (Тод. Даг. 150).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kīran
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of eagle, falcon
Russian meaning: вид орла, сокола
Evenki: kīran
Literary Manchu: käi 'орлан-белохвост' (Корм. 246)↔ТМС 1, 397.↔*xuku-to wrapзаворачиватьukulī-uk-uxil-uxu-hu-xun-mij am-si-da-lar 'to contain' (764)xuku-xukulitči-xuku-uxulī-ТМС 2, 256.*gulde-to untie, unwrapразвязывать, разворачиватьgulde-gulde-ТМС 1, 170.*ńuŋī 1 thigh 2 muscles (of arms and legs), calf (of leg) 1 голень, бедро 2 мышцы (рук и ног), икра (ноги) ńuŋī 1 ńuŋńa 2 ТМС 1, 646. *laŋga!cloggy, slimy substance; clammy!жижа, вязкая масса; вязкий, клейкий!naŋga!laŋgas!laŋGaq!laŋaq!laŋga-!laŋga-laŋga!ТМС 1, 584.!*oxa-"1 coire 2 testicles 3 women's genitals"1 coire 2 testiculi 3 половые органы (женские)"oko- 1"uhalǝ 2 (117)"uχala 2"uxara (dial.) 2"ua 3"ТМС 2, 10, 242, 253. Cf. also Ud. `oso penis (which can, however, be a borrowing < Mong. oǯoɣai)."*püń-#1 jerboa, flying squirrel, mole 2 weasel 3 hedgehog#1 пищуха 2 ласка 3 еж#hińekī 1#xińexī 2#puntulče 3#punčilkē 3 ( > Neg. punčulkēn id.)#ТМС 2, 43, 326.#*puk- / *pok-$1 to swell, swollen 2 bubble, blister 3 cracks in skin 4 rough (of skin)$1 пухнуть, вспухший 2 пузырь, волдырь 3 трещины (на коже) 4 грубый, загрубевший (о коже)$hokoripču 4$fuqa 2$pukte- 1, poqo 2$puɣju 1, puqa 2$pukče- 1, poqa 2, fo-rini (Bik.) 3$ТМС 2, 42-43, 331, 335.$*tox-%1 wheel, hoop 2 to go round, turn round 3 curved, bent%1 колесо, обод 2 кружиться, вертеться 3 кривой, изогнутый%tokor- 2, tokčika- 3%toxoj- 2, tokčoka 3%toχoro 1%tōrolị- 'to grind'%toxoriqõ 'pulley' (On.)%ТМС 2, 192.%*tūkre&1 clavicle 2 upper rib&1 ключица 2 верхнее ребро&tūkre 1&tö
Udighe: käi 'орлан-белохвост' (Корм. 246)
Comments: ТМС 1, 397.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kobi / kebi(ŋe)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 hole, hollow 2 cavity
Russian meaning: 1 углубление, дупло 2 впадина, углубление
Even: qobmiĺa 1, kēwŋe, kewuŋe 2
Literary Manchu: qobi 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 402, 442. The Manchu form is regarded by Rozycki 141 as borrowed < Mong. qobil 'groove' (q.v. sub *ki̯opu), which is hardly the case.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kobil
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mast
Russian meaning: мачта
Ulcha: qowụl
Nanai: qojol
Oroch: kōwi
Comments: ТМС 1, 403.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kob-ta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: esteem
Russian meaning: уважение, почтение
Literary Manchu: qobto
Comments: ТМС 1, 402. Attested only in Manchu, but having probable external parallels; cf. also Man. χof́an `skilled, dexterous' (ТМС 1, 472).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *koči-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to chant, praise 2 to deceive, lie 3 to harm (of an evil ghost), to interrupt
Russian meaning: 1 петь песни, восхвалять 2 лгать, обманывать 3 вредить (о злом духе), препятствовать
Evenki: koči-nǯa- 1, kočut- 2
Literary Manchu: χoššo- 2
Nanai: qoča-lị- 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 419, 420.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kodori-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to scoop 2 scoop (made of birch bark)
Russian meaning: 1 черпать 2 ковш (берестяной)
Ulcha: qodụrpụ(n) 2
Nanai: qodori- 1 (Он.), qodorịqo, qodorpõ 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 403.
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